Role of Commercial banks in Entrepreneurship Development
Banks that are established to accept deposits and grant loans to industries, individuals and traders for the purpose of making profits are known as commercial banks. Commercial banks are so popular today that we understand commercial banks simply by calling banks.
Commercial banks are established as the joint-stock company. The establishment of commercial banks is to accept as deposit the unused amount of a type of client and to promote another type of client to use the said amount as a loan. Provides long, medium and short term loans.
Commercial banks work as a bridge between the purchase and sale of capital so that it does not allow capital shortages on both sides. It is so popular in the world because it accepts deposits from customers who have more unused amounts and provides capital to those who wish to perform productive work in terms of loans.
Banks provide for the sale of shares and obligations. Thus, business houses and manufacturers can obtain fixed capital with the help of banks. There are banks known as industrial banks, which help the formation of new companies and new industrial companies and provide long-term loans to the manufacturer.
Functions of commercial bank
- Accept deposits; It accepts the scattered and idle saving of public under the current account, savings account and fixed deposit account.
- Provides loan; It provides loan to the public and organizations for specific purpose against the security deposit of gold, silver, and other stock, land, building, shares, and securities of the company. It provides short term, mid-term and long term loan.
- Transfer money; It transfers the amount of public and organizations from one place to another place within the country or outsides of the country or one account to another account with the help of T.T, draft, etc.
- Performs agency functions; It purchases and sells the shares and debentures of the company, collects the income and pays the expenditures, open L.C.
- Exchange Foreign exchange; It exchange foreign currency on the permission of central bank considering the directions provided by central bank time and again.
The banking system can create money. When the business expands, more money is needed for exchange transactions. Money in a country’s legal tender cannot usually be expanded quickly. The bank’s money can be increased quickly and used when more money is needed.
In a developing economy (like that of India), banks play an important role as a provider of money. The banking system facilitates domestic and international trade. A large part of the trade is made on credit. Banks provide references and guarantees, on behalf of their clients, on the basis that sellers can supply goods on credit.
This is particularly important in international trade when the parties reside in different countries and very often are unknown to each other. The trade is also assisted by the granting of loans by discounting bills of exchange and in other ways. Currency transactions (the exchange of one currency for another) are also made through banks. Finally, banks act as advisors, advisors, and agents of business and industrial organizations. They help the development of commerce and industry.
Entrepreneurship is the process of creating your own business, different from any other economic activity, whether in employment or in the practice of a profession. The person who establishes his business is called an entrepreneur. Entrepreneurship is influenced by four different factors: economic development, culture, technological development, and education.
In areas where these factors are present, you can expect solid and steady business growth. These conditions can have both positive and negative influences on the emergence of entrepreneurship. Positive influences are facilitating conditions conducive to the emergence of the entrepreneurial spirit, while negative influences create an inhibiting environment for the emergence of entrepreneurship.
Banks play an important role in the development of entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs do not necessarily come from solid financial backgrounds. They always need initial loans with reasonable interest rates to generate capital to start their work.
They also need this financial help at regular intervals, such as during business expansion, obtain credit certifications from financial institutions such as banks and many other similar things.
Banks must issue some policies for their development where good ideas will get loans with a lower interest rate or another type of facilities, but with specific terms and conditions.
Banks can also play the role of intermediaries to connect people who have a large amount of money with people who have great ideas. It is because banks have all kinds of customers, their complete records and information. Banks can also suggest that they invest their money in some good stocks or commodities to get more income in a limited period of time to get a larger amount available without any interest rate.
Now we will examine your role in the development of entrepreneurship and business financing. The roles can be classified as follows:
These consist of the main functions for which the banks were created in the first place. These roles are, for example, the acceptance of the deposit and the custody thereof, the transfer of money, the granting of loans and advances, etc.
By accepting the deposit of clients, especially business-clients, banks will provide security for clients’ money and will provide them with the opportunity to use their deposit to borrow more money from banks to finance the operation of their companies. By transferring funds, money moves from one account to another and from one place to another.
A good payment system that provides quick cash transfers is vital to the efficient functioning of an economy. And with the development of information technology in banks, the speed of service provision has improved, while the cost of doing business has been greatly reduced. The services have allowed entrepreneurs to make transactions outside their immediate environment without necessarily having to carry money.
The main reason why banks want deposits is to allow them to grant loans and advances from which they obtain interest income. The extension of credit to the economy for the financing of commercial companies is the main link that banks have with the real sector, acting as a catalyst and contributing to the growth of the country’s economy.
By financing the production, consumption and commercial activities of entrepreneurs, banks lubricate the process of economic growth with a multiplier effect in all sectors of the economy. The various methods by which banks can lend money to entrepreneurs include overdrafts, medium and long-term loans, debt factorization, bill discounting, asset financing, including commercial mortgages and equity financing.
Until 1997, when the compulsory sectoral credit allocation was gradually eliminated as a policy instrument used by the monetary authorities in Nigeria, the main banks were made to meet specific objectives in their loans to the productive sectors operated by entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs.
In 2001, the main banks under the auspices of the Bankers Committee also decided to allocate 10% of their profits to capital investment in SMEs under the Small and Medium-Sized Capital Investment Plan (SMIEIS).
Roles of Promotion of Business Investment.
Due to the specialized and professional status of banks, they are able to perform investment promotion functions for entrepreneurs. These roles can include investment management for clients, advice on sustainable investment lines to follow, analyzing the pros and cons of each investment alternative for the entrepreneur-client.
Advisory, Guarantee and Advisory Roles.
In addition to normal loans and other services, banks now also engage in business consulting, guarantees and other consulting services that greatly help in the promotion and financing of entrepreneurship activities in the country. It is a well-known fact that some companies/companies simply fail due to mismanagement, erroneous investment decisions, inefficient capital, and wrong planning, etc.
Other areas in which banks could offer advisory and consulting services to SMEs include methods of control systems or measures that must be adopted by companies with respect to defined lines of business or trends of challenges. Advice on methods of raising capital or reorganizing a company to achieve the desired level of efficiency. Advice on tax matters and tax matters.
The state consultation services could be offered to make credit purchases within the national market or abroad. Banks could also play a large role in the development of entrepreneurship by organizing, sponsoring and supporting entrepreneurship education and training programs, either directly or in conjunction with other organizations and stakeholders.
Commercial banks are contributing a lot to the promotion of entrepreneurship. The first function of commercial banks in the development of entrepreneurship was to assist businessmen who obtained funds. In the form of loans and quality to acquire the property interest of foreigners in commercial activities.
Potential entrepreneurs also obtain funds from the bank to share or buy the full program of commercial activities. The commercial bank is one of the biggest impacts on business development. It also assists businessmen by providing consulting services; In the identification of visa projects, commercial banks are the type of bank that provides services such as the acceptance of deposits, the granting of commercial loans and the offer of basic investment products.
Commercial banks can also refer to a bank in a division of a bank that deals primarily with deposits and loans from corporations or large companies, as opposed to individual members of the pulse. Entrepreneurs play a vital role in the development of the economics of the country.
An entrepreneur is a creator, an organizer of a company for the pulse, an ingenious person with a dream. Entrepreneurs are bold men and women who have initiative and the ability to lead, manage and assume the consequences.
They are men of action, risk takers, missionaries, creatives and highly respected for their ability to effectively and efficiently conceive the functions of management to achieve the objectives. The loans granted by the commercial bank to Vintage Farm will help the company to excel in the competitive market and retain its lucrative customers, as well as to preserve its core capital.
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country
Commercial banks play an important role in the development of the economic status of the country. Commercial banks have always played an important role in the country’s economy. They play a crucial role in the development of industry and commerce.
They act not only as guardians of the country’s wealth but also as resources of the country, which are necessary for the economic development of a nation. Commercial banks play an important role in granting credit to individuals by mobilizing savings and financing economic activities such as agriculture, commerce, manufacturing, and commerce.
In general, they assume this role by taking public deposits and lending them to companies and people in an economy. Therefore, it is well known that these financial institutions are the backbone of all economic activity.
Now we will discuss the contributions of the banks to the economic development of the nation. If the banking system is effective, efficient and disciplined economy would be there in a country, it will generate rapid growth in the various sectors of the economy. The banking sector has been one of the pillars of economic prosperity for centuries.
In fact, the story provides basic information on how banks financed imperialist companies in recently acquired colonies. Over time, banks have made an important contribution to making both savings and investment possible. Land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurs are the basic economic resources available to the economy.
To use these resources, a company must finance the land, hire workers, pay capital goods and people with special skills, and commercial banks help them to finance their project. The detailed role of commercial banks in economic development is given below:
1. Trade Development
Commercial banks provide commercial capital, technical assistance, and other facilities to entrepreneurs, as necessary, which results in the development of commerce. Research has shown that commercial activities are carried out in rural areas, with the support of commercial banks.
Trade in agricultural and industrial products is more expensive than the trade in food processing products and services. It was pointed out that banks are making an important contribution to the promotion of these activities. The study revealed the importance of commercial activities associated with bank credit for merchants, the neighborhood population and the state.
Once merchants have financed their activities through bank credit, they increase their capital, expand and promote their businesses and services, leading to an increase in economic growth and the development of their homes.
The researcher recommended that commercial banks help to improve the credit services offered to clients, reduce the interest rate charged in commercial activities and hire a project officer who could help merchants and other clients in the preparation and execution of your projects.
2. Agricultural development
Commercial banks invest in the various important sectors of country such as agriculture, short, medium and long term loans are granted for the purchase of seeds and fertilizers, the installation of tube wells, the construction of warehouses, the purchase of tractors and threshing machines, etc. especially in developing countries, now grant loans for the development of agriculture and small industries in rural areas.
The granting of loans to the agricultural sector has contributed significantly to the increase in agricultural productivity and the income of farmers.
3. Industrial development
Banks help develop the right type of industry by lending to the right kind of person. In this way, they contribute not only to the industrialization of the country but also to the economic development of the country. They are lent to manufacturers whose products are in high demand.
In turn, manufacturers are increasing their products by introducing new production methods and helping to increase the national income of the nation. Countries focused on the industrial sector developed rapidly economically.
South Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Indonesia have recently expanded their industrial sector through commercial banks. As commercial banking grows, there is a great expansion in commerce and industry. The use of bank checks, checks, invoices, credit cards and letters of credit, etc. It has revolutionized national and international trade.
4. Balanced development of different regions:
Commercial banks play an important role in balanced development in different regions of the country. They help transfer surplus capital from the industrial regions to the less developed regions. The merchants, the industrialists, etc. in the less developed regions they are getting enough capital to satisfy their commercial needs. This, in turn, increases the investment, trade, and production in the country economy.
5. Capital formation
Commercial banks help increase the rate of capital formation in a country. Capital formation means increasing the number of production units, technology, equipment, and machinery. Finance projects that are responsible for increasing the rate of capital formation.
They mobilize the small savings of dispersed people in their branch network throughout the country and make them available for productive purposes. Nowadays, banks offer very attractive systems to attract people, save their money and bring mobilized savings to the organized money market.
If banks do not perform this function, the savings remain inactive or are used to create assets for which the priorities of the plan are low. Commercial banks accept deposits from individuals and businesses. These deposits are made available to companies that use them for productive purposes in the country. Therefore, banks are not only the stores of state assets but also provide the financial means necessary for economic development.
6. Influence on economic activity:
Banks can also influence the economic activity of the country through its impact on.
- Credit availability
- The interest rate
If commercial banks can increase the circulation of money by creating loans or reducing the interest rate, this has a direct impact on economic development. A low-interest rate can encourage investment. The credit creation activity can increase total demand, which leads to greater productivity in the economy.
7. Investment in new companies:
Business people often hesitate to invest their money in venture companies. Commercial banks generally provide entrepreneurs with short and medium-term loans to invest in new companies and introduce new production methods. The provision of timely loans increases the productive capacity of the economy.
8. Implementation of monetary policy:
The country’s central bank controls and regulates the volume of loans through the active cooperation of the banking system in the country. It contributes to price stability and promotes economic growth in a very short time. The economic prosperity of a country depends on a number of factors, including the development of commercial banking. A solid banking system promotes the economic status of people by granting them short, medium- and long-term loans.
9. Monetization of the economy:
Commercial banks open branches in rural and backward areas and reduce the exchange of goods through barter. The use of money has considerably increased the volume of production of goods. The non-monetized sector (barter) is now becoming a sector monetized by commercial banks. Commercial banks offer the opportunity to transfer funds from one place to another, resulting in increased trade.
10. Development of foreign trade.
Commercial banks help merchants from two different countries do business. The importer’s bank issues a letter of credit to the exporters to guarantee payment. Banks also arrange the foreign exchange. To facilitate international trade and development, commercial banks convert and negotiate foreign currencies.
If a company makes transactions in another country, it can be paid in the currency of that country. While part of this income is used to pay workers in that country and for administrative costs such as rent for offices, utilities, and utilities, the company may have to buy goods in the local currency of a neighboring country or convert cash into currency. local to return to the central office.
Without commercial banks, there would not be an international finance and import and export industry. Commercial banks allow the reliable transfer of money and translation of business practices between different countries and different customs around the world.
Commercial banking in the whole globe also lets the distribution of valuable commercial and economic information among customers and the capital markets of all countries. Commercial Banking also serves as a global barometer of economic health and business development.
11. Increase in production
A good banking system guarantees greater production in all sectors of the economy. Increases the productive capacity of the economy by strengthening the capital structure and the division of labor. Financing a productive unit encourages them to produce more and grow. And the commercial bank is the company from which people can easily obtain funds for their production unit.
12. Export of advertising cells:
To increase the country’s exports, commercial banks have established export promotion cells. They inform their clients about general commercial and economic conditions in the country and abroad. Therefore, banks make a positive contribution to economic development.
13. Development of transportation
Commercial banks financed the transport sector. On the one hand, it has reduced unemployment and, on the other, it has expanded transportation options. The remote areas are linked to the main markets through a developed transport system. Commercial banks also have several plans to buy their vehicle for trade and for the family, encouraging them to have their own means of transportation and use them to grow, along with the economy in general.
14. Safe custody
Business worries and people can relax by depositing the excess money in the banks. Banks also offer lockers to keep your valuable items and necessary documents safe. In the same way, people are sure to ensure their jewelry or borrow money from it. Checks and invoices etc.
They work like money. This reduces the need for precious metals to make coins, and the country’s metal reserves can be used for other important matters. If banks have gold, then it shows strong financial stability, because gold is the standard measure of the economy.
15. Encourage Saving
Commercial banks convince people to save more. To this end, several savings plans with attractive interest rates are being introduced. The number of bank branches opens in urban and rural areas.
16. House construction
Commercial banks provide their clients with credit services for the purchase or construction of houses. There are several attractive programs available, which make it easier for people to get loans from them. Building houses connect many companies and workers, generates income flows for multiple groups of people and makes money flow, and helps maintain economic balance.
17. Support to government
By providing funds for development programs to the government, commercial banks are sharing the government for economic stability. The government acts as a promoter of the industry in underdeveloped countries that need financing. Banks grant long-term loans to the government by investing their funds in government securities and short-term financing through the purchase of treasury bonds.
18. Increase in employment.
The economic prosperity of a country depends on the development of trade, commerce, agriculture, transport, and communications, etc. These sectors are being financed by commercial banks and employment opportunities are increasing.
19. Creation of credit
Commercial banks are called credit factories. They promote much more than what people collect in the form of deposits. When granting loans, commercial banks provide financing to all sectors of the economy, making them stronger than before.
Banks create loans to provide more money for development projects. The creation of credit leads to an increase in production, employment, sales, and prices and, therefore, to faster economic development.
20. Optimum use of money.
People deposit their savings in banks so that the scattered money becomes a large amount that can be used appropriately for various projects.
21. Financial information
In addition to credit facilities, commercial banks also provide useful financial advice to promote their clients’ businesses. It is not mandatory that all the people they deal with are financially intelligent, so commercial banks can act as financial advisers and help them play their money safely. Encourages people to participate in the stock market, mutual funds, savings, etc., thus promoting the economic development of the country.
22. Increase in investment
Commercial banks are mobilizing people’s savings. They provide them to farmers, traders, and industrialists for the development of agriculture, commerce, and industry. The increase in investment is the green signal for the country’s economy.
23. Implementation of monetary policy.
Under the supervision of the Central Bank, all planned commercial banks strive to achieve the success and objectives of monetary policy. The policy of central banks is usually implemented by other commercial banks, and this joint effort of commercial banks allows for economic development.
24. Use of modern technology
In the presence of developed commercial banks, the use of modern technology in developing countries is only possible since it can be the main source of their funds. These funds will be used to import modern technology from developed countries. The use of modern technology helps people to earn faster than traditional ways and makes people more economically stable, and so on with the economy of the country.
25. Trade Center
After the nationalization of the big banks, the banking industry has grown strongly. Bank branches are opened in almost every town, leading to the creation of new employment opportunities.
Banks are also improving the number of employees who perform various functions in their office. Commercial banks established many shopping centers for their employees to modernize a country’s banking system. In this way, bankers expand their skills and contribute to the development of the country.
26. Channeling of funds for productive investment.
The banks invest the savings they mobilize for productive purposes. Capital formation is not always the only function of commercial banks. Collective savings must be distributed among different sectors of the economy to increase the nation’s productivity. It can only be said that it played an important role in the economic development of the nation.
Commercial banks support the economic development of the nation through the capital they generate. In India, loans from commercial banks are under the control of RBI. So our banks can not lend as they want.
27. Maximum use of resources.
Savings grouped by banks are increasingly used for development purposes in various regions of the country. Ensures a more comprehensive use of resources.
28. Bank rate policy
Economists believe that changing bank interest rates can make changes in a country’s money supply. In our country, RBI regulates the interest rate that banks have to pay on the deposits they accept and the interest rate they will charge on the loans they have granted.
29. The bank’s monetary debt
Commercial banks convert the repayable loan after a certain period in cash, which can be used immediately for commercial activities. Manufacturers and wholesalers can not increase their sales without selling products on credit. But loan sales can lead to a commitment of capital. As a result, production can also be reduced. As banks lend money by discounting invoices, companies can carry on their business without interruption.
30. Banks are entrepreneurs
In recent days, banks have taken on the role of entrepreneurship development, especially in developing countries such as India. The development of entrepreneurship is a complex process.
This includes the preparation of project ideas, the identification of specific projects that reflect local conditions, the encouragement of new entrepreneurs to address these well-defined projects and the provision of advisory services, such as technical advice and management consulting.
Banks offer 100% loans for reward projects, which is technically feasible and economically viable. Thus, commercial banks contribute to the development of entrepreneurship in the country.