Everything You Want to Know About Madhav Prasad Ghimire, National Poet (Rashtrakabi) Of Nepali Literature

Madhav Prasad Ghimire: – “I think poets should be able to go beyond the social hierarchy and bring visions to humanity, and by using their poetic abilities, they should be able to expand the mind and pursue the truth.” , this is the great sentence by Madhav Prasad Ghimire.

Madhav Prasad Ghimire is a renowed Nepalese poet who has given great contribution in the Nepalese literature. He is one of the last of the oldest generation of poets in Nepal. He was motivated by the works of Rabindranath Tagore. He is a poet of the romantic tradition.

He has written many incredible books such as Gauri, Malati Mangale, Himal Pari Himal Wari, Aswathama, Rajheswari and Shakuntala and he is well known for his inspiring works. He was honored as Rashtra Kavi (poet of the nation) of Nepal. He is undoubtedly one of the rare poets in Nepal to gain fame and fortune, and not the unfortunate forgetfulness they normally receive.

But the greatest asset of his life is its simplicity. He is a very simple person with a simple taste, but his verses are varied and complex. However, for some he is a Himalayan poet and for some the poets of love and harmony. However, this truth cannot be denied: he is a lyric poet and one of the true servants of Nepali literature.

It is also a national treasure associated with the golden age of Nepali literature. He is one of the last of the oldest generation of poets whose contemporaries, Bal Krishna Sama and Laxmi Prasad Devkota, have become historical figures in the annals of Nepalese literature.

It is known that in his masterpieces such as Gauri and Malati Mangale he portrayed terrible truths of society. This literature were most praised by the Nepalese. Some of his other important literary works include Himal Pari Himal Wari, Rajeshwori, Aswathama and Shakuntala which are most appreciated.

He is a simple man with a complex and different perception. Rastra Kabi Ghimire was cited as a source of inspiration in the Nepalese literary brotherhood. Not only writing, but also his will to live has inspired many Nepalese. According to him, there are three mantras to live longer; Easy exercise or yoga, positive thinking and creativity.


For him, education in his own life is very important, since it takes a person from darkness to light and it is very important that Nepali youth should learn the these things from him. He is respected by the people of Nepal.

Early life and education

Ghimire was born on September 23, 1919 in a town called Pustun in the Lamjung district of Nepal. Ghimire’s mother died when he was about a year and a half, and he spent his childhood in Lamjung district with his father among the hills, trees, rivers and soothing streams of rural Nepal.

He learned to read at the age of six, and at age eight or nine, he learned the Panchanga from a man named Fulebaba. In his childhood, the appropriate educational opportunities in Lamjung were missing.

His first teacher was a holy man who taught Ghimire and others the English alphabet of an old grammar book. He began his formal education at the age of 12 when his father sent him to study astrology, which he directed for more than two years. He was then sent to the Bhasa Patshala language school, which was about two hours away from his village.

Madhav Prasad Ghimire National Poet Rashtrakavi Nepal
Madhav Prasad Ghimire – National Poet (Rashtrakavi) of Nepal

His interest in literature began to flourish in his youth when he read spiritual books like “Bedh” and “Chandi”. “I liked these books because they not only provide entertainment to people, but also give them a social message,” he said. In the place where the availability of books was very rare, a book called “Upadesh Manjari” arrived at Ghimire’s house. The book of rhythmic poems inspired him to open his pen and enter the world of poetry.

The professor was a Sanskrit scholar (an expert), and Ghimire received a lot of attention because the pandit thought that Ghimire was dedicated to his studies. Fortunately, he studied Ramayana after receiving it as a prize and also read the Mahabharata.

From there he reached the letter of Lekhnath Poudyal. It was the latter who inspired him to write verses that he showed to his teacher. The teacher liked his poems and encouraged him to move on. He sent a poem to today’s national newspaper Gorkhaparta, which published it, and since then there has been no review of Ghimire.

He remained in Bhasa Patshala for about three years until one day he went to Kathmandu without notifying anyone at home. In the capital he met with students of the Sanskrit Patshala, where he initially stayed.

Thus began the student life of Ghimire in Kathmandu, and in six months he obtained second place between 150 and 200 students. Consequently, he was considered very intelligent.

Although his studies took a long time, Ghimire, 18, took the time to work on his poems. For five years he wrote and published poetry without interruption. Gradually, he earned an enviable reputation among his teachers and classmates.

“Life was very different from today and Ghimire grew up with very little material luxury.” We never complained and we didn’t realize how late our society was. We had never seen good roads, so walking through the steep mountains was not difficult at all. Running miles for miles, spending dark nights were daily activities, and we adapted to this scenario. “

When Ghimire explained his school days and the countless punishments with which he was gifted, we can discover what the RastraKabi Ghimire book mouse was like.

His school was in the shade of a huge tree, and the trunks were the board, the colored stones were the chalk. He was a brilliant student. He said his family environment inspired him to excel in his studies.

During those days when illiteracy was paramount, he devoted himself to literature. We can’t even imagine what life was like back then. Now you are surrounded by art and literature. But in my time, it was very rare to take a look at a book.

The changing technology seems to surprise him and he has stated that he has seen great differences in the country’s education system. “We had to write in Dhulepati, but now there are laptops.


Students now have many opportunities in terms of colleges and universities, we have lost that. Didactic materials are also available and there are many options.” I did not start my formal education until 12 years, “recalls Ghimire.

Born to master Nepali literature, he began writing poems and stories at an early age. With the encouragement of his teacher, he sent one of his creations to Gorkhapartra and published them. Then the decisive moment came: one day, his friend took him to the Bhasa Prakashini Samiti of Nepal and introduced him to Bal Krishna Sama and Krishna Shumshere.

There was a vacancy for a writer on his committee, and they chose him. From 1944 he worked and wrote for the committee. Around this time, he met regularly with Devkota, Gopal Prasad Rimal, Kedar Man Byathit and Siddhicharan Shrestha on the committee to share and comment on each other’s work. This environment was favorable to his growth as a poet and writer.

Ghimire’s career as a writer developed gradually and in 1947 he participated in a poetry contest for the national flag of Nepal. In addition to winning the contest, his reputation as a distinguished poet was extended.


At the age of eleven, he left home and went to Duredada to study Sanskrit. He then emigrated to Kathmandu to study in Sanskrit Pradhan Pathshala and Tindhara in Sanskrit Pathsala. He then traveled to India to continue studying and spent time studying at Banaras.

Occupational and later life.

The devil began to play with his life quickly and easily, and everything was running at full speed. His first wife, Gauri, whom he loved very much, died and his early death devastated him terribly.

He was unable to extract it from her memory, and became the subject of his mistake. His poetry collection, “Gauri”, was well received and enjoyed enormous popularity among the public, as it was one of Nepal’s most popular literary works today. He later married his second wife, Mahakali Ghimire.

He still remembers his first wife when someone informed him about Gauri: “She used to know that she was hungry just by looking me in the eye and preparing food. Only the mother knows, doesn’t she? She could never forget that. Isn’t that your turn?” the heart?

Everything else is mere talk. You have to set an example. Some people don’t even care if they scream for hunger several times. “But he also has respect and loves his second wife. He thinks she gives birth to a child and loves him. Another child is born for us and we love him equally. He actually do not compare Gauri and Mahakali. I would be a small man if I did that, it is better to sing praises and forget the defects of the dead. “

A proud father of six daughters and two sons, all highly educated; The precious jewel of the country peacefully spends his old days with his second wife, Mahakali. He doesn’t have much time to write these days.

The days go by in an instant, since he have to attend many events, interviews, etc. These days he is absorbed in Yog Sadhana and advises young people to learn yoga, since it is very beneficial both physically and mentally.

For such high-ranking work, he received the Distinguished Academy Medal, Shree Prasiddha Praval Gorkha Dakshinabahu, the Bhanubhakta Prize and Tribhuwan Pragya Puraskar.

He first published in Gorkhapatra at the age of 14. His work was called Gyanpuspa. Later in his life, he also worked as co-editor of Gorkhapatra. After graduating from Banaras, he worked as a writer for Bhashanubad Parishad (1941 AD) and as co-editor of Gorkhapatra (1944 AD). In 2008 he returned to his hometown and worked for a short time as a teacher.

In 2010 he became a member of Kavya Pratisthan under the direction of Laxmi Prasad Devkota. His most famous work is Gauri (1947), a lawsuit for the loss of his wife. In Kathmandu, his talent was instantly recognized and he was named a writer in “Nepali Bhasha Prakashini Samiti”, where Nepalese books were censored and published with the constant monopoly of the Rana government.

On May 19, 2016, he participated in Melancholy, a song designed to convey an environmental message that broke Guinness’s world record for “More vocal solos in a song recording.”

His 100th birthday was celebrated on September 23, 2018 throughout Nepal with several programs. His most important achievements and literary contributions are “Gauri”, “Malati Mangale”, “Himal Pari Himal Wari” and “Shakuntala”, to name just a few. Ghimire has written works known as Gauri, Malati Mangale, Rajeshwari and Shakuntala, and is currently working on an epic titled RitambharaAt 100. Ghimire continues to impress many with his natural style, but asks for his mantra and says: “I write when I can I do not obey or I try too hard. That makes no sense. “

Ghimire believes that you should have two things to write about: ambition and health.

“When I had the ambition, I wrote despite all the odds,” he says. “But having only one goal is not enough. You also need your health to fulfill your ambitions and achieve your ultimate goal.”

Ghimire was vice chancellor of the Royal Academy of Nepal from 1979 to 1988 and chancellor from 1988 to 1990. During his tenure, he led delegations to China, Russia and Bangladesh.

For his work he has received, among others, the Distinguished Academy Medal, the Shree Prasiddha Praval Gorkha Dakshinabahu, the Bhanubhakta Prize and the Tribhuwan Pragya Puraskar.

In terms of popularity, excellence and recognition, Ghimire is considered a source of inspiration in Nepali literature. He began writing songs and poems 67 years ago and still does today. He has written poems, long narrative poems, lyric-epic poems and ballads, and has made an immense contribution to the enrichment of Nepali literature.

The modern Nepali poems of the Royal Academy of Nepal (1972, first edition). Praise his poems as “manifestations of Nepali life.” Some of his most acclaimed pieces are Apnai Bansuri Aphnai Gita, Asvatthama: Gitinatak, Gauri, Indrakumari, Rajesvari and Rashtra Nirmata.

The Library of Congress has fifteen of his works. Even after the age of 100, he remains active in the composition of Litreturen. While someone asked him about the history of his activity, he said: “I worked all day when I was strong. Now I work a little. But I am a river that flows. I keep flowing.

A poet, I always write poetry. It is the duty of a Poet write poems I do my duty I write poems in the sunlight I also write poems when the birds chirp I am delighted to visit a new place like a child who goes to his maternal uncle’s house I felt young until 81.

After that, I felt a little aged, but I didn’t care. Now I’m 97. But I was a little worried when all my contemporaries died. You can’t deny your aging. The 1990s are an incredible decade. life, I’m glad I got old Nothing is fixed, but life itself is a fixed thing But it makes no sense to live with diseases Another thing is that I get bored if I live, while people who are younger than me die . “