Kalratri, 7th Form of Durga Mata is Worshiped on Fulpati Day of Dashain Festival


Find here facts and information about seventh day of Dashain festival of Nepal and seventh form of Goddess Durga Mata. This post is about information and facts about Fulpati day of Dashain festival of Nepal and Goddess Durga’s seventh form.

As we know that Dashain is also known as Dussehra, Bada Dashain, Dasara, Navratri, Dasai, Durga Puja.

Seventh day of Dashain, Fulpati is Dedicated to Goddess Kalratri

The first nine days of Dashain is called Navratri. It means nine nights. As we all know that first day of Dashain is called Ghatasthapana. The seventh day of Dashain festival is Fulpati. Fulpati is termed as Phulpati, Foolpati, Fulpati, Fulpati.

The world knows that Dashain festival or Navratri is the festival, dedicated to Goddess Durga. And Goddess Durga is mother goddess. The seventh form of Goddess Durga is Kalratri. So, Goddess Kalratri is worshiped on the day of Fulpati, 7th day of Dashain. Goddess Kalratri is also addressed with the name ‘Kali Maa’. Kalratri appears to be one of the fiercest forms of mother goddess Durga Mata.

Navratri Goddess Maa Durga Images
Maa Durga Images

Goddess Kalratri, another form of mother goddess Durga, is known to provide always-auspicious results to her all the devotees, thus known as Shubhankari. Seventh Form of Goddess Durga or 7th Form of Goddess Durga is Goddess Kalratri.

In 2076, the seventh day of Dashain will be celebrated on 19th Ashoj, Wednesday. According to English calendar, the seventh day of Dashain in 2019 is in October 6.

The seventh day of Dasain is Fulpati . The meaning of Fulpati is sacred flowers and leaves. On this day, the kalash or sacred Durga vessel is ‘established’ in the room which is called Dasain Ghar of Hanuman Dhoka. Kalash is filled with a bouquet of tall flowers, banana stalks, holy leaves and sugar cane tied with red cloth.

Fulpati the seventh day of Dashain

One of the main Hindu holidays of Nepal. Dasain is also known as Durga Puja, as it is dedicated to the great goddess Durga. According to legend, it was the goddess Durga who saved the world from evil.

As the patroness of the Nepalese royal family, she is known by the name of the goddess Teleju, and the living goddess Kumari is one of her incarnations. Dashine (दशैं) is a 15-day national holiday in Nepal and Bhutan, a public holiday in Sikkim and Darjeeling County in West Bengal.

The holiday is celebrated in September-October after harvesting rice. It is known for the fact that during the meeting, family members get together, thereby strengthening family ties.

People are returning and gathering from all over the world, as well as from different parts of the country, to celebrate the Dashain holiday together. This festival is a mixture of tantric practices with the tradition of animistic harvest festivals.

Dashain marks the victory of the gods and goddesses over the demons. Shaktis celebrate the victory of the goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasura. Other Hindus are the killing by Lord Rama of Ravana, the king of demons. It is believed that Rama was able to win only thanks to the blessing of the goddess Durga.

Buddhists celebrate this holiday as the day when Emperor Ashoka renounced violence and embarked on the Buddhist path. For Newars in the Kathmandu Valley, the holiday is known as Mohanee and has some differences in customs and symbolism.

Fulpati and its celebration

The seventh day is called Fulpati – the flower square, the main part of Dasain begins with it. Some work ends and again the difficulties begin for tourists rushing about their tourist business.

Fulpati – ceremonial removal of Kalash with young shoots of rice. On the seventh day, a flower offering is sent from Gorkha to Kathmandu. The procession associated with the army playing music passes through the old center of Kathmandu.

The central ritual for the cultivation of Jamara is held in Gorkha, the capital of the eponymous principality and the homeland of the kings of Nepal. On the fifth day, a procession starts from the ancient royal palace of Gorkha which arrives in Kathmandu on the seventh day of the holiday.

On a palanquin decorated with red cloth, the Brahmins carry Jamara, royal Kailash and sugarcane stalks. The procession is accompanied by the royal guard in military uniform of the 19th century, the period of the war for the unification of Nepal.

You can listen and watch Hindi Bhajan Video about Goddess Kalratri Devi Mata.

On this day, crowds of people gather around the central reservoir of Kathmandu Rani Pokhari to witness the arrival of the procession. The king and queen used to participate in the procession meeting ceremony. At the end of the meeting ceremony, sacred gifts are transferred to the prayer room of Hanuman Dhoka Palace.

Fulpati falls on the Saptami tithi of Ashwin Shukla Paksha marked as the important day of Dashain. The Jamara planted in Ghatasthapana the first day of Dashain and the fulpati are introduced in Dashaighar in this day. The worship of Kalaritri Devi is performed and flowers are introduced in Nepali homes.

Sugarcane plants, banana plants, Belpatra, Darim, Manak, Ashoka, bell, Karchur, paddy plants, Jayanti, paddy hair, Ashoka leaves, ginger plants, and fresh fruit petals are considered as auspicious flowers to be made as fulpati. And are introduced in every Hindu Nepalese home at an auspicious time.

Adapted from ancient times as tradition, these fulpati brought from the Dashain Ghar(home) of Gorkha Durbar is introduced in the Dashain Ghar of Hanumandhoka, Basantapur. Fulpati brought from Gorkha to Jamal of Kathmandu via Dhading are adorned by Nepali Army and Police Paltan, civilians, high-ranking staff, ashagurja team, bandbaja, panchebaja, cultural Chariots, and a group of five gurus.

According to the Hanumandhoka Durbar Museum Development Committee, the king used to be present as the head of state during the monarchy. But with the new republic Nepal,  the cultural minister is present during the occasion.

On this day, the nine goddesses Brahmayani, Rakta Dantika, Laxmi, Durga, Chamunda, Kalika, Shiva, Shokharini and Kartiki are called on the nine leaves and worshipped.  Likewise, it is customary to introduce fulpati in the major Shakti Pith, Devi temples, Nepalese Army and the lower and upper-level bases of police throughout the country.

The festival of Dashain formally starts from this day. The public holiday begins in all Government offices, banks, and financial institutions, educational institutions, non-governmental organizations all over the nation. As a result, people get a chance to go to their homes far away.

Dozens of people return home to find transport to be crowded. The day is also marked by the hanging o the Roti and Linge Ping especially in the villages.

There is also a tradition of worshipping goddess Saraswati, books, copies, pens on this day. Farmers worship their paddy field and enter their harvest in their respective homes.

Importance of Fulpati

Fulpati in Nepal is celebrated in a very unique way. The tradition of bringing the Kalash of various auspicious flowers and leaves representing the form of nine goddesses of Dashain can be observed only in the culture of Nepal.

The seventh day is the official beginning of the celebration of the Dashain festival. The national holiday of the festival is given from this day. All the offices government and private, educational sectors, trades, and businesses are formally closed from this day.

Goddesss Durga Mata Face Images Designs
Goddesss Durga Face Pictures

The hustle and bustle of people can be observed on the roads of Kathmandu city. Especially on the bus stops where people gather to go to their respective homes and villages. Therefore the day is not only the start of the festival but the day for the unification of the families to celebrate this great festival together.

Therefore this day is considered to be the important day of Dashain also for the following reasons:

  1. The introduction of flowers and leaves in homes and Dashain Ghar of Kathmandu, Gorkha, Nuwakot and various other regions of the nation represent the welcoming of nine forms of Goddess Durga. These nine forms of Goddess Durga are worshipped for different reasons. But overall the people seek the blessings of Goddess Durga for health, wealth and prosperity.
  2. Mainly Devi Kalratri also known as Kali, Shakti is worshipped on this day. It is believed that in this form of the Goddess, all the demons, ghosts, and negative energies are destroyed, who flees with her arrival. The mind of the seeker situated in the Sahasrar Chakra is completely situated in the form of Maa Kalratri. He becomes a partaker of the virtues (siddhis and Nidhi especially knowledge, power and wealth) he gets from her worship. All his sins and obstacles are destroyed and Akshaya Punya-Loka is attained.
  3. On this day the other form of Goddess Durga, Devi Saraswati is also worshipped for wisdom, knowledge, and education. Students and teachers worship the books, copies, pens and other educational materials to grant them the knowledge, concentration, and wisdom.
  4. The people of different occupation bring their representing tools of their trade in their home, worship them and take them out only on the tenth day of Dashain. Farmers worship their fields and harvest.
  5. Businessmen worship their accounts, ledgers, and scales. Tailors worship their sewing machine. In short, all the traders, professionals bring their life earning tools, worship them and kept aside till the completion of Dashain. They don’t work on this period till they are able to take out their tools again. So this day represent the completion of their hard labor and the time for the fruition of their work. Therefore they pray for wealth and prosperity.
  6. Even the transport mediums like vehicles, bikes are also worshipped by people to prevent accidents, injuries, and untimely death. They seek protection from goddess kalratri.

The day is also important for the sadhus and for those who are engaged in Tantras and Mantras. It is also considered that the seventh day of Dashain is also vital to effectuate the mantras, shlokas and make them more powerful.

Maa Kalratri Navratri Goddess Image
Maa Kalratri – Navratri Goddess

The seventh day of Dashain dedicated to Mata Kalratri

Externally, the 9-day worship of Navaratri is a celebration of triumph in honor of the victory of the Divine mother over strong demons. But for the spiritual seeker, this process of 9-day worship of Durga has a deeper and even practical meaning.

The entire Navaratri is divided into 3 periods of 3 days, and in each of the periods, the seeker worships a separate aspect of the Greatest Goddess. The fact is that each of these cosmic aspects embodies the stage of human evolution in God, from individualization to self-realization.

The main goal of existence is to realize our inner identity to the Higher Spirit and grow into the image of the Divine. The Highest embodies the highest perfection.

This is impeccable cleanliness. In order to realize one’s identity with Her and achieve unity with Her, it means to truly grow into a resemblance to the Divine. Therefore, for the seeker, the initial step is to get rid of all the impurities and demonic elements that have stuck to him in an embodied state.

Then he should be asked for high virtues and favorable divine qualities. Thus, after purification, true knowledge begins to flash in it like the luminous rays of the sun through the crystal clear water of a calm lake.

This process requires decisive will, a certain effort, and a difficult struggle. In other words, strength and endless power are essential. And therefore, this Divine Mother does all this, acting through a seeker.

The Kalaratri form of mother Durga is the seventh form in consecutive veneration in the days of Navaratri.

Her body color is dark and black. She has disheveled hair. A necklace sparkling with lightning adorns her neck. Her three cosmic-egg eyes constantly lightning. When she inhales or exhales, flames erupt through her nostrils.

She rides a donkey. With a gesture of a raised right hand, she always gives blessings to all without exception. With a gesture of her lower right hand, she eliminates fears. In her upper left hand, she holds a spike-like weapon made of iron, and in her lower left hand, she has a dagger.

It is always extremely scary to look at the shape of mother Kalaratri, but she is always favorable in her action. That is why her other name is Shubhankari (bringing good). Therefore devotees should not be afraid of her.

On the seventh day of Navaratri, the scriptures prescribe the worship of Kalaratri. On this day, the seeker’s mind reaches the Sahasrara Chakra. For such a person, the door opens to all Siddhis of the universe.

On this day, the Sadhaka with all his abilities identifies himself with Mother Kalaratri. As a result of her direct vision, all the virtues are revealed to the devotee. All his sins and all obstacles in his path are completely destroyed. He reaches the abode, which bestows inexhaustible virtue.

Mother Kalaratri destroys impurity. The Danavas, Daityas, Rakshasas, Bhuts, Prets and other evil spirits are horrified and run away as soon as the devotee remembers Kalaratri.

She is also the eliminator of negative planetary influences. Her admirer is not afraid of fire, water, wild animals, enemies and night. By her grace, he does not have any fears.

Keeping her form in his heart and meditating on her, a devotee should only worship her. He must observe Yama, Niyama, and Samyama (all rules and regulations). The cleansing of the mind, speech, and body are necessary for her worship. She is Shubhankari. The beneficial effects arising from her veneration are innumerable.

Happy Durga Puja Durgapuja Greeting Cards Wishes Images Messages Dussehra Navratri Dashain Vijayadashami Picture Wallpaper
Durga Puja Greeting Cards

The literary translation “ Kalratri ” means Kal – time or eternity and Ratri means night. Thus kalratri means the night of time. In the absolute sense, the Jiva or individual soul has lost its self-identification, considering itself limited.

It is also the power of the Maya Shakti of the Divine Mother, which hides the infinite and shows the limited. Therefore, Jiva is caught in the network of time and she forgot that she is eternal, thereby allowing herself to constantly travel through the cycles of birth and death. In this limited form, Kali is time, in its full form Kali is an eternity.

In one part of Davy Mahatmyam, the story of the battle between the demon Raktbij and the Divine Mother is given. From the Divine Mother, the form of Chamunda or Kali or Kalratri emanated.

And when the demon Raktbij was attacked, and he was bleeding, and if even a drop of his blood fell to the ground, then an entire army of demons Raktbij would appear. And the Divine Mother asked Chamunda to drink all his blood so that he would not be reborn. And Chamunda attacked him and drank his blood until the demon completely died.

In fact, the demon personifies our karmic desires or actions. One action creates a new cycle of causes and effects and subsequent actions and their consequences.

The goal is to stop all activities that keep us from attaining liberation so that we can be freed from the cycle of birth and death and become eternal. Never be born again and never die again.

The form of worship of this Deity also eliminates the negative influences of the Shani Dev or Saturn in the horoscope, according to the Hindu tradition. By worshiping Kalratri, the doors of all the powers of the universe are opened and all the demonic powers start running away fearful with the utterance of her name.

For six days of Navratri, we worship the six forms of goddess Durga. Worshiping the six forms of Goddess Durga places the devotee’s mind in the “Sahasrara Chakra”.

Because of the mind being located in the Sahasrara Chakra, it is the best time to attain all the attainments of the universe. If the devotee worships Goddess Kalratri with a clear mind and reverential spirit, he can achieve the desired accomplishment.

By simply worshiping Goddess Kalratri, all sorrows and sins are destroyed.  Only by meditating on the Goddess Kalratri, man attains the best position, as well as her devotees,  are freed from worldly fascination.

Saptami of Navratri is also called Mahasaptami.  Tantric people obtain the grace of the mother by performing special poojas on this day.  Saptami is worshiped like other days, but there is a special ritual of worship at night. The night of Saptami is also called the night of siddhis.

The seventh day of Durga Puja is very important for those who practice tantric activity.  After worshiping the Goddess, worship of Shiva and Brahma must also be done.

Mother loves jaggery. In the worship of Bhagwati on Saptami Tithi, Jaggery is offered to the Brahmin by offering Naivedya.  By doing this, a man can be relieved from all sorrows.

Appearance of Kalratri Goddess

While describing about looks of goddess Kalratri, she has a dark complexion, tousled hair and a valor posture. Kali Maa has three eyes that represent shine intense, bright and dreadful. Flames appear through her nostrils when she inhales or exhales air from her breath. Her necklace is shining like thunder.

This form of Goddess Durga, Kalratri is believed in all Hindus community to be the destroyer of all demons. According to mythology, 7th day of Dashain, Fulpati is one of the most important days for Tantriks to perform their rituals. Tantriks worship goddess Kalratri after the midnight of the Fulpati day with tantrik rituals.

Click here to know 8th day of Dashain : Maha Astami

Kalratri Mantra

While talking about Kalratri mantra, the following two lines are the mantra of Maa Kalratri, 7th form of Goddess Durga. The Goddess Kalratri in Dashain is worshipped with the chant of following Mantra:

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ कालरात्रि रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नम:।।

Ya Devi Sarbhavuteshu Man Kalratri Rupen Sansthit
Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah

However the appearance of Maa Kali devi is so dreadful but her grace is generous toward her devotees.

ImNepal.com wishes you a very Happy Dashain Fulpati and also hopes that Mata Kalratri eliminates all the fear and sufferings from your life.

Mantra to please Maa Kalratri:

Kaalratri is the seventh form of Durga Ji and she is worshiped on the seventh day of Navaratri. So today we will tell you how you can destroy your enemies through the Kalratri Mantra.

Apart from this, you can get more benefits in this Mantra.  Because to read this mantra, you have to read it differently, then we give you complete information about how you read this mantra.

Stuti Mantra Of Devi kalratri

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु दयारूपेण संस्थिता । नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः।।

Ya Devi Sarwabhuteshu dayarupenu sansthita. Namastasyai namastasyai namastasyai Namo Namaha.

Meaning: O mother!  Ambe, who is known everywhere and known as Kalratri, I salute you again and again. I salute you repeatedly.  O Mother, grant me freedom from sin.

Prathana Mantra of Devi Kalratri

एकवेणी जपाकर्णपूरा नग्ना खरास्थिता, लम्बोष्टी कर्णिकाकर्णी तैलाभ्यक्तशरीरिणी।

वामपादोल्लसल्लोहलताकण्टकभूषणा, वर्धनमूर्धध्वजा कृष्णा कालरात्रिर्भयङ्करी॥

Ekveni japakarnapura nagna kharasthita.

Lamboshti Karnikakarni Tailabhyaktashrirani॥

Vamapadollasallohalatakakantakbhushan. Vardhanmurdhdhwaja Krishna Kalratriarbhayankari॥

Meaning: Her body color is very dark like dense darkness. Her hair is scattered in her scalp. There is a garland shining like lightning in the neck. She has three eyes. These three eyes are round like the universe. Bright rays like electricity emit from them.

Seed Mantra of Maa Kalratri –

 ॐ ऐं हीँ क्लीं चामुण्डायै विच्चे( Om aim hrim klim chamundai wichai.

A person should chant this mantra for three, seven or eleven garlands.

Meaning: Durga Puja is the festival of Shakti worship.  The reason for celebrating Navaratri is that during this period all the planets of the universe converge and become active, which affects the living beings.  Durga is worshiped in Navratri to avoid the same side effects of planets. Durga is the Goddess to destroy sorrows.

Therefore, when she is worshiped with faith, reverence in Navratri, her nine powers awaken and control the nine planets.  As a result, there is no harm to human beings.

The Navarna Mantra of Durga is chanted to awaken these nine powers of Durga.  Nav means nine and Arna means letter.  Hence Navarna is a nine-letter mantra which is mentioned above.

Each letter of this nine-letter Navarna mantra is related to each power of Durga and that one power is related to each planet.

  1. The first of the nine letters of the Navarna Mantra is Aim which governs the planet Sun. Aim is related to Durga’s first Shakti Shailputri, who is worshiped on the ‘First Navratri’.
  2. The second letter is Hrim, which controls the planet Moon. It is related to Durga’s second power Brahmacharini, which is worshiped on the second Navratri.
  3. The third letter is klim, the fourth letter is cha, the fifth letter is mu, the sixth letter is da, the seventh letter is yai, the eighth is wi and the ninth is chai. Which controls the planets Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Rahu, and Ketu respectively.
  4. The powers of Durga related to these letters are Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayini, Kalratri, Mahagauri, and Siddhidatri respectively. Whose worship is performed on the third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth Navratri respectively.
  5. The three gods of this Navarna Mantra are Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh and its three goddesses are Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati. These nine powers of Durga are also helpful in the attainment of these four efforts of religion, artha, kama and moksha.
  6. Chanting the Navarna Mantra must be done at least three times on 108 grains of garlands. Although the Navarna Mantra is only nine letters, keeping in mind the importance of Vijayadashami. Om is added in front of this mantra so it becomes the Dashakshar(ten letters) mantra in Durga Saptashati.
  7. But the addition of this one letter does not affect the effectiveness of the mantra. It is as fruitful as the Navarna mantra.  Therefore, if one wishes, one can also recite the Dashakshar mantra with loyalty and reverence.

Maa Kalratri Meditation Mantra

करालवंदना धोरां मुक्तकेशी चतुर्भुजाम्।

कालरात्रिं करालिंका दिव्यां विद्युतमाला विभूषिताम॥

दिव्यं लौहवज्र खड्ग वामोघोर्ध्व कराम्बुजाम्।

अभयं वरदां चैव दक्षिणोध्वाघः पार्णिकाम् मम॥

महामेघ प्रभां श्यामां तक्षा चैव गर्दभारूढ़ा।

घोरदंश कारालास्यां पीनोन्नत पयोधराम्॥

सुख पप्रसन्न वदना स्मेरान्न सरोरूहाम्।

एवं सचियन्तयेत् कालरात्रिं सर्वकाम् समृध्दिदाम्॥

Karalavandana Ghoram Muktakeshi Chaturbhujam।

Kalaratrim Karalimka Divyam Vidyutamala Vibhushitam॥

Divyam Lauhavajra Khadga Vamoghordhva Karambujam।

Abhayam Varadam Chaiva Dakshinodhvaghah Parnikam Mam॥

Mahamegha Prabham Shyamam Taksha Chaiva Gardabharudha।

Ghoradamsha Karalasyam Pinonnata Payodharam॥

Sukha Prasanna Vadana Smeranna Saroruham।

Evam Sachiyantayet Kalaratrim Sarvakam Samriddhidam॥

Meaning: In this mantra also the enormous and vicious figure of Kalratri Devi is described. Her skin color is black and dark, she has Garland of skulls and lightening around her neck, and she carries Khadga( a kind of weapon) in her hand.

The devotes then pray to Devi to grant them her blessings, wealth, health and prosperity. They pray her to release them from the cycle of life and death.

Written by

Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a Writer of 12 Nepali Books, Director of Maithili films, Founder of Radio Stations, Designer of Websites and Editor of Some Nepali Blogs.

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