[ Attractive Flower Trees in Nepal ] Plants are abundant in nature, and we may use them for a variety of purposes, including decoration, health, blossoming, and gathering. Nepal is noted for its vast biological diversity, as well as its geography, climate, and terrain, all of which contribute to the discovery of new plants.
Flowers are a part of life’s most important moments, such as birthdays, funerals, and marriages, as well as having religious importance. Floriography is a phrase that is used to portray emotions, messages, and sentiments. Flowers enchant us with their delightful scent, which lifts our spirits and makes us feel better. Flowering landscape trees, which provide shape, color, and shade, are the best features of the domestic landscape.
Putting the notion of beauty on display Flowers is one of the most beautiful blossoming beauties in the world, and they can be found all over the planet. Flowers liven up their homes and add a burst of color with their vibrant colors and patterns. Nepal boasts a wide variety of flowers, from seasonal displays to everlasting bloomers.
Here are some of the most beautiful blooming trees that are found in Nepal. So, let’s have a look at the Nepali flowering trees that are native species to Nepalese geography
10 Most Attractive Flower Trees in Nepal
Rhododendron is a tiny evergreen tree with deep red or pale pink blossoms that belongs to the Ericaceae family and is well-known for its showy blooms. They’re known for their lovely blooms and gorgeous foliage. Rhododendrons are mostly found in the northern temperate zone, particularly in the Himalayas’ damp acidic soil and across Southeast Asia.
The plant is extensively spread between the latitudes of 80°N and 20°S, has a significant socioeconomic value, and is our country’s national flower. Rhododendron leaves are thick and leathery in structure. Flowers are typically tubular to spiral, come in a variety of colors, and are fragrant.
Rhododendron is known as Lali Gurans in Nepal. While walking in the Himalayas of Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet, visitors can discover different types of rhododendrons. In Nepal, there are more than 30 species of rhododendron, with dozens of different varieties, sizes, and colors.
Lali Gurans has its own time to bloom, with trees reaching a height of up to fifteen meters. It’s flowering, which usually occurs in March, marks the arrival of spring. Lali Gurans is a medicinal plant used in Nepal that has a bitter and sweet flavor. It is Nepalese people’s favorite flower and it is regarded as a national symbol.
Gul mohar (Royal poinciana)
Gul Mohar is the Nepalese name for the royal poinciana, commonly known as a flame tree. Its original habitat is Africa, and its expansive root system needs a large space. It grows quickly, reaching up to 12 meters in height. Because Gul Mohar is a tropical forest native, it thrives in warm, humid settings and cannot survive cold. It belongs to the Fabaceae family and has the botanical name Delonix regia.
Gul Mohar can be found in Nepal’s Terai, Shivalik, and Doon valleys at elevations of up to 1000 meters. Gul Mohar thrives in climates with yearly temperatures ranging from 14 to 26 degrees Celsius and rainfall totaling more than 700 millimeters. It may grow in both wet and dry environments. The trees may reach a higher height than suggested, but the blossoms are irregular.
This plant’s leaves, flowers, seeds, and bark contain a number of medicinally active chemicals. Gul Mohar suitable for use as a leading species can be planted to restore damaged land and forest. Gul Mohar is a lovely plant that may add to the attractiveness of the region in which it is grown.
Rajbriksha (Golden Shower flower)
East Asia and the Indian subcontinent are both habitats of the royal tree. Other tropical places, particularly East Africa, have adapted to it. It may be found in Nepal at low altitudes up to 1200 meters above sea level, in the Terai. Low semi-arid semi-deciduous woodland and open forest and grassland are the habitats of origin. It may reach a height of 10-15 meters.
The diameter of the stem can range from 40 to 50 cm. It is of Fabaceae family. The plant requires sandy loam soil that is deep, well-drained, and rich, as well as full daylight. It requires red volcanic soils that are high in calcium.
Bright yellow blooms bloom in April and May. The blooms are big and beautiful. The fruit is contained within cylindrical pods. The entire canopy is covered with blooms during flowering, and sporadic blossoming lasts for three months.
Golden Shower flower grows in dry to humid tropical and subtropical environments with annual rainfall ranging from 510 to 2700 mm and average yearly temperatures ranging from 18 to 29 degrees Celsius. Plants mature slowly, taking 7-10 years from seed to blossom.
Parijat (Night-flowering jasmine)
Nyctanthes Parijat is a Nyctanthes species native to South and Southeast Asia, where it thrives in a wide range of loamy soils and common garden soils. Nepal, India, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka are all home to the parijat plant. It is now used as a flowering plant all over the world. It is popular in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Malaysia, and grows in tropical and subtropical climates. It thrives in dry regions such as parched hillsides and fall woods.
It can endure any amount of rain, no matter how heavy. Parijat is a tall shrub with spreading branches that may grow up to 10 meters tall. Within a year of planting, it begins to bloom. The shrub spreads quickly.
Flowers are white, sweet-smelling, stalkless, and grouped in 3-7 quadrangular stalks with fibers. They bloom from July to October. The foliage tube is the cone, while the corolla tube is cylindrical and orange-red, with white lobes.
The blooms bloom at dusk and generally fade before daylight the next day. It also has health benefits, such as helping with stomach issues, cough and cold, anxiety, Restlessness, and many others.
Painyu (Prunus cerasoides)
Prunus cerasoides is a deciduous cherry tree native to East Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. It is also known as the wild Himalayan cherry and sour cherry. It belongs to the Rosaceae family. Paiyu is found in the temperate Himalayan areas of Nepal, Sikkim, and Bhutan, where it grows in mixed or open forests. It’s also grown as an attractive plant along highways, in public parks, and in orchards. It grows in Nepal’s temperate areas at a height up to 2,400 meters.
It can reach up to the height of 30 meters. Himalayan wild cherry is a medium-sized deciduous tree that grows in the Himalayas. Its bark is grayish-gray in hue, smooth, and has a thin shining horizontal stripe that gives it a gleaming copper appearance. For the sake of development to cultivate Painyu, seed propagation takes 2-3 months of cold stratification. Seeds must be kept safe from rodents.
Seeds can take a long time to germinate, lasting up to 18 months in extreme cases. It is used to treat stones and crystals that have developed in the urinary bladder. Cyanogenetic compounds can be found in the leaves, tiny branches, and bark. Medicine is made from the oil taken from the seeds.
Asare (Crepe Myrtle)
The Asare flower is native to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, China, Korea, and Japan, and it is widely found in the Nepalese highlands. Asare flower is a flowering plant shrub or small tree that has adapted to many tropical and subtropical climates across the world. It’s located between 1000 and 1500 meters above sea level in Nepal.
Asare is a commonly planted ornamental shrub or tiny non-native tree that spreads outside of its planted area and adapts to barren, unstable terrain, open grasslands, and roadsides in a broad range of temperatures throughout the world’s tropical and subtropical regions
Asare blooms can reach a height of 3-8 meters. Young seedlings develop rapidly and blossom during the first year of planting. Flowers bloom in the top’s broad clusters, which have risen in size this year. The flowering season lasts from June to August, while the fruiting season lasts from October to November. It’s an evergreen shrub with broad spreading bushes or a narrow straight crown, a flat, round surface, or a multi-stemmed tree that covers a steep ground on one side.
Kalki (Bottle Brush Tree)
Callistemon, popularly known as the bottle bush tree, is an Australian native that is known in Nepal as Kalki. It’s frequently grown in tropical areas, such as Nepal, and in forest nurseries for distribution to locals. Trees may be cultivated effectively in both the lowlands and at elevations of up to 1800 meters. The tree is a tiny deciduous with a tough bark.
The leaves are 3-8 cm by 6 mm, alternating, and firm. Brush-like red flower bottles with long stamens and thick cylindrical clusters on stem Swamps and seasonal floodplains, as well as some hard soils, are not a problem for it.
It is transmitted via seed and, in certain cases, by cutting stems. From September through March, the seeds mature. In September-October, seeds should be planted at a height of more than 1000 meters, and in March-April, at a height of fewer than 1000 meters.
It is a lovely and gorgeous flowering plant that may be used in a home garden. The color of the blossoms varies by species; the majority are red, but others are yellow, green, orange, or white. A profusion of triple-celled seed capsules is produced by each flower head.
Jacaranda, also known in Nepal as Birendraphul, is a genus of flowering plants of the Bignoniaceae family. This tree, which is native to Brazil, was imported to Nepal as an attractive road tree many years ago and is now widely planted across the Kathmandu Valley and other parts of the city. Up to 1600 meters away from the Terai, it can be planted. In Nepal, this tree has practically been modified to be utilized as a decorative tree.
This tree was named after Nepal’s late King Birendra. Birendraphul is a tall deciduous tree with blue blooms and numerous tiny leaves. The fruit is spherical, firm, flattened, and contains many seeds. It can be cultivated in loamy soil, but it has difficulties to thrive in thick rocky soils.
Jacaranda is regenerated by seeds and stems that emerge from subterranean stems. The fruits are harvested between February and April. Seeds can be stored for up to two years. While sowing, germination might be difficult.
Seeds can be planted immediately in poly pots or in beds and then transplanted into big pots. It can be used for decorative purposes and is also found in city gardens. The blue blooms of the Kathmandu Valley in April to May are a sight to see.
Koiralo (Orchid tree/Mountain Ebony)
Bauhinia variegate, often known as mountain ebony, is a flowering plant belonging to the Fabaceae family of legumes. In Nepal, it’s called as koiralo. Koiralo is a native plant of China and the Indian subcontinent that grows in moderate and tropical climates. It may be found in Nepal’s tropical to temperate areas, up to a height of 60-1900 meters.
Koiralo is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree that grows quickly and is lovely. It has a broad, spreading canopy that can reach a height of 10-12 meters. At the age of 2-3 years, the tree begins to blossom. The blossoms of the Koiralo are brilliant pink or white in hue. It blooms from January to February and again from April to May. It also blooms from March to July.
Koiralo is a tropical and subtropical plant that thrives in hot, dry summers and moderate winters. It thrives in elevations of up to 1,800 meters, with average maximum temperatures of 42 degrees Celsius and average minimum temperatures of 14 degrees Celsius. In their natural habitat, plants can withstand temperatures as low as -2°C.
Phaledo (Coral Tree)
Phaledo is the Nepalese name for the coral tree, which grows from western Nepal to southern China, and India. It grows about 1000 to 1600 meters above sea level in Nepal.
It’s a huge tree with a bark, thorns, and thistles on the leaves. It blooms on the tips of leafless, hard prickly branches in the spring, from March to April. It requires sandy loam soil and grows slowly.