Lukla Airport (Renamed Tenzing Hillary Airport) – All About The Most Dangerous Airports In Nepal With Reasons


All about Lukla airport of Nepal:- Lukla, a community at the foot of Mount Everest has a standout amongst the riskiest air terminals on the planet.

The notorious Airport, the entryway to Everest and yes no doubt, the very little and occupied air terminal, Lukla Airport has its spot when you Google “most risky Airports on the planet” and ‘most dangerous airports in the world.”

Lukla is one in each of the main cities within the space of Khumbu that is found within the Solukhumbu district of eastern region p Nepal in Solukhumbu zone.

Being at the altitude of two, 860 meters it’s become a tourer destination place close to the Mt. Everest that is usually called Sagarmatha in Nepal.

The word Lukla means that place with several of the goats and sheep that were found in earlier days of Nepal however still currently a number of them square measure found therein areas.

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It’s one tiny airfield serving the world of somebody to Mt. Everest. It’s the damaging airfield of Nepal additionally. We are able to hear several of the accident of a plane crash there. The individuals to Mt. Everest travel 2 days from there.

Lukla is an acclaimed way and wide for its airplane terminal. It’s viewed as a standout amongst the foremost dangerous within the world. Nepal may be a world acclaimed vacations goal and systematically there square measure a large variety of explorers World Health Organization like to lead to these gift circumstances mountain chain Abode.

systematically there square measure various voyagers World Health Organization like to lead to these gift circumstances arrive with the top goal of mountain climbing, trekking or solely to fancy the superb grand excellence of the place.

Except for the mountains their square measure various completely different spots that provide the traveler appealing itinerant spots. A standout amongst the foremost visited and a seductive human spot in Nepal is Lukla.

Lukla may be a city that’s organized within the Khumbu space of East Nepal. This is often wherever an excellent many of us World Health Organization come back to go to the Himalayas begin their excursion.

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Lukla is organized around 2860 m or at 9380 ft. This city contains very little terminus wherever the overwhelming majority starts and ends their journey within the space.

The importance of Lukla is placed with various goats and sheep anyway you will not understand any of them wandering concerning during this very little Nepalese city.

The Lukla airport is organized over the territorial division of Lukla. an outsized portion of the remote nationals that bring home the bacon Lukla airfield get in touch by a thirty minutes flight from the capital of Nepal airfield.

Their square measure, various vacationers, that for the foremost half trek in from Jiri that’s for the foremost half a seven to eight-day walk.

On a sorted out trek an outsized portion of the Nepalese aides and also the room employees can stroll from Jiri to Lukla in a few fractions of the time the purchasers bring around stroll with them.

There square measure various completely different outlets and cabins wherever you’ll have essential western vogue suppers and buy any terribly late things for trekking and moving ahead.

Within the event that you just cannot discover the merchandise that you just want in Lukla, you’ll get them in Namche Bazaar. During this place, you’ll get nice climb outlets that provide you with organic compound carabineers, caps, ice tomahawks, jumars and saddles.

Within the event that you just square measure checking out plastic mountain climbing boots and crampons, they’re best chartered in the capital of Nepal on the off probability that you just need them.

When you square measure attending to Lukla an outsized portion of the trekking gatherings can put aside 2 days chance to attain Namche Bazaar that’s a nice and straightforward place that may alter you to induce usual to the peak acclimation.

This could be potential in one troublesome day that for the foremost half takes eight to ten hours however this is often not sophisticated thanks to the improved hazard with regard to elevation infection.

On the off probability that you just aren’t in an exceedingly formal trekking bunch, it’s exhorted that you just ought to twofold check the tickets with the carrier before you allow Lukla. Obtaining void seats on the flights amongst capital of Nepal and Lukla square measure uncommon. Amid the prime and also the pinnacle seasons you’ll discover people being knocked off their flights similarly.

There square measure visit lightweight flights amongst Lukla and capital of Nepal if the climate licenses. There square measure minor Dornier and Twin Otter planes that profit the city and provide some beautiful appearance of the encircling mountains.

The Lukla airfield has one in every of the steepest runways on the earth and toward the end of the runway, you’ll get a perspective of the depression below. Lukla is the principal base for trekkers and climbers to start out their assault towards Everest.

Clearly, the foremost intriguing part of Lukla could be the Tenzing-Hillary airfield by that the dominant part travelers come back and go.

Associate involvement all by itself, this vastly short and motility airfield is to an excellent degree dynamic every morning. Lukla has big quickly with the gap of its airfield that has created the Everest space accessible to several people and not solely the mountain climbers.

Once a tiny low cultivating cluster, Lukla is presently a serious trekkers city, with numerous edifice alternatives (most genuinely basic), several shops; pitching everything from batteries and cleansing agent to yak hair gloves coats, and even a couple of net bistros.

Right crosswise from the passage to the airplane terminal, there’s an interesting German bread room that serves a scrumptious “apple store cheesecake”, from the beginning with a nice espresso.

Also, consequently it is reliably named the world’s most unsafe air terminal. You may ask why among the most unsafe airplane terminals and still bustling air terminal. That is on the grounds that Lukla is the main beginning stage to Everest.

Lukla Airport is roosted in the middle of the mountains. What makes this air terminal named “the riskiest air terminal on the planet” is the way that it is situated on the incline of the mountains at 9000 feet above ocean level, with the unfathomably short runway. The black-top cleared runway is just 1,500 feet long and 65 feet wide with an angle of 12% from north to south.

What appears to be testing is the climate factor. The awful climate is the solid explanation for the various scratch-off of flights from and arriving at Lukla.

We could as often as possible hear that the flights from Kathmandu are promptly toward the beginning of the day just when the sky is clear. The out of the blue little terminal and no electrical power rules out blunder, else the arrival and take-off become less secure.

In the wake of perusing this, I could detect the main inquiry that springs up in your brain: Is it extremely dangerous to travel to Lukla? Well trust me, it isn’t that perilous by any stretch of the imagination.

The facts demonstrate that the runway and its area signifies the furthest point of the airplane terminal however not to the point of avoiding the flight on the off chance that you are going to Everest Base Camp or Gokyo Ri. Indeed, there have been a few mishaps, and the prime reason was the awful climate.

The endeavor to arrive in terrible climate dependably brought about lethal accidents. Also, if there should arise an occurrence of good climate, the flight will excite and sufficiently captivating with marvelous perspectives on mountains and variegated scenes of the Himalayas.

The airplane terminal was worked in 1964 under the supervision of Edmund Hillary, who initially planned to construct the air terminal on level farmlands. Be that as it may, nearby ranchers did not have any desire to surrender their property, so the air terminal was worked at its present position.

Hillary purchased the land from neighborhood Sherpas for US$2650 and included them in structure the facilities. It has been said that Hillary was discontent with the runway’s dirt opposition and that his answer was to purchase nearby alcohol for the Sherpas and request that they play out a foot-stepping move to level the land that filled in as the runway. The runway was not cleared until 2001.

Lukla Airports Nepal Tenzing Hillary Image
Lukla Airport in Nepal

In January 2008, the airplane terminal was renamed to pay tribute to Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary, the main individuals affirmed to have achieved the summit of Mount Everest, and furthermore to check their endeavors in the development of this air terminal.

The air terminal’s cleared black-top runway is open just to helicopters and little, fixed-wing, short-departure and-landing airship, for example, the De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter, Dornier Do 228, L-410 Turbolet and Pilatus PC-6 Turbo Porter.

The runway is 527 m (1,729 ft) × 30 m (98 ft) with an 11.7% gradient. The airplane terminal’s height is 9,334 ft (2,845 m). The air terminal isn’t utilized for traveler flights, yet additionally to transport the greater part of the structure material and freight to the town, as the majority of the rooftops on the houses at Lukla must be transported via airship.

The Tenzing– Hillary Airport is as often as possibly alluded to as the most unsafe airplane terminal in the world. Arriving and withdrawing flying machine must utilize a solitary runway.

There is a low prospect of an effective go-around on short last because of the territory. There is high territory promptly past the northern end of the runway and a steeply calculated drop at the southern end of the runway into the valley below.

Because of the challenges of effectively arriving at the air terminal, the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal sets exclusive requirements, for which just experienced pilots, who finished something like 100 short-departure and landing (STOL) missions, have more than one year of STOL involvement in Nepal and finished ten missions into Lukla with a confirmed educator pilot, are permitted to arrive at the airplane terminal.

Mishaps and incidents in Lukla Airport

  • On 15 October 1973, a Royal Nepal Airlines DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 (enrolment 9N-ABG) was harmed destroyed on landing. The three team and three travelers were unhurt.
  • On 9 June 1991, a Royal Nepal Airlines DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 (enrolment 9N-ABA) from Kathmandu smashed at the air terminal while endeavoring to arrive following an unstabilized approach in terrible climate. The three group and fourteen travelers got away with injuries.
  • On 26 September 1992, a Royal Air Nepal Harbin Yunshuji Y-12-II (enlisted 9N-ACI) floundered amid departure and was harmed hopeless. Every one of the twelve travelers and two teams survived.
  • On 25 May 2004, while on way to deal with the airplane terminal, a Yeti Airlines DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 (enlistment 9N-AFD) from Kathmandu collided with Lamjura Hill in overwhelming mists. No travelers were ready; every one of the three group individuals was murdered. The Nepalese mishap examination board of trustees reasoned that the skipper gave off base data about his situation to the Area Control Centre.
  • On 1 October 2004, on arriving at the air terminal, a Sita Air Dornier Do 228 endured a breakdown of its nose gear and slid along the runway, blocking it once it had stopped. The air terminal was shut for two days.
  • On 30 June 2005, a Gorkha Airlines Dornier Do 228 slid off the runway while endeavoring to arrive. The nine travelers and three groups endured minor wounds. The flying machine was allegedly pulled back from administration and discounted after the accident.
  • On 8 October 2008, Yeti Airlines Flight 103, a DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 (enlistment 9N-AFE) smashed on definite methodology and burst into flames, slaughtering eighteen travelers and group. The flying machine’s chief was the main survivor. Video of the occurrence demonstrated severe climate at the season of the incident.
  • On 12 October 2010, a Sita Air Dornier Do 228 (enrolment 9N-AHB) lost braking control and struck the divider end of the runway amid landing. All travelers and group got away damage; the air ship’s nose was damaged.
  • On 26 September 2013, an Air Dynasty helicopter (enrolment 9N-AEX) smashed when the back rotor contacted the spiked metal of the compound divider at the airplane terminal. Each of the three travelers and the chief survived.
  • On May 27, 2017, Summit Air Flight 409 was playing out a cargo trip on a Let L-410 from Kathmandu to Lukla (Nepal) with three group, was on definite way to deal with Lukla’s runway 06 at about 14:04L (08:19Z) with poor permeability when the flying machine lost height and contacted a tree shy of the runway before reaching ground around 3 meters/10 feet beneath the runway level.
  • The airplane slid down the slant before going to rest around 200 meters beneath the runway level. The skipper was killed and the principal officer, Shrijan Manandhar, kicked the bucket in a medical clinic very nearly eight hours after the fact. The third group part got wounds and was emptied to Kathmandu the next day after the climate had cleared.

Major things to try to in near Lukla Airport listed below

1: Day hiking around Lukla village and trek to Phakding or Manjo to travel to Everest base camp begin from Lukla.

2: Village excursion Lukla, Surke or Chaurikharka to find fashion, culture, and nature of high Himalaya Mountains.

3: Charity work: Trekkers will visit college, hospital to contribute charity effort, volunteer work towards community college and hospital to contribute medication, the college provides for college kids.

4: Drink Tongba: Tongba may be a native drink of Nepal in style between us. really expert drink for the weather, it’s made of millet once the change of state and fomentation.

5: strive Asian stew: hottest cooking of Asian folks whereas you’re trekking to Everest base camp space you need to try and take its style.

6: Keep Khumbu clean: whereas square measure you’re walking on the path to EBC there are several dustbins and garbage pickup baskets. We advise you to stay garbage on dustbins don’t throw any factor in the forest; facilitate to stay Everest space clean.

7: rent a guide and porter: we advise all trekkers to trek with native guide and porter to induce the simplest expertise moreover on getting the cultural info. We have a tendency to do offer guide or porter hiring service from Lukla to form your trip simple and unforgettable.

8: Watch flight landing at Lukla airfield: Lukla is an associate extreme airport within the world with sailing ship down the runway. Landing and take off the little aircraft’s at Lukla by the expertise pilot area unit extremely wonderful to check. once you have free time attend see however flight takeoff and landing in Lukla airfield.

9: begin Everest base camp trek: EBC trek moreover alternative in style trekking trip of Khumbu space beggary and finish at Lukla. It’s sole in style entryway to enter Sagarmatha parkland.

Lukla located at an associated altitude of 2860m main places to check in Lukla Nepal area unit listed below. Given a list of prime tours & activities create yours reside Lukla attention-grabbing.

Some interesting and amazing facts about Lukla airport

  1. Lukla Airport got its name Tenzing-Hillary Airport after Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, the initial two men at any point to set foot over Mount Everest. The 40 minutes departure from Kathmandu is the quickest method to Lukla with compensating air perspectives on magnificent mountains.
  1. Before Airport in Lukla was open, the best way to Lukla from Kathmandu was going by street, and just about seven days (5 days) climbing from Jiri to Lukla.
  1. Sherpa individuals who are notable for their mountaineering aptitudes were effectively engaged with the development of the Airport.
  1. Lukla Airport has a short runway with its length of 527m. It can cause trouble in the arrival of the planes and even departures.
  1. You get a 15kg things remittance on a trip to Lukla.
  1. When flying from Kathmandu to Lukla, sit on the left half of the plane, and right side when flying back to Kathmandu. It will compensate you with amazing perspectives on the mountains. In reality, it will be a picturesque flight.
  1. The arrival begins from the north toward the south and take-off begins from the south toward the north of the runway. The plane will go round the mountain and arrive on a rough runway. Correspondingly, the take-off plane will go downhill.
  1. The runway which should be urgent for the section is additionally utilized by people on foot to cross through either side of the runway.
  1. There would be somewhere around 50 flights or more for every day in Lukla Airport.
  1. There are no air route or radar framework; there is a utilization of radio correspondence for landing and departures.

Reasons Why is Lukla airport so dangerous?

This airport is situated in a small town called Lukla in Solokhumbu district in Sagarmatha zone of Nepal, which is the only gateway to the Everest. Lukla airport is located in the heart of the Himalayas surrounded by beautiful mountains and amazing landscape.

It is a small community in the Khumbu area of the Solukhumbu district in Nepal located at 9383 ft. Lukla is located in the eastern part of Nepal at the foot of the Mount Everest, before the establishment of the airport, this town could only be reached by road traveling from Kathmandu to Jiri and hiking for five days. Most of the tourists start their trek from Lukla, and it is now a popular trekking route in the world.

The only means of transport in this highly touristic region of the world is air transportation which has a great impact on tourism for one of the most popular trekking routes in Nepal.

The airport in this region is the only gateway to the tallest mountain in the world, Mount Everest 8848 meter (Geology 2013). The Tenzing- Hillary airport is also known as Lukla airport is one of the busiest airports in Nepal because of its high tourist demand.

Being known as the most dangerous airport in the world, the passenger flying to this airport experiences a very spectacular feeling, the roaring twin otter you are seated on heads for the runway that hits in the mountain ahead.

With a heart full of fair and excitement after boarding the plane, it takes 30 minutes to reach the airport from the airport of Kathmandu TIA. During the flight, the passenger passes by the beautiful peaks and breathtaking natural scenery.

Sir Edmund Hillary built the airport in 1964 as a part of the Himalayan trust project mainly to transport the necessary supplies, he purchased the farmland from the farmers for the government of Nepal in a sum of 635 dollar which was a substantial amount of money in those days.

The airport was renamed in 2008, as Tenzing-Hillary airport in honor of Sir Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, the first people to reach the summit of the Mount Everest and also to note the effort made by them for the construction of the airport.

The flight operation is done only from TIA in Kathmandu, during high seasons the airport operates more than 50 flights a day, the airport is very popular and one of the busiest domestic airports.

Among all other domestic airports that are important for tourism, the Tenzing-Hillary airport in Lukla is always top on the list. The airport is very busy during the two tourist seasons during the year, the first one from March to April and the next from September to November.

During the touristic season, there are 50 to 60 flight operations as well as overfly in a day. (Tenzing-Hillary Airport Civil Aviation office 2010.) The flight from Kathmandu to Lukla is one of the most exciting flights in the world, tourist experience the amazing view of the Himalayas during the flight.

This flight is one of the most adventurous routes in the world where the airplane lands on a dramatic runway which is surrounded by mountains. The establishment of the airport has given the visitor easy access to start the spectacular trekking route full of adventure on the tallest mountain in the world.

If the weather is fine, it is twin-engine Dornier and Twin Otters that make frequent daylight flights between Lukla and Kathmandu.

Almost all the people living here are related to tourism work, thanks to the development of air transportation in this region because of which the people have employment opportunities.

Sherpa stands outside of the airport in the hope to be hired as potters for the trekkers going for trekking in the mountains. Likewise, various shops, hotels, lodges, restaurants, and bars can be found in the surrounding of the airports that provide services to the tourist.

History channel in 2010 ranked Tenzing-Hillary airport as the most dangerous airport in the world. Beside this renowned senior pilot of Nepal Airlines Vijay Lama, with almost thousands of takeoff and landing experience in Lukla airport has also claimed that it is the most dangerous airport in his experiences.

So many elements like weather, clouds, rain, icing conditions, snow and wind factor makes Lukla airport more dangerous. Other reasons are the terrain. It is a rugged area. The plane has to fly through the mountains. Another one is the upslope. The pilot has to be accurate. We combine all these together, put them in a cup drink that as a potion and come and land it with all that in our mind”

So why Lukla airport is so dangerous, let’s go through in brief: –

1. The airport has all the variables that make an airport extremely dangerous; altitude, mountains, turbulence, frequently changing weather and short runway. The airport is situated at the elevation of 9382 feet, which is one of the world’s highest airports. it has a very short runway of 1600 feet with a gradient of 12 degree that is equivalent to 12 stored building and 20 meters wide.

2. Even though it is only 85 miles apart from Kathmandu, they can have completely different weather. Any other pilots flying anywhere in the world cannot just fly to Lukla, they need to get used to it first, the pilots are not allowed to land without instructions.

3. The approach into Lukla is a big challenge because of the decreased horsepower of the aircraft, at such high altitudes. the airport is located at a very high altitude that reduces the performance of the aircraft, the aircraft is not able to use its optimum horsepower, therefore, the risk factor is high, the pressurized aircraft are not able to fly to Lukla because they need a bigger and longer runway.

Therefore, once an aircraft approaches to Lukla valley and the landing attempt has begun, there is no chance of turning back, it requires a coordinated effort and everyone needs to be ready.

4. The runway starts with an abrupt drop of river valley down below and ends with the big hill. The 527-meter long Lukla’s runway is classified as a “Short Takeoff and Landing Airport” (STOLport) and as such requires special aircraft similar to bush planes for successful landing and takeoff.

More commonly, runways are 1,830 meters at a minimum and larger aircraft may require up to 2,440 meters for takeoff and landing. The pilot has limited space both to get the plane off the ground and to land it safely by which short runways are dangerous. As the runway gets shorter the room for error decreases immensely and, to make matters worse.

5. Lukla sits at 9,000 feet above sea level. The runway starts with an abrupt drop of river valley down below and ends with the big hill. Landing, as well as 20 taking off from Lukla, can have no chance of error at all.

6. The airplane during the landing approach comes from north to the south of the runway, therefore it has to first go around the mountain and land in the uphill runway, the uphill runway helps the aircraft to decrease its speed so that it does not hit the mountain in the front.

It is possible that the aircraft could fly very low and because of low visibility and fall on the cliff. Any kind of inaccuracy will either make the aircraft fall on the cliff or crash in the mountain.

7. The Lukla runway is whittled into a mountain with the runway in the direction of landing ending abruptly at a stone wall and a very steep mountain. If the plane doesn’t stop soon enough on landing then it will crash into this brick wall.

In the direction of takeoff, the runway terminates at a cliff, so if the plane does not get enough speed it will tumble down the side of a mountain. The Runway is edged on both sides by stones of large size and houses limiting abort options on takeoff and landing.

Ultimately, short runway conditions and the terrain create a situation where takeoffs and landings must be extremely accurate because after the plane is rolling down the runway if a pilot chooses to abort then emergency options are limited and a crash is likely.

8. It is often suffered by hazardous weather condition. Due to all these reasons, the flight operations are often canceled for days and people get stuck in the mountains and as well as wait in TIA for the weather to change and fly to Lukla.

9. All tourists find it very scary to land here and are really surprised by seeing the runway, passengers in the airplane only see mountains around and cannot see any flat land and it is very scary for them. The takeoffs are more dramatic, the airplane in the runway points down the airstrip that ends at a drop into the valley down below. Even though the operations are made with very close instructions and care, various incidents and accidents have occurred through time.

10. The reason for the accident is the heavy fog in the Lukla valley. Likewise, in 2010, a Dornier of Agni Air crashed when it was turning around because it was not able to land due to the condition of bad weather where 14 people lost their lives.

The sudden loss of visibility prevents the aircraft from flying under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) in the immediate closure of the airport without prior notice. Although the airport is available throughout the year, airport visibility problems close to 50% of the time, during the monsoon season, resulting in 50% cancellation of flights.

Due to the terrain and the limited possibility of a safe maneuver for a missed approach, there are no procedures for this airport.

11. At dawn, the wind is usually northeast, at half the southwest wind changes due late morning to the effect of the sun in the mountains north of Lukla. The airport regularly closes from morning until late morning due to the strong south-westerly winds that produce wind-tail winds.

At Lukla airport, there are no navigational aids or night operations, and the weather is unpredictable, to say the least. Pilots must apply their knowledge of the terrain and visual flying skills. Due to the good weather, most flight activities take place between six and nine in the morning.

If the weather is bad, the delays continue with little information and it is not unusual to wait another three days for your flight. In fact, Lukla made headlines worldwide in 2011, when thousands of hikers stuck inexorably through dense fog for a week.

12. Also known as Tenzing-Hillary Airport, after the first humans on the summit of Mount Everest, a radar system has become obsolete due to the high cost of installation, which relies on a system of voice communication officials to move in the air to follow.

“The drivers tell us when they approach, they give updates on the wind and traffic through simple wireless voice transfer machine, then when the plane enters the valley of Lukla, we can warn the helicopter that the landing target,” said the air traffic controller of Lukla Airport.

13. Arriving and departing aircraft may use only one runway (06 for landing and 24 for take-off).

14. Due to the influx of tourists in recent years, the number of flights to the Himalayas has increased significantly.

These are the reason why Lukla Airport is potentially dangerous. Now let’s go through the plane accidents that ever happen in this airport.

a. On October 15, 1973, a DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 from Royal Nepal Airlines (9N-ABG license plate) sustained irreparable landing damage. The three crew members and three passengers were unhurt.

b. On June 9, 1991, a DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 crashed out of Kathmandu at the airport by Royal Nepal Airlines (9N-ABA license plate) trying to land after an unstable approach in bad weather. The three crew members and fourteen passengers fled with injuries.

It was 10:10 am when a twin otter landed at Lukla airport and the weather worsened rapidly and the plane crashed on landing after an unstabilized approach.

c. On September 26, 1992, a Yunshuji Y-12-II of Royal Air Nepal Harbin (registered as 9N-ACI) failed at take-off and was damaged without repair. The twelve passengers and two crew members survived. Nepal Airways Flight 602, a Harbin Yunshuji Y-12 II, suffered an accident on a runway excursion when the front-end failed at the start from Lukla Airport. After the failure of the front tires, the front gear dropped and dropped out. Then the plane left the runway and landed in a ditch.

d. On May 25, 2004, a Yeti Airlines DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 (9N-AFD license plate) from Kathmandu crashed on Lamjura Hill amidst heavy clouds as it approached the airport. There were no passengers on board; The three crew members were killed.

The Nepal Accident Investigation Commission has concluded that the captain has provided the area control center with inaccurate information about its position, as there is no radar and GPS technology at Lukla Airport, so the main reason behind this accident can be closed.

e. On October 1, 2004, when a Sita Air Dornier Do 228 landed at the airport, she toppled her top gear and slid across the runway to block her after stopping. The airport was closed for two days.

f. On June 30, 2005, a Dorkier Do 228 of Gorkha Airlines slipped off the runway while trying to land. The nine passengers and three crew members suffered minor injuries. According to reports, the aircraft was decommissioned and unloaded after the accident.

g. On October 8, 2008, Flight 103 of Yeti Airlines, a DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 (registration 9N-AFE), crashed on final approach and set fire to death, killing eighteen passengers and crew members. The captain of the plane was the only survivor. The video of the incident showed bad weather at the time of the incident. It crashed at the starting point of the route; The plane caught fire and 18 people died at the scene.

The Yeti Airlines aircraft carried 16 passengers and three crew members when it crashed when landing at an airport in the eastern city of Lukla. Only one Nepalese, the pilot, survived the accident. The aircraft was reportedly set on fire after landing and hit the boundary line on the runway.

“There were total 12 Germans and two Australians on the flight,” an airport official told. According to previous reports, two Swiss tourists had died, but then they were confirmed as Australians with four Nepalis that include two passengers and two crew members

h. On October 12, 2010, a Sita Air Dornier Do 228 (9N-AHB) lost control of the brakes and landed at the end of the runway wall. All passengers and crew managed to escape injury. The nose of the plane was damaged.

i. On September 26, 2013, an Air Dynasty helicopter (license plate 9N-AEX) crashed as the rear rotor touched the barbed wire of the composite wall at the airport. The three passengers and the captain survived.

A helicopter crashed when, on the morning of September 26, 2013, the pilot landed at Tenzing-Hillary Airport in the Lukla mountainous region of Solukhumbu district. The 9N-AEX Air Dynasty helicopter, which flew to Lukla in the early morning with three passengers and a crew member from Kathmandu, came across the accident after its rear rotor touched the wire of an aircraft composite wall at the airport landing, after district police station, Solukhumbu, Those on board were identified as DG Sherpa, Anita Sherpa, Lakpa Sonam Sherpa, and helicopter pilot Captain Arun Malla. According to Air Dynasty, DG Sherpa had suffered severe injuries while the other three had minor injuries.

j. On May 27, 2017, Summit Air Flight 409 with three crew members on a cargo flight on the Let L-410 from Kathmandu to Lukla (Nepal) on the final approach to runway 06 in Lukla at 14: 04L (08: 19Z ) in poor visibility as the aircraft lost altitude and touched a tree in front of the runway before it touched the ground about 3 meters below the level of the runway.

The plane slid down the slope before it stopped about 200 meters below the level of the runway. The captain was killed and the first officer, Shrijan Manandhar, died in the hospital nearly eight hours later. The third crew member suffered injuries and was evacuated to Kathmandu the next day after the weather cleared.

k. On April 14, 2019, at 9:10 am, a Summit Air Let L-410 turbolet registered at 9N-AMH turned right without passengers and exited the runway at Lukla Airport and hit a Manang Air Eurocopter AS 350B3e 9N ALC helicopter on the helipad 30 to 50 meters from the runway destroying the aircraft and the helicopter.

A second helicopter, Shree Airlines Eurocopter AS 350, 9N-ALK, was hardly or not damaged at the helipad. The three deaths were the copilot of the plane and an officer of the airport security service, who was killed in the accident, and a second policeman, who was seriously injured and flown to Kathmandu, where he died in hospital.

The four reported casualties included the aircraft pilot and a Manang Air helicopter pilot who was injured and flown to a hospital in Kathmandu where they reportedly were out of danger.

These were a few big tragedies that happened during the flights to the airport, of the only gateway to the Everest. the weakness of the airport is mostly related to the operation of the aircraft, i.e. many variables that make it challenging to land and take off from Lukla.

The constantly changing weather, short runway, turbulence and narrow air space available are some of the variables that makes difficult to land and take off from Lukla.

There is nothing that we can do to mitigate, because of its location between hills, altitude, dangerous runway, and the narrow area surrounded by people house and hotel but for sure using modern radar technology, tracking the position before plane land could help to mitigate some of the reason for the accident.

Every day hundreds of people use this airport and every time while landing and take off it could lift our heart to our hand. So, each accident happens at Lukla airport remind us that it is the most dangerous airport in Nepal.

Nearby Place that you can easily go to visit from Lukla are:

Namche

Namche Bazaar is a town in Solukhumbu District in the Sagarmatha Zone of north-eastern Nepal. It is situated inside the Khumbu region at 3,440 meters (11,286 ft).

From Lukla, most trekking gatherings will take two days to achieve Namche Bazaar, a decent simple pace to help in height acclimatization. Separation savvy, this section is feasible in one difficult day (8 to 10 hours) however not informed because of expanded hazard with respect to height affliction.

Tengboche

Tengboche is a critical Buddhist religious community in the mountains of the Himalayan nation. Arranged in the Khumbu area of north-east Nepal, the home of the Sherpas, Tengboche religious community is well known on account of its fantastic and one of a kind area.

It lies on the primary course to the Base Camp of Mount Everest and offers clear perspectives of the most astounding mountain on the planet. Tengboche ended up plainly known to the world after Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzin Norgay Sherpa made the main climb of Mount Everest in 1953. A considerable measure has changed since those occasions when Tengboche was remote and blocked off. Today more than 30,000 individuals come each year to appreciate the excellence of Tengboche and magnificence of the mountains.

Khumjung

The town of Khumjung is not straightforwardly on the fundamental trail to the most prominent trekking goals, yet to the ardent Tibetan Buddhists in the locale it is viewed as a point of convergence for their confidence and it has been an incredible recipient of the Sir Edmund Hillary Foundation. It is said that the valley was at one time a lake yet the water broke long back, and Tibetans moved into the range more than 300 years prior.

Khumjung sits in a high valley that is a lofty climb of over an hour over the shopping mecca of Namche and is at the base of the heavenly mountain, Khumbila. Khumjung is considerably more customary rather than the more present day and the touristy center point of Namche toward the south. Encompassing the valley additionally are the blanketed pinnacles of Kongde and Thamserku, and the celebrated Everest View inn is concealed discretely around a slope toward the south.

Author: Abhishek Jha

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Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a Writer of 12 Nepali Books, Director of Maithili films, Founder of Radio Stations, Designer of Websites and Editor of Some Nepali Blogs.

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