Nepal Janakpur : Pilgrims of Hindu and Mithila


Nepal Janakpur Janaki Temple : Pilgrims of Hindu and Mithila

This post is dedicated to Nepal Janakpur Janaki temple, pilgrims of Hindu and Mithila. Janakpur is the Capital of Ancient Mithila and Pilgrims of Hindu. Janakpur situated in the Terai region of Nepal, is one of the historic cities of Nepal and lies 20 km south of the (East-West Highway) Mahendra Highway. Janakpur, most famous cities of Nepal is associated with a rich historical past. Janakpur is a beautiful and historic city dating back to ancient times. It was the capital city of the kingdom of Mithila in the past. Mithila was the capital of the Videha (bodyless) spiritual Janakas, the rulers who were the embodiment of spiritual attainment. Legend has it that Sita, heroine of the Hindu epic Ramayana, was born here and later married the equally revered Lord Ram. Sita, who was the wife of the legendary hero Rama of the epic ‘Ramayana’ was born in Janakpur. A great centre of learning for scholars in ancient times, Janakpur once had hundreds of sages who contributed substantially to Hindu philosophy, with one of their oldest works being the famous Upanisad Brihadarandyaka written in the form of a dialogue which deals with the gods, the nature of Brahma, the supreme reality and the introduction to the self.

Photos of Nepal Janakpur Janaki Temple are very famous. Thousands of Hindus visit Nepal Janakpur Janaki Temple every year. You can see Nepal Janakpur Janaki Temple photos. We have already discussed about top to photos of Nepal Janakpur Janaki Temple.

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Janakpur is a city of dozens of holy pools, with a number of ancient sites, some of which have yet to be identified. The really famous object for adoration in Janakpur is the Janaki temple which is some times compared with the Taj Mahal of India. A simple construction to start with, the present structure owes its existence to King Pralapa Singh and his consort who donated hundreds of thousands of silver coins when they were blessed with a child by Sita, enshrined within the temple. Started about 1895, it took a number of years to evolve into its present shape and was completed in 1911.

Janakpur’s landmark is no doubt the popular Janaki Temple in the middle of the bazaar which is dedicated to Sita. A simple but beautiful building nonetheless, the present structure owes its existence to King Pralapa Singh and his consort who donated 900,000 silver coins when they were blessed with a child by Sita. The construction of the temple began in 1895 and took years to evolve into its present form and was completed in 1911. Occupying an area of 4,860 sq. feet, it has a mixed style of Islamic and Rajput Domes. This three storied structure is made entirely of stone and marble rising up to 50m. All 60 rooms of the temple are decorated with stained glass, engravings and paintings, with beautiful latticed windows and turrets.

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Besides the religious importance, Janakpur is also the center for the revival of the ancient Mithila art and craft. As a tradition, Mithila women have always been decorating the walls of their houses with paintings depicting figures from Hindu mythology in abstract forms, sometimes resembling a mandala.

Janakpur is heavily influenced from the Mithila region of Bihar, a state in the eastern part of India. The place offers an excellent opportunity for visitors to learn about Mithila culture and its people. The city is famous for Mithila artifacts such as Mithila paintings and potteries.

The city’s most famous landmark is the large and artistic marble temple of janaki, builtby qeen Vrisa Bhanu of the Indian state of Tikamgarh in the early twentieth century. The Janaki Temple is also popularly known as Naulakha temple because nine lakh (900,000 rupees) were supposedly spent on its construction. Close to the Janaki temple is another ancient shirne known as the Ram temple.

Thousands of pilgrims visit the temple in November/December for Vivah Panchami ( marriage over 5 days ), the town s major annual festival, when the marriage of Sita and Rama is celebrated with various re-enactments. It is popular place for modern day weddings. This is a predominantly Hindu place. Every year, millions of tourists come here to pay their tribute to Lord Rama and Sita. ‘Bibaha Panchami’ is a popular festival which commemorates the marriage of the two epical characters mentioned above. Pilgrims have been coming to Janakpur since the 4th Century BC.

Predominantly inhabited by Maithilis, it has its own language, script and a rich artistic tradition and culture. The religious Mithila art is well known in the local and international art world.

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One of the other big festivals celebrated in Janakpur is the Chhat, when people worship the Sun God (Surya). Devotees gather once at sunset and then the next day at dawn by the holy rivers, offerings fruits and setting burning lamps afloat on the river’s surface. As the sun comes up or when the sun sets, prayers are said facing the sun. Many enter the water while others stand on the shore to pay homage.

Nepal Janakpur Janaki Temple : Pilgrims of Hindu and Mithila

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Written by

Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a Writer of 12 Nepali Books, Director of Maithili films, Founder of Radio Stations, Designer of Websites and Editor of Some Nepali Blogs.

2 thoughts on “Nepal Janakpur : Pilgrims of Hindu and Mithila

  1. The city of Janakpur, 135 kilometers (84 miles) southeast of Kathmandu is doubly famous as the birthplace of the Hindu goddess Sita, as well as being the site where she was married to Lord Rama.

    According to the Hindu epic, the Ramayana, the original city of Janakpur was named after King Janak of the Mithila kingdom. Janak found the baby Sita in a furrow of a field and raised her as his daughter. When Sita (also called Janaki) was about sixteen, the king announced that she could be married by whoever was able to string the divine bow of Shiva. Though many royal suitors tried, only Lord Rama, the prince of Ayodhya, was successful. And not only did he string the bow, he also snapped it in two. Thus, Lord Rama won the hand of Sita.

    Historical sources indicate that the Mithila Kingdom controlled a large part of northern India between the tenth and third centuries BC when it came under the control of the Mauryan Empire (321 to 185 BC). The two great Mauryan emperors, Chandragupta and Ashoka, favored the religions of Jainism and Buddhism, and both the great saints Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism, and Vardamana Mahavira, the 24th and final Tirthankara (an enlightened sage) of the Jain religion, are said to have lived in Mithila/Janakpur. Following the decline of the Mauryan Empire, Janakpur languished as a religious site for two millennia until the seventeenth century. by praddep mukhiya

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