Who is Buddha?
Buddhism began with the Buddha. The word ‘Buddha’ is a title, which signifies ‘one who is conscious’ — in the feeling of having ‘woken up to the real world’. The Buddha was conceived as Siddhartha Gautama in Nepal around 2,500 years back. He didn’t profess to be a divine being or a prophet. He was a person who ended up Enlightened, understanding life in the most profound manner conceivable.
Siddhartha was naturally introduced to the imperial group of a little kingdom on the Indian-Nepalese fringe. As per the customary story he had a favored childhood, however was shocked out of his shielded life on understanding that life incorporates the brutal realities of maturity, affliction, and demise.
This incited him to think about the importance of life. In the long run he felt instigated to leave his castle and pursue the conventional Indian way of the meandering sacred man, a searcher after Truth. He turned out to be skilled at contemplation under different educators, and after that took up austere practices. This depended on the conviction that one could free the soul by denying the tissue. He rehearsed starknesses so firmly that he nearly starved to death.
Be that as it may, despite everything he hadn’t comprehended the riddle of life and demise. Genuine comprehension appeared as far away as ever. So he surrendered along these lines and investigated his own heart and brain; he chose to confide in his instinct and gain from direct involvement.
He plunked down underneath a pipal tree and promised to remain there until he’d picked up Enlightenment. Following 40 days, on the full moon in May, Siddhartha at long last achieved extreme Freedom.
He contacted individuals from varying backgrounds and a considerable lot of his followers picked up Enlightenment. They, thus, showed others and along these lines a solid chain of instructing has proceeded, directly down to the present day.
The Buddha was not a divine being and he made no case to heavenly nature. He was an individual who, through huge exertion of heart and brain, changed all confinements. He asserted the capability of each being to achieve Buddhahood. Buddhists consider him to be a perfect individual, and a guide who can lead every one of us towards Enlightenment.
Buddhists accept he achieved a condition of being that goes past whatever else on the planet. On the off chance that typical experience depends on conditions — childhood, brain science, feelings, discernments — Enlightenment is Unconditioned.
A Buddha is free from covetousness, scorn and numbness, and described by knowledge, empathy and opportunity. Illumination carries knowledge into the most profound functions of life, and along these lines into the reason for human misery — the issue that had at first set him on his otherworldly journey.
During the rest of the 45 years of his life, the Buddha went through quite a bit of northern India, spreading his comprehension. His educating is referred to in the East as the Buddha-dharma or ‘instructing of the Enlightened One’.
The Life of Lord Buddha
Lord Buddha was a great human being. He lived a very simple life and was very humble. Siddharta Gautam (also known as Buddha) was born in Lumbini, Nepal around 566 BC but the death of Buddha is a subject of keen controversy among scholars. He is the son of King Suddodhana and Queen Maya Devi. King Suddodhana was the king of Lumbini and Siddhartha was the prince.
Buddha is a monk, sage, philosopher and a medicant of Buddhism. Buddha is called as an awakened one. He is known as the peaceful one as he has discovered peace.
Buddha was grown up in Kapilvastu with his mother’s sister and lived in the palace. Buddha’s teachings are spiritual and related to inner peace. Buddhism has over 560 million followers all over the world.
Although born a prince, he realized that conditioned experiences could not provide lasting happiness or protection from suffering. After a long spiritual search, he went into deep meditation, where he realized the nature of mind.
He achieved the state of unconditional and lasting happiness through enlightenment. This state of mind is free from disturbing emotions and express itself through fearlessness, joy and active compassion. For the rest of his life, Buddha taught anyone who asked how they could reach the same state.
Early Life of Siddhartha Gautam
Early in the year 624 BC, Siddhartha Gautama was born in Kapilwasthu (Nepal). He became the king after his father when he was only 19 years old. Later, when he was 29, he decided to reject lay life and live an ordinary life.
He left his kingdom and went to many teachers for gaining knowledge about the reality of life. After many unsuccessful attempts to gain satisfying knowledge from his teachers, he decided to find a new path to enlightenment on his own. Six years later, Siddhartha Gautam sat under a tree in Bodhgaya.
The neighboring country of Nepal is India at which was spiritually open at the era of Buddha. At this time of great potential, Buddha was born to the royal family( where I mentioned above).
Growing up, Buddha was intelligent and compassionate. Tall, strong and handsome Buddha belonged to the warrior caste. Since it was predicted that either buddha’s gonna be a great king or a spiritual leader.
But his parents wanted him to be the great ruler of the kingdom so they surrounded him with great pleasure and tried preventing him from unsatisfactory nature of the world. Suddenly, at the age of 29, he was confronted with suffering and impermanence.
It was a rare outing of him to the streets and he saw an old man severely sick. He also saw a decrepit old man and finally a dead person. He finally realized and was very upset to see that old age, sickness and death would come to everyone but he had no refuge to offer them.
After looking at all these things, he went to a mediator who sat in deep absorption the very next morning. Meeting that man gave the future Buddha a first and enticing taste of mind, a true and lasting refuge which he knew he had to experience himself for the good of all.
As he sat under the tree, his knowledge grew brighter. In a clear mindset, he began to examine the nature of life. He understood that everything has a cause and effect relationship. That, nothing happens with any cause. He slowly began to understand the life, pain, sorrow, joy and gained the ultimate enlightenment.
After he got enlightenment, he decided to give his wisdom to other people. Slowly, his teachings regarding life started getting diverse and he ultimately became the religious teacher. Based on this teaching, a new religion was developed ‘Buddhism’.
After leaving the royal responsibilities and his family in order to realize full enlightenment, he set off to the forest. Over the next six years, he met many talented meditation teachers and mastered their techniques.
Always he found that they showed him mind’s potential but not mind itself. Finally, at a place called Bodhgaya, the future Buddha decided to remain in meditation until he knew the mind’s true nature and could benefit all beings.
After spending six days and nights cutting through mind’s obstacles, he reached enlightenment on the full moon morning of May, a week before he turned thirty-five. He became timeless, all-pervading awareness.
Through every cell of his body, he knew and was everything. He became the Buddha, The awakened one.
After the enlightenment, Buddha traveled on foot to northern India. he taught constantly for forty-five years. People of all castes and professions, from kings to slaves were drawn to him.
Throughout his life, he encouraged all his students to questions and always pointing towards that is ultimately real. This non-dramatic attitude still characterizes Buddhism today.
The teachings of Lord Buddha will help to live a better life. Buddha’s teachings are universal. Buddha’s main teaching is in ‘Doubt Everything, find your own light’.
Lastly, Buddha’s teachings are very useful to us in our daily life and we can follow up the teachings to live a better life. Buddha’s teachings have not only given a deeper insight into one’s existence but also made a significant contribution in liberating one from day-to-day conflicts in minds.
His teachings have given strength to awaken people to reality and make them introspect themselves. Buddha is the enlightened one. The basic teachings of Buddha that are core to Buddhism are the three universal truth, the four noble truths, and the noble eightfold paths.
Hence, having in practice the teachings of Buddha we can lead a happy and prosperous life.
Death of Siddhartha Gautam (Buddha)
According to Mahaparinibbana Sutta, Lord Buddha declared at the age of 80 that he would soon gain the Parinirvana or the last deathless state and give up his earlier body. The Buddha died of tainted pork. He had an illness called pig bel, which was caused by the toxin of clostridium perfringesis.
After he said that, he was given the final meal as an offering from “Cunda”. Feeling violently ill, Buddha died of Mesenteric Infarction, a symptom of old age and gave up his body.
However, many also believe that Buddha died of food poisoning from the food offered to him at the final stage. But, Von Hinuber argued that Buddha died of old age and abandoned his body.
According to Buddhists, Buddha died at Kusinara (Present day India). Now, it is also the pilgrimage center for all Buddhists.
After his death, the Buddha is well believed to have said his followers to follow no specific leader. But, Mahakasyapa was selected to be the chairman, by the Sangh, of the first Buddhist council, with the two other chief followers.
While Buddha was alive, he was well known by very respected names; Buddha, Shakyasimha, Shakyamuni, Bho, and Bhante. After his ultimate nirvana or Parnirvana, he was known as Arihant.
After the death of Buddha, Buddha’s cremation relics were believed to have been divided amongst 8 royal families and the disciples. Centuries later they were enshrined by Emperor Ashoka into 84000 different stupas around the world.
Many mystic legends edge the history of unproven relics as they escorted the feast of Buddhism and gave legality to rulers
In this way, Lord Buddha gave up his body and went to the ultimate Nirvana stage. Today, he is considered to be the god by all the Buddhists. Though he is no more, his religious teaching and principles are well known. He is the Light of the World.
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