51. THE LEGEND OF YETI
You cannot talk about interesting facts about Nepal without mentioning that character, “Yeti” or “Jigou” of the Himalayan Tibetans, an animal that has been analyzed as a slightly forward-leaning biped.
Although people in some monasteries claim to be part of this beast, these samples are unreliable for many scientists, so the stories are just stories that describe it as a giant bipedal monkey that is believed to be a beast, He is found in the forest from the Himalayas
52. PLACES REGOGNIZED BY UNESCO
The Kathmandu valley is characterized by the largest shrinkage of UNESCO-recognized World Heritage. These are seven buildings and monuments that represent the entire historical and artistic creation of Nepal.
These are the seven monuments and monuments that represent the entire cultural heritage Historical and artistic work of Nepal. On the other hand, Nepal has 4 UNESCO World Heritage sites, as this area is so small that it is also considered the country with the highest concentration of World Heritage sites.
53. THE FEARSOME GURKHAS SERVING UK
These soldiers from the village of Gurka are considered fierce combatants and serve in special units of the armed forces of the United Kingdom and India.
After two meetings with the British East India Company, which unleashed the Anglo-Gurkha war from 1814 to 1816 and then Gurkha’s rebellion and defeat at Makwanpur in 1816, the British were impressed by the skills and courage of this people.
The permission of Prime Minister Shree’s teen Maharajah Jung Bahadur Frog was recruited as mercenaries who were organized into regiments within the army of the British East India Company.
The Gurkhas are also known for weapons such as the Kukri, which were used during the Anglo-Nepal War and during the First and Second World War.
54. CALENDER OF NEPAL WAS AMAZING
Unlike the Gregorian calendar used in the West, the Nepalese calendar or Bikram Sambat contains both elements of the lunar calendar and the solar calendar.
Therefore, the first day of the year varies annually, but always begins in the first days of April according to the Gregorian calendar. If every year has 354 days, because every lunar month has 29 or 30 days, depending on the lunar movement, this calendar has a month in between every three years.
Then the Gregorian year 2018 corresponds to the year 2074 according to the official calendar of Bikram Sambat. Although the Nepalese calendar is the official and most used one in the country, it is not the only one because, due to ethnic and religious diversity, several different cities and castes use their typical calendars.
55. NEPALESE HAVE UNIQUE MEAL AND DRINKS
A traditional Nepalese dish consisting of lentil (dal) and rice (bhat). The Dal-Bhat preparation is very typical of this country, as the dal is made of tomatoes, onions, chili and ginger, accompanied by herbs and various spices such as coriander, garam masala and turmeric.
Usually this dish is eaten in the morning and then for dinner, as it is a nutritious meal for a nominal fee.
- We are well aware that the world’s tallest mountain Mt Everest lies in Nepal which is standing at the altitude of 5548 meters above the sea level. But, did you know 8 out of 10 highest peaks of the world are in Nepal? Yes, 8 out of 10 highest peaks (more than 8000 m) are in Nepal making Nepal the paradise for the mountain lovers all around the world.
- Nepal has the world’s densest concentration of world heritage sites. The UNESCO has listed 10 different sites as the World Heritage Site that includes Pashupatinath Temple of Kathmandu, Boudhanath Stupa, SwayambhuNath Stupa, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changu Narayan, Lumbini, Chitwan National Park, Sagarmatha National Park. Next time you are in Nepal, do not miss out the chance to view all these wonderful places.
- The highest mountain of the World Mt. Everest is named after Sir George Everest despite his objections. Sir George Everest was the Surveyor General and found out Mt Everest is actually the highest peak in the world.
- Nepal is also famous for having the most fearless and fierce army in the world, the army of Gurkha. Nepalese Gurkhas first began serving in the British Army in 1815 and still the number of Gurkhas in the British Army is very high.
- The main form of greeting in Nepal is NAMASTE that is said with palms pressed together. Despite modernization, the culture of saying Namaste is still the prominent form of greeting in Nepal.
- COWS ARE the national animal of Nepal and slaughtering of cows is completely banned in Nepal. So, if you are in Nepal next time, don’t dare to ask for beef in any restaurants or public gathering. This is completely banned in Nepal.
- Nepal is an agricultural country. Almost 80 percent of Nepalese people spend their lives on agriculture. Nepal ranks first in terms of world’s biggest producer of mustard seed. Similarly, it ranks third in terms of the world’s biggest producer of ginger.
- As per Nepalese culture, the left hand cannot be used for eating food in Nepal. It is not regarded nice using the left hand for eating in Nepal.
- It is the year 2074 in Nepal. Nepalese people celebrate Nepali New Year on April 13th.
- Nepal is the only country in the world that worship the Living Goddess, Kumari.Kumar actually means virgin in Nepal and there is the tradition of worshipping the goddess Kumari as manifestations of the female energy in the Hindu tradition. The people of Nepal truly believe in Goddess Kumari with all their heart.
- About 90 percentage of marriages in Nepal are arranged marriage and the bride and groom usually not meet or even see each other before the wedding day. However, Love Marriage is getting popular among the people of city areas.
- Nepal is the second richest country in the world in terms of availability of water resources after Brazil.
- The flag of Nepal is the only one flag in the world that is not quadrilateral in shape. The flag is maroon colored with two triangles stacked on one another and have the dark blue border. This flag has been in Nepal’s representative flag since 1962.
- Nepal is one of the richest counties in the world in terms of biodiversity. It has more than 900 species of birds making it a paradise for birds watchers. This country is rightfully called the Amazon of Asia due to having a unique variety of species of birds and animals found in here.
- Kathmandu is called the living museum of Nepal. The city of temples, Kathmandu, has the most number of temples and UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites.
- Nepal is also the birthplace of the Light of Asia, Buddha. Siddhartha Gautam was born in 623 BC in Lumbini which currently lies in Nepal. Today, Lumbini is a sacred place for all the Buddhists all over the world.
- Nepal is one of the very few countries in the world that have no independent day as the country of Nepal was never colonized by any other country of the world. Thought East India Company attempted to take over Nepal back in the 18th century, they were defeated by Nepalese bravest warrior of the world, the Gurkhas.
- Nepal is one of the very few countries in the world with great altitudinal variation. While the tallest mountain of Nepal touches the sky at the height of 8848, the deepest George of Nepal is just at 59 meters. Nepal also has some of the most thrilling places on the earth such as the highest lake, Lake Tilicho at 4800 meters, the deepest gorge at 1200 me and the tallest grassland in the Chitwan. All these variations also make Nepal one of the uniquely positioned country in the world.
- Nepal’s most popular fast food is the MOMO. This delicious dumpling with different fillings like meat or vegetable either fried or seamed are served with sauce in every corner of the world. Almost every restaurants or eatery has momos as their main dish. The people of Nepal are crazy for momos. So, if you are in Nepal next time, do not forget to get the taste of momos of Nepal.
- While in the rest of the world, the number of Bengal tiger is decreasing day by day, Nepal is the only country where the number is rising. We are lucky to have royal Bengal tiger and one-horned rhinoceros in the forests of Nepal.
- Trekking is one of the most enthralling adventure sport of Nepal. The Annapurna region is voted as one of the top 10 best trekking places in the world. The view and the trekking trail is sure to blow your mind away.
- While Gurkhas are famous for their bravery on the battlefield, Sherpas are popular for their bravery in summiting the toughest mountains of Nepal. Sherpas are an ethnic group from mostly the eastern mountainous part of Nepal. Many are working as porters for mountain voyages as they do not suffer the effect of altitude and due to their genetics and upbringing. Many groups refer to their porters as Sherpas. When it comes to summiting the mountains, the name of Sherpas come at the topmost place.
- Did you know there are 125 different ethnic groups and castes in Nepal and all people live harmoniously with each other? Nepal is the only country where there has not been any violence in the name of religion though there are people of different ethnic groups and religions.
- The ancient history of Nepal began in the Kathmandu Valley and over the centuries, the boundaries extended to areas of today’s neighboring countries such as India and China. It thrived as a resting place for two trade routes. As such, it became a cultural melting pot.
80. The ancient history of Nepal began in the Kathmandu Valley and over the centuries, the boundaries extended to areas of today’s neighboring countries such as India and China. It thrived as a resting place for two trade routes. As such, it became a cultural melting pot.
81. Prince Siddhartha Gautama of the Sakya royal family was born in the 6th century BC. Born near Lumbini, it is today considered a sacred sight. He grew up to embark on a path of contemplative thinking and meditation that led him to enlightenment, like the Buddha.
82. Hindu kiratis, a Mongolian people, are known in history as the first known rulers of the Kathmandu valley in the 7th or 8th century BC. The North Indian people toppled the Kiratis in 300 ADS, and the country became predominantly Hindu. They marked the beginning of an era of flourishing commerce and cultural brilliance.
83. Nepal experienced a “dark age” of which little was known in the late 600s to 1200s. Both Tibet and Kashmir invaded the country in the ‘700s, but its strategic location ensured the survival and growth of the kingdom. The merit of having founded Kantipur (today’s Kathmandu) falls to King Gun Kamadeva in about the 10th century.
84. In the ninth century, a new lunar calendar was introduced, the Bikram Sambhat, which is still used today. It is about 67 years, eight and a half months before the Gregorian calendar is used by the Americans. The Nepalese New Year is mid-April.
85. The age of the Malla kings was architecturally gilded. The 15th-century architect Arniko traveled to Lhasa and Beijing to design the pagoda and forever changed the appearance of religious temples in Asia. An earthquake in 1255 also killed one third of Nepal’s population during the reign of the Mesh.
86. Nepal was never colonized and dominated by foreigners in its history of border extension and contraction. That’s why Nepal does not celebrate Independence Day.
87. Renowned Gurkha soldiers from Nepal have always successfully protected their country. His motto is, “It’s better to die than to be a coward.” The British were so impressed by their ability to fight during the Indian wars. They have been an integral part of the British Army since 1815.
88. The shameful defeat of Nepal by the Chinese during an expansion effort ended with the Sugauli Treaty of 1816, which established the present borders of Nepal. In humiliation, Nepal parted for over a hundred years from all foreign contacts. They reopened their borders in 1951.
89. Nepal, which has fought to date from a constitutional monarchy with multi-party democracy to Maoist extremists and royal killings, is currently led by an elected president and an elected parliament.
90. The three main river systems of the Asian continent (Ganga-Brahmaputra, Yangtze and Indus) have the Himalayas as their original source. This is because the Himalayas (after the two polar regions) is the third largest snow and ice reservoir in the world, with around 15,000 glaciers containing about 3,000 cubic miles of water.
91. In the most mountainous part of Nepal in the north are eight of the ten highest mountains on earth, including the most famous, Mount Everest. Mount Everest is mainly located at 8,848 meters above sea level. Sherpas call it Sagarmatha (“Front of Heaven”).
92. Many explorers and climbers were killed as they tried to climb the summit before anyone succeeded. On May 29, 1953, the British explorer Sir Edmund Hillary and his Sherpa leader Tenzing Norgay reached the summit of Mount Everest and entered the history books permanently.
93. 25 years later, the Italian Reinhold Messner and the Austrian Peter Habeler were the first to reach the summit without additional oxygen, which is a feat in this thin atmosphere. Messner climbed again in 1980 Everest.
94. The Himalayas are home to the highest lake in the world (Tilicho at 4,800 meters) and the deepest lake in the world (Shey Phoksundo). In addition to Mount Everest, they also host eight of the ten highest mountains in the world. The area is the Sagarmantha National Park, established in 1976 as a protected area.
95. The Himalayan peak to the east is Nameha Barwa and the westernmost is Nanga Parbat.
96. Nepal is geologically alive. The Australian indo plate under Nepal is still in motion and will travel 1,500 kilometers to Asia over the next 10 million years.
97. Nepal’s altitude differences are extreme. It has the highest valley in the world (Arun) as well as the deepest gorge (Kaligandaki) with a height of only 59 meters to the world of Everest of more than 8,848 meters. Chitwan is the highest meadow in the world.
98. The height differences are accompanied by climatic differences. From south to north, you can travel 100 kilometers from a warm tropical climate to the Arctic. The good news is that Nepal is definitely a four-season destination.
99. The Kaligandaki River in Nepal is older than the Himalayas and is the main ecological dividing line between the western and eastern Himalayas.
100. 250 endemic species of Nepal (and nowhere else on land). This is one of the reasons why Nepal is known as the Amazon of Asia.
101. With almost 870 different bird species, Nepal has more than the continents of North Africa and Europe together. They are home to eight percent of the world’s bird species.
102. Nepal also hosts more than 650 different species of butterflies as well as the largest moth in the world (the Atlas Moth) and some of its largest wild bees.
103. Threatened species in Nepal are the beautiful snow leopard, the red panda and the rhino.
104. Nepal has never experienced ethnic or religious clashes and riots. Blood has never been shed in the name of the country’s religion. Instead, more than 80 ethnic groups live and their people speak 123 different languages.
105. The people of Nepal greet each other with palms. They bow their brow and say “Namaste” as in neighboring India.
106. Nepal adores the only living goddesses in the world. Called Kumaris (literally meaning virgins); These prepubertal girls are chosen as girls and are considered as earthly manifestations of female divine energy. They are incarnations of the goddess Taleju and live in temples, are worshiped by Buddhists and Hindus alike and are driven at festivals in cars. They retreat when they reach puberty.
107. It still has the highest proportion of Hindus in the world among its inhabitants. Cows are considered sacred and it is illegal to kill one in Nepal. It is also your national animal.
108. Nepal has four characteristics listed on the World Heritage List. Two are cultural: the Kathmandu Valley (1979) and Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha (1997); and two are natural: Chitwan National Park (1984) and Sagarmatha National Park (1979).
109. The national flag of Nepal is the only one in the world that is not a rectangle or a square. It has two triangles; the upper part with moon and the lower part with sun. The triangles represent not only the Himalayas, but also the two main religions of Nepal: Hinduism and Buddhism. Although the current design was made in 1962, the basic design has been used in the country for more than 2,000 years.
110. A popular and quickly prepared dish is the Momo. These are flour-water dumplings filled with various ingredients: meat, chicken and / or vegetables (fried or steamed) that are delicious and served with a dip sauce.
111. The national dish is Dal-Bhat-Tarkari, which means dal (lentils), bhat (rice) and tarkari (vegetables). Many Nepali families eat it daily. A typical meal could be a green salad (cucumber and carrot), rice, mustard, potatoes, chicken sauce, butter, black lentils and curry lamb.
112. The elephant polo game originated in Meghauli, Nepal. Tiger Tops of Nepal is the seat of the Elephant Polo and the venue of the Elephant Polo World Cup.
113. Touching objects with their feet is considered obnoxious in Nepal. Never run over another person or body parts of another person. Nepalese also consider the head sacred. Do not touch someone else’s head.
114. The Sherpas are mainly from the mountainous east of Nepal and are often used as carriers for mountain expeditions ethnic group, as they do not suffer from height effects due to their education and genetics. Today it has become common to call all Sherpas goalkeepers.
115. Mount Everest has become an important source of income for the Nepalese government from foreign sources, as a special permit was issued to climbers for the base camp business.
116. Lumbini International Airport was developed to promote tourism in the area around the birthplace of Buda. Many Buddhist monks from China, Tibet and Japan travel here annually. Likewise, the Pashupati Temple is visited by many Indian neighbors and is a great prospect for its economic and religious value. The temple complex itself, with its ponds, several temples and wandering monkeys, is a great and great vision for visitors.
117. Nepal’s national airline does not have enough aircraft to fly to an airport outside of Asia. Flying to Nepal is very expensive.
118. Nepal is a stage for adventure and extreme sports tourism. Options include paragliding, bungee jumping, high-altitude marathons and mountain biking, rafting, kayaking and, of course, mountaineering.
119. Although Nepal has freshwater rivers and more than 6,000 lakes producing hydropower, its demand is much greater than its production, which everyone could do without electricity for much of the day. The average “load shedding” is currently 8.28 hours per day. Worse still, winter is the time of year when demand rises to its highest level while supply falls to its lowest level.
120. With all the available fresh water, the water supply of the cities is problematic. The infrastructure in Kathmandu can produce about 180 million liters per day, while the average demand is more than 350 million liters per day. As a rule, water is only provided for two and a half hours a day and four days a week. Usually, people have their own reserve tanks where they can store water for times of scarcity.
121. Nepalese people are conservative in this developing country, and public affection statements are not only daunting, but also illegal. Kissing in public will arrest you.
122. Conservation efforts not only increase the population of endangered animals. They save them to increase tourism and business for this developing nation. Of the total land area of Nepal today more than 19 percent are a protected area or a national park. Nepal has rescued the blackbuck, increased the population of tigers and horned rhinos, and returned the populations of gharial and wild buffaloes to a viable number.
123. The Nepalese government returns half of all tourist revenue to communities near game reserves.
124. It is said that the Yeti lives and was seen in the Himalayas in Nepal. It is a mysterious creature that resembles the Big Foot of North America and has been reported by many who have walked on lonely paths in these mountains. Sir Edmund Hillary himself led an expedition in 1958 to find the Yeti, without success.
125. The Karnali River is the longest in Nepal.
126. Nepal has one of the highest concentrations of Royal Bengal Tigers (after Bangladesh and India) and the second largest rhinoceros with a horn on the ground. In Western Nepal lives the largest swamp herd of the world.
127. If you turn a map of Nepal 90 degrees clockwise, it is literally the map of Portugal. Remember for pop competitions and quiz competitions.
128. The earthquake in Nepal 2015 occurred on April 25 at 11:56 am local time. It had a magnitude of 7.9 and was of intense intensity. The epicenter was located in Barpak, east of Kathmandu, and the hypocenter
129. The earthquake caused avalanches on Mount Everest, killing 21 and injuring at least 120 others.
130. After the earthquake in Nepal on April 25, 2015, some parts of the city of Kathmandu were raised about three feet vertically, severely damaging various buildings in the city. Among them was the UNESCO-recognized historic Dharahara Tower, which was reduced to rubble and held at least 50 people.
131. The aftershocks continued at intervals of 15 to 20 minutes immediately after the original earthquake. An hour later, there was a replica of 6.6. The next day, it reached a magnitude of 6.7 and the risk of landslides continued during the two days. At that time there were 38 replicas with a magnitude of 4.5 or more.
132. Centuries-old buildings were destroyed at seven UNESCO World Heritage sites in the Kathmandu Valley. These include buildings in Pata Durbar Square, Kathmandu Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Boudhanath Stupa, Swayambhunath Stupa and Narayan Shift.
133. With an epicenter between Kathmandu and Mt. Everest, an important replica, Nepal hit 12:50 local time on May 12, killing 200 people and injuring more than 2,500 people. At this time, more than 6,000 people were treated for injuries resulting from the first earthquake and aftershocks.
134. Geologists had known and warned about the possibility of a major earthquake for decades. A government official mocked and said that this could not happen because Nepal already had an earthquake.
135. The USGS noted that the cause of the earthquake was a release of accumulated stress or a sudden spike along a major flare where the Indian plate slowly dived beneath the Eurasian plate. In just 30 seconds, Kathmandu moved three meters to the south.
136. Nepal has suffered long-term and ongoing disasters due to this initial constitution. The decline in tourism, debt burdens, illnesses, health outflows, crimes such as human trafficking and the damage of the next monsoon season are just a few examples. After the chaos homeless women, girls and boys were abducted by traffickers and efforts are being made to eradicate the practice.
137. The international community sent a flood of help and support in the days, weeks and months after the disaster. In the 57 countries, three international aid organizations and numerous private charities have joined forces to help.
138. Before Kathmandu, the city was Kantipur, which means “city of glory”.
139. In antiquity, the Kathmandu valley was a huge lake full of floating lotus flowers. Geologists have proven scientifically that this is true.
140. Kathmandu is known today as the living cultural museum of the world. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979 as it consists of some 130 important pilgrimage sites and monuments.
141. The name of this city derives from the Kaasthanmandap Temple, which was built in 1596. It is located on Durbar Square in Basantapur and is also known as Maru Satal.
142. The Newari were the indigenous people of the Kathmandu valley. They are considered direct descendants of the race and the ethnic group who have been living here in the valley for two millennia.
143. Kathmandu was the center of the historic trade route between India and Tibet.
144. Kathmandu is chosen as the last drop of many films and TV series because of its beautiful monuments and ancient temples. It is not uncommon to see a celebrity in the city of Kathmandu.
145. Freak Street is a street in Kathmandu known for the large number of hippies that lived here in the 1960s and 1970s.
146. Kathmandu’s motto is “unity in diversity”. Nepal is a fascinating country with an ancient history, a great biodiversity, a fusion of cultures and proud and friendly people. Visit and discover 71 interesting facts about Nepal.
147. Last but not the least, the mysterious creature of the Himalayas that is known as Yeti is said to be spotted in the Himalayas of Nepal. So much so that, Sir Edmund Hillary even led an expedition back in 1958 to find the yeti in the Himalayas of Nepal.
I am not sure if you have heard these facts of Nepal before or not. IF you have heard of it, before, I am sure you are already a fan of this small yet beautiful country. And, if you had not heard of it before, I am sure you are blown away by these facts.
All these things of Nepal make Nepal the most unique and beautiful country in the world. This proves that Nepal is not just a country of Himalayas, there are many things that you can see in Nepal, experience in Nepal and most of all learn from Nepal, its culture and religion.
Definitely, this small country is full of adventure and if you are thinking of visiting this country, don’t just think about it. Pack your bags and embark on a trip to Nepal. Also, if you are a Nepali, then these are the facts that you need to memorize and be proud of it as well.
Keep on following the posts on this website to learn more about Nepal, Nepalese culture, and Nepalese People.
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Writer: with Asmita Sharma