Holi – What is Holi & Story, History & Reasons Behind Holi Festival Celebration in Nepal

Holi – What is Holi & Story, History & Reasons Behind Holi Festival Celebration in Nepal

Holi, one of the most prestigious Hindu festivals celebrated all over the world by Hindus, especially in Nepal and India. Holi also called Faghu Purnima in Nepali and the festival of Colour in English is celebrated on the full moon day that falls on the month of Falgun, in between February and March. It is celebrated as the significance of a victory over evil by good. It also signifies the end of the winter and arrival of spring.

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Nowadays, it is also celebrated as the festival of love, joining new relationship and thanksgiving. On this day, people celebrate by playing with different colors, expressing love by throwing colors to others, throwing water, expressing thanks, having fun, dancing in street, visiting the neighbors and starting a new relationship. Children often play with Pichkari to throw water and the Lola, water-filled balloon.

What is Holi

A Hindu celebration, Holi has different legends related to it. The principal is the legend of evil presence King Hiranyakashyap who requested everyone in his kingdom to venerate him however his devout child, Prahlad turned into an aficionado of Lord Vishnu.

Hiranyakashyap needed his child to be executed. He requested that his sister Holika enter a bursting fire with Prahlad in her lap as Holika had help which made him invulnerable to flame.

The story goes that Prahlad was spared by the master himself for his outrageous dedication and insidiousness disapproved of Holika was singed to fiery debris, for her shelter worked just when she entered the fire alone.

Since that time, individuals light a campfire, called Holika on the eve of Holi celebration and praise the triumph of well-finished fiendishness and furthermore the triumph of commitment to god. Kids take unique thoroughly enjoy the convention and this has another legend appended to it.


It says that there was at one time an ogress Dhundhi who used to inconvenience youngsters in the kingdom of Prithu. She was pursued away by kids upon the arrival of Holi. Hence, kids are permitted to play tricks at the season of ‘Holika Dahan’.

Holi, nearby various other Hindu festivals, is recognized in Nepal as a national festival. It is a basic critical comprehensive festival close by Dashain and Tihar (Dipawali). It is commended in the Nepali month of Phagun (same date as Indian Holi) and means the legends of the Hindu god Krishna.

Newar Buddhists and others cherish Saraswati asylum in Vajrayogini havens and recognize the festival with their Hindu companions. Conventional shows are held in numerous urban networks in Nepal, including Kathmandu, Narayangarh, Pokhara, Hetauda, and Dharan, and are conveyed on TV with various hotshot guests.

People walk around their neighborhoods to watch Holi by exchanging tints and showering shaded water on one another. A conspicuous activity is the hurling of water inflatables at one another, every so often called Lola (which implies water swell).

Numerous people mix bhang in their drinks and sustenance, as is in like manner done in the midst of Shivaratri. It is believed that the blend of different tones at this festival removes all trouble and makes life itself more splendid.

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Some additionally commend the demise of underhandedness disapproved of Pootana. The ogress endeavored to Lord Krishna as a baby by bolstering it toxic drain while executing the arrangement of Kansa, Krishna’s fiend uncle. In any case, Krishna sucked her blood and brought her end.

Some who see the root of celebrations from occasional cycles trust that Pootana speaks to winter and her demise the suspension and end of winter.

In South India, individuals venerate Kaamadeva-the divine force of adoration and enthusiasm for his outrageous give up. As indicated by a legend, Kaamadeva shot his effective love bolt on Lord Shiva to renounce his enthusiasm for the common issues in light of a legitimate concern for the earth.

Nonetheless, Lord Shiva was goaded as he was in profound intervention and opened his third eye which lessened Kaamadeva to fiery remains. However, later on, the demand of Rati, Kamadeva’s significant other, Shiva was satisfied to reestablish him back.

It is one of the ancient festivals of Hindu. There are many historical myths associated with this festival. The significance described below will be the perfect reasons why we celebrate this festival:

Holi – What is Holi & Story, History & Reasons Behind Holi Festival Celebration in Nepal

Regardless of being such a colorful and gay festival, there are numerous areas of Holi which makes it so significant for our lives. Though they could not be so obvious a closer look and just a little thought will reveal the importance of Holi in more ways than matches the eyes.

Which range from socio-cultural, spiritual to biological there is certainly every reason we should heartily benefit from the event and cherish the reason for its celebrations.

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So when it’s time for Holi, do not hold yourself back again and revel in the celebration to the hilt by participating with full enthusiasm in each and every small tradition related to the celebration.

1. Vishnu and Prahlada

Holi is celebrated in the honor of Lord Vishnu and his follower Prahlada. There is a historical story related to the King Hiranyakashipu, his son Prahlad, his sister Holika and the Lord Vishnu.

The king was a demon as he was blessed by the five special powers: He could be killed neither by a human nor by the animal, neither at night nor at day, neither indoor nor outdoor, neither by Astra nor by Shastra, not even on land or in water or in the air.

With these five powers, he went arrogant and he ordered everyone only to worship him as the god. However, his son Prahlada disagreed with him and instead he prayed Lord Vishnu.


The king Hiranyakashipu was very rude with his son and he tried a different approach to punishing his son but none of them did any harm to Prahlada. He even tried to kill him but could not.

So, one day, his sister Holika who was immune to fire tricked Prahlada and sat him in her lap in the pyre of fire. Since Holika was immune to fire, she thought that the fire will destroy Prahlada but instead the fire did no harm to him since he was enchanting Lord Vishnu throughout the time while Holika burnt in fire and got ashes.

After that Lord Vishnu appeared in the form of Narshima and killed the demon, King. Since Holika was destroyed, the festival is named after her and celebrated as the victory of God over evil.

2. Krishna Legend

This festival is also associated with Lord Krishna, an incarnation of Vishnu. There is the symbolic myth that Lord Krishna was poised by the demon Putana with her breast milk.

So, Krishna developed dark blue skin in his youth. Many girls even called Gopinis were behind him but his mother didn’t like this. So, he told Krishna to approach Radha. Lord Krishna approached Radha by coloring her face and ever since they became a couple.

So, the festival is celebrated as the color of the festival. It is also associated with Raaslila, a divine dance staged by Krishna for the Gopinis of Vrindavan. It is also believed that Krishna used to play Holi with his friends in Vrindavan with colors.

They used to prank the villagers, throw colors to the Gopinis, break the water pots of the Gopinis and made this festival to celebrate all over the community. So, this festival has become popular from that day on.

3. Lord Shiva

This festival is also associated with Lord Shiva. There is saying that Lord Shiva was deep in his yoga and meditation. Goddess Parvati wanted to bring him back but she could not do anything. So, she went to The Kama, a God of love to seek help.

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The Kama throws arrows to Lord Shiva but The Shiva opens his third eye and destroys the Kama. Then, both Kama’s wife Rati and Parvati were angered. So, Rati performs meditation for forty days. Lord Shiva becomes happy and restores her Husband, Kama. Ever since Holi is celebrated as the festival of love or the return of God of Love.

4. Ruler Krishna and Radha

Ruler Krishna was over and again grumbling his mom Asodha that all his young lady companions were prodding him saying Black One (Kale). Also, ask her, “Why he was dull when everything of his young lady companions (Gopinis including Radha) was reasonable?”

Yashodha gave Krishna diverse hues and requesting that he toss it on Gopinis’ faces so they would look dim as well. Krishna took hues and tossed it on Gopinis. Gopinies were enamored with Krishna so they cherished shading amusement and delighted in it. From that time Holi has been praised.

5. Passing of Holika

It is said Holi is the day when Holika has kicked the bucket. It is festivity of her passing.

Praladh was a child of Hiranyakasyapu, a devil who began supposing he was just the Lord in this Universe. Praladh progressed toward becoming an enthusiast of Lord Vishnu, while Hiranyakashyapu needed all to love him as it were. Hiranyakashyapu needed to convince his child with different tries, yet fizzled. Praladh never quit venerating Lord Vishnu.

There is a convention of making Hay Holika and consume it on the Holi.

6. Krishna and Draupadi

It is said Holi is celebrated to recollect the affection to Krishna to Draupadi when he ensured her when the Kaurav did her Chir Haran. Kauravas were pulling her Sari. Master Krishna made the sari perpetual. Ruler Krishna spared Draupadi and this day is commended as Holi.


7. Dhundi and young men

Once in the kingdom of Prithu, a frightful ogress named Dhundhi began offering inconvenience to youngsters. She was honored by Lord Shiva that she would not be slaughtered by divine beings, men not hurt by any weapon not influenced by warm, cool, snow or rain. These aids made her practically invulnerable.

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In any case, because of a scourge of Lord Shiva, she was not all that resistant to the tricks and misuse of young men. The ruler Raghu could organize some young men and request that they accomplish something that should irritate that ogress should leave the kingdom until the end of time. The young men upon the arrival of Fagun Purnima gathered woods put discharge on it.

They began moving and talking insane. They got minimally inebriated on bhang and pursued Dhundi to the visitor of the kingdom by pounding drums, influencing uproarious to clamor, yelling obscenities and disparaging her and kept doing this until the point that she cleared out the place forever. It is said a similar custom is preceded and individuals take some bhang in this day, consuming fire and move, and play drums and jokes.

8. Cultural significance

Holi has also of cultural significance. Especially on this day, people forget the past errors, conflicts, anger and start a new relationship. This festival brings happiness in the relationship and one can forgive on this festival through the colors. It is the festivals to say goodbyes to all the past anger, guilt and sadness.

This festival also helps to start a new relationship and make new friends since on this day people go to the door to door to celebrate the festival of colors with their neighbors. It is also celebrated as the end of winter and the beginning of the spring.

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Holi is the oldest festival of Hindu and it is supposed to be started before the birth of Christ. There has been different verdicts and myths as mentioned above included in the famous Hindu religious books like Jaimini Purvamimamsa  Sutras and Kathaka Grhya Sutra.

In the past days, Holi colors were made from the flowers of Tesu or Palash. It is also called Gulal. The colors made from them were very good to the skin and they had a pleasant smell too. No chemicals were mixed. But nowadays, since there are various chemical mixed in the colors, so these colors are being harmful to human skin.

Most of the people, therefore, are not willing to play this festival. The definition of color has been changed to the present generation. We can see that many kids and youth are using the harmful colors in their face and body in the name of Holi which may be vital to their health.

9. Mythological Significance

Holi gets us near to our religious beliefs and our mythology as it is actually the celebration of varied legends from the festival.

Foremost is the legend of Hiranyakshyap and Prahlad. There once lived a very powerful king who considered himself as god and wanted everybody to worship him.

To his great ire, his son, Prahlad started to worship, Lord Vishnu. To eliminate his son, Hiranyakshyap asked his sister, Holika to get into a blazing open fire with Prahlad in her lap, as she experienced a benefit to get into fireplace unscathed.

Legend has it that Prahlad was preserved for his extreme devotion for god, the father while Holika paid a cost on her behalf sinister desire. The custom of burning up Holika or the ‘Holika Dahan’ comes mainly out of this legend.

Holi also celebrates the legend of Radha and Krishna which describes the extreme pleasure, Krishna took in applying color on Radha and other gopis. This prank of Krishna later became a pattern and an integral part of the Holi festivities.

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Mythology also says that Holi is the special event of loss of life of Ogress Pootana who tried to kill the baby, Krishna by feeding poisonous dairy to it.

Another legend of Holi which is incredibly popular in Southern India is that of Lord Shiva and Kaamadeva. Based on the legend, people in south celebrate the sacrifice of Lord of Enthusiasm Kaamadeva who risked his life to revoke Lord Shiva from yoga and save the world.

Also, popular is the legend of Ogress Dhundhi who used to troubled children in the kingdom of Raghu and was eventually chased away by the pranks of the kids on your day of Holi. Displaying their perception in the legend, children till day play pranks and hurl abuses during Holika Dahan.

10. Cultural Significance

A celebration of the many legends associated with Holi reassure the folks of the energy of the reality as the moral of most these legends is the best triumph of good over evil. The legend of Hiranyakashyap and Prahlad also factors to the actual fact that extreme devotion to god pays as god always requires his true devotee in his shelter.

Each one of these legends helps the visitors to follow a good carry out in their lives and have confidence in the virtue to be truthful. That is vitally important in the present day culture when more and more people vacation resort to evil methods for small benefits and torture person who is honest.

Holi helps the visitors to have confidence in the virtue to be truthful and honest and to battle away from the evil.

Besides, Holi is celebrated at the same time of the entire year when the areas are completely blooming and folks expect a good harvest. Thus giving people reason to rejoice, make merry and submerge themselves in the soul of Holi.

11. Social Significance

Holi really helps to bring the culture together and fortify the secular fabric of our country. For, the event is celebrated by non-Hindus also as everyone like to become a part of such a colorful and joyous celebration.

Also, the tradition of the Holi is that even the enemies change friends on Holi and forget any feeling of hardship which may be present. Besides, upon this day people do not differentiate between your wealthy and poor and everyone celebrates the event as well as a soul of bonhomie and brotherhood.

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At night people visit friends and relatives and exchange gifts, greetings, and sweets. This can help in revitalizing associations and strengthening psychological bonds between people.

12. Biological Significance

It really is interesting to notice that the celebration of Holi is significant for our lives and body in a great many other ways than providing pleasure and fun.

We also have to thank our forefathers who started the pattern of celebrating Holi at such a scientifically accurate time. And, also for incorporating so much fun in the event.

Need for Holi As Holi comes at the same time of the entire year when folks have an inclination to feel sleepy and lazy. That is natural for your body to encounters some tardiness because of differing from the chilly to heat in the atmosphere.

To counteract this tardiness of your body, people sing loudly or speak loudly even. Their motions are brisk and their music is noisy. All this really helps to rejuvenate the machine of the body.

Besides, the colors when sprayed on your body have a great effect on it. Biologists believe the liquid dye or Abeer penetrates your body and enters into the pores. It gets the aftereffect of conditioning the ions in the torso and provides health insurance and beauty to it.

There is another scientific reason behind celebrating the Holi, this, however, concerns the custom of Holika Dahan. The mutation amount of winter and springtime induces the development of bacteria in the atmosphere as well as in the torso.

When Holika is burnt, temperature increases to about 145 levels Fahrenheit. Following a custom when people perform Parikrama (circumambulation or on offer) round the open fire, heat from the fireplace kills the bacteria in the torso thus, cleansing it.

Just how Holi is celebrated in the south, the festival promotes good health. For, your day after the burning up of Holika people put ash (Vibhuti) on the forehead plus they would blend Chandan (sandal paste) with the young leaves and flowers of the Mango tree and consume it to market good health.

Some also think that play with colors help promote good health as colors are thought to have a great effect on the body and our health and wellness. Western-Physicians and doctors think that for a healthy body, colors too come with an important place aside from the other essential elements.

The scarcity of a particular color inside our body causes the condition, which may be healed only after supplementing your body with that one color.

People also clean-up their homes on Holi which assists with unscrambling the dirt and mess inside your home and be rid of mosquitoes as well as others pests. A clean house generally makes the residents feel great and create positive energies.

There are different colors associated with our emotions and feelings. Anger is associated with red, envy with green, happiness and vibrancy with yellowish, love with red, vastness with blue, tranquility with white, sacrifice with saffron, and knowledge with violet.

Each individual is a fountain of colors that continue to keep changing its hue. If your daily life is similar to Holi, where each color clearly is seen, that adds attraction to your life then. Balance in variety makes life vibrant, joyful, and more multi-colored.

13. Spiritual significance

This festival of color fills us with a lot of energy and enthusiasm. Since we know, we get a chance, to experience happiness and connection with our near & dear ones during this time.

This event provides us, an occasion, to express each of our feelings of love & good wants. Just like others do to us. Of course over & above all this, we all know, additionally it is a celebration of colors, which we apply on one & all.