How many miles is it to the top of Mount Everest?
No any other place on Planet Earth is more marvelous than the Everest region. It is the region where four of the world’s tallest mountains reside, Mount Everest, Mount Lhotse, Mount Makalu, and Cho Oye.
Among all, Mount Everest is the one that ascends above everything else as it is the highest mountain in the world. But how tall is the Mount Everest actually?
Has the height of Mount Everest remained constant or has it changed over the years because of the tectonic plates’ movement? These questions have been frequently asked by many mountain lovers and is surveyors all over the world.
We all know that the Mount Everest formed over 65 million years ago because of the movement of the tectonic plates. About 250 million years ago, there were no mountains at all in the world, let alone be the Mount Everest.
Ever since the Indian landmass started to go under the Asian one because of collision of continental plates, the Asian landmass started to move up resulting in the formation of Mount Everest along with the other Himalayas in the Himalayan range.
This proves that the Everest has risen to today’s height over a period of over 65 million years. And what we see today, formed over millions of years.
Various institutions have embarked on the mission to measure the height of Mount Everest. However, the exact height of Mt. Everest has been disputed since the first measurement took place.
The broadly accepted the height of 8848 meters was first recorded by Indian surveyor in the mid-19th century. But, there is a constant dispute over whether snow on the top of the mountain should be included in the height or not.
This has caused the disagreement between various surveyors over the height of the Everest.
Another complicating factor for the measurement of the exact height is that Everest is still believed to be rising. Due to the continual shifting of tectonic plates and the constant earthquake in that area, researchers believe that the Mount Everest may be still rising slowly.
In may 1999 an American team recorded a height of 8850 meter- a figure that is still used by the National Geographic Society, although not accepted by Nepal officially.
Hence, there are several confusions over the exact height of Mount Everest. Nevertheless, in order to solve the confusion and provide a legit measurement of Mount Everest to the world, the government of Nepal has decided to remeasure the mountain.
Stations will be set up at different locations using the GPS to know the exact height of the Everest. We are hopeful to get the true figure in the years to come.
However, the widely known and accepted height of the Mount Everest is 8848 meter or 29,029 feet above the sea level making it exactly 5.5 miles high. If sources are to be believed, the height of the Everest has increased. Well, we will find out once the results of the ongoing measurements are out.
51. The first trans-Everest flight takes place in 2031 BS.
52. Altitude above 7500 m of mountains is known as ‘death zone’ in
53. Ngimi Sherpa is the first Nepali woman mountaineer.
54. Mahalangur is the longest Himalayan range.
55. Shumsher Pun is the first Nepali to lose his life during mountaineering.
56. Latitude and longitude of Mt Everest are 86O55’E,27O59’N.
57. Mahalangur is the Himalayan range where Mt Everest lies. Khumbu is also the other name of Mahalangur Himalayan range. Everest golden jubilee was observed in 14 Baishakh, 2060. On the occasion of Everest golden jubilee, 13 more mountains were opened for climbing.
58. Kaji Sherpa climbed Mt Everest first in traditional Nepali uniform Daura suruwal and
59. Fu Dorje Sherpa (29 May 1965) is the second successful Nepali climber of Mt. Everest after Tenzing Norgay.
60. The first fully Nepali Everest Expedition was ‘Sainik Arohan Dal, Nepal Sherpa Youth Expeditions was the fully Nepali expedition of ordinary Nepali climbers.
61. 3 members of a single family (sisters Lhakpa and Mingkipa Sherpa and brother Mingma Sherpa) scaled Mt Everest in 9 Jeth, 2060.
62. Father: Dr. Serma Bull and son: Bradford is the father and son who set the first record of reaching the summit of Mt Everest. Shambhu Tamang is the first Nepali to scale Mt Everest from both Nepali and Tibetan route.
63. Son of first Everest climber Tenzing Norgay makes the successful attempt of climbing the peak on 23 May 1996 (43 years after his father’s attempt).
64. China-Japan-Nepal Friendly Expeditions make the successful attempt of climbing Mt Everest on 5 May 1988 (23 Baishakh, 2045).
65. Mingma Sherpa is the first Nepali mountaineer to climb all the 14 mountains of the world above 8000 meters. He set this record with the success of climbing of Kanchanjungha on 6 Jeth
66. The album ‘Atithi -T of Athiti K.C., who started singing at the age of 2, released on Mt. Everest, the highest peak of the world in 4 Jeth, 2068 (made public by civil servant Khimlal Gautam).
67. Everest first scaled by civil servants in 4 Jeth, 2068 (by 9 civil servants).
68. Pujan Acharya (climbed on 9 Jeth, 2065) is the first Brahmin woman to climb Mt. Everest.
69. The Olympic torch was taken to the summit of Mt. Everest on 8 May 2008 (26 Baishakh, 2065).
70. While climbing Mt. Everest, Shailendra Kumar Upadhyay, a former minister for foreign affairs lose his life in 26 Baishakh, 2068.
71. Chhemji Sherpa (at 16) is the youngest woman mountaineer to climb Mt. Everest.
72. Dendi Sherpa (father) and Chhemji Sherpa (daughter) of Gudel -4, Solukhumbu are the father and daughter to set a record by reaching the summit of Mt. Everest at once on 19 May 2012.
73. Chhyurim Sherpa (from Lelep, Taplejung) is the Nepali mountaineer to get her name registered in ….Guinness Book of World Records by climbing Mt. Everest twice in a week. The Guinness Book of World Records awarded a certificate to Chhyurim Sherpa who set a world record among women by climbing Mt. Everest twice in a week.
74. Kami Sherpa, Solukhumbu (climbed on 6,11 and 14 Jeth, 2069) is the mountaineer to set a world record by climbing Mt. Everest thrice in eight days.
75. Where mt Everest lies? Mount Everest is located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas.
76. Nepal Government makes a decision in 2008 AD to start observing 29 May as International Mt. Everest Day in order to heighten the image of the adventure and unique tourism by revealing the importance of Mt. Everest.
77. The highest peak of the world Mt. Everest lies in Solukhumbu district of Nepal.
78. The altitude of the world’s highest peak Mt Everest is 8848 m (29,028 ft).
79. According to the American National Geographic Society, the altitude of Mt Everest is 8850 meters.
80. The average width of the peak of Mt Everest is 7 meters.
81. Namche Bazaar is known as a gateway to Mt Everest.
82. Junko Tabei is the first woman to make a successful attempt at Mt climbing.
How was the Great Mount Everest formed?
Earth, a unique planet, restless and dynamic where continents shifts and clash, volcanoes erupt, and titanic forces that are constantly in play. In this restless planet, there are many gigantic mountains which are formed over a course of centuries due to such continental shifts, volcanic eruptions, etc.
Millions of years earlier, there were no mountains, let alone be the highest peak in the world, Mt Everest. But now, there are many mountains that are formed over the years. This article explores Everest to unlock its secrets behind its formation.
The Himalayas stretch 1500 miles across Asia between Nepal, India, Pakistan, and China. This is home to 14 tallest mountains on the planet and one rises above all others, Everest.
At 8848 m tall, it is the Highest Mountain in the world. There are many theories that describe the formation of Mt Everest. However, one legit theory was given by Alfred Wegener who is a German meteorologist. He theorized the concept of Drift.
This theory dealt with the formation of Pangea, Tectonic plates and the believe that continents were moving nearer to each other. To have a clear picture of how the mountains were formed, we have to go back around 250 million years.
Breaking of Gigantic continent, Pangea.
Around two hundred and fifty million years earlier, the Africa, India, Australia and South America were not separated as it is now. These countries were on the same continent also called Pangea.
Throughout the course of numerous million years, the gigantic continent breaks and formed the continents just as we have today. The edge of the continent Pangea curved inside and became the fresh continent’s collision zones. This is the starting point for the formation of Himalayan ranges and the Mighty Mount Everest.
Movement of the continental Plates.
After the breaking of Pangea, about 60 million years ago, the Indian plate started moving rapidly northwards towards Asia plates. The rate of movement was up to 15 cm per year. This rapid movement of the plates started after the breaking up of the huge continent named Pangea. This caused the mountain ranges to rise.
The collision of the continental plates.
Finally, the Indian plate struck with Asia around 50 million years earlier. During that period, the part of Indian landmass started to go underneath the Asian one, moving the Asian landmass up. This ultimately resulted in the upsurge of the Himalayas, along with the Mount Everest.
After the plates collided, it caused the volcanoes to erupt in the Tibetan border around the south as Indian Plate’s top rock melted. This was caused after the collision caused huge friction and pressure.
After that, somewhere about 25 million years ago, the ocean was blocked entirely by the Indian continent as it moved very fast. The residue on ocean floor had been unfolded, and as such residues were in lightweight they did not sink but creased into today’s big mountain ranges-the Himalayan ranges.
Picture 3: Collision of Tectonic plates and formation of Mountain ranges
These three processes started the formation of the Mount Everest. Mount Everest and its other small mountains grew by about a centimeter every year.
The sustained growth of the Mountains is very likely due to the fact that Indian tectonic plates are still moving slowly. We can know the plates are moving because of the constants earthquakes in that region because of the frequent earthquakes in that region.
Hence, the Mountains that we see today were not formed instantly including Mt Everest. It took more than 250 million years for the mountains to be as it is now. Without the tectonic plates moving, we would not be able to see these mountains which are thought to be increasing in height even today.
83. The second woman to make the successful attempt of Everest climbing is China’s Kumari Phantog. Bandatki Wij (Poland) at 16 October 1978 is the third woman to do |
84. Michael Korg gave Mt Everest the name of ‘The Third Pole’.
85. 75. Angrita Sherpa is the Nepali mountaineer who has climbed Mt Everest for 10 times without using oxygen.
86. Pasang Lhamu Sherpa (10 Baishakh, 2050) is the first Nepali woman to reach the summit of Mt. Everest?
87. American couple Alexei Karasno Kulse and Catherine Gibbons are the first couples to reach the top of Mt Everest at once.
88. Babuchhiri Sherpa (14 and 27 May 1995) is the mountaineer who set records of climbing Mt Everest twice in a single season.
89. Mt Everest in Nepalese currency instead of King’s photo and crowned in 25 Magh, 2063 BS.
90. The cabinet meeting held at Kalapatthar plateau of Mt. Everest base camp at an altitude of 5542 m in the 19 Mangsir, 2066 BS.
91. 8848 Everest is the name of a book published in Spanish by Columbian mountaineer Nelson Kodona about his experiences collected while visiting Nepal and climbing Mt. Everest. The book was made public in Columbia on 8 May 2011.
92. The mountaineer to set a world record by climbing Mt. Everest thrice in eight days is Kami Sherpa. He made successful ascents on 6, 11 and 14 Jeth, 2069 BS.
93. The talks about climbing Mt. Everest start in 1893 AD.
94. The first attempt of climbing Mt. Everest made in 1921 (Under George Malory’s leadership).
95. Junko Tabei from Japan, reach the top of Mt Everest on 16 May 1975.
96. The highest Gokyo lake is also in Nepal on the slopes of Mt. Everest. Located at 4,000 m the Changla Bhanjyang village in Humla district is the highest human habitation in the world. Mt. Everest View Hotel is the highest hotel opened in Mt. Everest region.
97. Mt. Everest View Hotel is the highest hotel opened in Mt. Everest region.
98. The highest mountain peak in the world, Mt. Everest (Sagarmatha) which is 8,848 meters high and the third highest mountain peak Kanchanjungha (8,586 meters) lie in the northern part of the eastern region of Nepal.
100. Question: why is mt Everest growing taller? Answer: The height of Mt Everest is not really changing at all.
Mount Everest Base Camps
Mount Everest, the highest summit of the world, attracts thousands of explorers from all over the world yearly. Embarking on the magnificent trek to Everest is probably the dream of all the adventure lovers.
However, summiting Everest is not an easy task. It requires a lot of will power and rigorous training sessions. Nevertheless, one can have an astounding view of Everest while being at the lap of Everest itself at Everest Base Camp.
Everest base camp is the gateway to the summit of the Everest. Mount Everest has 2 base camps on either side of the peak; Nepal and Tibet. South base camp is in Nepal while the north base camp is located in Tibet.
These camps are a rudimentary campsite on Mount Everest that is used by the climbers during the ascent and descent. Normally, south base camp is used for camping while summiting Everest from the southern ridge, while north base camp is used while climbing from the northern ridge in the Tibet.
South base camp
The south base camp is situated in Nepal at an altitude of 5364 meters (17,598 Ft). To reach the south base camp, trekkers usually starts a venture from Lukla. From Lukla, following the valley of Dudh Koshi, climbers trek upward to Namche Bazaar, 3440 meters.
Continuing the trek, the trekkers reach Dingboche, Gorakshep, Kala Patthar and finally to the Everest base camp. It takes almost 10 days for the trekkers to reach South base camp. The trek is obviously tiring, however, once one reaches the lap of the Mighty Everest, all the hard feelings vanish giving the divine feeling for the trekkers.
The south base camp is slightly at a higher altitude than the north base camp, so the prior trekking experience in the high altitude region is preferable. However, one can go without prior experience, but more care should be given to the acclimatization process.
North Base Camps
North Base Camp is located in the Tibet, China at an altitude of 5150 meters (16900 ft). In order to embark on a trip to North Base Camp, one need to take permit from the Chinese Government on top of permit required to visit Tibet.
However, one the permits are approved, the travelers are approached Base Camp via some historic routes, pioneered by Mallory and Irvine. The visit to North Base camp lets you have plenty of opportunities to explore the rich culture of Tibet, Lhasa and other towns as trekkers pass through the journey.
Either of the two camps is located just below the summit making is the lap of the Mighty Everest making these the perfect spot to view the Everest right above the eyes. Camping on these sites lets you feel mesmerized and out of the world.
Apart from that, the feeling of being on the lap of the Everest is something that you get once in a lifetime. So, pack your bags and embark on this amazing trek. You are sure to have divine feeling one you reach the Everest base camp and stare at the peak of the Everest.
Remaining is …