Name of 14 Zones in Nepal with Facts & Information

  1. Narayani zone

Narayani zone is one of the fourteen zones of Nepal which is situated in central development region. This zone is named after the Narayani river. The zone is bordered by Narayani river in the west, which separate the zone from Gandaki and Lumbini zone. Narayani zone consists of parts of Hilly and Terai region but it does not contain any of the part of Mountain region. This zone is rich in flora and fauna. The main rivers of this zone are Narayani river and Rapti river. The Terai region is bordered by India.  The popular lakes of this zone are Bishajari, Garuda and Nanda Vauju lake. The oldest national park of Nepal, Chitwan National park is also situated in this zone which is famous for One Horned Rhinoceros, Bengal Tiger. This zone is rich in flora and fauna. The third largest industrial area, Birgunj-Pathlaiya of 25 Km with major industries is also situated in Narayani zone. Another industrial area, Hetauda where the Hetauda Cement Industry is also situated in this zone. A dry port of Nepal is Birgunj which joins with Rauxal which is also the main transit point of Business transaction is also situated in this zone.

The other industries of this zone are Dabur Nepal in Bara, Nepal Oil Corporation in Amlekhgani, Unilever in Hetauda, Bottlers Nepal in Chitwan and other several industries. Some of the cities of this zone are Hetauda, Parwanipur, Jitpur, Alau, Narayanghad, Gaur, Kalaiya, and Birgunj. Narayani zone is also the zone which remains untouched by the Maoist insurgency. It is one of the developed and Prosperous city with the trade market with India. Devghat is the religious place which is situated in this zone.

This zone comprises of five districts. The districts with their headquarters are;

  • Bara District Kalaiya
  • Chitwan District Bharatpur
  • Makwanpur District, Hetauda
  • Parsa District, Birganj
  • Rautahat District, Gaur

Bara district covers an area of 1,190 km² and has a population of 687,708 according to census 2011. The main rivers of this district are Jamuniya, Bakaiya, Pasaha, Dudhaura, and Bangari. This district is famous for the Gadhimai Temple, particularly in every five years, there is a celebration with Gadhimai Mela  Makwanpur district covers an area of 2,426 km² and has a population of 420,477 according to census 2011. There is Sahid Smarak in the hetauda which is famous for internal tourism. Parsa district covers an area of 1,353 km² and has a population of 497,219 according to census 2001. It’s capital Birgung is known as Gateway of Nepal and is the main way for the trade between Nepal and India. Rautahat district covers an area of 1,126 km² and has a population of 686,722 according to census 2011.This district has the highest population of Muslims with 19.465% according to census 2011.

  1. Gandaki zone

Gandaki zone is one of the fourteen zones which are situated in central development region. This zone is named after the Sapta-Gandaki which has seven tributaries like Trishuli, Budhi Gandaki, Kali Gandaki, Madi, Marshyangdi, Daraudi and Seti Gandaki. The headquarter of this zone is Pokhara. Pokhara is a big city as well the beautiful tourist area which is situated in the lap of Machapuchree and Annapurna. This zone is the birthplace of the first poet of Nepal, Bhanubhakta Acharya. This zone is rich in unique multiple cultures.

The first and largest conservation area of Nepal, The Annapurna Conservation Area is situated in Gandaki zone which covers an area of 7,629 square kilometers. It was commenced as a concept in the protected area and management system in1986. This area is rich in flora and fauna. 1,226 species of plants, 22 species of amphibians and 101 species of reptiles with the endangered wildlife species such as Musk deer, Snow leopard, Impeyan pheasant are found in this area. The popular area for trekking is Manang, Ghandruk, and Jomsom which are located in Gandaki zone.

Manaslu conservation area is also situated in Gandaki zone which is opened recently as a trekking area. Trekking can be done from Gorkha up the wild Budhi Gandaki river through rough gorges between the Himalayas. Gandaki zone comprises of six districts. The districts with their headquarters are;

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  • Gorkha, Prithbinarayan (Gorkha)
  • Kaski, Pokhara
  • Lamjung, Besisahar
  • Manang, Chame
  • Syangja, Syangja
  • Tanahu, Damauli

Gorkha district covers an area of 3,610 km² and has a population of 272,169 according to the census 2011. The temple of Manakamana is situated in this district. Also, the palace of King Prithvi Narayan Shah is also situated in this district. Barpak, the place of this district was hard hit by the earthquake of 2015. Kaski district covers an area of 2,017 square km and according to the census 2011, the population is 492,098. The beautiful scenery of northern mountains such as Macchapuchree, Annapurna as well gorge of Seti River, Davis Falls, natural caves, Fewa Lake, Begnas Lake and Rupa Lake are important natural resources of this district which attracts the national and international tourists.

Lamjung covers an area of 1,692 square kilometers and as of 2011, the population is 167,724. The epicenter of the earthquake of 2015 was near this district. Manang district covers an area of 2,246 km² and as of 2011, the population is 6,538. This district receives the minimum rainfall among the other districts of Nepal. Syanja district covers an area of 1,164 km² and has the population of 289,148 as of 2011. Tanahun district covers an area of 1,546 km² and has a population of 323,288 according to census 2011. This district is the birthplace of greatest poet Bhanubhakta Acharya.

  1. Lumbini zone

The Lumbini zone is one of the fourteen zones of the country which is situated in western development region. It comprises of Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha. The headquarter of this zone is Butwal. The Lumbini zone is developed zone and most of its districts are situated in Terai region. This zone is bordered by Narayani zone in the east, India in the south. The Lumbini zone is situated in western development region.

Lumbini zone consists of six districts; The districts with their headquarters are;

Districts         Headquarters

  • Arghakhanchi Sandhikharka
  • Gulmi, Tamghas
  • Kapilvastu Krishna Nagar
  • Nawalparasi Parasi (Ramgram)
  • Palpa Tansen
  • Rupandehi Siddharthanagar (Bhairahawa)

Arghakhachi district covers an area of 1,193 km² and has a population of 197,632 according to census 2011. The famous places are Supa Deurali temple, Argha (Mahakali Temple), Chhatraganj Temple, Narsing Thana at Hanshapur Bamruk, Sattle Gupha, etc. Gulmi district covers an area of 1,149 km², had a population of 268,597 in 2016. The Gulmi District is famous for coffee farming. Ridi is a famous place where many temples are situated. Kapilbastu district covers an area of 1,738 square kilometers and as of 2011, the population is 571,936. The district is the birthplace of Gautam Buddha. Nawalparasi district covers an area of 2,162 square kilometers with the population of 643,508 according to census 2011. Palpa district covers an area of 1,373 km² and as of 2011, the population is 261,180. The main lakes of this district are Satyawati Lake (1400m above sea level), Pravas Lake, Sita Kunda. Rani Mahal, the Taj Mahal of Nepal is also situated in this district. Rupandehi district covers an area of 1,360 Km2 with the population of 880,196 as of 2011. There are many industries in this district. As well, the literacy rate of this district is 72%.

  1. Dhaulagiri zone

Dhaulagiri zone is situated in western development region. It covers an area of 8,148 Km2 with the population of 556,191according to census 2001. The population density of this zone is 68/ Km2. This zone comprises of famous trekking areas such as Mustang, Kali Gandaki valley, Muktinath and Mountain Dhaulagiri. The only one hunting reserve of Nepal, Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is also located in this zone.

This zone comprises 4 districts. The districts with their headquarters are;

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  • Baglung, Baglung
  • Mustang, Jomsom
  • Myagdi, Beni
  • Parbat, Kusma

Baglung district covers an area of 1,784 km² and has a population of 268,613 according to census 2011. This district has many suspension bridges, so it is called as the district of suspension bridges. This district was moderately affected by the devastating earthquake of 2015. Mustang district covers an area of 3,573 km² with the population of 13,452 as of 2011. This famous for its beautiful scenario with Muktinath, apples and Marpha Brandy. Myagdi district covers an area of 2,297 km² and according to the census 2011, the population is 113,641. The Poon Hill is situated in this district. This district is famous for tourism and comprises unique flora and fauna. Ghorepani is also a beautiful place situated in this district which is the best place for travelers. Parbat district covers an area of 494 km² and has a population of 157,826 as of 2011. It is the fourth smallest district of Nepal.

  1. Rapti zone

Rapti zone is located in Mid-western development region. The zone is named after the West Rapti River which drains RolpaPyuthan, and part of Dang districts.The headquarters of Rapti zone is Tulsipur. The largest city of Rapti is Tribhuvannagar (Ghorahi). The other main cities and towns of Rapti zone are Pyuthan, KhalangaBijuwarLiwangLamahiMusikotRukumkot (Shova) and Chaurjahari.

The zone comprises 5 districts. The districts with their headquarters are;

Dang, Gorahi
Pyuthan, Pyuthan
Rolpa, Liwang
Rukum, Musikot
Salyan, Salyan Khalanga

Dang district covers 2,955 km² with a population of 548,141 as of 2011.  It consists of many famous and historic places. It has the majority of people of tharu ethnicity. Pyuthan district covers an area of 1,309 km² with a population of 226,796 according to census 2011. Swargadwari is a famous temple which is situated in this district. There are many historic and cultural places located in this district. Rolpa district covers an area of 1,879 km² with the population of 221,177 as of 2011. This district was the also initial place of civil war 1996-2006. There are many historic and cultural places in this district. Rukum district covers an area of 2,877 km²  and has a population of  207,290 according to census 2011. This district was also the main starting place of civil war with its neighboring district Rolpa. Salyan district covers an area of 1,462 km2 and according to the census 2011, the population is 241,716. This district is well-known for Hindu temples.

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Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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