Forests in Nepal: – Find here some information about Forests in Nepal. How much land covered by forest in Nepal? Know here present condition of forest in Nepal. The total forest area of Nepal is about 43 thousand square km. It is 29% of the total area of the country. We have posted here about the classification of forests of Nepal. Renowned as a country of natural beauty, Nepal is also rich in forest resources. People, therefore, opine, “Green forests are the wealth of Nepal”. In fact, forests do contribute a lot to the all-round development of the country. They do yield a great many advantages.
Forests in Nepal
Nepal is rich in normal delights, blessings, assets, and marvels. The woods are one of these assets. Nepal is additionally a bumpy nation. The majority of the mountains are secured with green jungles. It is the living spot of creatures and winged animals. These days, it is quickly being decimated however it was totally protected previously.
Individuals clear the jungles for different purposes. A standout amongst the most critical reasons for its decimation is quick populace development. The developing populace is constrained to clear the wilderness for agribusiness and settlement. Individuals chop down the trees for kindling, building materials, and furniture. The dairy cattle glaziers take their local creatures to the wilderness to munch. These household creatures gobble up the recently developing plants. By the outcome, the new plants can’t grow up effectively. The senseless individuals set a fire in the wilderness. By the outcome, the out of control fire annihilates the entire wilderness gravely.
The primary driver of its devastation is poor open mindfulness. The general population who are not apropos cognizant and dependable can’t comprehend the significance and need of the woods. Rich in cordiality, culture, view, bio-decent variety and normal assets, the nation isn’t recently appreciated by sightseers out to have a great time, yet in addition by researchers, researchers and analysts from around the globe looking to upgrade learning in the fields of human sciences, semantics, herbal science, zoology and different sciences.
At that point, there are other people who have gone above and beyond to put resources into cordiality areas and some who have indicated distinct fascination in investigating the possibilities of agribusiness, cultivation, horticulture, ayurvedic meds, and host of different endeavors that tap the country’s normal riches. They are the general population whose discernment about Nepal has taken an in turn over the time. Woodland pulverization welcomes numerous debacles. Some of them are a dry spell, avalanches, soil disintegration, over surges, welcome of waterways and lakes, climate extremes, contamination, greenhouse impact, ozone layer exhaustion, and desertification. The cataclysmic events, all things considered, are to a great degree dangerous for all the living animals. In the event that the procedure of demolition of the woods isn’t controlled, the future will be to a great degree hazardous.
We can get many focal points from the wilderness. We can save wild creatures in the wilderness. We can get kindling, timber, herbs, grass, and so forth, from the wilderness. It causes us to clean the environment and to diminish the gravity of air contamination. Underground water assets can be spared in the woods. It additionally causes us to adjust eco-framework. The issues of a dry spell, climate extremes, avalanches, and so forth can be reduced or ceased by the assistance of the woods. Additionally, the woods of our nation pull in numerous vacationers.
Hariyo baan Nepal ko dhan (‘Green woodlands are Nepal’s riches’) is a deep-rooted proverb in Nepal. We can gain remote cash from them. The characteristic excellence can’t be safeguarded without the conservation of the jungles. Protection of the woods ends up being essential. With a specific end goal to control the catastrophic events, we need to safeguard the wilderness. We can safeguard the forest from numerous points of view. Initially, we need to teach the general population about the significance of the jungles. By methods for aforestation and reforestation, we can save it. The general population who clear the wilderness for horticulture and settlement ought to be demoralized to go into the wilderness. By building up numerous untamed life stores and national parks, we can safeguard our forest. The offering of kindling and timber must be prohibited to safeguard it.
In fact, the forest can be an invaluable boon for the national economic upliftment. It does really lend us countless advantages: Forest does maintain the entire environment very fresh and beautiful. It does pose a habitat for the wild animals. So, the zoos, national parks, and reserves not only preserve wild lives but also attract the tourists and naturalists. Hence, it promotes tourism and the nation can make a huge foreign currency. Likewise, the forest does and to increase the intensity of rainfall and reduce the gravity of air pollution. Further, the forest does ply costly medicinal herbs, firewood, grass and building materials. More importantly, the roots of the trees go down to the great depth and capture the soil tightly, which prevents the occurrence of deadly landslides.
But unfortunately, the forest is being massively destroyed. People clear the forest for multiple purposes- the first and foremost reason is rapid population growth. People cut down the trees for cultivation and settlement. They also clear the jungle for firewood and building materials. Even the cattle-herders take their cattle to the jungle to graze, which do eat up the fragile plants and trees. So, it does hardly give chance to grow up the plants and trees. Similarly, there are a great many people who entirely depend on the jungle for their livelihood. They cut down the trees and sell their hand to mouth. Moreover, some silly persons set a fire in the jungle for lunatic reasons. Consequently, the wildfire does terribly ruin vastly dense forest in no time.
People do clear the jungle knowingly or unknowingly. The destruction of forests does never fetch good results but unimaginable misfortunes. Similarly, it gives birth to drought, landslides, siltation of rivers and lakes. Consequently, it invites desertification and worst of all, the depletion of ozone layer. That’s why, destruction of forests, is a great menace to the entire world.
Therefore, preservation of forest is an urgent plea of this era. It has been too late to launch concrete campaigns. In this regard, people’s active participation is crucial. They should be educated about the importance of the forests. Aforestation campaigns should be implemented frequently. Similarly, selling of firewood, timber and rare plants or herbs should be strictly prohibited by the laws. Simultaneously, on the other hand, wildlife reserves and national parks should be established. Most significantly, one and all should acknowledge that preservation of forests is our own preservation.
The total forest area of Nepal is about 43 thousand square km. It is 29% of the total area of the country. The forest of Nepal is classified on the basis of geographical location and climatic characteristics into three kinds. Types of forests of Nepal are as follows:
Types of forests of Nepal
1. Tropical forest –
Nepal’s forest is up to a maximum elevation of about 4,000 ft. comes under tropical. It covers Southern Terai plains along Churia hills. Because of usual adequate rainfall and sun, these forests mostly remain evergreen. Valuable trees for commercial and industrial purposes like sal, sisoo, semal, khair, karma and asna grow abundantly in these forests. Wild animals like elephants, tigers, leopards, etc. are also available.
2. Temperate forests-
It covers 4,000 to 10,000 ft. in elevation. This includes the entire Mahabharat Pines, poplar, larches, oaks, firs, etc. grow abundantly. Since leaves fall off at the season, this is known as deciduous monsoon forest. Wild animals like bears, leopards, etc. are available.
3. Alpine forests –
Nepal’s forest above 10,000 ft. in elevation comes under alpine zone. It consists of high Himalayan Mountain Himalayan Valleys. There is the abundant growth of rhododendron and coniferous varieties. Tsauri, Ghoral, musk deer, and other alpine animals thrive in various parts of the alpine forest.
Some forest specialists are defines like this…
In Nepal, plural kinds of forests are found because of altitudinal variations. They are as follows:
Sub-tropical Evergreen Forest: This sort of forest is found in the realm up to the height of 1200 meter from” the sea level. The rainfall is very high and the temperature is also very high in this region: the Terai and the Churia range. So, there are found the evergreen and massively tall trees, which are plied for construction and building bridge and railways slippers.
Temperate Deciduous Forest: Such type of forest is found at the Mahabharat range at the altitude of 2100 meter. Winter is pretty cold in this realm and so the trees thresh and ply. The important trees of this sorts of forests include sallo (pine), katus, guras (rhododendron), sal etc.
Temperate Coniferous Forest: It is found at the height of 2100 up to 3300 meters of the Mahabharat range. As it is very cold all the year round, heavy snowfall occurs. Very soft trees like- sallo, devdaru, dhupi. katus, simal etc. are available in this region, which is used for making furniture and matchsticks.
Alpine Vegetation: This sort of vegetation is found in the Himalayas and high hill regions. The climatic condition is very dun, dry and extremely cold and snowy. Therefore, no tall trees except short grass and shrubs are found in this region.
Tundra Vegetation: It is found above 5000 meters. This area is covered with thick snow and prevails extreme and unbearable climatic condition. Hence, neither trees nor the other plants can grow in this realm.
Nepal is prosperous country regarding natural beauties, gifts, assets, and wonders. There are several “Eye-catching and Heart touching” natural beauties. The Forest is one of these resources. Nepal is also known as a country of mountains and most of the mountains of Nepal are covered with green forests. The forest is the living place of several animals and birds.
Forests are surmised to be the notion of society. It is life itself. This vital nature of it is deemed as the survival of humanity. In other words, they are significant for our living. And it’s always best to know what is around you. So here are the 150 facts on Forests of Nepal. There are various facts about the forest of Nepal. Some of the facts are;
Facts, Information about Forests of Nepal
- Nepal is one of the world’s most different, yet poorest, nations. High populace weights have prompted deforestation on soak mountain slants, causing gigantic soil disintegration and flooding on the fields. Just a little segment of Nepal was ever secured by rainforests; however, what exists is debilitated by fuelwood gathering and subsistence horticulture.
- In the vicinity of 1990 and 2005, Nepal lost 1.2 million hectares of jungles speaking to around 25 percent of its aggregate woodland cover. Essential forest cover was decreased too, falling by almost 11 percent amid that period. While general deforestation rates have fallen since the end of the 1990s, rates of essential forest misfortune have hopped altogether.
- Nepal has exactly 1,240 known types of creatures of land and water, winged creatures, warm-blooded animals, and reptiles, as per figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Center. Of these, 2.9 percent are endemic, which means they exist in no other nation, and 5.6 percent are debilitated. Nepal is home to no less than 6,973 types of vascular plants, of which 4.5 percent are endemic. On paper, 7.6 percent of Nepal is secured under IUCN classifications I-V.
- With the budgetary and specialized help of Finland, the stock was led by utilizing observational information and high determination symbolism. Altogether 55 358 specimen plots were translated by utilizing high determination Rapid Eye symbolism and Google Earth and 2 544 example plots were measured in the field. Joined with high determination remote detecting symbolism, GIS apparatuses and systems maps were created with a general exactness of 85.16%. Notwithstanding data on the customary forest and tree qualities, information was gathered on dead wood, woodland and soil carbon, stream bowl mapping, Trees Outside Forests (TOFs), human effects, and biodiversity.
- On sixth March 2016, the last provide details regarding the condition of jungles of Nepal were distributed. As indicated by the report Nepal’s woodland involves a sum of 6.61 million ha which is 44.74% of the aggregate region of the nation. Out of the aggregate territory of woodland, 82.68% (4.93 million ha) lies outside ensured territories and 17.32% (1.03 million ha) inside secured ranges. Center Mountains physiographic district covers over 47% of the aggregate woodland territory of the nation. The assessed add up to stem volume is 982.33 million m3 (164.76 m3/ha). The aggregate over the ground air-dried biomass in the forest of Nepal is 1,159.65 million tons (194.51 t/ha). The aggregate carbon stock in Nepal’s woods has been evaluated as 1,054.97 million tons (176.95 t/ha). Furthermore, an aggregate of 443 tree species having a place with 239 genera and 99 families were recognized in the specimen plots.