Name of 14 Zones in Nepal with Facts & Information


Name of 14 Zones in Nepal with Detail Information

Here is name list of 14 zones in Nepal. There are 14 zones in Nepal. We have presented 14 zones of Nepal in both English and Nepali languages. So, let’s check the names of zones in Nepal.

List of 14 Zones in Nepal with Facts & Information

Nepal is now been officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. It is also been one of the world’s youngest republic country. The Himalayan kingdom of Nepal is a landlocked mountainous country which is located in China on the northern side and India other three sides; east, west and south. This Asian country Nepal is almost rectangular in shape. It is enclosed between 26°22′ to 30°27′ north latitude 80°04’ to 88°12’ east longitude. The east-west length is about 885 Km and north-south width is about 193 km. The total land area is approximately 147,181 sq. km. The altitude ranges from 60 meters in the south to 8848 meters in the north.

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Nepal, one of the most beautiful countries in the world are divided geographically into 14 zones. Here is name list of 14 zones of Nepal. For your kind information, there are 5 development regions and 75 districts in Nepal.

 Name of 14 Zones in Nepal

s.n.

Name of zones in English

Name of zones in Nepali

1

Mechi

मेची

2

Koshi

कोशी

3

Sagarmatha

सगरमाथा

4

Janakpur

जनकपुर

5

Bagmati

बागमति

6

Narayani

नारायणी

7

Gandaki

गण्डकी

8

Dhawalagiri

धवलागिरी

9

Lumbini

लुम्विनी

10

Rapti

राप्ती

11

Bheri

भेरी

12

Karnali

कर्णाली

13

Seti

सेती

14

Mahakali

महाकाली

 Name of 14 Zones in Nepal

Zones of Nepal

Nepal is a small beautiful nation which is situated between two big countries, China in the north and India to the south, east, and west. Nepal is a country rich in Nature and religious diversity. It is the country of Gautam Buddha, Mount Everest and the country of Great Gorkhalis. Nepal is divided into 14 zones and 75 districts. Zones have also headquarters.

Today, we are here to give you more information about the zones of Nepal.

  1. Mechi zone

It is the zone which is situated in Eastern development region. The headquarter of this zone is Illam. The south of this zone is bordered by the Indian state of Bihar, West Bengal and West Bengal in the east and the north is bordered by Tibet. In the Terai region, the largest town is Damak. In this zone, the majority of the population are Kirantis such as Rai and Limbu and other ethnic groups like Meche and Koche and also, the hills castes like Brahmin and Chhetri are also the population residing in Mechi Zone. The total area of the Mechi zone is 8,196 Km2 (3,164 sq mi). The headquarter is Illam. There are 4 districts in Mechi Zone. They are Jhapa, Illam, Panchthar, and Taplegunj. And the districts with their headquarters are;

  • Jhapa – Bhadrapur
  • Illam – Illam
  • Pancthar – Phidim
  • Taplegunj – Taplegunj

Among these four districts, Pancthar is least developed whereas Jhapa is more developed which is situated in Terai region. Jhapa is the district with a highest literacy rate of 98.33%. Illam is in the developing stage which is located in Hilly region. It is a tourist place which is famous for the alluring tea garden. Antu is the famous place from where we can view the good scene of rising sun. Taplegunj is also a developing district which is situated in the Mountainous region. Taplegunj is very beautiful pace which is famous for the second highest mountain of Nepal-Kanchenjunga and it is rich in Beautiful landscapes, a wide range of  Flora and Fauna In the mechi zone, there are two airports which are situated in Bhadrapur and Taplegunj.

In the aspect of agriculture and industry, this zone is developing rapidly and many programs are being successful in uplifting the status of people. In this zone, the first rural and micro-financing program was Small farmer development program which was commenced by Agriculture development bank in 1988.  This zone is famous for Tea and Rice. The most fertile land is Bhudhabare which is on the northern side of Mahendra Highway. This zone is also famous for Supari (Bittle nuts). There are several tea estates in Mechi which are Burne tea estate, Tokla tea estate, Himalayan tea estate, Bandhu tea estate and Sattighatta tea Estate.

  1. Koshi zone;

It is the zone situated in eastern development region of the country. The headquarter of Koshi zone is Biratnagar which is the biggest city in this zone. Other cites of this zone are Dharan, Inaruwa, Dhankuta, Duhabi, Jumka, and Itahari. Among these cities, Dharan is a most beautiful city which is surrounded by hills around. It has also a top hill known as Vedetaar from where the entire beauty of Dharan can be seen. The main rivers of Koshi zone are Tamor, Arun and Sapta Koshi. Sapta Koshi is the longest river in Nepal. According to the census 2011, the total population of this zone is 2,335,047. This zone comprises of 6 districts which are Sunsari, Morang, Dhankuta, Bhojpur, Sankhuwasabha, and Terhathum. Bhojpur is the richest district in biodiversity.

In this place, Rudraksha tree is grown in forest naturally and grown in people’s farming land. This district is affected by the devastating earthquake of 25th April 2015. Dhankuta district is not only the district but also the headquarter of eastern development region. It is the 70th largest district in Nepal. The literacy rate of Dhankuta district is 76.3%. Terathum is the hilly district having the literacy rate 59.40%. Morang is the developed district with headquarters Biratnagar which is a Sub-Metropolitan city.

The famous religious places of Koshi zone are;

  • Pindeswari Temple, Dharan
  • Buda Subba Temple, Dharan
  • Panchakanya Temple, Dharan
  • Bishnupaduka, Dharan
  • Kali Mandir, Biratnagar
  • Chintangdevi Temple, Dhankuta
  • Namaste Jharana, Vedetar
  • Ramdhuni Mandir, Dhuni Ban
  • Jhumkeshwar Mahadev, Jhumka
  • Barahkshetra Mandir,
  • Barahachhetra*Auliya BabaMandir, Chatara
  • Jabdi Mata Mandir, Pakali
  • Betana Shimsar, Belbari
  1. Sagarmatha zone

Sagarmatha zone is one of the fourteen zones which is situated in Eastern development region. This zone is bordered by Koshi zone in the east, Janakpur zone in the west, China in the north and India in the south. In the northern part, it includes the districts of Himalayas, in the central part, it includes the hill districts and in the southern part, it includes the valley districts of Terai. The headquarter of Sagarmatha zone is Rajbiraj. The towns of hill area of this zone are Okhaldhunga, Katari, Salleri, Diktel, and Namche bazaar. The emerging city of this zone is Triyuga. In the outer Terai, the cities situated are Lahan, fatepur, Kathauna, Siraha, and Rajbiraj. In the northern region, the tallest peak in the world, Mount Everest is situated. Also, the Sagarmatha National Park of an area 1,148Km2 is situated at the base of the peak in Solukhumbu district.

Sagarmatha zone comprises of six districts. The six districts with their headquarters are;

Khotang – Diktel
Okhaldhunga – Okhaldhunga
Saptari – Rajbiraj
Siraha – Siraha
Solukhumbu – Salleri
Udayapur – Triyuga

Saptari district is situated in Terai region and it is a developing district. The literacy rate of this district is 65.43%. 22.8% people have adopted the agriculture as their main occupation. As well, this district is the 10th populated district of Nepal. Siraha district is situated in Terai region. It has the highest population of 82,531 in the area 94.20 Sqm2.

Solukhumbu district is the hilly region district with an area of 3,312 Km2 and population of 105,886. In this zone, there is a Hiking trail known as Solukhumbu Trail. Solukhumbu is the district for a tourist attraction with Mount Everest and Sagarmatha National Park. Udaypur is the hilly district with an area of 2,063 Km2 and population of 317,532. Forest covers the 67% of the total area of the land whereas 27% of the land is cultivated. Khotang is the district of Solukhumbu zone with an area of 1,591 SqKm and population of 206,312. Okhaldunga is the district situated in Hilly region with an area of 1,074 SqKm2 and population of 156,702. Okhaldhunga is also the tourist place which is rich in landscapes, flora, and Fauna.

  1. Janakpur zone

Janakpur zone is one of the fourteen zones of Nepal situated in Central Development Region. The zone is bordered by India in the south, China in the North, Sagarmatha zone in the east and Narayani zone in the west. The total area of this zone is 9,669 Km2. According to the Census 2011, the total population of this zone is 2,557,004. The population density of this zone is 264.5/Km2 (685sq/mi). The headquarter of this zone is Janakpur which is also the main city. It is bordered by India. Janakpur city is known as the Historic city of Hinduism and the city is believed to be the capital city of Mithila Nagari where there was the kingdom of King Janak. The other cities of Janakpur zone are Bardibas, Dhalkebar, Kamalamai, Malangwa, Bhimeshwor, Jaleshwor and Matihani.

Janakpur zone comprises of six districts.The districts with their headquarters are;

  • Dhanusa District, Janakpur
  • Dolakha District, Charikot
  • Mahottari District, Jaleshwar
  • Ramechhap District, Manthali
  • Sarlahi District, Malangwa
  • Sindhuli District, Kamalamai

Mahottari district covers an area of 1,002 km² According to the census 2011, the population of the district is 627,580. And Dolakha district covers an area of 2,191 km² and has a population of 186,557according to census 2011.  Ramechaap district covers an area of 1,546 km² and has a population of 202,646 according to census 2011. Sarlahi district covers an area of 1,259 km² and according to the census 2011, the population of this district is 769,729.  Lalbandi is the place of this district, also known as tomato capital of Nepal is famous for supplying tomato demand of the whole country. There is a significant production of sugarcane in this district. Sindhuli district covers an area of 2,491 km² and has a population of 296,192 according to census 2011.

  1. Bagmati zone

Bagmati zone is in the central development region. The capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu is also situated in this zone with the inhabitants of 1.5 million. Bagmati zone covers an area of 9,446.269 square kilometers which covers 6.42% of total area of Nepal. This zone has diversity in ethnicity and culture and it is inhabited by Brahmin, Chhetri, Tamang, Newar, Rai, Gurung, Rai, Dhunuwar, Sunar etc. The main river system in this zone is Trisuli in the west which merges with Gandaki of Nepal. Bagmati in the central region flows south and Indrawati, Melamchi and Sunkoshi in the east join the Kosi river in the east.

Bagmati zone comprises of eight districts. The districts with their headquarters are;

  • Bhaktapur, Bhaktapur
  • Dhading, Dhading
  • Lalitpur, Patan
  • Kathmandu, Kathmandu
  • Kavrepalanchowk, Dhulikhel
  • Nuwakot, Bidur
  • Rasuwa, Dhunche
  • Sindhupalchowk, Chautara

The climate of three districts, Dhading, Rasuwa and Sindhupalchowk ranges from tropical and sub-tropical to alpine, there are perennial snow-covered high peaks in the north. And, in the remaining five districts Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Nuwakot, Kathmandu and Kavrepalanchowk, there are mid-hill mountains and wide fertile valleys, consists of tropical, subtropical and temperate zones. Bhaktapur district covers an area of 19 km2 (46 sq mi) and according to the census 2011, this zone has a population of 304,651. The literacy rate of this zone is 81.68%.  There are various places to visit in Bhaktapur.  Dhading district covers an area of 1,926 square kilometers (744 sq mi) and according to the census 2011, the population of this zone is336,067.

In this district, the mountain range Ganesh Himal is the predominant mountain range. The main river of this district is Ankhu Khola which comes from Ganesh Himal. Lalitpur district covers an area of 385 km² and has a population of 466,784 according to census 2011. There are many famous visiting places in this district. Lalitpur District has good education facilities than their districts. Also, Lalitpur is also home to several notable sporting organizations and grounds. Kathmandu district covers an area of 395 km2 (153 sq mi) and is the most densely populated district of Nepal with 1,744,240 according to census 2011.

This district is famous for tourists place with many parks and temples such as Pashupatinath, Budhanilakantha, Boudhanath, and Syambhunath. There are many industries and offices in this district. Kavrepalanchok covers an area of 1,396 km2 and has a population of 381,937 as of 2011. Information technology park is also situated in this district. There are many religious places in this district and the third university of Nepal, Kathmandu university is also situated in this district. Nuwakot district covers an area of 1,121 km² and has a population of 277,471 as of 2011. This district is also known as “City of nine hills”. Rasuwa district covers an area of 1,544 km² and has a population of 43,300 as of 2011. Among 16 districts of the Himalayan region, this district is smallest. Sindhupalchok district covers an area of 2,542 km2 (981 sq mi) and as of 2011, the population is 287,798. It is one of the least developed districts of Nepal.

Written by

Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a Writer of 12 Nepali Books, Director of Maithili films, Founder of Radio Stations, Designer of Websites and Editor of Some Nepali Blogs.

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