Tihar 2020 | 2077 – 14 Importance of Tihar Festival in Nepal

Tihar 2020 | 2077 – 14 Importance of Tihar Festival in Nepal


The importance of Tihar festival in Nepal: Tihar, the festival of lights marks the victory of good over bad and is the most widely celebrated festival in Nepal. Also, Tihar is called the Festival of Lights, Diwali or Sukhrantri, Deepavali or Diwali is spread across 5 days in various regions of the country. This year 2020, the main Tihar festival falls on 30 October or Kartik 14, 2077 BS.

Nepal is a multi-lingual and multi-cultural country. So, the people do observe multi-dozen feasts and festivals. Out of them, Dipawali is the prime one national festival. It does generally fall at the end of October.

The Nepali pageant Tihar is additionally well-known by several names akin to Dipawali or Bhai Tika or Laxmi Puja or as a pageant of lights. it’s a five-days pageant, that comes presently once the Dashain pageant, and Tihar is all concerning go to of various animals akin to crow, dog, cow, and go to of the Hindu immortal of Fortune or Wealth (Goddess Laxmi), and cookery nice meals reception, brothers and sisters buying gifts, flying kites, decorating homes and streets, taking part in cards with friends, resting and quiet, and eventually ending the pageant with associate degree exchange of a special temporary mark on forehead (tika in Nepali).

The Last Day of the pageant is thought as Tika day or popularly referred to as Bhai Tika day (Bhai in Nepali suggests that Brother). To total up Tihar pageant, Tihar is that the pageant once sisters want a protracted life to their brothers (Bhai)!

Tihar may be a pageant for brothers and sisters, however, what if you’re a brother while not a sister or a sister while not a brother. Well, you’ll be able to create one by accepting somebody about to you in your relatives. If nothing works, you discover one of your friends and neighbors, it becomes nearly as if it had been real. Whomever you created your sister or brother remains thus for keeps, and every year this pageant makes your bond stronger. Tihar may be a pageant of sisters wants a protracted life to their brothers, and Tihar is that the most well-liked pageant in Nepal. Thus hold on to your topi (hat), many excitement and fun are coming back at you now!

The crow and therefore the dog is thought to be the envy of the Hindu deity, the God of Death. The primary 2 day observes their worship. On the third day, the cow is worshiped within the morning and Laxmi, the immortal of Wealth is worshiped within the evening with a belief that she would bring fortune to the worshiper.

Ladies keep quick on at the present time and prepare Sel rotis for giving the immortal. Each house, buildings, and temples are graced by the rows of sunshine, sometimes the normal Nepali lamp of twisted cotton wick during a tiny clay bowl of mustard oil. The Last Day of Tihar is named as Bhai Tihar, unremarkably referred to as Bhai Tika. On at the present time, sisters pray for the long and prosperous lifetime of their brothers. It’s believed that a lady referred to as the Yamuna whose brother was sick prayed for his long and healthy life.

When Yama, the God of Death came to require her brother with him, she pleaded for a few time to worship her brother. Hindu deity granted this want to her. Then the woman performed a protracted ceremony for her brother and Hindu deity.

Hindu deities were very happy along with her and secure her to not take her brother’s soul till the offerings of turfgrass and therefore the flowers remained contemporary and unwilled. Because the turf grass and therefore the flowers remained contemporary until consecutive Bhai Tika, Hindu deity granted the boy a protracted life. From then on, the sisters began to worship their brothers for his or her long and healthy life. It’s celebrated with lights, lighting the butter lamp each wherever within the house. Kids and elder get pleasure from fireplace bats go door to door singing Deusi and Bhailo (traditional Tihar song and dance) and luxuriate in the Selroti and Anrasa.

The festival is celebrated for five days. Therefore, it is known as Panchak. Similarly, it is also called the Dipawali or festival of lights, for the entire country is brightly illuminated with multi-colored lights. Lights are the prominent feature of this festival. People keep their houses and surrounding very neat and clean. They decorate their house with flowers, pictures, festoons and keep oil lamps burning at night. Hence, spick and span is another feature of Dipavali.

Happy Tihar 2077: We have posted a compilation of best Tihar Quotes and wishes that can be sent in the form of messages or SMS.

Tihar 2020: Importance of Tihar festival in Nepal

With this onset of the autumn season, i.e. between October and November (Ahshoj and Kartik), Hindu communities people across the Nepal start preparing for the celebrations festivals (Dashain, Tihar, and Chhath Puja) with much enthusiasm. Before the beginning of this prosperous festival, the festival of lights and festival for brothers and sisters, people clean their houses even they are rented in the cities and decorate home with the ceremonial lighting of earthen lamps or Diyos.

Apart from lining up the entire home with beautiful diyos and mainbatti (candles), people burst firecrackers. Worshippers of Mata Lakshmi embellish their houses with lights and flowers like Godavari, Makhmali, arrange for social events around them and distribute sweets among friends and family and on the day of Bhai Tika, the last day of Tihar festival of Nepal, sisters put Tika on the brothers’ forehead and brothers give gift on the returns.

Owing to Nepal’s cultural diversity, the festival gets a distinct regional touch in different regions of the country Nepal.

In south Nepal, Madhesh or Terai people celebrate Deepavali to mark the victory of Lord Ram over demon King Raavan.


Tihar greeting cards

Among the Newari culture, the festival of Tihar holds a special importance. On this day, the new year starts on the Newari culture named Nepal Samvat. On the day of Laxmi Puja, they celebrate Mha Puja or Self-worship. They worship their own body and soul.

In the Madhesh or Terai, the southern part of Nepal, the festival is called Dipavali and Sukhratri in Maithili language and marks the defeat of demon Narakasura. During Tihar festival, Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi are worshiped.

Another major reason to celebrate Tihar festival in Nepal is harvesting cereals. The festival also holds a special importance to farmers across the agriculture-based country like Nepal. Tihar marks the end of the harvest season, which is why the farmers celebrate it.

Not only in inside the country Nepal, but also Nepali Hindus outside the country to celebrate the Tihar with much fanfare.

India, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, America, Britain, the Caribbean and Fiji islands are among a few nations that celebrate Tihar.

So, Tihar is the festival of light and colors. We celebrate it after Dashain. It is celebrated in India, Assam, Sikkim, Darjeeling also. The Indians refers Tihar as dipawali which holds the same meaning as Tihar.The festival is celebrated from Trayodashi of Kartik Krishna to Kartik Shukla Dwitiya every year. The Tihar is a five-day festive which is celebrated through use of lights and candles. The people lit the ‘diyos’ outside of their house so that the house is filled with lights.

Tihar not only holds a significance to the humans and to the Gods but also to the animals. The animals such as dogs, cows, cows are worshipped and thanked for the service they have given to us. People also use colors and draws a pattern using wheat powder, rice powders, and colors. This is called ‘Rangoli’.Such symbolizes the entry of Gods to their houses for prosperity and happiness.

Importance of Tihar Festival in Nepal

1. Story and legends behind Bhai Tika

A legend has it that while performing ‘sibling love’ the delivery person of Yama Raj came to gather the spirit of the man experiencing ‘sibling adore’, as the lifetime of the man has lapsed in the human world. Be that as it may, a sister performing ‘sibling venerate’ has asked for the errand person to hold up until the point that she finishes the ‘sibling adore’.

The keen sister welcomed the dispatcher to sit alongside the sibling and get the respect of ‘sibling venerate’. The sister did ‘sibling adore’ so well to the dispatcher that he turned out to be exceptionally satisfied with her and asked her anything she wished to have as a blessing. The insightful sister approached the errand person for a long existence of her sibling. In this manner, she spared the life of her sibling.

Another anecdote about how the ‘sibling venerates’ has begun is that Yama Raj has five days off, as Lord Vishnu gave the shelter of decision the three universes for five days to Bali Raja. Ruler Vishnu has deceived Bali Raja to go to a desolate dull world for his exemplary demonstration that has shack the sublime kingdom of Lord Indra. Along these lines, Lord Vishnu has allowed him to run each of the three Hindu universes for five days notwithstanding conceding to guarding Bali Raja for four months. Yamaraj’s reality is one of the three universes.

Thus, he went to visit his sister, as he has not gone by her for quite a while. Seeing her sibling, Yama Raj, sister Yamuna turned out to be so glad, she didn’t know how to welcome the sibling who has gone by after such quite a while. Along these lines, she did each conceivable thing to keep her sibling Yama Raj glad for five days. On the most recent day, before backpedaling to his reality, Yama Raj made the introduction of an exceptional blessing to his sister as a byproduct of her accommodation. We trust that she has set the custom of ‘sibling adore.’

Thus, we call the five days of ‘Tihar’ as ‘Yama Pancak’ implies the five days of Yama Raj. On these five days, we do everything workable for keeping Yama Raj glad, as Yama Raj will judge our indecencies and ideals after our passing, and treat our souls in like manner.

The religious occasions that generally imply Nepali Deepawali are recorded underneath:

  1. Tihar is viewed as Yama Panchak meaning five-day time of Yama (God of Death).
  2. Goddess Laxmi
  3. Legend of King Bali
  4. Master Krishna and Govardhana
  5. Master Krishna/Subhadra and Yama/Yamuna
  6. Festivity of Lord Rama’s arrival to Ayodhya

The five-day festive is listed below:

  • The first day is kagh puja – crow worshipping.
  • The second day is kukur puja – dog worshipping.
  • The third day is Gai Tihar
  • The fourth day is Gobardhan Pujā
  • The last and fifth day is called Bhai Tika.

Here is a short account of the significance and importance of the 5 days of Tihar:

2. Crow Puja 2020: Importance of Crow Puja in Nepal

The primary day of the celebration is called Kaag Tihar. The first day of the festival is called the Crow festival. The first day is commonly called Crow Puja or Kag Puja, Kag Tihar, the festival of the cow, and is celebrated mostly in Hill and mountain region of Nepal.

Crows and ravens are worshiped by offerings of desserts and dishes set on the tops of houses. The cawing of crows and ravens symbolizes misery and pain in Hinduism, so lovers offer crows and ravens sustenance to deflect despondency and demise in their homes. Tihar among Gorkhas speaks to the perfect connection amongst people and different creatures.


  • – Crow is implied as a detachment of death or courier of Yama.
  • – Attachment amongst people and winged creatures
  • – There is a legend that the Yamuna needed to meet her twin sibling Yama and she sends crow as a first emissary to Yama.
kag tihar crow puja festival dipawali picture nepali parva

a man is feeding cereals to a crow in kag Tihar festival

So, The first day of the Tihar is called kag puja. This day all the crows are worshipped by giving the cooked food to eat before anybody in the family eats their meal.  Crows are regarded as ravens that are worshipped by offering them sweets and also the prepared dishes. It is difficult for them to directly worship them. Thus the foods are placed on the top of their houses. The cawing of crows is regarded as sadness and grief. Thus people worship them to avoid death and grief in the house.

3. Dog Puja 2020: Importance of Dog Puja in Nepal

dog kukur puja tihar festival worship

a dog is worshiped in kukur Tihar (dog puja day)

Similarly, on the second day, known as Dog festival, people worship the dogs. The Second day is called Dog Puja or Kukur Pooja. For several Hindus, the festival begins with Dog Puja. On this day, people worship the dog as Vehicle of God. The main importance of Dog Puja in Nepal is the giving thanks to dogs, supposed the vehicle of God and guard of the home in every moment. They safeguard our houses and properties. They are really faithful animals. So, people put Tika in the dogs’ forehead and garland around their neck. They also give them food to eat. Those who have no pet dogs at home also worship the street dogs on this day.

Yes, the second day of Tihar is called Kukur Tihar (love of the dogs). It is additionally called the Khicha Puja by the Newars. Dogs, which are accepted to be couriers of Lord Yamaraj, the God of Death, are worshiped once every year on this day. Individuals offer wreaths, tika and delectable sustenance to dogs and recognize the appreciated connection amongst people and dogs. This day is additionally seen as Naraka Chaturdashi.

The second day of Tihar is called kukur puja. This day is all about worshipping the dog and the service it has given to protect us and our houses. They are offered foods to eat and garland are tied around their neck along with tikas. The puja is done to cherish the relationship that the dog and the human being shares along their respective lifetime.


  • – It is trusted that dogs can detect the passing of somebody and also sense jeopardizes.
  • – After crow, it is said that the Yamuna sent dog as her agent to Yama.
  • – Attachment amongst people and dogs.
  • – In epic Mahabharata, a dog takes after Pandavas amid their adventure to death and later the dog uncovers himself as Yama. In this way, some speak to the dog itself as Yama.

4. Laxmi Puja 2077 (2020) – go to Cows/eternality Laxmi – Importance of Laxmi Puja in Nepal

Goddess Laxmi Lakshami Mata HD Wallpaper Pictures Photos Images for Happy Tihar, Diwali Dipavali

Goddess Lakshmi Mata Photos

Similarly, the third day of the festival is Laxmi Pooja. The third day of Tihar festival is called Lakshmi Puja. The 3rd day of the Tihar calendar is called Mahalaxmi Puja.  Goddess Laxmi is worshipped on this day. In this most auspicious day, people take bath in the early morning, take fasting the whole day, and in the evening time they workship the Goddess Laxmi, the Goddess of wealth.

On this daytime, Goddess Lakshmi and the broom and other elements of the home are worshipped. Laxmi is regarded as the goddess of fortune or wealth. So, in the morning people worship cows. Cows are thought as an incarnation of Goddess Laxmi. In the evening, people worship an image or picture of Laxmi and invoke her blessings. Broom is also worshiped because it helps keep the home clean and clear.

People especially the children knock door to door chanting cultural songs and dances called Deusi and Bhailo to collect money for charity or for them. It is believed that people can have a huge pile of wealth if Goddess Laxmi is pleased. So, they keep their houses and surrounding quite neat and clean, keep multi-colored lights to hail Goddess Laxmi. They do have a faith that Goddess Laxmi does not enter until the house is clean. The main importance of Dog Puja in Nepal is that goddess Laxmi is supposed as the goddess of wealth and gives wealth, money, and assets after making her happy.

Yes, the third day is that the most critical of all and is named Laxmi Puja wherever people revere cows. In Hinduism, cow implies success and riches. In prior period people profited bounty from the cow. So on nowadays people demonstrate their appreciation to the cow by garlanding and encouraging the cow with the most straightforward grass. Homes square measure clean and accordingly the entryways and windows square measure enhanced with festoons result of Sayapatri (marigolds) and Makhamali blooms (chrysanthemums).

At night Laxmi, the heavenly nature of riches is expressed gratitude toward for every one of the favorable circumstances that were exhibited on the families by lighting oil lights (Diyo) or candles on entryways and windows to welcome success and prosperity. at the hours of haziness, the ladies favor performing expressions and going by all the homes in the area with melodic instruments singing and performing expressions called Bhaili throughout the night gathering money as a tip from houses and offer the abundance among themselves.

5. Cow Puja 2020: Importance of Cow Puja in Nepal

The main importance of Cow Puja in Nepal is the cow is supposed as the national animal of Nepal and known as goddess Laxmi. Crows are in, cunning birds, yet people hail them at this festival. They opine that they are the angels or messengers who fetch tidings.

Importance of Laxmi Puja

  • – The cow is believed to be a mother in Hinduism, as in sacrosanct composition time moreover as of now people inside the landmass age drinking cow’ drain.
  • – Cow conjointly implies success and riches because of in old sacrosanct written work human progress, the cow was the principal supply of riches for people. Accordingly, the cow is believed to be heavenly nature Laxmi.
  • – It’s trusted that this particular day Laxmi visits to earth. Laxmi is revered.
  • – This day symbol came to Ayodhya when fourteen years.

The third day is done by worshipping the cows which is our national animal. Marigold garlands are prepared and it is used for decorating houses, offices and so on. Goddess Laxmi is considered as Goddess of wealth and prosperity. Thus, Laxmi puja is done at the night time. All the house are decorated with garlands and lights.

A cow eating grass image

A cow eating grass

Rangolis are made at the entrance of the houses which is regarded as welcoming of the God. It is regarded essential to buy utensils as a sign of prosperity. In the evening Laxmi, the goddess of wealth is thanked for the benefits that were given throughout the year. The Diyos and candles are lit on the door and barandas. At night the girls and boys come to play deusi and bhailo. They sing a particular song and hope for the betterment of the people they are singing at. The house owner gives them food and money as a sovereign.


    1. kiran gurung Oct 27, 2016
      • Jitendra Sahayogee Oct 28, 2016

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