22. Were there Naval battles?
The North and the South fought battles in the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and the rivers of the continental land. The cotton trade with Europe was vital to the Southern war effort. In response, the General of the Union, Winfield Scott sent a blockade stifling the trade that was called the Anaconda Plan.
While the corridors of the blockade proved this plan, engineers invented the first armored ships. Through the rivers, the gunships, the coastal batteries, and the fortresses. The two aspects fought to control the waters of the inland that were important for the transport of soldiers and materials. The Civil War by sea was remarkable for the development of armored ships and changed the course of naval wars for the whole or events. What was the scope of the artillery of the Civil War?
Smooth canyons, like the twelve pounds cannon “Napoleon,” had a three-room quarter scheme. Rifle cannons, like the ten pounds cannon “the parrot,” had a reach of one and a half mile, double the scope of a smooth cannon. Some larger cannons could cover more distance.
23. How did the military recruitment work?
The Confederates established the first military mandatory recruitment in the history of America in April 1862. It was obvious that the South, with a total of 9 million (4 million slaves) needed to use all his male population to repel the north, which had a population of 22 million in 1860. In the south, the men who had 20 slaves were exempted from the recruitment. However, the mandatory program aroused the resentment of the majority of the army because most were poor. Abraham Lincoln entered the recruitment in the northern states in the next year, also calling all men between 18-35. But, in the north too, they had expedited, those who could pay a large quota or search for a substitute.
24. Why are alternative names for the battles of the Civil War?
Generally, the Union commanders gave the name of the battles of the rivers or nearby riqueluos. Generally, the Confederates assigned the name of the battles for nearby cities or towns. But those rules were not always met. The name of the battle depended a lot on the winner of the battle and the name that people used.
25. Are there photos of the civil war?
The photograph was a new art »when the civil war began. The cameras and chemicals used were difficult to handle and unstable when they were used in a battle. However, some photographs of the civil war catching exist, including photos of bombing artillery, bullfighting, and the battle smoke of Nashville and Fredericksburg. Thousands of other photos are in the Congress Library.
26. Were there other black Confederate soldiers?
Free slaves and blacks participated in the Confederate troops working as personal service and manual workers. On March 14, 1865, the Confederate Army published the Official 14, which provided for the uprising of black regimes of combats. But there is no military documentation that indicates that these orders were followed or that some black soldiers were listed in the Confederate Army. There are some black photos in Confederate uniforms, but they seem to be false.
27. How much land of battles are preserved by the Civil War?
Tens of thousands of acres!
First Memorial Day Celebrations
The American Civil War killed more people than any other conflict in US history, creating the need for the nation’s first national cemeteries. (Note: National cemeteries are graveyards for military men and their families, the most famous of which is Arlington, in Washington DC, which appears in a lot of movies and is visited by the President on special occasions such as Memorial Day for example).
In the late 1860s, Americans in various cities began to organize tributes in the spring for these soldiers who died on duty, decorating their graves with flowers and praying for them. (Note: even outside the holidays, veterans’ graves always have a flag or some other kind of decoration to pay homage to their service to the country).
On the first Day of Decoration, General James Garfield gave a speech at the Arlington National Cemetery, and 5,000 participants decorated the tombs of the 20,000 soldiers buried there (Note: to this day this tradition holds true and the President visits the Arlington Cemetery for pay homage, the picture always goes out in all the newspapers here).
Many northern states organized similar events and repeated the tradition in following years. By 1890 each of the northern states had already designated Decoration Day as an official state holiday. Many Southern states, however, continued to honor their dead on separate days until after World War I (Note: part of the North-South US feud, which worsened after the civil war, defeated by the North).
Evolution of Memorial Day
The Day of Decoration (which gradually became known by the current name of Memorial Day) honored only the dead during the Civil War. But during World War I the United States went on to have another war of importance in the number of deaths in combat.
And the holiday evolved to remind soldiers who died in all wars (Note: only then did the South decide to adhere to the date, because even so they were not content to honor the dead of the civil war on the same day as the people of the North).
Memorial Day Traditions
Cities throughout the United States organize Memorial Day parades every year, many with a military presence and members of veteran organizations. Some of the biggest Memorial Day stops are in Chicago, New York, and Washington DC. Many Americans observe the holiday by visiting cemeteries and memorials. On a less somber note, many people organize parties and barbecues on holiday, as it is usually unofficially early summer.
What is the purpose of the Memorial Day celebration?
Memorial Day honored originally military personnel who died in the Civil War (1861-1865). However, today they honor those who died in any war while serving with the United States.
When was it proclaimed as a federal celebration?
General John Alexander Logan officially proclaimed May 30, 1868, like Memorial Day in honor of the Union soldiers who died in the Civil War. New York was the initial state to designate Memorial Day as a legal holiday. In the late 1800s, many more cities and communities observed Memorial Day and several states declared it a legal holiday. However, in 1971, Congress declared Memorial Day as a national holiday celebrated on the last Monday of May.
At what time is the National Commemoration Moment held?
On December 28, 2000, President Bill Clinton signed the “National Moment of Remembrance Law,” which designates at 3:00 p.m. Eastern local time on the Memorial Day each year as the National Memorial Moment.
How is Memorial day celebrated?
It is traditional to wave the flag of the United States to half the staff from dawn to noon. Many people visit cemeteries and memorials, especially to honor those who have died in military service.
Multiple volunteers place an American flag on each grave in national cemeteries. Memorial Day is combined with the birthday of Jefferson Davis in Mississippi. On the other hand, many people choose to celebrate picnics, sporting events and family gatherings this weekend.
This day has become a family event, where people perform various activities such as the shopping-taking advantage of the excellent offers. Barbecue or spend a day at the beach, visit the cemeteries and memorials, participate in parades of national interest such as the 500-mile Indianapolis auto race, which is held on this date annually since 1911.
Why is Memorial Day celebrated in the United States?
Memorial Day a holiday celebrated on the last Monday of May of each year, is a commemoration of human courage and a remembrance of all those American soldiers who died in the war defending their country. Although it is not clear from what date exactly this tradition began to be celebrated.
In 1966, the United States Government declared Waterloo, in New York, the official place of the birth of the Day of the Fallen, where it was celebrated for the first time on the 5th of May 1866. Waterloo was the chosen place because it held an annual event, in which the establishments closed and the citizens decorated the tombs of the soldiers with flowers and flags.
In 1971, the United States Congress approved the National Holiday Act. It was the moment when it was decided that Memorial Day would be commemorated on the last Monday in May, with a weekend of three days of mourning. Many Americans celebrate this day by visiting cemeteries or memorials, holding family gatherings and participating in parades. Not officially, this day marks the beginning of spring.
The Civil War ended up with more lives than any other conflict in the history of the United States until that moment, which motivated the creation of the first cemeteries. In the late 1960s, Americans began to perform spring tributes to honor these fallen soldiers, decorating their graves and praying for them.
On May 5, 1862, the leader of the organization of veterans of the civil war of the northeast, John A. Logan, requested a day of celebration and remembrance during that month. May 30 was designated as Decoration Day, with the purpose of bringing flowers or any other decorative element to the graves of fallen companions.
That day was chosen because there was no other event or battle. The first Decoration Day, about 5,000 participants decorated the tombs of 20,000 soldiers. Many northeast states celebrated similar commemorations. In the following years, similar events continued to be held. By 1890, all had already made Memorial Day an official holiday.
Although the southern states of the United States continued to celebrate this date on different days until after the First World War. Although originally only reminded of those killed during the Civil War, ‘Memorial Day’ continued to grow.
And, after the First World War, in which the United States was embroiled in an even greater conflict. The holiday evolved to remind them of all the wars in the history of the United States.
For decades, Memorial Day continued to be celebrated on May 30, the day that Logan had chosen for the first Decoration Day. But in 1968, Congress established the holiday on the last Monday in May, to achieve a three-day weekend for Americans.
To this day, the cities and towns of the United States hold parades every year, usually incorporating military and members of veteran organizations. Some of the most important parades take place in Chicago, New York, and Washington. Americans also celebrate this day by visiting cemeteries and memorials.
Memorial Day: A day to honor the fight for freedom
The Memorial Day holiday came after the end of the bloody American Civil War in 1865 when citizens began organizing events to honor the lives of those who died fighting for freedom. In a short time, a specific day was set for the so-called Decoration Day in order to unite the nation and unify the celebration of the national day of remembrance.
Later, the day began to be called by the name used today. And the celebrations began to honor all the soldiers and members of the American military that died representing the country in wars of all parts of the world.
In 1971, Memorial Day became a national holiday, and although it is not a commemorative date. It is an important day in the American calendar where many honors are made, the most famous being an act in the largest military cemetery in the country. Arlington National Cemetery, in which the president utters a speech with the American flags erected at half mast. And the infantry positions small American flags under the tombs of some of the war heroes. The 3 minutes of silence is also part of the ceremony.
Memorial Day Traditions
In addition to the official celebration of the president – or the vice – the American people have their own way of celebrating the day. Most patriots often take advantage of the extended weekend to spend time with friends and family. Make small trips or, in some cases, keep up with the holiday purpose by remembering and honoring loved ones lost in more recent battles.
The tradition of keeping the flag at half mast also applies to houses. The custom orders the flag to be raised half a mast until noon, as a way of representing mourning. Then the flag is raised to the top to symbolize the determination of the living to maintain the struggle for freedom. So that those who died for the country have not died in vain. In some parts of the country, it is common for parades to occur with marches of members of the armed forces, official bands and military vehicles.
In addition to all the intrinsic meaning of the holiday, Memorial Day also marks the beginning of the summer season in the country.
What Is The Variation Between Memorial Day And Veterans Day?
Many people confuse Memorial Day with Veterans Day and there are actually several differences between both dates that honor men and women dedicated to fighting for the nation. Both Memorial Day and Veterans Day are celebrated in and are associated with Armed Forces personnel. This factor confuses many of these two days. There are differences between these two days that are clearly outlined in this article.
Veterans Day is a holiday the people of the United States celebrated every year on November 11. The name of the day is enough to convey the message that it is celebrated honoring all military personnel who are alive and living a retired life. The day is an advisor as a day to honor the services and sacrifices made by war veterans.
This Veterans Day is scheduled to be observed by the US in relation to individuals who have worked in the United States Armed Forces. The US calls these people veterans who have worked with the government to defend and provide security for the entire country.
It was when World War I ended on November 11 that the date was set to be celebrated as Armistice Day. It was the eleventh hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 that the Great War was over. By an act of Congress, Armistice Day was established in the country, and it was only 12 years after it was declared a national holiday.
It was President Eisenhower who announced November 11 as Veterans Day. It was in 1968 that Congress passed a resolution to change Veterans Day to 4 on Monday in October. However, it had to reverse its resolution, as it was realized that the previous date of November 11 was much more significant for many Americans.
Memorial Day, on the other hand, is a day reserved for remembrance of American militants who have lost their lives in the line of duty. Memorial Day, (in May) is an occasion to remember and honor the military personnel who died in the service of their country.
Particularly those who died on the battlefield or as a result of wounds suffered in the battle. The US reminds those who died every Monday in May annually. Unlike Veterans Day, which is celebrated in relation to all US militants, Memorial Day is specifically for American militants who have died serving the nation.
While Veterans Day is reserved to thank and honor ALL those who served honorably in the army in time of war or peacetime. In fact, this date is largely to thank the veterans with VIDA for their service, to recognize that their contributions to national security are appreciated. And to underline the fact that all those who served, not only those who died have been sacrificed and fulfilled his duty.
Some people associate red poppies with both dates, but in reality, they are traditionally dedicated to the war dead on Memorial Day. The practice of using poppies has its origin in the poem In Flanders Fields, written in 1915 by John McCrae.
On Memorial Day, many veteran service organizations, including the United States Veterans of War and the American Legion, distribute millions of red poppies annually that have been mounted by hospitalized veterans. Called “Buddy Poppies,” the flowers are distributed in exchange for donations to help veterans with disabilities and needy.
Another annual activity that takes place every September for Veterans Day, is the distribution of reminder posters of this important date. And are distributed to schools, state governments, military services, regional sites, and service organizations for veterans.
Memorial Day History
This act of decorating the militants’ graves began before the American Civil War. The first decoration was made for a tomb of the first Civil War soldier on June 3, 1861, in Virginia, followed by grave decoration of the women in Savannah, Georgia, in 1862. General John Logan formed a day in which the nation of the United States decorates the soldiers’ graves with flowers. He claimed that the day of decoration should be observed annually across the country.
It needed a day to be set aside for the remembrance of Native Americans and African American soldiers who died in the United States Armed Forces. Memorial Day commemoration in the south was attached to the women who placed flowers in the city’s cemetery in April 1866 in Columbus, Mississippi.
The ladies played a crucial role in decorating the graves of the dead soldiers. Decoration day was an initial name of this holiday up. Federal law of the United States changed the Day of Decoration for Memorial Day in the year 1967. United States law also requires that the flag be raised to half the flag post by noon and then raised to the top for the rest of the day. Raising the flag to half indicates that more than a million soldiers died serving the nation.
Veterans Day History
Veterans Day was legalized on May 13, 1938, and was named Armistice Day. A Birmingham World War II veteran, Raymond Weeks, came up with the idea of extending Armistice Day to celebrate all the veterans, not just those who lost their lives in World War One. The first commemoration of all veterans was made in 1947 and since then was made on November 11 annually.
Military personnel holidays
The two days are crucial in the United States, so these days are taken seriously. All citizens in the US celebrate the days in honor of the military veterans of the Armed Forces. Military veterans did the laudable work for the nation of the USA, providing security to all citizens.
- Memorial Day is celebrated on Monday at the end of May each year and Veterans Day is celebrated on November 11 of each year.
- Memorial Day is celebrated in respect of all military personnel who have given up their lives in any of the American wars. While Veterans Day is appreciated for the sacrifices made by army personnel.
- While Memorial Day is celebrated in honor of those who have died fighting the enemy, Veterans Day is celebrated to honor those who have served the military and are living a retired life.
- Memorial Day is in recognition of Yeoman services offered by people who have dedicated their lives to serving the nation.
Facts about a memorial day that has been hidden
Memorial Day is much more than a three-day weekend. It is a commemoration with a lot of history, with a lot of feeling and with a lot of data of which, we are not always knowledgeable. Called also ‘Memorial Day’, this federal date, seeks to remember the American soldiers killed in combat, and commemorates the last Monday in May of each year.
Initially, it was established to remember the fallen soldiers of the American Union who participated in the American Civil War. Although after the First World War, it was extended to pay tribute to all the American soldiers who died in the wars in which that country participated.
It is also known as the unofficial start of summer because the heat has already begun. Children are already on vacation from school and people are already starting to plan trips to the beach after so many months stuck at home because of the snow!
Memorial Day exists for Americans to reflect on and remember people who have done a lot for the country in the past and do in the present and everything they have brought to their lives. The holiday is also known as “Decoration Day” and is celebrated since 1869 to honor the soldiers who participated in the United States Civil War.
At the most recent commemorations, most of the honors are given to soldiers who participated in the Vietnam War, which occurred between 1959 and 1975.
In addition to war veterans and their families, Memorial Parade students from the region’s schools, policemen, municipal hospital ambulances demonstrating their support.
Fire department, scouts, gymnasts, musicians, religious groups, families, and even the Bucks County convertible car club and motorcyclists! A lot of people take advantage of the parade time to advertise their business, like a martial arts academy that paraded with a band of support to the war veterans.
In this sense and to join the commemoration of Memorial Day, we have listed some curiosities about the history of this day, and we invite you to take a look, and you can not ignore this data!
1. The commemoration began with the Civil War: Memorial Day was a response to the massacre that occurred during the war period, and it is estimated that during the Civil War about 620 thousand soldiers died on both sides.
The loss of lives and its effects on American society, led to spontaneous commemorations of the fallen. In 1864, the women of Boalsburg began to put flowers on the graves of their dead at the Battle of Gettysburg. The following year, a group of women decorated the tombs of the soldiers buried in the Mississippi cemetery as well.
In April of 1866, the women of Columbus, deposited flowers in the tombs of the Union and the Confederate soldiers. In the same month, veterans of the civil war marched through the city in memory of the fallen. General John Logan gave the director’s speech, thus showing the first organization of the Memorial.
2. General Logan made officer: As we already mentioned, General John Logan was in charge of giving the first speech on Memorial Day. And he was also a commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, a group of veterans of the Union. On May 5, 1868, Logan ordered that on May 30 of that year, be used to decorate with flowers the graves of each and every one of the comrades who died in the defense of their country.
3. At the beginning it was known as Decoration Day: Due to the practice of decorating the tombs with flowers, garlands and flags, it was known as Decoration Day. However in 1882, it was given the name Memorial Day.
In the beginning, Memorial Day was a day of tribute to all Union soldiers who lost their lives during the Civil War (or American Civil War). But in 1882, the name Memorial Day appeared and it was only after the First World War that it became commonplace.
This denomination was then formalized in 1967, after the Second World War. Why this change? To celebrate all those who died in combat or during their military service and not those who died only during the Secession War. Decoration Day was celebrated in all the states of America on May 30 after 30 years.
Its success was such that it was decided that it would serve not only to pay tribute to the victims of the American Civil War but also to those of the First and Second World Wars. On June 28, 1968, the Congress made it an official holiday and christened it “Remembrance Day.”
The law was passed on January 1, 1974, and the Memorial Day celebration was scheduled for the last Monday in May. And this, with the aim of offering families of the deceased a weekend of three days.That’s how the name Decoration Day became Memorial Day.
4. Motorcyclists in Washington: Since 1988, about 2,500 motorcyclists gathered in the city of Washington to carry out the first ‘Rolling Thunder’ rally. In order to draw attention to the soldiers of Vietnam who were still missing. By 2002, there were already more than 300 thousand motorcyclists and half a million for 2005.
5. Memorial Day encompasses certain customs: It is usual in Memorial Day, the flag rises at half mast until noon, later, it goes up until sunset. In 1915, a volunteer worker named Moina Michael, began a campaign to make the poppy become a symbol of homage to veterans and to keep the faith with all who died. The sale of poppies has supported the work of Veterans of Foreign Wars.
6. First celebration: The first Memorial Day celebration took place on May 5, 1866 in Waterloo. On that day, businesses closed and the tombs of the soldiers were decorated with flowers and flags.
7. Early summer: Although not officially, Memorial Day is considered the unofficial start of summer. On this important date, American families celebrate parties, barbecues and picnics; all outdoors.
8. Big parades: In the United States, they love big fashion shows and, like Thanksgiving, in cities like Chicago, New York and Washington D.C. Large parades are organized in which flags and motifs of American national pride are displayed.
9. Separate celebrations: Although now, Memorial Day, means the union of Americans to honor those killed in combat. For a long time, the North and South States of the American Union, enemies in the Civil War, celebrated this day separately.
10. Memorial Day: Think Fleet Week! Memorial Day falls at the same time as Fleet Week, a tradition that aims to promote the U.S. Navy, Coast Guard Corps and Marine Corps. Fleet Week lasts a week. For this event, you will see a parade of ships, participate in several activities and take the opportunity to visit the Intrepid Sea, Air and Space Museum!
11. Memorial Day celebrations may have begun in ancient times: Already in the year 431 BC When soldiers killed in the Peloponnesian War were honored with a public funeral and a public speech by the Greek statesman Pericles. It is believed that this is the first communal ceremony that recognizes those who gave their lives in the war. Year after year similar memorial services took place in the ancient Greeks and Romans.
12. One of the first Memorial Day celebrations in the United States was celebrated on May 1, 1865, in Charleston, South Carolina, by newly freed slaves: Not long after the end of the Civil War, about 1,000 liberated slaves, members of the American Colored Troops.
And some locals organized a ceremony to bury the Union troops who died as a result of the terrible conditions of a prison. They honored the dead by singing songs and laying flowers on their graves. An archway above the cemetery was engraved with the words “Martyrs of the Race Course” .
13. It was Union General John A. Logan who convened on May 30, 1868, for an official nationwide Memorial Day. A date was chosen because it was not the anniversary of a particular battle.
To honor those lost in the Civil War, the Southern states originally had another day in honor of the late Confederate soldiers. After the First World War, the holiday developed to commemorate fallen military personnel in all wars.
Currently, eleven states have still set an official day to honor those who lost their lives fighting for the Confederacy. Virginia is the only one commemorating Confederate Memorial Day on the same day as Memorial Day.
14. In 1950, Congress passed a resolution calling on the President to issue a proclamation urging Americans to follow Memorial Day as a day of prayer for lasting peace. In 1968, Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, which set Memorial Day as the last Monday in May to create a three-day weekend for Federal employees. However, Memorial Day did not become an official federal holiday until 1971.
15. In 1966, Waterloo, New York, was officially declared the founder of Memorial Day. Many places in the US claimed to be the first to celebrate Memorial Day.
But there is only one small town officially designated as the birthplace. In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed a law stating that Waterloo, New York, is the founder of Memorial Day in the United States. On May 5, 1866, the city observed a day commemorating fallen soldiers.
16. President Bill Clinton signed the National Moment of Remembrance Act on 2000. In which the Americans must take a break at 3:00 pm and observe a National Moment of Remembrance. A number of organizations across the country were watching this moment, including Amtrak (whose whistles are whistling), Major League Baseball and NASCAR.
17. Cities across the country held Memorial Day parades, but some of the biggest parades took place in Chicago, New York and, of course, Washington DC. In D.C. The National Memorial Day Parade hosted an audience of over 250,000 spectators, walking down Constitution Avenue. As marching bands, active and retired military units, youth groups, veterans and swimmers.
18. The President asks all Governors of the United States and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico to hoist the flag on all buildings, land and naval ships until noon on Memorial Day. US citizens are asked to show their flag to their staff at home before noon.
19. In 1873, the holiday was officially recognized by the state of New York – the first state to celebrate it. Since 1890, the holiday has been recognized by all the Northern States of the United States. The southern states refused to celebrate, recalling their loved ones who died in the war on other days.
20. After the First World War, on Memorial Day, soldiers who died in battles in this war were commemorated. But the holiday was still unofficial in most parts of the United States.The Day of Memory was recognized as a federal holiday only in 1971 with the adoption of a relevant law – the Uniform Monday Holiday Act.
21. Today, Americans’ Day is associated with the actual onset of summer. On weekends, before Memorial Day (together with their whole 3 days), it’s customary to go on a picnic, take a trip with the family, participate in sports competitions, organize charity events.But Americans do not forget the origins of the holiday – on this day they still adorn the graves and set flags on them, recalling the exploits of American soldiers.
22. Nevertheless, various political groups more than once submitted to Congress for consideration bills on fixing the official (non-floating) date for Memorial Day. With the passage of time and the distance of the events that caused the creation of the holiday, it is increasingly perceived by the new generation as just part of a three-day weekend.
23. Some states have extra days of remembrance. For example, in Texas – this is January 19, in Florida and Alabama – April 26, in South Carolina – May 10, in Louisiana – June 3.
24. For the right to be called the birthplace of the Day of Remembrance, several cities once fought. But in 1966 the city government of New York was awarded this honor by the decision of the government of the country.
25. In some southern states, in addition to Memorial Day, there are separate additional days to honor the memory of soldiers killed in the Civil War.
26. Ulysses Grant was present at the very first ceremony in 1868.
27. The true origins of the first Memorial Day celebration is still a debated subject.
28. Approximately 620,000 soldiers on both sides martyred during the Civil War.
29. The Grand Army of the Republic was formed by the Union Army to honor their dead. After World War I the American Legion took over their responsibility.
30. The tradition of wearing red poppies on Memorial Day began from John McCrae’s 1915 poem In Flanders Fields. In Canada they wear red poppies to show respect to their soldiers on Remembrance Day in November each year.
31. Although not as popular today, one tradition was to eat a picnic meal by sitting on the ground of a cemetery. There are still some people in the rural areas of the South that practice this tradition.
32. It’s estimated that approximately 32 million people journey by car over Memorial Day weekend.
33. Memorial Day also marks the beginning of the summer season while Labor Day marks the end.
34. In some parts of the rural South, they hold annual Decoration Days around this time for certain cemeteries, often in the mountains.
35. Memorial Day is often confused with Veterans Day. However, Veterans Day honors all United States military veterans, while Memorial Day honors the soldiers who died while serving for their nation.
36. There were greater American lives lost during the Civil War than the two World Wars combined. Approximately 620,000 died during the Civil War while approximately 116,516 demised in World War I and approximately 405,399 died in World War II.
37. There are more than 300,000 fallen soldiers who were buried at Arlington Cemetery. On average, there were 28 burials there each day.
38. Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia always celebrate Confederate Memorial Day. These are former Confederate states, and they celebrate on other days ranging from January 19th to June 3rd.
39. In 2012 there was a movie formed called Memorial Day. John and James Cromwell and Jonathan Bennett casted in the film. The story centers around a 13 year old boy who finds his grandpa’s footlocker from the 2nd World War.
40. About 620,000 Americans died in the civil war between North and South, the worst war in American history. The total number of American soldiers who died in other wars was 644,000.
41. On December 28, 2000, President Clinton signed the “National Remembrance Time Act” and designated 3 pm on the day of “National Day” as the moment of national commemoration.
42. The annual “National Day”, the famous “Harley” motorcycle team will march in the capital Washington, DC, which has become another traditional project of “National Day”.
43. The number of people attending the first Arlington National Cemetery “National Day” commemoration ceremony is 5,000, which is almost the same as the number of people attending the ceremony in Arlington.
44. On the Memorial Day, the US active servicemen and veterans marched into the cemetery and fired their guns at the fallen soldiers. They blew the lights out of the army to rest the soldiers.
45. According to statistics from the American Automobile Association, 39 million people travel by car on this day.
46. One of the traditions of the Day of Memory – wearing red poppies as a symbol of the memory of all veterans – appeared after the release of the poem “On the Flanders Fields” by John McCray. And in 1924, due to the lack of supplies of these flowers, the first factory for the production of artificial poppies was opened. It happened in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and hired veterans who needed work.
47. Also on Memorial Day, it is customary to lower the US flag until noon, and then raise the flag to the end for the rest of the day. The lowered position of the flag is in memory of all the men and women who died in the service of their country. And the full raising of the flag symbolizes that these victims were not in vain and will remain in the memory of the living.
48. For many Americans, the main event of the day is a visit to one of the thousands of parades that take place throughout the country, in small cities and metropolitan areas. On most of them you can see marching orchestras, the National Guard and other military personnel, veterans and military equipment of different eras.
49. Among the main events of the festival is the National Memorial Day Concert in honor of Memorial Day, which takes place in the US capital, Washington, and is broadcast on PBS and NPR.
50. One of the oldest traditions is rather unusual – it is the Indianapolis 500 car race, held since 1911 on the Sundays preceding the holiday. There is another race, the Coca-Cola 600, which is also arranged on the Memory Day weekend.
51. Even a special golf tournament is held in honor of the holiday – the Memorial Tournament golf, as well as the men’s lacrosse championship – the NCAA Division I Men’s Lacrosse Championship.
52. What a Memorial Day without a minute of silence? In 2000, the US Congress decided to hold the National Moment of Remembrance (National Moment of Remembrance). That is Americans were asked to postpone all their affairs for one minute at 15:00 as a sign of national unity. Even large companies like Greyhound, Amtrak, MLB, Empire State Building follow this new tradition.
53. Wreath-laying ceremonies take place near all of Washington’s military memorials on Monday. And not so formal celebrations take place in the suburbs. In particular, in Alexandria (Virginia) on Monday begin the annual jazz festival, which is regularly held on Memorial Day.
54. After the First World War, in which the United States participated in 1917-1918 and lost 116 thousand troops, on Memorial Day, American soldiers who died in different wars began to be remembered. The holiday after the end of the Vietnam War (1965-1973), which killed about 58 thousand soldiers and officers, injured about 300 thousand, was particularly resounding.
55. It was in memory of Vietnam that a new tradition appeared – a motor race from the Pentagon to the Vietnam War Veterans Memorial. From across the country, hundreds of thousands of bikers in the so-called “memorial weekend”, prior to the Day of Memory, arrive in the US capital. And rush along the main streets with the roar of engines and horn signals.
56. The Vietnam Wars also consider this day their own. In the largest cities of the country, they will hold parades. And in the center of Washington in a matter of hours, several thousand bikers will travel. So that the roar of the engines, which will be well heard in the bureaucratic cabinets, remind those of the military who went missing or are still in captivity.
The civil war has been registered as the most devastating war in the history of the United States of America. Therefore, the memorial day reminds the nation of the sacrifices of these brave soldiers and is considered to be the most important day for the nation.