The district is named after the Limbu king Mawrong Mung Hang, who founded the kingdom of Morang at the beginning of the 7th century. It is situated between the rivers Koshi and Mechi.
The capital and fortress were in Rongli, today’s Rangeli. In 849 King Uba Morang incorporated his empire Limbuwan. From 1584 Morang was ruled by Limbu king Sangla Ing of Varatappa (east of today’s Bijayapur at Dharan).
The Ing Dynasty was followed by the Sen and Khebang dynasties until 1774, when Gorkha king Prithvi Narayan Shah, the founder of Nepal defeated Limbuwan. The last king of Morang was Buddhi Karna Raya Khebang. The 1855 km² district is located in the southeast of Nepal in the Terai on the Indian border.
District neighbors are Sunsari, Jhapa, and Dhankuta. The administrative center Biratnagar is the fourth largest city in Nepal; other important places are Urlabari, Biratchowk, and Rangeli. Until the middle of the last century, there were still extensive jungles.
Small remnants of it are still found at the foot of the Himalayas. Today the district is predominantly agricultural with the cultivation of rice and jute. Nevertheless, Morang has the highest industry density in the country. In Morang live different ethnicities like the Rajbanshi, Satar, Meche, Koche, Limbu, Dhimal and Gangain.
Other ethnic groups such as Rai, Dhangad, Tamang, Uraon, Magar, Gurung and many others came to the district in the late 19th century. After Nepali, Limbu and Maithili are the most common languages. Morang is one of the most developed districts of Nepal. The district is relatively well developed by roads. In Biratnagar, there is an airport.
Okhaldhunga is another beautiful district of province no. 1. The rivers Likhu Khola, Sunkoshi and Dudh Kosi from the western, southern and eastern district border. The river Maulung Khola flows through the central part of the district.
It borders on Solukhumbu (in the north), Khotang (in the east), Udayapur (in the south) and Ramechhap and Sindhuli regions of Janakpur (in the west and south-west). The area of the district is 1074 km². From the area, Okhaldhunga, which is located east of Kathmandu, come the experts for building houses made of natural stones.
Many men specialize in stone knocking. Accurate and precise, the stones are hand-made into rectangular shapes. It almost looks like the stones are being machined. In this literary fertile land, known as the birth land of Yugakavi Siddhi Charan Shrestha, the kingdom was known to be ruled by Gopal and Kirant dynasty.
The ethnic variation found in the district is Sunuwar, Rai, Limbu, Gurung, Tamang, Sherpa, Gharti, Bhujel, Newar, Chhetri, Bahun, Kami (Vishakarma), Damai (Parar), Thapa, etc. Sunuwar (coach), Rai, Gurung, Sherpa, Tamang, etc. Are the main languages that are used by the local people.
This beautiful district has an area of 1606 km ². In the east, the Singalila ridge forms the border with India. The northwestern district boundary is the Tamor River.
The district neighbors are in the north Taplejung and in the west Dhankuta and Terhathum. In the south Panchthar borders on Morang and Ilam and in the east on the Indian states of Sikkim and West Bengal. Diversity of weather can never found in the district.
Normally, in the summer the district with its panoramic view can be enjoyed. However, in the winter the weather is extremely cold. The annual rainfall in the district is 2,071 mm, and the maximum temperature is 26.1 degrees Celsius and the minimum temperature is up to 12.3 degrees Celsius.
One of the beautiful districts of province 1 is Sankhuwasabha which is characterized by the deep valley of the Arun, one of the three major rivers of Nepal, which is attributed to a high hydropower potential.
In the district living indigenous peoples are the Yakkhas, Lohorung, Kulung, Rai, Gurung, and Limbu. The district of Sankhuwasabha is one of the six districts that make up the Koshi Zone, in Nepal.
In 2001, the life expectancy of the inhabitants of the district was 63.8 years, with a hospital and five doctors in the district in 2002. It is located in the eastern district of Taplejung and Terhathum, Solukhumbu in the west and the district of Bhojpur, Tibet of China in the north and Terhathum in the south and the Panchkota district.
The world’s fifth highest mountain, Makalu, is at the height of 8481 meters and the world’s lowest valley Arun which is 457 m from the sea level, both nature’s amazing diversity can be found in this district. Agriculture is the main profession of the inhabitants.
The district has been the focal point for the tourists who are seeking thrill in nature. And also for religious tourism, the district has been proved to be very important.
This district consists of the regions around Mount Everest: Solu and Khumbu. The river valley of Likhu Khola forms the western boundary of the district. To the east of the district runs the Honku Drangka valley. Most of the district is drained by Dudhkoshi. Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) is located in the north of the district in Sagarmatha National Park.
The park is protected as a World Heritage Site. The district of Solukhumbu is one of the six districts that make up the Sagarmatha area, in Nepal. The district consists of two regions joined by the Sun Koshi River: the Khumbu region (with an altitude of 3,700 to 4,300 m and the Solu region.)
In this district, the Sherpa ethnic group lives. Namche Bazaar is a village in the district of Solukhumbu in the Sagarmatha National Park to the northeast of the capital of Nepal. Namche Bazaar is located within the Khumbu and scattered along the sides of a horseshoe-shaped hill at an altitude of 3440 meters at its lowest point.
Namche is the main trading center for the Khumbu region with several Nepalese government offices, a police station, and two banking agencies. Immediately west of Namche is the Ri Kongde with 6,187 meters and to the east, there is Mount Thamserku with 6,623 meters. Sagarmatha National Park Visitor Center, located at the upper end of the village (right side when looking upwards).
Provides information on the region’s wildlife. Sherpa Museum, located above the village. An introduction to the Sherpa culture and the region’s fauna and flora. Namche Monastery, located on the left side of the village, when looking up. A small monastery in the Nyingma tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. It has a nice patio and some traditional frescoes on the wall of the main shrine.
Namche Bazaar is popular among trekkers in the Khumbu region, especially for adaptation to altitude, and is the gateway to the highest part of the Himalayas. Hundreds of trekkers come every day to the village from the tracks that lead to Lukla, Dingboche, Gokyo, or Everest Base Camp.
The district has a number of lodges and shops to cater to the needs of visitors, as well as a number of Internet cafes, making it one of the few places in the district where trekkers can access the internet.
On Saturday mornings, a weekly Bazaar is held in the center of the village, there is also a daily Tibetan market where cheap Chinese clothes, handicrafts, and consumer goods are the main items for sale.
Sunsari is located in the southeast of Nepal. The district extends over the Himalayan plain, the Terai, to the Indian border. The river Koshi forms the western district border.
The district administration is located in the city of Inaruwa. The Sunsari district is one of the six districts that make up the Koshi Zone, in Nepal. Geographically, the district belongs to the flat area of the Terai. The western boundary of the district is marked by the Sapta Koshi river, a tributary of the Ganges, which in its southern part forms the Koshi Tappu Nature Reserve.
The main ethnic group present in the district are the Tharus. It is bordered by the Udayapur and Saptari districts of the Sagarmatha zone (in the west), the Dhankuta region (in the north), the Morang region (in the east) and the Indian state of Bihar (in the south).
Until 1962, Sunsari was part of the Morang district, however, after the reform of the administrative-territorial division, it became a separate district.
The district Taplejung is one of 77 districts in Nepal and belongs since the constitution of 2015 to the province No. 1. Its main town is the city of Taplejung. The 3646 km ² district is the northeasternmost Nepalese district and is located directly on the Indian and Chinese border in the Himalayas.
It’s district neighbors are in the west Sankhuwasabha, in the south Terhathum and Panchthar. Taplejung is bordered to the east by the Indian state of Sikkim and to the north by the Tibet Autonomous Region. The highest point of the district is the 8586 m high Kanchenjunga, the third highest mountain in the world.
The average temperature is 11.3 ° C, the minimum temperature is 0 ° C and the maximum temperature is 30 ° C. The average rainfall is 1440 mm per year. The following ethnic groups live in the district: Limbus, Tibetans, Sherpas, Rai, Gurung, Magar, Newar, Sunuwar.
Cardamom farming, agriculture, animal husbandry, and tourism are the major occupation for the people here. The Sherpa people, who had the history of arriving from Tibet more than four hundred years ago, live at higher altitudes.
The Sherpas of this region have certain distinguishing culture and tradition – quite different from the Sherpas who live in the Solukhumbu district in the Sagarmatha region. Alpine grasslands, rocky outcrops, dense temperate, green forests, and low river valleys make up the beauty of the district. Nearly located is the Tinjure Milke Jaljale ridge that forms a border between Taplejung, Tehrathum and Sankhuwasabha districts.
This is an area popularly known for its bio-diversity including the world’s largest natural rhododendron forest with the highest number of rhododendron species in the world. The rich cultural heritage of Taplejung can be viewed in the Buddhist gumbas (monasteries).
Such as the 400-year old Diki Chhyoling Gumba of Olangchungola which has a large statue of Avalokiteshwara. A lamp or diyo of ghiu (Nepali butter) at the altar has been burning here continuously since the construction of the gumba. The waters of a small stream outside the gumba uninterruptedly spin twelve prayer wheels with the prayer “Om Mane Pembe Hum” inscribed on them.
The second last district of province no. 1 is as beautiful and rich in history. The river Tamor forms the eastern and southern district border. The name means “Thirteen castles” that are said to have existed in the area of Limbu, the people residing in the district.
Black Cardamom is an important crop in Terhathum. It is a district in the Koshi area of Nepal. It borders on Dhankuta (in the south-west), Sankhuvasabha (in the north-west), Taplejung (in the northeast) and Panchthar (in the south-east).
Although, geographically the district is remote it still is the hilly area that is first connected with road. People here are more focused on cash vegetation such as tea, orange, citrus, pepper, milk and muli herbal plantation such as amriso.
The major tourist attracting places of the district are Teenjure mountain, hryatung fountain, Pattek hill, basantapur. Of the 32 species found in Nepal, in Tehrathum which is known as the capital of Nepal’s Gurans, 28 species of rhododendron are found.
The main tourist attractions include the hiking, the delightful view of Makalu and Kanchenjunga Himalayas, the paragliding from Teenjure mountain, the sunrise and the sunset from the Mountains of Menchhyam.
The District Udayapur is one of 77 districts in Nepal and belongs since the constitution of 2015 to the province No. 1. The district was part of Sagarmatha County until 2015. The district forms an 80 km long west-east direction and 20 km wide strip in the southern Himalayas.
It extends from the Mahabharat chain in the north over the Inner Terai to the Siwaliks in the south. The Koshi forms the eastern border, the Sunkoshi the northern border of the district. In the west, the Kamala runs a short distance along the district border.
Geographically, the district belongs to the hilly area of the Mahabharat Lekh. The main ethnic group present in the district are the Chhetri. The country’s largest cement industry, “Udaipur Cement Industry”, is located in this district, adding that it has helped to introduce this district.
The country’s largest cement industry, “Udaipur Cement Industry”, is located in this district, it has helped to introduce this district. The maximum temperature for this district is 38 degrees Celsius and the minimum temperature is 16 degrees Celsius.
There is no good system in the health sector in this district. Healthcare centers are void of doctors, healthcare workers, and equipment. From the geographical perspective, this district, which has covered hill and Terai areas, has been behind physical infrastructure and development.
Because of lack of physical facilities such as geographical disadvantages, inconvenience of traffic, lack of physical facilities such as library laboratory in educational institutions, lack of qualified subject teachers. Due to the lack of opportunity to choose a good subject, students of this district are forced to go to Biratnagar, Dharan, Rajviraj, Janakpur.