Labour Day in Nepal: Majdur Diwas in 2021 (2078 B.S.)

Labor Day or International Workers’ Day, is additionally alluded to as ‘May Day’. It is celebrated on the first day of May each year for celebrating the labour-group’s hard work and achievements.

It is one day devoted solely to the labour-class. Each year, it is observed to pay tribute to the worker contribution from around the world. Many countries are celebrating the day on different day.

When is Labor Day in Nepal: Majdur Diwas in 2021 (2078 B.S.)

This post is about Labour Day in Nepal or Majdur Diwas in Nepal in 2016 (2078 B.S.). When is Labour Day celebrated in Nepal in 2021? When is Labour Day celebrated in Nepal in 2078 B.S.? Do you know the date of Labour Day in Nepal in 2016? Do you know the date of Labour Day in Nepal in 2078 B.S.?

When is Labour Day in 2021 or Labour Day in 2078 B.S.? The detail date Labour Day in 2016 or Labour Day in 2078 is given here. One can check it now. All information about Labour Day are given below in this article here. Let’s be familiar with date of Labour Day in 2021.

Labor Day Card Labour Day in Nepal
Labor Day Card

History of the Labour Day

May Day was originally a spring celebration, the rebirth occurring in nature during the month of May-June, inspired by the Anthesteria’s ancient Greek festivals. May Day customarily was described by the gathering of blossoms and the fertility custom of dancing around the maypole.

But with the passing of the time, nowadays in socialist and Communist countries, it has become the labor festival to honor the industrial and other workers in general.

In the late-19th century, Socialists, communist along with labor unions picked May 1 to become International Workers’ Day’. The date was significant in the United States for commemorating the 1886 Haymarket incident in Chicago. For many years, the US working class were frequently forced to work in dangerous conditions for up to 16 hours a day. They had been fighting for an eight-hour working day.

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Then, States and Canada concluded that the 1st of May 1886 would be the first day an eight-hour working day would become effective. As that day came, according to reports by different historians, in the range of 300,000 and 500,000 US employees went on strike in cities and towns around the country. Chicago, which was the hub of the fighting, had an estimated 40,000 people demonstrating and attacking.

The protest was very much planned and essentially peaceful until 3 May. Yet, as the end of the working day approached, protesting employees at the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company in Chicago sought to threaten strike-breakers.

Strong contingents of police guarded and ensured the strikebreakers and officers started shooting at the protesting workers. Because of the shooting the two workers were killed at least. When police endeavored to disperse the demonstrators at Haymarket Square in Chicago on May 4, a bomb was thrown at them. This bomb killed the lives of seven officers and at least four civilians.

Eight anarchists were accordingly rounded up and arrested by police. Every one of whom were indicted for conspiracy. A jury sentenced seven to death and one to fifteen years in jail. Four were hanged, one committed suicide instead of facing the gallows, and two had their sentences driven to life in jail.

A crowd of strikers killing seven, including a schoolboy and a man taking care of chickens in his yard, were shot by the state militia in Milwaukee Wisconsin the next day on 5 May.

The individuals who are respected by numerous individuals on the left, including the two communists and revolutionaries, as the “Haymarket Martyrs”.

In 1889 a conference was held in Paris. In this conference, it was chosen to observe May Day on a yearly premise through a proposition given by the Raymond Lavigne and said that the commemoration of the uproars in Chicago should be seen through global manifestations. The International’s subsequent congress authoritatively perceived May Day as a yearly celebration event in the year 1891.

doko bhariya labour nepali boy profession agriculture
a Nepali farmer boy carrying DOKO

Significance of May Day

International Labour Day or May Day is celebrated to end the fight and encourage the eight-hour workday rule. Earlier the laborer’s working situation was terrible, and even in dangerous circumstances, working hours were 10 to 16 hours a day.

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During the 1860s, deaths, accidents and other horrible workers’ conditions were very common in the workplace, and working people were exceptionally unsettled during the working day before the 8-hour workday was proclaimed.

In many working industries, the increasing death of the working class people (men, women and children) demanded raising the voice for the protection of the working community by decreasing their working hours in the industries.

After the many sacrifices made by the employers and socialists, the American Federation of Labor declared eight-hours as the legitimate time for the workforce at the Chicago National Convention in 1884.

Numerous individuals have lost their lives during the Haymarket massacre, which took place during the workers’ strike in Chicago. May Day is commended for celebrating the Haymarket Massacre case, as well as to support the citizens working group’s social and economic achievements.

Significance of International Labour Day:

I) The day originates from the labor union movement, especially the eight-hour day movement that bolsters eight hours of work, eight hours of leisure and eight hours of rest.

II) May Day has for quite some time been a critical moment for numerous socialist, communist and anarchist parties to demonstrate.

III) May Day was a significant official holiday in nations, for example, China, North Korea, Cuba and the former Soviet Union. Across these nations, May Day celebrations usually feature elaborate common and military processions.

IV) During the Cold War, May Day was periodic for large military processions in the Soviet Union’s Red Square and was attended by top Kremlin leaders, in especially the Politburo, atop Lenin’s Tomb. It has become a permanent symbol of that time.

The Very First Labor Day

The very first Labor Day was celebrated in New York City on a Tuesday, September 5, 1882. A picnic, concert, and speeches were held to mark the day. Ten thousand employees walked in a procession from City Hall to Union Square.

In September the holiday was moved to the first Monday shortly after the first celebration, the day we despite everything celebrate. The legislation was passed by the Congress that made Labor Day an official holiday in 1894. Labor Day isn’t only a day to celebrate workers’ achievements; it is likewise a day for specific individuals to speak about their issues and find ways to get better working conditions and salaries.

How is International Labour Day celebrated?

Although many still turn out to hear Labor Day speeches and watch parades, the holiday’s intent has fallen away and rather is typically seen as the last summer hurrah.

However, that isn’t generally a dreadful thing. Holding one last summer party is very much required in a nation of people who work more hours and take fewer holidays than most western nations.

Labor Day may not be a day that people are consciously celebrating and supporting workers, but it does offer a much-needed respite for working people, which is similarly significant.

There is an official holiday to commemorate the achievement of workers in different countries around the world on International Labor Day or May Day or Labor Day.

For several European countries, like but not excluding Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden, it is the national holiday. They are often celebrated in Central America, including Costa Rica and Panama, as well as in some parts of the Caribbean, including Cuba for instance.

It is a national holiday in Mexico and countries like Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela in South America; It’s also a Russian Federation national holiday for Asian countries such as China, Thailand and Vietnam.

People enjoy commending May Day or Labor Day by organizing the big party and other programs. Under the security arrangements, numerous protests, lectures, protest processions, marches and parades are organized by the working group people to stop the violence.

The labourers of different colours even painted various banners and flags, much like a celebration of Independence Day. Through saying Happy Labor Day, the TV and radio channels are spreading various news and messages to raise social consciousness among people.

Labor Day party celebration theme is any cartoon characters, Western culture shows, sports, television shows, movies, holiday events, insane fun activities and much more. Certain games on Labor Day include a crossword puzzle, anagram puzzle, word search puzzle, code-cracker puzzle, word scramble puzzle, phrase matching puzzle game and so on.

This celebration has become a historic significance everywhere the world and celebrated by the Labor unions worldwide.

The theme of International Labour Day 

The celebration of the International Labor Day is utilized to give the Labors their privileges to work for just 8 hours a day. It offers relief from the stress and strain of multiple tasks to be carried out in a single day.

There are lots of individuals who can create lots of expectations in a way that they can achieve their Boss goals for a better profit. There are numerous themes that the state gives to the individuals to reflect on their rights to be accomplished in a superior manner, and they are as per the following.

  • The theme of Labour Day year 2019: “Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement”.
  • The theme of Labour Day year 2018: “Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement”.
  • The theme of Labour Day year 2017: “Celebrating the international labour movement”.
  • The theme of Labour Day year 2016 “Celebrating the international labour movement”.
  • The theme of Labour Day year 2015: “Construct the Future of Cameroon in Peace, Solidarity and Decent Work”.
  • The theme of Labour Day year 2014: “Providing of the Job with helping of the Capital by giving value the work”.
  • The theme of Labour Day year 2013: “Employment promotion by helping Entrepreneurs Perspectives”.

Facts About the International Labour Day:

I) This is collectively referred to as International Staff Day, a public holiday for staff and business organizations in 90 countries around the world.

II) The International Labor Day is promoted by the international labour movement and is observed annually on the 1st of May.

III) The Second International, a company of socialist and labor parties founded in Paris on the 14th of July 1889, agreed on the date of First May. 

IV) May 1 is commonly referred to as the International Workers’ Day to celebrate on May four, 1886, the Haymarket affair in Chicago.

V) Since 1890, the First of May has been officially recognized as an annual associate date of celebration for the world working class and employees.

VI) Since 1950, the International Workers’ Day has been a formal holiday in China.

VII) Since 1992, Russia’s Labor Day has been referred to as “The Day of Spring and Labor.”

VIII) The capital of Germany, Berlin, is witnessing annual protests on May 1st, the most significant organized by trade unions, political parties and so on.

IX) Trade unions will plan marches insignificant French cities on the 1st of May to protect workers’ right.

In the context of Nepal

Labor day in Nepal is called Majdur Diwas. Labor means majdur. Day means here diwas. It is huge celebration in Nepal as the whole world celebrates it. Government of Nepal gives the national holiday on this majdoor diwas.

The date of Labour Day falls in May 1 each year, depending on the cycle of the moon. The Labour Day celebration actually runs for one day. Labour Day 2021 will be on 1st May. According to Nepali Calendar, Labour Day 2078 will be on 18 Baisakh. Every year May 1, Labour Day falls in the world. May 1 is the world labour day.

Nepal features a FORCE of sixteen.8 million workers since 2017, the thirty-seventh highest within the world [although agriculture accounts for less than concerning twenty eight percent of Nepal’s GDP, it uses more than two-thirds of the human resources. Millions of men work as unskilled labourers in foreign countries. They are working, leaving families, agriculture, and raising children to women alone.

Most ladies of working age are utilized in the agricultural sector, of which official insights are ordinarily ignored or underestimate commitments. Some of the women working in legal industries even face discrimination and the significant wage gap.

Talking about the child labour force, Nearly 50 percent of all children are economically involved, and a half (nearly a quarter of all children) are child labourers. Millions of citizens, men, women and children of both genders, in slavery-like conditions are utilized as bonded labourers.

Both at the corporate and regional levels of government, Labor unions have played a significant role in acquiring better working conditions and workers’ privileges, Worker-friendly labor regulations, supported by trade unions as well as business owners, are a prime basis for improved working conditions and a stable future for workers.

However, their execution is severely lacking in practice. There is a substantial brain drain among the highly trained, which presents a significant obstacle in meeting the country’s demand for skilled labor.

Types of Labour in Nepal

A) Child labour

Brick factories in Nepal are viewed as a centre for child labour. As indicated by a recent report, the 1,100 brick factories across Nepal had employed nearly 300,000 children.

Some kid workers are working under bondage conditions. This is mainly in the Terai agricultural sector and the households of affluent families all through the nation. Charuwa is a type of child work that is especially common in the Terai locale of Nepal.

This has utilized the children as cattle caretakers, who work as long as 16 hours a day with no educational opportunity.

Kamlaris, the young girls from western Terai who are utilized as household assistants, who have been auctioned off to rich landlords by their families, in a tradition now officially banned, however, exists due to extreme destitution in the affected families, face inhuman living conditions, violence and harassment.

B) Woman labour

  1. Bonded labour
  • Kamaiya-Kamlari system

In western Nepal, kamaiyas are referred to as male workers, usually from Tharu or Dalit caste classes, bonded to a landlord owing to debt whose interests mount at a rate higher than the labourers’s wage can be paid; subsequent generations inherit the indebtedness because the debt is never paid.

Kamlaris are called more younger ladies, as more youthful as six, who’re purchased as obligated workers to higher-caste, land-proudly owning households for debt reimbursement via way of means of their mother and father. The kamlaris become captives to the landowner for the span of the agreement. And meanwhile, the payment is made to the parents and is subjected to violence and attack. 

  • Haruwa-charuwa system

In the Terai, the Haruwa-Charuwa system that utilizes many bonded labourers incorporating indebted people referred to as haruwas, who are used to care for farms, mostly in debt payments or under unfair contracts to plant, grow and harvest crops.

Their wife and children are likewise compelled to work for the landlord as domestic workers, cattle rearers and farm-helpers, and children, generally of the haruwas, utilized as charuwas, dealing with the cattle, cleaning the stable, draining and selling milk, gathering grass and grain, grazing the cows.

  • Haliya system

Haliyas are taken as contracted labourers in western hill farms. They are forced to work for different landowners as they are landless and are compelled to incur debt from landlords for their livelihoods, which they can never wholly repay because of the rates at which they collect interest. The entire family is bonded to the landlords, and for some ages, the obligated status is passed from father to son.

  • Immigrant labour

The Indians form the majority of the immigrant labour force. In recent years, there has been a rise in the number of immigrants from South Asia and elsewhere seeking a work permit for employment in highly skilled occupations. Such staff number a couple thousand, practically 50% of them from China, while the UK is in a far off second.

Labour laws

Minimum wage

According to The Social Security Act that came into force in 2017 fixed the wage of labour. The minimum month-to-month wage at Rs 13,450, daily the lowest pay permitted by law at Rs 517, and an hourly least at Rs 69 for industrial employees.

Minimum additional entitlements incorporate provident fund and gratuity contributions worth 18.33 percent of basic salary, festival benefits worth 8.33 per cent of basic salary, as well as expected improvements to maternity assistance, health and accident insurance, bringing the overall minimum additional entitlements to around Rs 2,500.

Worker safety and welfare

Any company with more than 20 employees must establish a worker-represented Health and Safety Committee. Enterprises with more than 50 employees are required to have a breakroom and canteen. At the same time, for organizations with more than 50 female labourers a child care centre is mandated either without anyone else or mutually with another.

Foreign workers

A business that employs foreign workers, not over 5 per cent of the total workforce. Labor permit may be issued from the Ministry of Labor for a period of 3 to 5 years relying upon the degree of ability, with the prospect of an extension of up to two more years.

Labour unions and worker rights

The historical backdrop of laborers’ rights developments and trade unions in Nepal begins with the Biratnagar Mills Workers’ Association, which had the option to sort out a strike for the first time on 4 March 1947 under the activity of the Democratic Revolutionaries of the Nepal Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal.

This was the beginning of the revolution for democracy that successfully toppled the Rana regime and established constitutional monarchy in 1951.

For the time being, they were succeeded in persuading the Rana government to raise their salaries by 15 per cent, and maximum pay for the strike’s duration.

All Nepal Trade Union Congress and Nepal Trade Union Congress was formed by splitting the union after the establishment of democracy and quickly polarized during the cold war as leftist and non-leftist. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, many independent workers’ unions were formed in the tourism, transportation, and hospitality sectors.

The General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions (GEFONT) was founded by most of those independent workers unions on 20th July 1989.

By 1996 the CPN UML associated with GEFONT and Nepal Congress associated with the Nepal Trade Union Congress (NTUC) were the main two perceived worker’s union confederations.

In 2006 after the accession of the Maoist party, its member worker’s organization, as the third biggest worker’s guild confederation The All Nepal Federation of Trade Unions (ANFTU) started the harmony procedure. By and by, GEFONT and ANFTU are arranging a merger following the merger of CPN UML and CPN (Maoist Center).

Trade unions collaborate with investors, NGOs, INGOs and the government to establish worker safety programs, legislation, rules, and regulations.

How is Labor Day commended in Nepal?

In Nepal, May Day has been a national public holiday since 2007. And since 1963 it has been celebrated happily. In most of the nations, including those that have not historically observed May Day, the day is explicitly observed only as “Labor Day” or “International Workers’ Day”.

This day is being celebrated jointly with the Government of Nepal, a non-profit organization, trade union and private sectors as well. 

Labour unions affiliated to the country’s leading political parties will host a rally and other assorted programs. Nepali Congress and ruling Communist Party of Nepal have the largest organization of the trade unions.

There will be numerous activities and programs to celebrate the occasion organized by the industries and trade unions throughout Nepal. The interventions will focus mostly on improving working-force conditions. Various awareness campaign drives will be held around the country on Labor Day to raise awareness among the workers about the government laws and policies so that they can use it to improve them.

While several regulations have also been passed over the years, Nepalese labor’s health and security remain the same. Throughout the informal sector, child labour and labor exploitation continue. 

Majdur Diwas or Labour Day in Nepal in some upcoming years….

When is Majdur Diwas or Labour Day in Nepal in 2014 (2071 B.S.)?
Date / When is Majdur Diwas or Labour Day in Nepal in 2015 (2072 B.S.)?
When is Majdur Diwas or Labour Day in Nepal in 2016 (2073 B.S.)?
Date / When is Majdur Diwas or Labour Day in Nepal in 2017 (2074 B.S.)?
When is Majdur Diwas or Labour Day in Nepal in 2018 (2075 B.S.)?
Date / When is Majdur Diwas or Labour Day in Nepal in 2021 (2078 B.S.)?
When is Labour Day in Nepal / Majdur Diwas in Nepal in 2020 (2077 B.S.)?
Date / When is Labour Day in Nepal/ Majdur Diwas in Nepal in 2021 (2078 B.S.)?
When is Labour Day in Nepal / Majdur Diwas in Nepal in 2022 (2079 B.S.)?

Labors day 2021:

The 131th International Labour Day was commended the other day with varied programmes across Asian nation, Nepal.

This is likewise a special day for trade unionists to commend each other’s solidarity. The event also holds a great deal of significance for Nepali workers on the grounds that they have continued to fight hard for their government assistance.

Since the national economy’s industrial and other sectors have not developed as anticipated, the workers have been deprived of the proper facilities and benefits. Nepal’s informal sector despite everything consumes much of the labor force. Their incomes and other benefits are so small they cannot support a decent standard of living.

In any case, the Constitution of Nepal incorporates provisions that are in favor of workers. The country has envisaged a socialism-oriented economy that aims to secure the laborers’ welfare.

In a very message delivered on the event of the International Labor Day, President Bidya devi Bhandari expressed the hope that every stakeholders would focus their endeavors on reforming the labour sector which will help in the government’s saying of prosperous Nepal supported social equity and uniformity.

She said that Nepali workers’ conditions will be significantly improved by introducing the new Labor Act, Employment-related Act and social security contribution-based scheme. For all Nepali workers employed in the home and abroad, including justifiable remuneration and social security, a more congenial working atmosphere is needed.

The government is in the process of strictly implementing the social security contribution-based system for all the workers from the forthcoming fiscal year.

The laborers need to be united as foundations for a stronger socialism-oriented economy to guarantee their rights and freedom. The economic sector would only grow by leaps and bounds when the respect and dignity of the working people was assured.

Likewise, Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli reiterated the commitment of the incumbent government to provide sufficient work openings for employment within the country. In a message delivered on International Labor Day, Oli said that by setting up an Employment Service Center, the Prime Minister Jobs Program will be extended to all local units.

Jobless Nepali residents would be recognized and recorded under the scheme, and unemployed people would earn subsistence allowance as well as work for at least 100 days in a fiscal year.

The government has already raised the minimum salaries of the employees by 39 per cent according to the provisions of the Labor Act, 2074. The government needs to regulate and streamline labor relations at a time when more foreign and domestic investment has been made.

Labour market governance

A Decent Work Country Program (DWCP) for Nepal characterizes as its goal a generation of sustainable jobs in order to create sustained stability. One of the DWCP’s key outcomes is improved regulation of the labor market to create enabling atmosphere for work.

The aim of the ILO strategy is to improve the governance of the labor market by developing effective and rational national policies, organizations, processes and legal framework.

There is a longstanding debate in Nepal, as in other countries, about the degree to which labor market regulation promotes or obstructs investment environment – investment is the source of job creation. The ILO calls for tripartite discussion on the reform of the constitution. Their goal is to strike a politically and economically workable balance between flexibility, staffing needs to be tailored to demand, and employee health and security.

Working together with the tripartite members is the strategy for labor market reform, concentrating on the following thematic areas:

I) In order to enhance the investment and the growth of the private sector, thereby creating jobs, the ILO will offer specialized help to address the issues of labor law evasion and the critique of the investment disincentive of the current legislation.

The reform of labor law would focus on the conditions of dismissal, the use of contract employees, the use of disguised jobs, the development of a new body of industrial relations – the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC), the establishment of good faith collective bargaining, strike conditions and unlawful industrial action.

The NLRC may have a number of functions, including mediation, conciliation and arbitration of conflicts of interest and resolution of allegations of wrongful dismissal disputes. It will likewise be given a central position in setting the minimum wage and minimum standards of employment as permitted by the law.

II) In order to reduce the resistance to greater flexibility in labor law, the ILO will help its members in the creation of an affordable and workable social security program, in particular in the form of a replacement for income for those who might lose out by loosening the provisions of the current labor law on job protection.

The program would include: creating a new unemployment insurance scheme, strengthening current universal pensions and introduction of children benefits. The existing Provident Fund are examined rigorously at a later stage.

III) In order to enhance significantly the enforcement of labor law and to pre-empt or resolve industrial disputes equally, efficiently and peacefully, the ILO would assist  the government in restoring labor administration agencies, in developing manuals of labor inspection procedures, in providing instruction to labor officials and labor inspectors at all levels.

Conclusion:

Therefore, Labor Day or May Day is celebrated annually in different nations around the world on May 1 alongside Nepal in order to spread knowledge about the rights and opportunities of each Labor they ought to get for their welfare and development.

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When is Labour Day in Nepal : Majdur Diwas in 2021 (2078 B.S.)

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Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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