Foreign employment impacts double advantages: national economy prospers and an individual’s standard of living improves. The data tells that the foreign employers send more than 5 billion dollars each year. The amount coming through an informal channel is believed to be equal to the formal. As per the report of 2014, it has contributed 28% national economy. They not only bring forth money but also learn the skill, expertise, and technology through international job market. It can be applied to nation building and production of various skilled human resources once they return. The amount can also contribute for industrial investment in the nation itself opening the door for the job market. Similarly, it helps to strengthen the international relationship and gives exposure to our identity in the world.
However, most of the remittance has been used for unproductive purposes in our nation. That is to say that it has been used for promotion of the household goods, clothing, metal, electronic gadgets and celebration of feasts and festivals rather than the concrete investment. It becomes more productive if invested for the establishment of industries and factories.
Despite such advantages, foreign employment is not good for a nation for a long run. Obviously, it is good for the immediate time and cause but turns to be bad for the prosperity of the nation. It develops the fate of other countries but ours remains the same. There will be the lack of skilled human power in the nation. Though it solves unemployment at present, it creates more hazards in the economy of future. It makes a country too dependent on others and pace of progress lags back. Imagine what happens if those countries stop hiring workforce from Nepal. What happens if all of the Nepalese workings abroad is sent back? Thus, there is urgent need of reducing the brain-drain for employment. We must make our country developed since country’s development means our own development. We must realize “we will earn respect abroad only if our country is developed.” For this, the workforce should get
Thus, there is urgent need of reducing the brain-drain for employment. We must make our country developed since country’s development means our own development. We must realize “we will earn respect abroad only if our country is developed.” For this, the workforce should get proper education, training and skill to be utilized for the progress of the nation. They must inculcate the sense of responsibility towards the nation. The utmost urgency, therefore, is to create job opportunity in Nepal only. This could be done by the joint effort of government, private sector and the citizens. The political parties should help the effort through the creation of conducive environment in the nation.
Emailed by the writer: Rijendra Maharjan, Kathmandu