Find here the name list of endangered animals in Nepal. We have posted here the name list of endangered wildlife in Nepal. We include here the name list of mammals endangered in Nepal, name list of endangered birds in Nepal, and name list of endangered reptiles in Nepal.
Animals in Nepal
Nepal is a small landlocked country in the southern lap of the Himalayas. It is surrounded by India in the east, south, and west and by China in the north. It occupies an area of 1,47,181 sq. km. which is 0.03% of the total land area of the earth and 0.3% of the total land area in Asia.
Climate refers to the composite or generalization of the variety of day to day weather conditions. In other words, the climate is the average weather condition of the atmosphere (average atmospheric condition) over a longer period. The climates are more or less similar over a large area. There is a similar type of monsoon climate throughout South Asia.
The study of climate is very important. Climate affects not only the topography but the life and activities of the people as well. For example, the people in the warm and cool climatic region are involved in creative activities but the people in cold and hot climatic regions are engaged in primitive activities.
Similarly, the people in the equatorial region wear light clothes whereas people in the Tundra region wear thick clothes. The temperature and rainfall affect the plants which grow in a particular place; the animals are also affected because animals depend on plants for their food.
The temperature, animal, and plant life will then determine how many people can live in a place and in what way they can live. For example, few people live in Greenland by hunting and gathering while many people live in the tropical monsoon region by cultivating the land. Thus, the climate is very important in not only human lives but also animal lives.
Because of some determinants of climate, there are some animals, birds, species are going to enlisted as endangered animals. There are some endangered animals, birds, species in Nepal as well.
For the mythologists, the physiographic and physiological diversity of Nepal makes its study both difficult and fascinating. The environmental gradient and variation of range permit disparate bird communities to flourish side by side with phonological components.
The physical factors encourage isolation and differentiation of the bird population. Thus despite its small size, altitudinal variation, and barriers created by lofty high mountain, falling rivers, and their wonderful watershed and plant community and eco-tone developed therein have divided Nepal into many bioethical discrete units.
Information about endangered animals in Nepal
Firstly, climate plays a vital role in the life and activities of living beings. Climate affects not only the territory but the life and activities of living beings as well. Let’s take an example, some plants grow in a particular place because of the habitat temperature and land.
Some types of animals are only found in that place which is suitable for them. Keeping the people and plants aside, few species of animals are left on this planet. Because of some drastic change in climate, there are some animals, birds species are going to enlist as endangered animals.
Because of heavy smuggling, Nepal has been facing the extreme problem of endangered animals. As per my research on the internet, I found that from the year 1950 to 1980, Nepal has lost half of its forest cover.
Due to the increase in population, the people cleared the forest and make homes and rooms for their families. Today less than 30% of the total land of Nepal is covered with forest. Furthermore, the practice of livelihood farming has put great pressure on forest lands and wild animals.
These, attended by the increasing problems of smuggling have meant that several species of animals have become endangered in Nepal.
Let’s talk about some of the endangered animals in Nepal.
Tigers and leopards are in the topmost lists of endangered species of Nepal. Because the bones of these animals are used in Chinese and Japanese traditional medicine, which leads people to kill and smuggling of them.
The rising demand for the tiger related goods mostly the bone and skins are its cause. The smugglers have established a clever route by which the tiger’s surface in the form of medicines and balms in the Chinese market. But these accesses are only the tip of the aloof person and the smuggling continues.
Musk deer is also on the lists of endangered animals in Nepal. And the reason behind the smuggling of Musk Deer is because of their Musk. Musk is a powdery substance in which male musk deer hide from a gland in the abdomen.
This powder is a highly valued item for perfumes and medicines. Chinese believe that it has seductive properties and uses the mask as folk medicine.
Himalayan Black Bear is also on the list of endangered animals in Nepal. And the reason behind its smuggling is its gall bladder. Because the gall bladder provides the ingredients of one of the fanciest oriental medicines.
Likewise, One Horned Rhinoceros (EksingeGainda) is on the list of endangered animals of Nepal. This animal is found in the Terai Regions of Nepal.
Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park are the main shelters of it. One Horned Rhinoceros are hunted and smuggled because of the special importance of its horn, foot nail and skin. Its horn is sold at a higher price in the black market. The skin is a perfect bulletproof and of the high price.
Asiatic Elephant is found in the forest of Terai region and many national parks and wildlife reserve. The elephant is a rarely protected animal in Nepal.
As we all know it is the largest land mammal of about the height of 3.5 meters. Elephants are hunted and smuggled for their teeth. The teeth are called tusk and it is of very high cost in the black market. Due to the greed of money, people smuggle it due to which their number is decreasing day by day.
Red Panda (Habre) is found at the height of 3,500 meters In the forest of bamboo, cane, and oaks. As it lives in the cold climate it is found in the Langtang National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, and Makalu- Barun National Park. Mostly it is hunted for its beautiful skin with soft and fine hair. Its total number is reducing day by day.
Conservation of Endangered Animals
The hunting and smuggling of the animals are making them listed In the endangered animal lists. Some of them are killed for their skin, some for their trunk, some for their bones which are of the very high cost.
If these animals are completely disappearing from the earth then there will be a huge effect on the ecosystem. The loss of habitats due to the change of ecosystem and Negative effect on the natural environment are also the factors affecting the lives of animals or birds for that matter.
So the following measures should be endorsed to preserve rare animals and to maintain the ecosystem.
Conservation of Ecosystem.
The animals or birds can survive in their natural habitat. The habitats for birds and animals are provided by the natural ecosystem. If we want to conserve the rare birds and animals we must conserve the ecosystem first. We must conserve the forest, water resources, etc which help to conserve the ecosystem.
Restriction in hunting.
People hunt for their satisfaction and some for illegal trade. Every valuable part of those animals is taken by the hunters for illegal trade. Such activities decrease the number of birds and animals. So hunting should be strictly prohibited and strict legal actions should be taken against the offender.
At the national and local level, the awareness program should be conducted. Because the awareness program can help to give knowledge about the importance of birds, animals, and other living beings. So that the endangered animals are safe.
Public Participation in the conservation program
If we want to conserve the endangered animals than the conservation program should be conducted. But the conservation program will only be effective if there is the participation of local people. The local people should be made responsible for the conservation of birds and animals around them.
Reduction of effects of Human activities
Well, every nation needs development but that does not mean doing unnecessary things in name of development. Well, every development activity like the construction of road, industry, building, dam, etc bring changes in the environment. The development activities produce waste products. Sewage and harmful chemical etc.
Those things can hugely affect the environment and that deplete the rare birds, animals, and other living beings too. That’s why the adverse should be controlled in the time of conducting development activities.
List of Endangered Animals of Nepal
Nepal is the hub and groups of beauty figure, the beauty surrounding covered with natural heritage and natural tags that are always in the mood of making other mirth and pleased. Nepal has not earned its natural popularity in some countries only but all over the world.
World praise the Nepalese and natural beauty because of its presentation. The glorifying mountains, greenery Himals are singing the song of joy and enjoying self and making enjoyed to other watchers and visitors.
Moreover, Nepal has not made their name only in natural beauty but also in some of the specific birds which are only found in Nepal that is ”KaandeBhaykur”.
In the series, Nepal has many animals and birds that have added the effect in attraction to the tourist and visitors. many such birds and animals are making the tourist mint pleaded by their miracle and magical voices.
The melodious and trapping voice gives you the treat of happiness and you will also forget your trauma even for while in their arms. their appearance and chorus of singing and crying has also vocational effects in the ear of the listener.
They help you to burn spark even in the jungle by their upheaval action. Due to different reasons, there are some animals and birds which are in danger and distinctive situation. Some are surviving in the traumatic nursery while some are tackling with their life. Following are the list of animals that are in endanger and waiting for fodder, conducive environment, and appropriate treatment.
Endangered fauna of Nepal. There are 27 species of mammals, 9 species of birds, and 3 species of reptiles which are given legal protection under the 1973 National Parks and Wildlife Act. The following are the list of endangered species of Nepal.
There are a total of 27 mammals endangered in Nepal. Here is the name list of endangered mammals in Nepal.
1. Red Panda
2. Snow Leopard
3. Bengal Tiger
4. One-horned Rhinoceros
5. Himalayan Musk Deer
7. Swamp Deer
8. Asiatic Elephant
9. Four-horned Antelope
10. Black Buck
11. Indian Pangolin
12. Chinese Pangolin
13. Assamese Monkey
14. Grey Wolf
15. Brown Bear
16. Spotted Linsang
17. Striped Hyaena
18. Leopard Cat
19. Clouded Leopard
21. Gaur Bison
22. Wild Yak
The wild yak is an enormous, natural cattle indigenous in the Himalayas. It is the ancestral ancestor of the domestic yak.
23. Wild Water Buffalo
24. Tibetan Antelope
25. Great Tibetan Sheep
26. Hispid Hare
27. Pigmy Hog
Get the list of common, Nepali, and scientific names of endangered mammals.
|S.N.||Common name||Nepali Name||Scientific Name|
|1||Red Panda||Habre||Ailurus fulgens|
|2||Snow Leopard||Hiu Chituwa||Panthera uncia|
|3||Bengal Tiger||Bagh||Panthera Tigris Tigris|
|4||One horned Rhinoceros||Gaida||Rhinoceros unicornis|
|5||Himalayan Musk Deer||Kasturi Mriga||Moschus Chrys-gaster leucogaster|
|7||Swamp Deer||Barahsigae||Rucervus duvaucelii|
|8||Asiatic Elephant||Jangali Hatti||Elephas maximus|
|9||Four-horned Antelope||Chauka||Tetracerus quadricornis|
|10||Black Buck||Krishna Shar||Antilope cervicapra|
|11||Indian Pangolin||Salak||Manis crassicaudata|
|12||Chinese Pangolin||Salak||Manis pentadactyla|
|13||Assamese Monkey||Asami Rato Bandar||Macaca assamensis|
|14||Grey Wolf||Bwaso||Canis lupus|
|15||Brown Bear||Himali Rato Bhallu||Ursus arctos|
|16||Spotted Linsang||Lingsang||Prionodon particular Hodgson|
|17||Striped Hyaena||Hudar||Hyaena hyaena|
|18||Leopard Cat||Chari Bagh||Prionailurus bengalensis|
|19||Clouded Leopard||Bwaso Chituwa||Neofelis nebulosa|
|21||Gaur Bison||Gauri Gai||Bos Gaurus|
|22||Wild Yak||Jangali Chauri||Bos grunniens and Bos mutus|
|23||Wild Water Buffalo||Arna||Bubalus arnee (B. bubalis)|
|24||Tibetan Antelope||Chiru||Pantholops hodgsonii|
|25||Great Tibetan Sheep||Nayan||Tibetan argali sheep|
|26||Hispid Hare||Sespod Kharayo||Caprolagus hispidus|
|27||Pigmy Hog||Pudke Bandel||Porcula salvania|
List of endangered Birds in Nepal
Many species of birds are endangered and are in urgent need of conservation. Although most of the important species are protected by law from shooting and disturbance, many are still declining, mainly through loss of their habitats, important habitats such as wetlands are constantly under threat from major developments.
Woodland and scrubland clearance, pesticide poisoning, oil pollution in river or lakes, illegal trapping, and poisoning all account for the losses of birds, so it is important for birdwatchers to keep a constant watch out for threats to the survival of our birds.
There are a total of 9 bird species endangered in Nepal. Here is the name list of endangered birds in Nepal.
1. Great Horabill
2. Impeyan Pheasant
3. Bengal Florican
4. Black Stork
5. White Stork
6. Crimson-horned Pheasant
7. Cheer Pheasant
8. Lesser Florican
9. Saurus Crane
Get the list of common, Nepali, and scientific names of endangered birds.
|S.N.||Common name||Nepali Name||Scientific Name|
|1||Great Horabill||Thulo Dhanesh||Buceros bicornis|
|2||Impeyan Pheasant||Danphe||Lophophorus impedance|
|3||Bengal Florican||Khar Mugur||Houbaropsis bengalensis|
|4||Black Stork||Kalo Stork||Ciconia nigra|
|5||White Stork||Seto Stork||Ciconia ciconia|
|6||Crimson-horned Pheasant||Munal||Tragopan satyra|
|7||Cheer Pheasant||Chir||Catreus wallichii|
|8||Lesser Florican||Mujur||Sypheotides indica|
|9||Saurus Crane||Sars||Grus antigone Antogone|
List of endangered Reptiles
There are a total of 3 reptiles endangered in Nepal. Here is the name list of endangered Reptiles in Nepal.
1. Gharial Gharial
2. Golden Monitor Lizard
3. Asiatic Rock Python
Get the list of common, Nepali, and scientific names of endangered reptiles.
|S.N.||Common name||Nepali Name||Scientific Name|
|1||Gharial||Gharial Gohi||Gavialis gangeticus|
|2||Golden Monitor Lizard||Sungohar||Varanus albigularis|
|3||Asiatic Rock Python||Ajingar||Python molurus|
How to save endangered animals in Nepal?
You must often hear that Javan Rhinos, Sumatran Tigers, Orangutans are among the endangered animals. So what does Endangered mean? When an animal species is considered endangered, that means the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has evaluated it and marked it as endangered species.
That is, most species have died and the birth rate is lower than the death rate. At present, many animal and plant species are on the verge of extinction due to various factors.
Endangered species are populations of living things that are at risk of extinction due to small numbers, or are threatened with extinction due to changes in natural conditions or predatory animals.
Most people only think that only large mammal species and birds are threatened with extinction. But actually, the stability of the entire ecosystem becomes disturbed by the extinction of key species in one food chain.
The endangered animals belong to the group of all species that are at risk of becoming extinct from the planet Earth. Due to the intense climate change in their biomes or because of consumption and poaching by humans.
The extinction of animals means the death of an entire species, which may be the result of innumerable factors, from natural ones to human actions. Currently, about a quarter of animal species are at risk of disappearing from their natural habitat.
What causes a species to become endangered?
Man, changing the world around him to his requirements and desires, has achieved global changes on the planet: now the rivers, and the routes of clouds, and the growth of forests are subject to his will. But this influence is by no means always positive: without even thinking about the consequences.
Our civilization sweeps whole climatic zones off the face of the earth, erases mountains and lakes from maps, leaves whole species of plants and animals on the pages of the reference books only.
The main factor influencing the decrease in the number of specimens of a certain species is the excessive deforestation and the destruction of the areas protected by poaching.
Thousands of rare animal species are endangered because they are hunted. Or no longer have the necessary source of plants (some animals) to feed, because those plants have also been destroyed by humans. The causes of species extinction are diverse:
Our planet is constantly changing, habitats are changing and are continuously influenced. Natural changes occur gradually, and their impact on species is minimal, leaving the animals enough time to adapt.
When changes occur at a rapid rate, species have too little or no time to react or adapt to new circumstances. This can lead to disastrous effects, with rapid habitat loss being the main cause of species extinction. The strongest force influencing habitat loss is humans.
Especially in the last century, almost all regions of the globe have been affected by human action. For example, the loss of nutrients from the soil, which supports tropical forests, the extinction of fish. And other aquatic species in polluted habitats, global climate change, the release of greenhouse gases are mainly caused by humans.
Habitat destruction by human activities is the primary cause of the extinction of some plant and animal species.
As living things evolve, they adapt to specific habitats, which provides them with the optimal living conditions they need. Pollution, drainage of swamps, deforestation, urbanization, and construction of roads lead to the destruction or fragmentation of these habitats.
Thus, the species lose contact with other populations, thus reducing genetic diversity and adapting becomes more difficult to changing climatic conditions. In some cases, the fragmented habitat becomes too small to support a large population.
Oil spills, acid rain, pesticides, plastic waste, and air pollution have harmed many animal and plant species. When acid rain seeps into the soil, the soil becomes an unfit place for plants to grow.
Acid rain also changes the chemical elements of water in lakes and rivers, this can kill fish and other aquatic life. In addition to acid rain, the use of pesticides also affects the survival of a species.
In Minnesota, the United States many amphibians have extra legs or limbs lost due to birth defects due to exposure to chemicals sprayed into the water to kill mosquitoes. Plastic waste is also a big problem now.
Moreover, many people who throw garbage into the river, the garbage will continue to flow until it is scattered across the sea. The plastic waste that we often dispose of is not easily decomposed by itself, and in the end, can disrupt marine life.
Introduction of exotic species
Native species are those that are part of a certain geographical landscape for a long period. They are very well adapted to their environment, as well as to other native species in the same habitat.
On the other hand, exotic species are introduced into the ecosystem by human activity, intentionally or unintentionally. They are seen by native species as aliens and can cause conflicts within the ecosystem.
They can destroy the sensitive ecological balance and produce an overabundance of negative consequences. One of the worst consequences is when exotic species begin to feed on native ones or when they compete with them for the same type of food.
The most destructive effects have taken place on the islands: the introduction of insects, mice, pigs, or other creatures has led to the extinction of hundreds of species in the last five centuries.
In the last 400 years, the world commercial exploitation of animals for food and other products has increased significantly. Many species of whales have become on the verge of extinction after being simply slaughtered for oil and meat.
Another conclusive example is the black African rhino, widely killed for its horn, which is valued as a medicine and aphrodisiac. Also, whole families of cacti and orchids are threatened with extinction due to their irrational collection.
Illegal hunting and overhunting
Many animals are hunted for their meat, fur, and valuable body parts (rhino horn, elephant ivory, etc.). There are many historical records of how humans hunted a species to the point of extinction, and even some to the point of annihilation of a species.
One of the most famous incidents in the world is the extinction of Passenger pigeon ( Ectopistes migratorius ). At first, the Passenger Pigeon was estimated to have 5 billion in the United States, but in just 50 years, humans hunted them to extinction. The reason is that the pigeon meat is very tasty, easily hunted, the amount is very abundant and there are no regulations regarding hunting animals.
Acclimatized species introduced to a new ecosystem have often caused the decline of native species. In 1959, British settlers introduced Nile perch to Lake Victoria in East Africa.
This predatory fish drastically reduced the native fish populations and caused the extinction of no less than 200 endemic species that fed on algae. Thus, the aquatic vegetation in Lake Victoria has grown extremely much and the natural balance has been disturbed, irreversible to this day.
Diseases, pollution, and limited distribution are other factors that have so far threatened plant and animal species. If a particular species does not have natural genetic protection against certain pathogens, an introduced disease can have serious effects on that species.
For example, rabies or canine virus they are currently destroying carnivorous populations in East Africa. Pets often transmit these diseases that affect entire populations, proving again that human activity is at the root of most causes of extinction.
Various toxic chemicals have become increasingly widespread in the food chain in ecosystems. Water pollution and high water temperatures have wiped out many endemic fish species. Acid rains destroyed 118 million m3 of timber in Europe by the end of the twentieth century. Chemical spills have also long affected the ocean floor.
Why save endangered species of plants and animals?
Preserving plants and animals is important not only because many of these species are beautiful, or can provide economic benefits for us in the future. But because they already provide us with many valuable services.
These organisms clean air, regulate our weather and water conditions, provide control over agricultural pests and diseases. And also offer an extensive genetic library from which we can derive many useful things.
Extinction of species could potentially mean loss of treatment for cancer, a new antibiotic, or disease-resistant strain of wheat. Every living plant or animal may have meanings not yet discovered. Scientists estimate that there are thirty to forty million species on Earth.
Many of these species are represented by dozens of genetically different populations. We have very little information about most species; less than two million are even described. Often we do not even know when a plant or animal dies. Animals and several insects were observed and studied.
Other species require attention too. Perhaps they can find a cure for a cold or a new organism, which will prevent millions of dollars of losses for farmers in their constant fight against crop diseases.
There are many examples of the value of one species for society. An antibiotic has been found in soils threatened by the New Jersey Pine Steppes Natural Territory. A variety of perennial corn has been found in Mexico; it is resistant to several corn diseases.
How do we Save the endangered animals in Nepal?
Many ways we can do together to help preserve endangered animals. The government itself has established several conservation or breeding centers to keep animals from extinction.
Not only the government, some people who are members of foundations or institutions that love the environment and animals also take the initiative to conserve animals. Some of them have succeeded in caring for and protecting endangered animals whose existence is threatened by poaching.
Various protection and preservation programs are carried out by institutions caring for endangered animals. It is not enough for the institutions to take the initiative to save animals, but it is also up to us that we carry out some activities that help save endangered animals such as:
Identification of rare and endangered species
Measures aimed at studying populations of rare species of animals are necessary to develop strategies for their conservation. It is not only a matter of determining abundance – scientists should have the fullest possible picture of the characteristics of the habitat, adaptation to environmental factors, fertility. And mortality, the principles of migration, and other components of the natural life of animals.
Careful Before Buying a Product
Before deciding to buy a cosmetic, make sure that the product does not use animals as research material. Many cosmetic companies still use animals to test their products or harm the environment.
Besides, use products that can be recycled. On the packaging of an environmentally friendly product, it will be marked with an arrow that forms a green triangle. Avoid products whose packaging is made of plastic, styrofoam, and cans. Research looking at ingredients in a product. Also, choose products that have packaging that can be recycled.
Don’t Buy Products Made from Endangered Animals
Never buy products made from rare or endangered animals. If you want to buy souvenirs as a token while traveling, avoid products made from elephant ivory, rhino horn, turtle shell, tiger fur, and other protected animals.
Providing Education and Outreach
Efforts to conserve endangered animals in Nepal can be done by providing education and outreach to the community. So far the community does not know what kind of animals are protected by the government.
That is because many species of animals are protected by the government. The ones who should get this education and outreach are the people who live around the forest not to kill or hunt for these protected endangered species.
Supporting Environmental Conservation Efforts
The next step that can be done is the community must support the efforts made by the government and other institutions that are doing environmental preservation. How to support it is to provide financial and moral assistance in every campaign carried out.
Buy local food ingredients
Large food companies usually also have agricultural land that uses farming methods that harm the environment and ultimately also have an impact on endangered animals. Get into the habit of buying food from local farmers who generally use more environmentally friendly farming methods.
Not Supporting Animal Torture Activities
If in our environment there are animal torture activities carried out by certain individuals or groups. Such as shooting, or deliberately trapping/capturing animals, especially protected ones, immediately report to the authorities.
Save Electricity Usage
Reducing carbon use can help protect the environment and ultimately protect animal habitats. Sometimes, small changes such as replacing a bulb with an energy-saving lamp, unplugging the power source when not in use, can have a big impact on the amount of energy and fossil fuels used in households.
Visit the National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary
Experts state that the best way to protect animals from extinction is to protect their habitat. Volunteering for a national park or wildlife sanctuary, or donating to a program, you can also do it as a concrete manifestation of animal protection efforts. The more you are involved in a real program, the more you have information that you can use to educate others.
Making Captive Breeding
The next way to conserve endangered animals is to make a place for captivity. Captive breeding can make endangered animals breed so they are not extinct. The development of this culture can keep these animals from becoming extinct.
Making a Prohibition Board
The way to protect endangered species that can be done is to make a hunting ban board. The prohibition board can be accompanied by criminal threats or sanctions if the hunt continues.
Report on People Hunting for Endangered Animals
To protect endangered species, report people who hunt these endangered species to the authorities. It aims to create a deterrent effect on people who carry out the hunt and give warnings to other communities who want to do the same.
Development of rules and norms of human behavior in nature
Even if in ordinary life a person rarely encounters endangered species, this does not mean that he cannot contribute to a reduction in their population. Everything is interconnected. The garbage left in the forest, an undamped bonfire, dirty water, or gasoline drained into the river – all this carries a danger to natural ecosystems.
Creation of various environmental programs
Measures for the conservation of rare species of wild animals are taken at the state, regional or local levels. Various programs include control over the release of substances that poison the environment, the distribution of land for protected areas, the creation of environmental supervision, etc.
Rallies, actions in defense of rare animals
The purpose of such demonstrations is to attract the attention of the population and government to the problems of conservation of endangered species of animals. The topics for such public actions can be different – from a protest against the sale of fur products to the call to preserve any nature protection zone.
Organization of volunteer movements to protect wildlife
Previously, volunteer movements were mostly concentrated around organizations for the conservation of animal species and nature.
Now, thanks to the development of Internet communications, volunteers have the opportunity to both act independently and to join small initiative groups. The main areas of work are garbage collection, tree planting, assistance in caring for animals, and even eliminating the consequences of environmental disasters.
We can take the assistance of technology to save endangered animals
Technological progress must inevitably clash with respect for nature and animals. It is up to man to choose whether to use technology to safeguard the planet or destroy it irreparably.
We are very close to the sixth mass extinction, it will not be caused by a meteorite or an ice age but by the human being. Until today, despite the constant warnings of science, man continues his path towards self-destruction, bringing with him many animal species.
It is still possible to reverse the negative trend and preserve the species not yet extinct thanks to modern technological systems.
3D printers can save rhinos
The extinction of rhinos is due almost exclusively to poaching. These poor animals are slaughtered and killed for their horns. On the black market, rhino horns are in great demand especially in eastern countries where traditionally they are attributed to medical properties.
To defeat this phenomenon, a Seattle biotechnology company, Pembient, uses 3D printers to produce synthetic rhino horns. By using keratin combined with rhino DNA, you can have homemade horns without killing any rhino. Synthetic horns are sold at a much lower price than those coming from poaching with the hope that the latter will no longer find a market.
The use of drones
Drones are used both to monitor the movement of animals and thus prevent them from heading towards inhabited or heavily trafficked areas and to identify and capture poachers.
To avoid the definitive extinction of animals, scientists have thought of collecting eggs from the two specimens and inseminating them with frozen spermatozoa of male specimens and will then be implanted in female specimens. Researchers are studying other reproductive techniques to be applied to the animal world to avoid the extinction of other species.
Biobanks and cloning
The other system to be able to preserve the genetic heritage of animals is to create biobanks that preserve the tissues and DNA of animals at risk. The genes preserved in this way could be used for cloning, in particular, they could reinsert already extinct species. Or even modify the DNA of those still alive to make them more suitable for the climatic conditions dictated by global warming.
PAWS to protect endangered animals
PAWS, Protection Assistant for Wildlife Security, is an Artificial Intelligence system that has been implemented for animal safety. Through sophisticated algorithms, it manages to determine the levels of risk of poaching in different areas of a nature reserve and helps, in this way, the rangers to patrol them more efficiently.
Paws are integrated with a space monitoring and reporting tool, already used by both the Wildlife Conservation Society and the World Wildlife Fund in thousands of parks and reserves to collect data on poaching activities. This system can also be used in the forest and national parks of Nepal where poaching has been the biggest problem.
We should remember that for the earth and the ecosystem of the earth to exist, human beings are not sufficient. We need all the animals, plants, insects, and birds that are present. Help the government and the state to preserve these species not only on a large scale but also from the local level.
pic no. 2 by geometer.org and pic no. 3 by asianitinerary.com
Well, that’s it for the information about Endangered Animals in Nepal.
Thank You for sticking with us.
Article By Pawan Maskey, Rima Pradhan
- List of Endangered Animals of Nepal
- Endangered Mammals of Nepal
- List of Endangered Birds of Nepal
- Endangered Reptiles of Nepal
- the scientific name of Animals
- the scientific name of Mammals
- the scientific name of Birds
- the scientific name of Reptiles