Christian religion in Nepal: Christianity in Nepal
Jesus Christ, who was born in Bethlehem, Jerusalem to Joseph and Virgin Mary, is the founder of this faith. It is one of the major religions in the world. There is 1.4 % of total population as followers of this religion in Nepal. Its followers are called Christians. Jesus was a simple, generous and religious minded person from his early childhood. He wanted to free the people from the sufferings and social justice prevailed at that time. As he grew up, he became a religious reformer He called the God his father and himself as his son. The Jewish and the Roman officials became envious of him and charged for betrayal. Eventually, he was crucified in about 33 AD. His followers believed that He rose from his death after three days.
Christians worship in churches. They give emphasis on humanity, simple and sinless life. Christmas is the main festival of Christians. It is celebrated on 25 December as the birthday of Christ. Bible, which includes Christian writings and Jesus’ teaching is the main religious book of the Christians. The essence of this religion is love, compassion, generosity, and humanity.
A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices founded by Jesus Christ born in Jerusalem of Israel is Christianity. Father and mother of Jesus Christ were Joseph and Virgin Mary respectively. Roman King Constantine the Great had first announced the Christianity as a chief religion of the state in 313 A.D. The Romans crucified Jesus in about 29 A.D. Christ got reincarnation after three days. Christians spread through the Roman cities. Christianity is followed by almost one- fourth people of the world. In Nepal, 1.4 percent of people follow this religion according to the census 2011 A.D.
Christians believe that all men are equal in the eyes of God and that the truth of the Bible is revealed to those who are pure and righteous. They feel that there is one God, i.e Christ. Bible is the Holy book of Christians. It is believed that people of the World are suffering from sins after the fall of Adam and Eve from the grace to the ground due to their disobedience of Him (God). They were unable to accept the supremacy of God because of Satan. Due to this, they fell from the original bliss of God’s grace to the present state of mortality, guilt, shame, and suffering. But, the Christians believe that sin can be purified through the senior Christ.
Incarnation is the Christian’s doctrine of the union of God and man in the person of Jesus Christ, for them. Tritheism is the heretical belief of Trinity, the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit are three separate gods. The church is the holy place. Christianity has two parts: Old Testament and New Testament. Old Testament concerns with the God’s love for his creation. The New Testament contains the preaching of Christ. The adversaries of Christ are mentioned m the New Testament. The Christians do not believe in idol worship. They believe that people are rewarded for their good deeds but punished for evil. God pardons who these who confess their evils.
Christmas is a main festival of the Christians. It is celebrated on the occasion of the birthday of Christ on December 25 till the period of advent, New Year. Easter is an annual festival commemorating Christ resurrection, and occurring on Sunday, the second day after Good Friday. Ascension Day is also a celebration of Christ into heaven; observed on the 40th day after Easter. According to the census 2011, 1.4 percent people are followers of Christianity in Nepal.
How many Christian are there in Nepal
Nepal was Hindu Country where the majority of people were Hindu but with the time and growing the population of other religion in Nepal, Nepal is declared as a secular country on January 2007. In this present day, Majority of people are following Hindu but the follower of other religion are also growing. People are free to choose the religion they want
Today, the population following Christianity are growing, each census year. Nepal had zero Christians in 1951 and in the year 1961, just after 10 years after that, the numbers of Christian were 458. Then, by 2001 there were nearly 102,000. During Rana regime, Protestant Christians initially came to Nepal through the Nepalese living outside of Nepal. A decade after, the number of Christian has increased triple ties the previous population, the populations reach to 375,000. This data shows that the population of Christian increases gradually.
According to census 2001, the population of Christianity was 1.4% which is high in comparison to previous census year. People thought the reason of increasing the population of Christian is due to country’s internal changes. From the year 1990, with the starting of Maoist civil war, many people were against the monarchy system of Nepal and wars took place between Maoist and government and finally, in 2008, the monarchy of Nepal came to end. On January 7, 2007, the country was transformed from Hindu kingdom to a secular country where people can choose the religion to follow they want.
Also, Christmas day was declared as a public holiday from 2008. The first president of Nepal visited Nepal Isai Mandali to celebrate Christmas with Christians. Also, many churches were established by the Christian community and in many places of Nepal, Schools, hospitals, and other public properties were made by the Christian community. It is always illegal to encourage or make someone compel to convert to another religion but Nepal is a secular country, many people themselves change their religion. Many churches were started to commenced in Kathmandu valley and later, in different parts of the country.
Many people were compelled to change the religion which remain illegal which happens due to political instability and weak law execution. Before secular Nepal, most of the people were Hindu and they thought illegal to change to religion. Most of the people had faith and belief in their own religion. Many decades has been passed after the commencement of Christians in Nepal. Initially, people who had adopted the Christian religion were not counted in society. Today people following Christianity are in the every field. They have established themselves as the important part of modern society. Christians in large population are residing in every part of Nepal.
Christianity has become the beautiful religion which adds the colorful religion culture of Nepal. People of all the religions are residing in Nepal with mutual co-operation and harmony with respecting each other’s religion. Everyone love their religion and they have more faith in their own religion whether it is Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam.
Facts about Christian and Christianity in Nepal
- Christian is another one of the major religions in Nepal.
- Christianity is an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.
- A wide range of beliefs and practices is found across the world among those who CAD themselves Christian.
- Christians are united in believing that Jesus has a unique significance.
- The term ‘Christian’ in a proverbial sense is “all that is noble, and good and Christ-like”.
- It is also a label to identify people who are associated with the cultural aspects of Christianity, irrespective of personal religious beliefs and practices.
- It gives emphasis that the people should not greed and should be involved in helping the poor and helpless.
- The religious book is ‘Bible’ and the worshipping place is ‘Church’.
- This religion has two branches. They are Catholic and Protestant.
- Catholics are the strict and Protestants are flexible and improved form.
- The main teacher of this religion is called ‘Pope’ and other subordinates are called ‘Padari’.