Kalratri, 7th Form of Durga Mata is Worshiped on Fulpati Day of Dashain Festival

Stotra of Maa Kalratri

हीं कालरात्रि श्री कराली च क्लीं कल्याणी कलावती।


कालमाता कलिदर्पध्नी कमदीश कुपान्विता॥

कामबीजजपान्दा कमबीजस्वरूपिणी।

कुमतिघ्नी कुलीनर्तिनाशिनी कुल कामिनी॥

क्लीं हीं श्रीं मन्त्र्वर्णेन कालकण्टकघातिनी।

कृपामयी कृपाधारा कृपापारा कृपागमा॥

Him Kalaratri Shrim Karali Cha Klim Kalyani Kalawati।

Kalamata Kalidarpadhni Kamadisha Kupanvita॥

Kamabijajapanda Kamabijaswarupini।

Kumatighni Kulinartinashini Kula Kamini॥

Klim Hrim Shrim Mantrvarnena Kalakantakaghatini।

Kripamayi Kripadhara Kripapara Kripagama॥

Meaning: Devi kalratri, you are the goddess of time and death. You are the savior, you are the auspicious welfarer of your devotees. By reciting this mantra I pray to you to rain your blessings upon me and grant me wealth, prosperity and health.

Kavacha of Mata Kalratri

ऊँ क्लीं मे हृदयम् पातु पादौ श्रीकालरात्रि।

ललाटे सततम् पातु तुष्टग्रह निवारिणी॥

रसनाम् पातु कौमारी, भैरवी चक्षुषोर्भम।

कटौ पृष्ठे महेशानी, कर्णोशङ्करभामिनी॥

वर्जितानी तु स्थानाभि यानि च कवचेन हि।

तानि सर्वाणि मे देवीसततंपातु स्तम्भिनी॥

Om Klim Me Hridayam Patu Padau Shrikalaratri।

Lalate Satatam Patu Tushtagraha Nivarini॥

Rasanam Patu Kaumari, Bhairavi Chakshushorbhama।

Katau Prishthe Maheshani, Karnoshankarabhamini॥

Varjitani Tu Sthanabhi Yani Cha Kavachena Hi।

Tani Sarvani Me Devisatatampatu Stambhini॥

Meaning: This kalratri kavacha is recited by the devotees on Dashain and every day in fact for protection against negative energy and evils. Reciting Durga kavacha path always protect the devotee from untimely death, accidents and injuries.

Kaalratri Mata Aarti

कालरात्रि जय-जय महाकाली ।

काल के मुंह से बचानेवाली ।।

दुष्ट संघारक नाम तुम्हारा ।

महाचंडी तेरा अवतारा ।।

पृथ्वी और आकाश पे सारा ।

महाकाली है तेरा पसारा ।।

खड्ग खप्पर रखनेवाली ।

दुष्टों का लहू चखनेवाली ।।

कलकत्ता स्थान तुम्हारा ।

सब जगह देखूं तेरा नजारा ।।

सभी देवता सब नर-नारी ।

गावें स्तुति सभी तुम्हारी ।।

रक्तदंता और अन्नपूर्णा ।

कृपा करे तो कोई भी दुख ना ।।

ना कोई चिंता रहे बीमारी ।

ना कोई गम ना संकट भारी ।।

उस पर कभी कष्ट ना आवे ।

महाकाली मां जिसे बचावे ।।

तू भी भक्त प्रेम से कह ।

कालरात्रि मां तेरी जय ।।

Story and mantra of Kalratri, the seventh form of Goddess Durga

Kalratri form of Goddess Durga is worshiped on the seventh day of Navratri.  Her form is very vicious, as soon as we see Goddess Kalratri gruesome form, goosebumps appear in the whole body.

Goddess Kalatri is widely considered to be one of the many destructive forms of Mata Devi – Kali, Mahakali, Bhadrakali, Bhairavi, Mrityu, Rudrani, Chamunda, Chandi and Durga.  Rowdri and Dhumorna are other lesser-known names of Goddess Kalatri.

It is important to note that the names, Kali and Kalratri are used to complement each other. Although these two goddesses have been considered by some to be separate entities.

According to David Kinsley, Kali is mentioned in Hinduism as a separate goddess around 600 BC.  Kalratri is described in Mahabharata, which is a description of the present Kali. Saudhikagam, an ancient Tantric text referred to in Silp Prakash, describes the Goddess Kalratri as the controller of the night.

Story of the origin of Maa Kalratri

In this world, whenever the sages and monks prayed to God for the protection of religion and the destruction of the demons, then God created a divine power for the welfare of religion.

In this way, the ultimate power mother Adi Shakti Durga Bhavani originated from the divine will, which contains the power of many Gods and Goddesses.  Goddess Maa Kalratri, the seventh idol of Goddess Durga, originates on the seventh day of Navratri.  Who would do well for the human beings of this world including the deity.

According to the legend, the demons Shumbha-Nishumbha and Raktabija had created an outcry in the three worlds.  Worried about this, all the gods went to Shiva. Shiva Ji asked Goddess Parvati to protect her devotees by killing the demons.

Accepting Shiva request, Parvati took the form of Durga and killed Shumbha-Nishumbha. But as soon as Durga ji killed Raktbij, blood released from his body produced millions of Raktbij.  Seeing this, Durga Ji produced Kalratri with her glory.

After this, when Durga ji killed Raktabij, Kalratri drank the blood coming out of his body and slaughtered everyone and killed Raktbij.

The other legend mythological story is a witness that when the great demons like Mahishasura, Shumbha, Nishumbh gets a boon from Lord Brahma. The gods the earth suffer from various atrocities, then religion started disappearing from this land.

The ethos of the human living in the earth got corrupted and the monstrous patterns started speaking everywhere.  Yagya, charity, benevolence, religion, mercy, forgiveness, such as the virtuous qualities were nowhere to be found. God worshiping, respecting parents, gurus, Brahmins were also despised.

Then the statue of Kalratri appears in front of the world to save from the tyranny of the society and the demons constantly plunging in such great darkness. Who protects the human by destroying the demon groups and provide abhaya to the Dev community.

Kali Maa is named because of her power. The goddess is regarded as the destroyer of time and death. Being the destroyer of Kaal, she got the name Kaal Raatri.  Kaal means time and time is also known as Kaal.  Which means death.  Kaal that kills everyone one day.  Mother Kali is the source of this great power.

The mythological story related to the creation of Mata Kalratri according to Durga Saptashati

Maa Kalratri benefit every devotee.  The Puranas have many stories about the mother.  The most authentic of which is Durga Saptashati, which gives very abstract information about the origin of Durga’s forms.

Apart from this, parts of Mata story and glory are also found in Goddess Bhagwat and other Puranas. Kali Mata gives direct results in this Kali Yuga.  Because Kali, Bhairav ​​and Hanuman Ji are such gods and goddesses who wake up soon and give desired results to the devotee.

Kali has many names and forms.  But for the convenience and information of the people, they are also called Bhadrakali, Dakshina Kali, Mother Kali, and Mahakali.

This form of her name gives equally auspicious results. That is, she always blesses the devotees.  In Durga Saptashati, there is a narration of the story of Mother Bhadrakali at the time of Mahishasura’s death.  Seeing her in the battle, the giant monster started to rain arrows on her, like a cloud is raining on the peak of Merugiri.

Then the goddess cut off that arrow group with her arrows and killed their horse and charioteers.  At the same time, his bow and extremely high flag were also cut off immediately. When the bow was cut, his limbs were tied with her arrows.  And Bhadrakali struck the shul.  Due to this, hundreds of pieces of the monster’s body were scattered, he lost his life.

Similarly, Maa Vikral Mukhi Kali appeared for the slaughter of Chand and Mund.  Some parts of the story are as follows: The sage says that after getting the permission of Shumbha, Chand and Mund with the demon Chaturangini got armed with weapons.

Then they reached the golden peak of the Himalaya Giriraj and saw the goddess sitting on the lion.  Seeing her the demons started the industry to catch het quickly.  Then Ambika expressed great anger towards those enemies. At that time, her face turned black due to anger.

In front, eyebrows turned crooked, and immediately there appeared a vivacious Mukhi Kali, holding a sword and loop.  She wore a bizarre Khatwang and was adorned with a garland of skulls and fowls dressed in leopard skin saris.  The flesh of her body had dried up.

There was only a structure of bones, which made her seem very horrific. Het face was very large, because of the tongue flapping, she seemed even more frightening.

Her eyes were inward and some were red, they were passing all directions with her fierce roar.  While slaughtering the great demons, she Kalika Devi broke down on the army of the demons and started devouring them all.

It is told in the principal mystery of Durga Saptashati that when the Goddess started the creation of this universe and Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh were created.

The first Goddess created three Mahadevis in her form.  Seeing the universe as dark and full of tamasic(evil) qualities, Sarveshwari Mahalakshmi created the goddess Kalratri. Goddess Kalratri is known as Mahamaya, Mahamari, Mahakali, Chhudha, Trisha, Nidra, Trishna, Ekveera, and Duratyaya by her virtues and deeds.

There are many references about Mata Kalratri.  Let us tell one of them how Goddess Parvati transformed into Durga?  According to beliefs, the demon named Durgasura was constantly trying to attack Mount Kailash, the abode of Shiva-Parvati in the absence of Goddess Parvati.

So Goddess Parvati sent Kalratri to deal with him, but he was constantly becoming a giant.  Then the goddess made herself even more powerful and was equipped with weapons.

After that, as soon as Durgasura tried to attack Kailash again, Devi killed him.  That is why she was called Durga.

Maa Kalratri fasting method in Navratri

Fasting Goddess on the seventh day of Navratri.  After installing the idol, worship Maa Kalratri with full rituals.  Wear black colored clothes for the worship of the mother.

Offer jaggery to the Goddess in the worship of Bhagwati on Saptami Tithi.  It should be given to a Brahmin.  By doing this the person can become mourning free.

By just worshiping Maa Kalratri, all sorrows and sins are destroyed.  Only by meditating on Goddess Kalratri, man attains the best position.  The devotees of Maa Kalratri do not suffer from any kind of fear.

A person should worship God in a solitary way by keeping the Vigraha in the form of Maa Kalratri in his heart, devotees should follow Yama, Niyam, restraint completely.  The purity of mind, speech, the body should be maintained. Method to do the puja of Kalratri.

  1. One should worship the Navagraha, Dasadikayal, the deity present in the family of the goddess, followed by the worship of Mother Kalratri.
  2. First, worship the pitcher and the goddess present in it.
  3. After this, on starting the worship method of Maa Kalratri, take flowers in your hands and worship Maa Kalratri while chanting this Mantra. ॐ कालरात्र्यै देव्यै नमः ।। Om Kalratrai Devyai Namaha.
  4. After this, light a lamp of sesame oil in a steel lamp, incense with myrrh, tilak with kajal, offer blue flowers. Milk, kheer or other sweet prasad should be offered. Apply tilak to the mother with red sandalwood, saffron, kumkum, etc.
  5. Jaggery is very dear to Maa Kalratri, so offer jaggery to her in worship.
  6. Chant this mantra while worshiping Maa Kalratri ॐ जयंती मंगला काली भद्रकाली कपालिनी । दुर्गा क्षमा शिवा धात्री स्वाहा स्वधा नमोस्तुते।। जय त्वं देवि चामुण्डे जय भुतार्ति हरिणी । जय सर्वगते देवि कालरात्रि नमोस्तुते ।।( Om Jayanti Mangala Kali Bhadra kali kapalini, Durga chhyama Shiva dhatri swaha swadha namostute. Jaya twam Devi chamunde Jaya bhutarti Harini, Jaya sarwagate Devi kalratri namostute.)

Temples of Kal Ratri in Nepal

During the nine days of Dashain, nine forms of Devi Durga is worshipped and her respective temples are visited by the devotees to seek her blessings. In Nepal, we find the temples of goddess Durga and lots Shiva very commonly. Here are some temples that we can visit to worship the Kali form of Mata Durga.

  1. Dakshinkali temple:

Dakshinkali Temple is 22 km from Kathmandu in the southwest of the valley. Dakshinkali is highly revered by Hindus. Literally, the name of the temple is translated as the sacred southern place of the Black Goddess ( Dakshin – southern; Kali- black).

As the name implies, the temple is dedicated to the six-armed goddess Kali, one of the most bloodthirsty divine incarnations. Twice a week, Nepalese come here to satisfy her bloodthirstiness.

Here they sacrifice animals. After that, they are refreshed right there to prepare a festive dinner. Once slaughtered, the animals are taken to a nearby stream and there they prepare for a party. You can see professional butchers in charge of the sacrifices.

On Tuesdays and especially on Saturdays, especially during the Dashain festival, the area is bathed in blood, as is the image of the goddess Kali. The sanctuary is located at the confluence of two rivers.

When the sacrifice of the animals is over, their bodies are taken to each family’s house and a kind of party is held at home or in a nearby meadow. So you will see many families carrying casseroles, bags with vegetables and wood to enjoy a great day.

Also in the Temple, built in the fourteenth century, in October of each year, the Dashain festival is held, also accompanied by sacrifices. The temple is decorated with a statue of a six-armed goddess with a tongue sticking out and red eyes.

The road from Kathmandu takes no more than 45 minutes by taxi. Throughout the trip, the road runs through the picturesque mountain landscapes. On the way, you can make small stops and enjoy the unique natural beauties of Nepal.

Near the temple walls, locals sell flowers, buffalo milk and the original Khuva milk product, reminiscent of a mixture of yogurt and condensed milk.

On Saturdays, residents of the surrounding villages dress their best clothes and pull goats on a leash to sacrifice them to the goddess. Local residents believe that the goddess Kali, having received a sacrifice, will fulfill their desires.

The entrance to the altar is not allowed for non-Hindus. To get to the temple you will have to go down some stairs since it is near a river. This temple is visited by Hindu devotees and tourists.

Tourists do not usually approach this temple because of its architecture or its historical importance. But rather they are attracted to the sacrifices of animals that are made near the temple and it is rare. In fact, it is not temple-like other, but rather it is an open space where offerings are made.

Animal sacrifices, in particular roosters and goats, are the main form of goddess veneration, and this is especially seen during the Dashain holiday in October.

The Nepalese think that the death of the animal will give them the opportunity to be reborn at a higher standard of living, and dark animals are preferably used and should be male without neutering.

There is a small bazaar above the sanctuary where there are stalls that offer food, drinks, souvenirs and objects to make sacrifices. It is recommended to see the religious ceremony and it is requested to treat all participants with respect, although there is no problem when taking pictures.

Near the temple, there is a path that goes up to the Mata temple, from which you can enjoy good views.

To visit the Dakshinkali temple from Kathmandu there are buses that depart from the bus station and from the Shahid Entrance of Kathmandu. In addition, there are usually extra bus services on Tuesdays and Saturdays, as they are the days that the faithful usually make animal sacrifices.

Keep in mind that this site is very popular and the buses are usually very popular. If you are in Pharping you can easily reach the temple on foot, since there is only two kilometers away.

It is not allowed for non-Hindus to visit the site where the image of the goddess Kali is located. And in this place, there are usually huge queues of Hindu people wanting to show themselves before the goddess.

In general, it is a very crowded place, so keep in mind that there will be crowds, especially during the Dashain festival. And you will find many tourists enjoying a morbid situation for many of them, although without a doubt visiting the place is to witness a unique and often moving experience.

  1. Bhadrakali Temple:

Bhadrakali Temple is a famous Hindu temple in Kathmandu dedicated to Devi Bhadrakali. It is located next to Tundikhel of Kathmandu. It is located near the Shahid Gate. The temple is located on the eastern side of Tudikhel .

This temple also known by the name of Shree Lumadhi Bhadrakali . It is one of the most renowned Shaktipith of Nepal that is visited during Dashain. One form of the goddess Kali, Bhadrakali in Sanskrit means blessed, auspicious, beautiful and prosperous.

And is also known as Soft Kali. Another name for the goddess is Lazzapith. The temple was built in 1817 and was previously known as Mudule Thumpko . It is believed that the temple that was built after the goddess Bhadrakali told the priest to dig the hill where they found her statue.

Since then, the temple is there and is protected by the Nepalese Army. It overlooks Singha Durbar, the Prime Minister’s office, on the eastern side.

Bhadrakali has influences from the western part of India. The ancient legend in Vayu Purana and Mahabharat has ecplained the origin of Bhadrakali by the wrath of the Devi Sati when Daksha insulted Lord Shiva during the great Ashvamedha Yagya (horse sacrifice).

Tantra Rahasya mentions his ascendant from the north face of Lord Shiva, (Uttaramnaya Amnayas) that is blue and has three eyes. It is believed that assuming a terrible aspect that is represented with three eyes and four, twelve or eighteen hands carried weapons with the flames flowing from the head and a small fang come out of his mouth.

According to myths, a farmer used to plow the land nearby and kept his food (bread) on the side. The bread is used to turn into gold so the temple owes its name as the Lumarhi / Lumdi Devi temple as Lumdi in Newari means ‘gold leaf’.

Goddess Bhadrakali is also widely revered in eastern India during Dusshera holidays in particular. The main murti is a black stone statue of Bhadrakali and is believed to have been consecrated by the Lichchhavi kings. They are linked to the Hindu religion of Nepal.

  1. Shova Bhagwati Temple

Just east of Kathmandu, on the banks of the river Vishnumati, there is a famous Shobha Bhagwati temple.  Built-in Nepalese style, the temple is believed to have been founded by Lichvikal, rich in various dimensions of art. Shobha Bhagwati, Palanchok Bhagwati, and Naksal Bhagwati are considered sisters.

All three are believed to have been created by one artist.  Although the statue was built around Lichvikala, the present structure of the temple is believed to have been built during the period of rebuilding and renovation. Legend has it that Shobha Bhagwati’s idol was installed by Bikram Keshari between Vishnumati and Bhadramati river.

Similarly, the temple was built by King Shankar Dev is believed to have been renovated.  Therefore, the establishment of Shobha Bhagwati is also believed to be in the vicinity of Lichvikal.  Shobha Bhagwati is one of the famous Shakti Peeth of the valley.

The statue of Bhagwati, of historical significance, is a two and a half feet tall statue. The depiction of Bhagwati in the idol is suppression of Mahishasur, holding various ammunition. This statue of Shobhagavati is made on a technical basis. In theology, they are also called ‘Vagala’.

This Bhagwati, who is considered as the best mascot in the life of Nepalese people, has also been called Shubhagwati. It is also estimated that Shobhagavati was established in the ninth century in connection with the construction of many statues of the mother goddess.

The tradition of Shakti Puja is very old in Nepal. At that time, the devotees would sing, troll, root, shrine, In the temple, idols of gods and goddesses are installed for worship. Since the beginning of Shakti puja is very old in Nepal, Shobhagavati must have been established in connection with the establishment of various Bhagavati.

From the earliest times, there is a religious belief of Nepalese who worshiped Bhagwati for adversity, poverty, victory in war, destruction of enemies, success in working, promotion, adventure. From time to time, mythical deities have taken various forms.

Women’s power has a very important place in the religious field. Worship of the best power is as a woman. Therefore, in every Bhagwati temple, there is an influx of Hindus and Buddhists. It is the identity of religious coordination, tolerance, and coexistence of Nepali society.

Within the Shobhagavati temple, which has received great fame, mantras are engraved on the murals like Sridurga Saptashti, ShriArgalstra Sutra I, the verse “Markandeya Uwach: Jayanti Mahakali, Bhadrakali Kapalini Durgaaksha Shivadhatri Swaha Swadhanamoste”.

The idols of Ashtamtaraka-Brahmi, Vaishnavi, Maheshwari, Barahi, Indrani, Kumari, Chamunda and Mahalaxmi are carved around the temple. Similarly, Navadurga Brahmacharini, a Skandha Mata, Krishmanda, Chandraghanta, Katyayini, Kalratri, Mahagouri, Siddhidatri, and other idols have been carved on the wall.

The artistic decoration is adorned with fully decorated toran and other Mahakali idols.

There is a nearby Karndeep in various Musa Ghatas around Shobhagavati and on the east is Indrayani Ghat. Also, there is a huge rainbow temple, called Luthi Ajima. Therefore, this place has religious, cultural and historical significance.

Efforts have been made for many years to protect this beauty. The renovation of the temple of Shobhagavati is already underway, for the good of all. Presently, the Committee for the Protection of Shobhagavati is being organized in various committees. Shobhagawati Bijeswari and Indrayani Vikas Samiti are found.

There have been many hymns of various deities in daily life. The temple, which is famous for its magnificent temples, requires crowds of pilgrims to offer their prayers and offerings. More specifically, the staff comes to pay homage to Bhagwati for the promotion of class.

The audience is growing more and more as Shobhagwati Devi, who has done well to all Nepalese who believe in religion because of their religious beliefs, the welfare of all. Some come here to do good deeds, to worship and to have banquets.

  1. Kalikasthan Temple, Dillibazar

Dilli Bazaar in Kathmandu contains the famous Kalikasthan Temple.  Because of the black statue of Kali Mata in this temple, the surrounding place is called Kalikasthan.

A black statue has been placed on the upper floor of the two-story kalikasthan temple, while the lower floor has been used for the priest’s residence.

A legend is found regarding the emergence of kalikasthan. Accordingly, goddess Kali enters in the body of Shivkalika Priest of Think and asked him to establish her someplace. Seeking such a suitable place, the priest arrives in the Dilli Bazaar area.

At that time there was a big forest.  The priest sat at the base of a tree here. Later on, one of the Rana prime minister knew about this and gave the land for the establishment of Kali.  And the priest honored Kali in that spot.  There is a general temple of Kali in Kalikasthan.

The roof of the temple is not built.  It is generally believed that the roof of the goddess is the sky, so the roof is not made.  There is a crowd of devotees, especially on the occasion of Dashain.

  1. Chandeshwari Temple of tokha and Kavre

To the north of Tokha, located northeast of Kathmandu is the famous Chandeswari temple.  This temple, like the Chandeshwari of Kavre, falls into the forest. It is believed that Chandikeshwar Mahadev was established with the attention of Chandika.

Therefore, the temple of Chandikeshwar Mahadev has been established near the place of Chandeswari.  It is also believed that Chandika’s willpower was fulfilled in this place.  This place is also known as Migrendra mountain.

On the northeast corner of Banepa town of Kavre district is the famous Chandeswari Temple. It is believed that Chandeswari Bhagwati killed a demon named Chanda and so the name Chandeshwari.

It is mentioned that Anand Dev was founded by them. She is considered a Kanyadevi and it is customary for a girl under the age of 10 to worship her.  The statue of Chandeswari is wooden. The legend says that the demon Chandasur received the blessing from Lord Brahma and became powerful. He started persecuting the gods.

Therefore, Goddess Kali to relieve the earth from the burden of the demon killed him. So she is worshipped here as the Chandeshwari Mata. The art of the medieval period can be seen at the temple.

By Ankur Pradhan

Kalratri -7th Form of Durga Mata is Worshiped on Fulpati day of Dashain