Facts about Earthquake in Nepal: Such A Greatest Disaster That Never Happened
Earthquake in Nepal: – Devastating earthquake in 2015 have shaken and shaded all the Nepalese heart with fear and spoilt. The disastrous earthquake has ruined the many houses and destroy many relatives and damaged many life dreams.
There are much Nepalese who have a dream to invest in the new project in the coming year, but drastically arrive of the earthquake have made their project and dream wet with sadness and badness.
Nepalese heart and mind become moveable, people are not able to control their body even for six month due to arrival if a small earthquake that shakes the ground and land. Meanwhile, people used to looks afraid and harass waiting for large hands for help, searching for food and wishing to come anyone with sheltered and food to eat.
People all come on the road even belong from rich to poor due to gun-control and persistence arrival of an earthquake. Nepalese heart and body have shrunk with full of loss and fear. They all are busy in praying to God blessing to go a and even who do not believe in God seems busy in paying God saying this your mercy and compassion to make arrive and stops. You are the world creator and works runner. You are almighty and prudent, impudent and peak power.
No one will be greater than you, you have the top position and stands to control all the tiny to large substance constellation in your hands. The leaves can only shake and blow with your wish. Fearlessly, people are busy in contacting their relatives and knowing their condition.
This disastrous earthquake has made many handicapped while some become lame and blind. Many have lost their father, mother and some have lost their houses. It’s not the things to worry if there are damages of house or l= non-living things but those who have made recently their home from the borrowing of the load by bank and creditors, they fall from the sky without any safety as they feel.
The earthquake has dismissed the way blockade the roads and many land places there goes the landslides which suffocated the homes and people moving on the way. Earthquake is not friends and it is the largest enemy which have trod many in the homes thrash and many dead bodies are not even picked out from the pitted and fallen building.
With the matter of admiration, it is the real events s get looked in earthquake occurrence after some time, that the pour best neighbor country India becomes the first country to help and feed the c people of Nepal to m reduce their pain and spray the drops of happiness on everyone face.
Later on, many countries have funded their optimistic signal to help the Nepalese from their hands. Some country promise to help with money while some make they’re announced by the food and shelter. In terms, there are many actors director, social workers, and social reformers look active to help and serve the bag of food and plates of hopes to them.
Many people from backward to remotes where they impacted from earthquake damage are promised to help them from the government side. Nepalese actors become active from their side to control the more damages and more people to save put from their s endeavor.
In those series, many government employees and the reputed business m= man also seems busy in helping the victims from their hands and trying. Many businesses have announced a huge amount of money to help the victims.
Like as the Forbes business man Binod Chaudhary had announced 20 million dollars for construction homes to the victims where as other known- resident billionaire Upendra Mahato have announces 10 million dollars for victims for their betterment. Let’s know the following more fact, history, and histogram of the earthquake occurred suddenly in 2015.
History of the earthquake in Nepal:
Ancestors and adult used to say about the earthquake that it come in Nepal at the gap of 70 and 80 years. The greatest earthquake only comes in Nepal at the gap of the large periods and normally the feeling of earthquake vibration is often to feel after the occurrence in neighborhood country.
But in the context of Nepal, earthquake has made the houses losses to the people and exhaustively to the country due to losses of living as well as non- living things. Earthquake in Nepal had occurred in 2045 B.S . which had taken thousand of life due to, at ancient times, due to less density of people.
And Nepal had not developed that have marked a positive effect on the p countrymen and economic country. But Nepal is always listed in an underdeveloped country and is now listed in a developing country. Next disastrous earthquake had arrived in 1990 B.S. which was also very horrendous and more fearful than this.
That earthquake has also ruined and destroyed much life broke many homes and habitat. In 1990 many people have obliged to spend life in uncovered roofs and open sky due to the poor economic condition of the country. 1990 was also the dark year of Nepal which had made the countrymen obliged to live in the dark and open sky.
A person has no option to eat and go to any places because the whole country was suffering from the bad effect and damages of earthquakes. The whole country was the victims and due to an underdeveloped country, it had struggled and strive with a strong mentality to come out of all the damages.
but slowly country has grown up like the tree. In the race of development, again the dark day of whole Nepalese 2015 April 12 makes shaken and threaded and needed to every one painful desire made burst the wish and hopes in wave and rave of earthquake movement.
Many earthquakes expert have given their vies for the cause of earthquake by the high density of Kathmandu. It’s also one of the reasons which are foolish if hide that the broken home was the ancient one and made from the clay and weak bricks of the thin layer.
So, there creates uncountable losses and many people have spent and loses their life and relatives in those pestilences and epidemic events occurred after the earthquake in 2015.
The small jerking of earthquake continuous their coming and arrive up to one year and Nepalese are obliged to stay in fear, many Nepalese even not slept for six months in homes and much Nepalese have passed the many nights under open sky those whose house has ruined in the earthquake. Government has promised them to help and provided the loan to them that have given some water in the thirsty lip.
‘Great Earthquake 1990 BS’?
At about 2 p.m. on Magh 2, 1990, during the reign of Rana Prime Minister Juddha Shumsher, a powerful earthquake hit Nepal causing horrible loss of life and property particularly in Kathmandu valley.
Across the country, it caused about 34 lakhs houses to collapse and left 16,875 people dead and 3319 people injured. The Prime Minister set up a relief fund to help the victims of the disaster. He managed to bring construction materials and clothes from abroad and helped the victims. He also contributed Rs. 4 lakhs personally to help the rehabilitation.
Date of its occurrence:
On 25 April 2015, Saturday, at 11:56 (Nepalese time ), drastically, a fast signal and jerking give shaken and the body becomes unbalanced, some falls from the table and chair and some become suffocated due to fallen of doors and terrace. It was the day which was one of the terrible days that has watt all the Nepalese and put tears on their eyes. People become hopeless and frustrated,
They feel like death is in front of their eyes. The person used to look in praying God to help and save them. But the time and the jerking has taken many lives in the very short existence of 26 seconds. About 368 were not found due to terraces falling and sling on the land.
From them, about 108 were the foreigners and 260 were the Nepalese who were not come out and recognized on the public list by their figures founds and the body found. The earthquake was measured 7.6 magnitude rector by the Nepalese euro and 7.9 by an American organization that is USGS international earthquake measuring center.
The main center of occurrence:
Barak, District of Gorkha was the first center on April 25, 2015, when it comes in high current and jerking for first times. Those devastating earthquakes have hardly and badly impacted about 14 districts and least to whole Nepalese.
It is measured that it came from under 15 kilometers( 9 miles) deep under the ground and land. It has affected human damages in about 31 districts and made people weep for a long time and many have even get vibrate if remind those black day and mourning day.
A number of the dead person in the earthquake:
It is counted total 8622 was killed in the earthquake and about 18 thousand become seriously injured from the many died and many got a new life. Sindhupalchok was the first district where the majority of a person has lost their lives and about 3424 was the counting of a dead person.
Historical and architectural damages:
Many historical properties like Dharahara, Basantpur Durbar square, Bhaktapur Durbar square, Swoyambhunath, Bungamati, Changunaryan temple Patan Durbar square, and much national heritage have affected badly and have great damages and scaled of thrash.
Moreover, the world heritage site like Pashupatinath, Swoyambhu, and others are also badly got damaged. Near Pashupatinath, there was the large crowd and people feeling safe and saved after reaching to God palaces and due to so, in Pashupatinath areas, no more damages and people killed due to the Pashupatinath mercy and compassion.
Outside the valley, Gorkha Durbar square, Nuwakot Durbar square was also badly destroyed due to it’s jerking and shakes and flakes.
Re-arrival of the earthquake:
On May 12 after seventeen days of passes, it again appears drastically and again it has invited much damaged and destroyed many lives and homes mostly. People again become afraid and passes their night and day in fear mode. It has again sprayed the and done the rainfall of poison and fearful environment and creation of such fear earthquake have vibrated many mind and heart.
Destroyed and impacted offices and organization numbers:
- school Destroyed: 19,352
- mansion Destroyed: 7,57,234( 4,90,692 full and 2,66,542 partially)
- governmental offices Destroyed 3032(761 fully 2271 partially)
- health organization Destroyed: 316 ( 306 governmental, 10 private), partially 624( 617 governmental, 7 private)
- Valley destroyed houses: 18364
- traditional heritage Destroyed:581
In these series and incidence, there are many countries who forward their helpful hands to decrease the pains and traumatic condition of Nepalese . as the human, it is also our duty and religion to help human being human. Human should be treated equally and we all are human and we are all one. Let’s talk about the helping country and liberation doors:
- Helping country: 34
- Foreign helping organization come to Nepal: 76
- Foreigner helpers: 4521
- International medical team; 107 including 2321 doctors
- International health troops and conglomerate: 87
- Treatment did to 103686 victims
- Alive rescued from the terrace suffocation: 16
- Earthquake directly influenced people: 80 Lakhs
All above are some the basic and real facts taken from eth national department and released data.
There are various comments about earthquake after its passes. Someone is saying that the height of Kathmandu valley has gone up about 1 meter. similarly, the height of Nagarkot has also uplifted and increases about 1.15 meter and has transferred about 1.82 meters to the south sides.
Causes of the earthquake in Nepal:
Mostly the Kathmandu is known as one of et danger area in the context of earthquake effect because the people and lands in not equal which gives disturb and conflicts in balancing. Moreover, Kathmandu valley is also highly populated and have a high density which creates heavy loss after any jerking may be minor but it gives great loss of output. Nepal is not treated as the most dangerous zone in subjective to the earthquake but even though it has high influences.
According to earthquake difficulties and dangerous, Nepal is in 11th position which also seems not so large tension. And in the list of towns, Kathmandu is the number one position due it’s unequal land. The dis-matched and manage of land become unbalance and transferred due to its shaking effect.
Earthquake is dangerous even but it has a big and small effect which can be only shown after its existence. Due to the collision of the Indian plate and Tibetan plate, there is an increment of earthquake possibility. For reconstructing the country, with the motives to this, on 25 June 2015, Nepal government have called the donators summit and meet.
Disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society. It disrupts progress and destroys the hard-earned fruits of painstaking developmental efforts, often pushing nations, in the quest for progress, back by several decades. It causes widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses. Such losses may exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope up using its own resources.
Causes of Disasters
Disaster is quite often sudden, unpredicted and unexpected. It can be natural or man-made. It is mostly caused by natural forces like earthquake, cyclone, landslide, flood, avalanche, storm, volcanic eruption, epidemic, etc. Human activities have nothing or have very less to do with disasters caused by internal forces. But human activities are directly or indirectly responsible to some extent for a landslide, flood, epidemic, etc.
However, there are some disasters which are caused by human beings intentionally or unintentionally. Disasters caused by human beings unintentionally can also be called accidents. Wildfires, wars, and terrorist acts are some of the examples of intentionally caused human disasters.
Deforestation, environmental degradation, haphazard development, uncontrolled population growth, poverty, the proliferation of weapon of mass destruction (WMD), etc are some of the causes of human-made disasters. Whatever may be the causes or forms of the disaster, it causes tremendous pain, hardship, suffering, deaths, injuries, destruction, and environmental degradation. Some disasters can be so huge in scale that it will be very difficult to be tackled by the affected community alone.
There is a saying, “Prevention is better than cure.” Preventive measures can avoid man-made disasters and accidents, and minimize damages of natural disasters. If we take preventive measures and keep ourselves prepared we can minimize damages.
Disaster doesn’t come by knocking the door. It can occur anytime in any scale. However, there are certain indicators and trends. We should follow them and act accordingly. It is important to keep ourselves prepared at least for the most potential disasters like earthquake, cyclone, flood, landslide, fire, storm, epidemic, terrorist acts, etc.
We should keep ourselves informed, and keep essential safety items and equipment ready for such eventualities. We should establish weather stations and develop a mechanism for timely dissemination of information on weather condition. If the weather is bad, we should quickly move to safe places. Fire-fighting and earthquake safety drills should be practiced on a regular basis. Awareness programs, forethought, and pre-planning can reduce the damages of disasters.
Afforestation programs can help prevent the landslide, flood and air pollution. We should protect, preserve and promote the environment We should use a road, fire, electricity, equipment and sensitive devices with much care. Production of weapons of mass destruction should be stopped.
Facts About Earthquake
The movement or vibration of the earth’s surface is known as the earthquake. When the earthquake takes place the surface of the earth either moves or vibrates horizontally or vertically. The up and down movement of the surface is called the vertical quake and the horizontal movement . is known as the horizontal quake.
The point of origin of the movement which is below the earth’s surface is known as the hypocenter and the point where the movement first strikes which are on the surface of the earth is known a$ the epicenter. This is the point from where the wave spreads the effect to every dimension.
The instrument which measures the intensity, origin, place, and magnitudes are called seismograph. When the earthquake occurs graphs are drawn on its graph paper and by analyzing such graph which is drawn; information is collected about the earthquake.
The surface of the earth is divided into many parts which are known as the continental plates. When the liquid and the semi-liquid particles below the earth surface moves, an effector movement is felt in the areas where two plates meet.
When rocks turn, breaks and cripples, earthquake takes place. In this way, the volcano erupts in these areas and when liquid from below the surface turns to vapor, these vapors hold potential for the eruption of a volcano and can even cause an earthquake by pushing the surface of the earth creating a movement. So, an eruption of the volcano and earthquake takes place in a frequent manner in the areas where two plates meet.
The areas around the Pacific Ocean which are the rocky mountain range, Andes mountain range, and East Asia, along with the Asian Himalayas, Hindukush, and Suleiman mountain range, Iran, Turkey and the Alps Mountains in Europe frequently suffer from the earthquake.
Due to the earthquake, there is huge damage to property and lives of people. There is the destruction of houses, road, and bridges, industries, etc and along with these kinds of huge destruction, it can push the lives of people in difficult situations and can even spread epidemic diseases and famine. In this way, earthquake, causes faults in the earth’s surface and causes rising and submerging of the land, floods aria landslides, tsunami, storms, etc.
In the areas where an earthquake is felt quite frequently, special attention should be given in order to protect ourselves from such natural calamities. There is a strong need for preparation from the level of government and exercises related to the methods of protection in the occurrence of such a disaster should be done in the schools.
– Not to panic and run during an earthquake. Stay under the tables.
– Come out of the house when the tremor resides.
– Do not keep things which could fall down during quakes.
– Help neighbors.
– Inform governmental or non-governmental organizations for rescue.
10 Key Facts about Earthquake in Nepal
UPDATED 2016, 22 May, 9:30 A.m. Friday —
A 7.8-magnitude quake struck Nepal on Saturday, April 25, 2015, flattening large parts of Kathmandu valley and causing disasters and devastation across the impoverished Himalayan region.
We are enlisted here some of the major key facts about Earthquake in Nepal.
- More than 9,200 people die in Nepal alone.
- More than 25,000 people have been injured across the country Nepal.
- 18 climbers died at Mt. Everest base camp when the quake sparked an avalanche.
- More than 75 people were killed in India, neighbor country of Nepal.
- The United Nations estimates that There are more than 8 million people have been affected by this natural disaster.
- It is said that more than 2.8 million Nepali were displaced, according to the world body.
- United Nations estimated that more than 3.5 million people are in the need for food assistance.
- And UNICEF estimates that 1.7 million children live in the worst-hit areas.
- The Nepal Red Cross Society said it had almost exhausted its relief stocks which were sufficient for 19,000 families.
- Nepal’s government said 130,033 houses had been destroyed, according to the UN.
There is the Nepal Centre for Disaster Management.
Earthquake Safety Measures
Before an Earthquake in Nepal
- Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home.
- Learn first aid.
- Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity.
- Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake.
- Don’t leave heavy objects on shelves (they’ll fall during a quake).
- Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor.
- Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace.
During an Earthquake in Nepal
– Stay calm! If you’re indoors, stay inside. If you’re outside, stay outside.
- If you’re indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under
heavy furniture (a desk or table).
- Stay away from windows and outside doors.
- If you’re outdoors, stay in the open away from power lines or anything that might fall. Stay away from buildings (stuff might fall off the building or the building could fall on you).
- Don’t use matches, candles, or any flame. Broken gas lines and fire don’t mix.
- If you’re in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops.
- Don’t use elevators (they’ll probably get stuck anyway).
After an Earthquake in Nepal
- Check yourself and others for injuries. Provide first aid for anyone who needs it.
- Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage. If any are damaged, shut off the valves. Check for the smell of gas. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately, and report it to the authorities (use
someone else’s phone).
- Turn on the radio. Don’t use the phone unless it’s an emergency.
- Stay out of damaged buildings.
- Be careful around broken glass and debris. Wear boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet.
- Be careful of chimneys (they may fall on you).
- Stay away from beaches. Tsunamis and seiches sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking.
- Stay away from damaged areas.
- If you’re at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of
the person in charge.
- Expect aftershocks.