Find here some 100 Mount Everest Facts. As we all know that Mount Everest is located in Nepal. That is why Nepal is also known as the land of Mount Everest. Sagarmatha is the Nepali name of Mount Everest. Besides that there more interesting facts about Mt. Everest.
Mount Everest Nepal or China Border. So, what countries are mt Everest in? Of course, Nepal landlocked country located in South Asia. Let’s have closer looks.
100 Mount Everest Facts – Some Facts About Mt Everest Are Unbelievable
That Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world, and 29,002 feet in height, everybody knows. Nepal is south Asian country where the Mt. Everest is situated in the northern part of Nepal. Only one indication was there of the fire that all the time was burning within. A question had arisen about the inclusion of a certain other climber in the party. “described in the book of THE EPIC OF MOUNT EVEREST.
There are 3 regions in Nepal. The Himalayas, Hills, and Terai. The Himalayan region lies to the northern part of the country and covers the mountainous area. The altitude ranges between 4,877 meters to 8.848 meters above sea level.
This region also consists of a large number of magnificent snow-covered mountains including the highest and third highest peaks in the world. Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga respectively. The region covers 15% of the total land area of the country. However, only about 2% of the land is arable. There are many pastures, gorges, passes, small lakes, glaciers, and falls.
Almost all the big rivers running through the country originate from this region. The Himalayan region is also suitable for animal rearing and tourism. Because of its geographical situation and climatic conditions, this region has a very low density of population.
According to the census of 2011, this region accommodates 6.73% population of Nepal but at a decreasing rate. So, where is mt Everest located in what country? Or which countries border mt Everest? Mt. Sagarmatha is located in the Himalayas region of Nepal, on the border of China.
As we all knew that Mt Everest was first scaled by Edmund Hillary (New Zealand) and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa in 1953. Everest, the highest mountain in the world lies in the Mahalangur range of the Himalayas in Solukhumbu district of Nepal. It is an exclusive gift of nature and a symbol of pride and attraction for humans.
Mt. Everest is 8848 m high from the sea level. Originally known as the ‘Peak XV, in 1865 AD, it was renamed as Mt Everest to commemorate (show respect) to the British surveyor Sir George Everest. The question may arise, Why is mt Everest named after? Showing the respect, Peak XV was renamed as Mt Everest.
That is why? In 1956 AD, it was given the Nepali name ‘Sagarmatha’ meaning ‘forehead in the sky’ by Nepali historian Baburam Acharya. It is called ‘Chomo Lungma’ (goddess mother) in Tibetan. It was successfully climbed for the first time on 29 May 1953 by New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary and Nepali Sherpa Tenzing Norgay.
Until 2003 AD, within 50 years of the first successful ascent, over 1200 people have successfully reached the peak of the mountain. It continues to remain one of the most famous adventurous destinations for people from around the globe.
About Mount Everest
Like all the mountains, local people were the first to discover it. Mount Everest, also known as Sagarmatha is world’s tallest mountain of 8848m height. The summit is the border of Nepal to the south and China or Tibet on the north. It is about 60 million years old. It was formed by the movement of the Indian tectonic plate formed against Asian plate.
It consists of different types of shale, limestone, and marble. The rocky summit is covered with deep snow all year long. The amazing fact about Mt. Everest is that it grows about a quarter of an inch every year. The wind can blow over 200mph and has the temperature of -80F. It can also be very hot with temperatures over 100F through which climbers go through to reach the summit.
No one knew that Everest was the highest mountain in the world until 1856 when the Great Trigonometric Survey of India established its height. This was not done to find out the highest point on earth. Mahalangur is the Himalayan range where Everest lies.
Khumbu is the other name of Mahalangur Himalayan range. Everest golden jubilee was observed in 14 Baishakh, 2060. On the occasion of Everest golden jubilee, 13 more mountains were opened for climbing.
Nepal Government makes a decision in 2008 AD to start observing 29 May as International Mt. Everest Day in order to heighten the image of the adventure and unique tourism by revealing the importance of Mt. Everest as a source of income.
It is called Chomolungma in Tibet which means it is the mother of the goddess of the universe. It was first attempted in 1921 climbed from the northern side by a British expedition. The first summit was climbed by Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa from Nepal.
They climbed from the south side which was led by Colonel John Hunt. It is noted that people who climb Mount Everest have found litters and wastes such as equipment, ropes, bottles. The bodies of the climbers who die on the way are left behind on the surface of the mountain. It is estimated that Everest has about 50 tons of waste.
Thus it is also called the dirtiest mountain. Since 1966, at least one climbers have died on the mountain except for 1967. The causes of death may be suffocation, fatigue, and even starvation. There is an estimation of nearly 200 bodies at the Everest. The bodies have not been brought to the base because of the poor accessibility to transport and extreme weather.
What can a child at the age of 13 do? Probably become busy fighting over chocolates and doing home works. But a brave boy named Jordon Romero got attention from the whole world by becoming the youngest person to climb Mount Everest at the age of 13.
Now let’s talk about the ones who think of retirement at the age of 60. But another brave man named Yuichiro Miura became the oldest person to climb Everest at the age of 80. The Everest has the highest freezing point. The temperature on Everest never goes above the freezing point.
During summer, the average temperature is 19C and in winter it is minus 36C. The atmospheric pressure at the top is very high so you can only breathe one – third of the total oxygen at normal elevations.
On August 10, 1980, Reinhold Messner became the first and only one to climb the mountain without any supplemental oxygen. Many people claim that it is impossible to climb without the help of oxygen. But it shocked the world and become a remarkable fact to Messner and the world itself.
Messner is also the first climber to ascend fourteen of the world’s eight-thousanders which are mountain peak that reaches 8000m or more above sea level. Believe it or not but there is a weak cell phone signal on the summit.
This allowed for the first tweet to be sent by the hiker named Canton Cool in 2011. It read “Ever summit no.9, first tweet from the top of the world.” Two years later the first phone call was made from its peak.
The wind can blow over 200mph. A number of this magnitude when dealing with wind speed is also incomprehensible to understand. It is impossible to live through but a man named Babu Sherpa holds the record for longest time spent on the summit in 1999.
He spent 21 hours in the freezing cold on top of the largest land mass on the planet. There are various ways to descent from the summit but in 2007, Bear Grylls the youngest British climber to reach the summit used a powered paraglider to fly over the peak. Various other ways are also used to descend from the mountain which includes snowboarding and skiing.
Mount Everest just like how tall it stands on the motherland, Nepal has made every Nepalese proud of their country. It stands tall and immovable as the tallest mountain on earth. Tourism has been fostered and still being increasing the revenue of Nepal’s economy.
Several conflicts have been faced on the context where Mount Everest stands – in Nepal or India. But no matter how much problems have been faced, it is concluded that Mount Everest stands high as its name on Nepal.
Where is Mt. Everest Base Camp?
Mount Everest, also popularly known as Sagarmatha to Nepalese and Chomolungma to Tibetans, is the world’s most renowned mountain of all. Its breathtaking beauty and the spectacular view have attracted thousands of nature lovers from all around the world.
While most people dream of getting to the top of the mountain, for some, the final destination is the Everest Base Camp, the lap of the majestic mountain. These camps are the campsite on Mount Everest that is used by climbers during ascent and descent in the Everest.
If you are trying to embark on a trip to Everest Base Camp but don’t know where exactly it is, here is the brief idea regarding where the Everest base camp is located.
There are two Base Camps of Everest; North base camp and the South base camp. These two base camps are located in Tibet and Nepal respectively. The altitude of the two base camps differs and it is equally difficult to reach these base camps.
South Base Camp
South Base Camp is located in Nepal. At an altitude of 5364 Meters or 17598 ft above the sea level, this campsite is for the trekkers who embark on the trek to Everest from Nepal rather than from Tibet, China. The place where this base camp is located is also known as Khumjung.
In order to reach this site, visitors have to start trekking from Lukla, the gateway to Everest base camp. From Lukla, continuous trek following the valley of Dudh Kosh leads the trekkers to different villages like Namche Bazaar, Dingboche, GOrekshep, Kala Patthar and finally to South Base Camp. Being on the lap of Mount Everest is definitely a divine feeling for all.
In the southern ridge, above the Base Camp, there are many other campsites named camp I (6065 meters), camp II (6500 m), camp III (7470 me) and camp IV (7920). The climbers use these campsites for acclimatization and rest.
North Base Camp
North Base Camp is located in Tibet, China. This camp is for the trekkers who ascend or descend the Everest via Tibet, rather than from Nepal. This camp is situated at an altitude of 5,150 meters or 16900 ft above the sea level.
It is quite difficult to get to this camp as travelers require a permit from the Chinese government. However, once the permits are granted, the travelers reach the camp crossing different villages while internalizing the unique culture and nature of Tibet.
In the Northern ridge, above base camps there are six other campsites, Camp I ( 5180 m), Camp II (6100 m), camp III (6500 m), camp IV (7010 m), camp V (7775 m) and camp VI (8510 m) where climbers rest during ascend and descend.
All in all, the Everest has two major base camps in each country, Nepal, and China. However, there are many other camping sites in the Everest where the travelers rest and acclimatize during their ascend and descend in the Everest.
Why is it named “Mount Everest”?
Nepal is known for its magnificent Himalayan ranges. Among the 10 highest peaks in the world, 8 lies in the Himalayan ranges of Nepal, making it a paradise for the mountain lovers.
The earth’s highest mountain, Mount Everest, also known as Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in China, is the by far most popular of all the Himalayas in the world and the world know it as “Mount Everest”. However, have you ever wondered how and why the world’s most beautiful and gigantic mountain is called “Mount Everest”?
Have you ever thought to find out the history behind the naming of the Magnificant Mountain? If you have, here is a brief history behind the naming of the mountain.
Before the discovery of Mt. Everest, Mount Kanchanjanga was considered as the highest peak of the world. However, back in the Eighteenth century, the British began the Great Trigonometric Survey of India in order to fix the locations, heights, and names of the world’s highest mountain.
Starting from southern India, the survey teams moved northward towards Nepal. Spanning several decades, the surveyors discovered a stupendous snowy mass. The mass was initially named Gamma and then successively changed to Peak B in 1847.
Later, the surveyors suspected that Peak B could be the highest peak in the world, even higher than Mount Kanchenjunga. After several more measurements over the next few years, the height of the mountain was confirmed and it was renamed as Peak XV.
After a delay of few years to double check the measurements, the British surveyors proclaimed the authorized height of Peak XV to be 8839 M in 1856 and renamed Peak XV as Mount Everest.
However, there were several misunderstanding regarding the name as it had different local names. In order to rule out such misunderstandings, The Royal Geographic society claimed the official name “Mount Everest” in 1865. The naming of the mountain was done on the recommendation of Mr. Waugh. Mr. Wayes was the British Surveyor General.
Andrew Waugh recommended naming the mountain after Sir George Everest as Waugh was Mr. Everest’s successor in the post of Surveyor General.
It was Sir Geroge Everest who actually located the mountain ‘later called Mount Everest’ and in order to honor him, British formally named the mountain Mt. Everest after Sir George Everest although it was already being called Chomolungma by the Tibetans and Sagarmatha by the Nepalese. Despite Sir George’s objection, the mountain was named after him for his honor.
Hence, over the years, the mountain was called by several names. Nevertheless, the Name Mount Everest continues to gain the attraction of the world and get recognized by all.
The world knows it by the name of Mount Everest and is regarded as the symbol of Nepal as well. Every year thousands of Mountain lovers embark on the trek to the Everest region just to have a glance of the world’s most gigantic mountain.
Interesting Facts about Mount Everest
1. The world’s highest peak in the earth is Mount Everest.
2. The highest peak of the world is 8848 meters (29,029 ft) from the sea level.
3. Initially, Mount Everest is called Peak XV.
4. ‘Mount Everest is the third pole of the world’ is named by Michael Karga.
5. In 1865, Mount Everest is named after the name of the British surveyor George Everest.
See Also: 5 Reasons for Naming Mount Everest
6. In 1956, the history Shiromani Baburam Acharya has given the name ‘Sagarmatha’ to Mount Everest in the Nepali language.
7. Mount Everest is called Chomolungma in the Chinese language.
8. Who named mount Everest? And who mount Everest named after? The name ‘Peak XV’ should be replaced and named as Mount Everest in the name of British Surveyor George Everest’ is recommended by Everest surveyor, Andrew.
9. Where is mt Everest located in what country? Or which state is mt Everest in? The highest peak Mount Everest is located in Khumjung VDC Ward. 4 of Sholukhumbhu districts of Nepal.
10. Everest base camp is in 5, 356 meters of above sea level.
11. Where mtEverestt is located on a map? Everest is located in the 27°59′17″N North Latitude and 86°55′31″E in the East Longitude.
12. The first successful ascent team of Mount Everest is British India Mount Everest Expedition team.
13. Everest Day is celebrated every year on May 29.
14. When was mount Everest first climbed? And who climbed Mt Everest first? First Ascent in the Mount Everest is Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay on the 29 May 1953.
Among them, the highest peak of the world, Mt. Everest (8848 m) and the third highest peak Kanchanjungha (8586 m) lie in this country. These peaks rest on mighty and magnificent teeth-shaped mountain ranges like Mahalangur. Kumbhakarna.
Annapurna, and Dhaulagiri. The ‘Tilicho Tal’. a large lake in Manang district is at the highest altitude (4,919 m) in the world. Similarly, Suligaudha is the highest altitude fall and Lukla is the highest pass. The deepest gorge in the world is ‘Dana’ of the Kali Gandaki river.
At one point the river bed is 5,500 meters below the neighboring summits of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri. Similarly, the Arun valley, which lies between the summits of Mt. Everest and Kanchenjunga, is the deepest valley in the world. Dudh Kunda is the highest kunda and Simikot is the highest headquarters. So, Marsalkurj has rightly called Nepal the ‘Third pole’ in 1933.
15. Babuchhiri Sherpa, one who set three records of Everest climbing die in 16 Baishakh, 2058 (by slipping off the snow).
16. Babuchhiri Sherpa set a record by spending 21 hours at the summit of Mt Everest without using oxygen.
17. American mountaineer Erik Weihenmayer (2001 AD) is the first blind to scale Mt Everest.
18. Jordon Romaro, USA (At 13) is the youngest person to climb Mt. Everest.
19. There are 326 peaks have been opened now by the government for
20. Aappa Sherpa (21 times as of 11 May 2011) is the mountaineer to have reached the top of Mt Everest for the most times.
21. Lhakpa Sherpa (6 times) is the woman mountaineer to have reached the top of Mt. Everest for the most times.
22. Angchhiring Sherpa is the first Nepali journalist to reach the summit of Mt Everest.
23. America’s Garry John Giller is the one-hand man who made a successful attempt of Everest
24. Nawang Sherpa is the first disabled to reach the top of Mt Everest.
25. Pemba Dorje Sherpa and Moni Mulepati (16 Jeth, 2062) are the first couples to get married at the top of Mt Everest.
26. Henilore Smij (Germany), 2 Oct 1979 is the fourth successful woman climber of Mt Everest.
27. Bechendri Paal (India) 23 May 1984 is the fifth successful woman climber of Mt Everest.
28. Lopsang Norbu Sherpa climbed Mt Everest in Nepali national uniform laweda
29. Which city is mt Everest in? There is no city around the Everest. Khumbu VDC- 4, Solukhumbu got the highest peak in the world, Mt Everest.
30. Mt Everest is called Zhumulangma (goddess mother) in Chinese, Mitiguti Chapulungma is it called in Tibetan.
31. Angrita Sherpa is known as ‘Snow Leopard’ (Him Chituwa)”.
32. Tenzing Norgay Sherpa is known as ‘Tiger of Snow’?
33. Among Brahmins Anil Bhattarai, Taplejung (21 Jeth, 2062) reached the summit of Mt Everest for the first time.
34. Jame Vatanabe, Japan (73 years), 19 May 2012 is the eldest woman climber of Mt Everest.
35. America’s Professor Tom Whittaker is the first disabled mountaineer (using an artificial leg) to reach the top of Mt Everest.
36. Namche Bazaar is known as the gateway to Mt Everest.
37. Mt Everest is known as Pandhraun Chuli (15th peak) earlier before it was called ‘Mt Everest’ in Nepali.
38. Narayan Shrestha is the first person to climb Mt Everest from among “Newars.
39. Aang Furwa Sherpa (2045 BS) is the first mountaineer who went across (traversed) the peak of Mt Everest.
40. 5356 m is the altitude of the base camp of Mt Everest.
41. Surveyor Andrew recommended that ‘Sagarmatha’ should be named as Mt Everest after British surveyor George Everest.
42. Everest named so from its earlier name ’15th Peak’ in 1865 AD.
43. Itihas Shiromani Baburam Acharya (1956 AD) named Mt Everest as ‘Sagarmatha’ (forehead in the sky).
44. Sonam Chhiring Sherpa is known as ‘Him Sardar1 (Snow Leader).
45. Mt Everest Day is observed on 29 May.
46. Karbir Budhathoki is the first Nepali to reach the highest altitude of Mt Everest.
47. During Fifth expeditions of mountaineering could the Mountaineers reach the summit of Mt Everest.
48. Most people climbed Mt. Everest in 1988 AD (200 people).
49. Babuchhiri Sherpa is known as ‘Himtara’ (Snow Star) in the field of Everest
50. Before Mt Everest, Chimborazo, 6310 m (Ecuador) was considered the highest in the