Air Pollution in Diwali: – Diwali, the Festival of Lights, means the triumph of good over evil. That is why people illuminate their homes with oil lamps and lights. In addition to the lighting of Diya’s, firecracker bursts have become an integral part of this festival.

Although it is a fun activity, cookies during Diwali are one of the main causes of increased air pollution, especially in and around major cities such as Pokhara, Kathmandu, Dang etc.. Heavy smoke combined with explosive paper disorder and noise pollution are some of the long-term effects of the temporary celebration.

Even after prohibitions and restrictions, the main cities are affected by toxic smog every year after Diwali. It is time, given the serious situation, to make immediate efforts to reduce environmental damage before it is too late. In this blog, we discuss in detail the factors responsible for environmental pollution during Diwali and the possible solution we can take to protect our families in our homes.

Fireworks are often used to celebrate parties or festivals such as Halloween, Independence Day (also known as July 4) in the USA. USA, Diwali in India, Eid al-Fitr in Southeast Asia, Tihar in Nepal and Ashura Day in Morocco, Guy Fawkes Night or Bonfire Night in the United Kingdom, Halloween in Ireland, Bastille Day in France, Spanish failures, in almost all cultural festivals in Sri Lanka (for example, New Year in Sri Lanka), New Year’s Eve and New Year, and celebration of the Chinese New Year of the Chinese communities The whole world.

How does Diwali affect the environment and human health?

There are several ways to avoid Diwali contamination and celebrate Diwali in a silent, smoke-free and safe way for everyone.

Firecrackers release many chemicals to the environment that cause a variety of health problems. Some of the effects are:

  1. The increase in sulfur dioxide content in the air and the inhalation of this poisonous air cause shortness of breath and shortness of breath.
  2. Cadmium is another chemical that is released when cookies explode in the air. This chemical can cause anemia, kidney damage and deterioration of the nervous system.
  3. Copper released into the air irritates your respiratory system.
  4. Some other chemicals such as lead, magnesium and nitrate are also released into the air when cookies are burned, which leads to serious health problems.

Not only air pollution, but also cookies increase noise pollution in Diwali.


how to celebrate pollution free Diwali

Diwali is the festival of lights, celebrating the triumph of good over evil. This is the reason why people illuminate their homes with lamps and oil lights. Bursting firecrackers have also become an integral part of this festival in addition to lighting diyas.

Although it was a fun activity, firecrackers during Diwali are one of the main reasons for the rising level of air pollution. Heavy smoke combined with explosive paper and noise pollution are some of the long-term effects of the temporary celebration.

Due to its harmful effects on human health, it is time for us to make some immediate efforts to reduce the damage caused to the environment before it is too late. Following are the ways that how can we celebrate pollution free Diwali.

  1. Avoid firecrackers

Maximum pollution during Diwali is caused by firecrackers. The toxin released by firecrackers makes breathing difficult and even causes many respiratory diseases. Breathing this toxic air can cause dizziness, nausea, vomiting and cough.

Firecrackers can also cause anxiety attacks not only among humans, but also between birds and animals. Taking these factors into account, it is advisable to celebrate Diwali with a green crackers made with recycled paper.  Instead of polluting the environment, avoiding firecrackers and celebrating a real “green Diwali” is best.

Smoke Fountain firecrakcers

Maximum pollution during Diwali is caused by firecrackers. The poison released by fireworks makes breathing difficult and even causes many respiratory diseases. Inhalation of this poisonous air can cause dizziness, nausea, vomiting and cough.

Fireworks can cause anxiety not only in humans, but also in birds and animals. Taking these factors into account, it is advisable to celebrate Diwali with green cookies made from recycled paper. These cookies produce less noise and are approved by the Central Pollution Control Board.

  1. Make chemical free Rangoli

In the old days, rangolis were made to feed the birds. This Diwali, do that again. Use natural colors instead of chemical colors and use natural ingredients such as rice powder (white); pulses or turmeric (yellow); clove or cinnamon (brown); cardamom or fennel (green).

It is a great way to share food with the creatures around us, such as small birds and ants. Use flowers such as chrysanthemums, roses, lotus and leaves to give the finishing touches to our rangoli; We can use them the next day to compost for our garden.

The rangoli made with rice paste, are also excellent options. Colorful and intricate rangolis complete that festive appearance in our home.

  1. Use diyas

Do not use electric lights. Instead, look for small ground lamps and candles. It would reduce electricity consumption.

There is nothing more charming than the good old oil diyas. Forget the electric lights in front of traditional diyas. In this way, we will not only be saving the environment, we will also be supporting the local artisans who make these diyas. And painting diyas is a fun school vacation activity.

There are different ways to celebrate Diwali and to illuminate the whole house which is the most important part of the Diwali celebration. People illuminate their homes with lights / bulbs before and after Diwali, which also contributes to pollution.

Diyo Diya in Handpipe Water Diwali Tihar

However, this Diwali allowed us to switch to a traditional form of celebration by lighting Diyas or ground lamps that are biodegradable and cost effective. . Choose LED lights if there has to be electric lighting (use 80% less energy than normal lights) to celebrate the Diwali free of contamination.

There are several ways to celebrate Diwali, and especially when the whole house is illuminated, this is the most important part of the Diwali celebration.

People illuminate their homes with lights / lamps before and after Diwali, which also contributes to pollution. However, with this Diwali we can move on to a traditional way of celebrating by lighting Diya’s or earth bulbs that are biodegradable and cost effective.

  1. Clean our own mess

Burning crackers is bound to leave trash in addition to dirtying the air. After the celebration of Diwali, the roads are filled with paper and plastic garbage.

Just as maintaining the cleanliness of the house during Diwali is considered auspicious, also take the initiative to clean the garbage of our surroundings after the celebrations to ensure an ecological environment. Do not wait for municipal workers to pick up and dispose of trash. Also, do not participate in the burning of garbage as it further pollutes the air.


This will reduce the level of pollution caused by environment wastes. Substances such as sulfur, aluminum, copper, etc. are added. to crackers to produce vibrant colors and sparkles.

When burned, they release poisonous gases such as nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide into the air, making it difficult for people to breathe which eventually affect our health.

Therefore, we must understand the consequences of this, as they cause significant health risks. As well, burning debris can cause smoke, which mixes with the fog to form smog.

Burned cookies have to leave trash. After the Diwali festival, the streets are filled with paper and plastic waste. To ensure an environmentally friendly environment, it is important that you take the initiative to clean the environment.

This reduces the contamination of waste (environment). Avoid burning this waste as it will release sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxide and countless particles in the air and affect your health. Therefore, you must understand the consequences, as they carry significant health risks. In addition, burning debris can produce smoke that mixes with the fog to smoke.

  1. Use green crackers

Taking into account the adverse effects of air pollution, it is important to stop burning dangerous and highly polluting crackers, instead, we can use green crackers. These crackers are less harmful compared to conventional firecrackers and do not contain harmful chemicals.

The use of green crackers means a reduction of particles and harmful gases by 30-35%. So, better avoid crackers but if we really want to use crackers then, better use green crackers which will not hamper our health as well environment.

Given the adverse effects of air pollution, it is important to avoid burning dangerous and highly polluting cookies. Instead, you can use green cookies.

These cookies are less harmful than conventional fireworks and do not contain harmful chemicals. No harmful chemical means less pollution and this would lead to a cleaner environment. The use of Green Cracker means a reduction of harmful particles and gases by 30-35%.

  1. Ditch Plastic

Let plastic debris, which is already suffocating water bodies and landfills, do not worsen garbage problems during Diwali. Ditch plastic wrap in gifts, sweet boxes and firecrackers.

Avoid using plastic bags when buying Diwali essential items, instead use paper or cloth bags during shopping. Collect all discarded plastic items so they can be disposed of properly or recycled. Instead of using plastic bag, we can use the  bag made from cloth which can be reused.

  1. Go green with green gifts

Speaking of a green Diwali, what could be better than giving a plant? Go green giving a sprout or plant to our loved ones. Plants such as the spider plant, fern, ivy, peace lily can significantly curb the air pollutants present inside the house which are great ecological gifts.

These plants can naturally purify indoor air by eliminating toxins. Other types of ecological gifts include cloth bags or items made by recycling wastes or solar devices. Give organic candles that are biodegradable made from orange peels, coconut husks, wheat dough, etc.

They degrade slowly without damaging the environment. To give the gift a personal touch, make a recycled paper card to accompany it. We should pack our gifts in newspapers instead of shiny plastic wrap. After all, giving away anything that supports the green cause is always special.

  1. Wish lanterns instead of firecrackers

A single flashlight of desire uses a paraffin fuel cell that burns for approximately 5-10 minutes. Emissions are much lower than firecrackers that emit PM2.5 equal to 2 cigarettes.

If we are looking for a truly illuminated Diwali night sky, a flashlight in each home seems to be a better way to do it than a firecracker that lasts less than a minute. This will help us to celebrate the enjoyable pollution free Diwali.

  1. Carpooling During Diwali

Carpooling (including carpooling, carpooling, and carpooling) is a trip where more than one person drives by car and prevents others from having to drive somewhere. It helps in reducing the air pollution also.

By sharing a vehicle with several people, sharing the trip reduces each person’s travel costs, for example.

Fuel costs, tolls and driving stress. Car sharing is also a greener and more sustainable way of traveling, as it reduces air pollution, CO2 emissions, road congestion and the need for parking. Authorities often recommend sharing the car, especially in times of high pollution or high fuel prices.

Car sharing is an excellent way to take advantage of the total seating capacity of a car that would not otherwise be used if only the driver used the car.

In 2009, shared trips accounted for 43.5% of all trips in the US. And 10% of displacements. The majority of Christmas carols (more than 60%) are “family communities” with family members.

Traveling by car is more popular for people who work in places with more jobs nearby and who live in places with higher housing density.

Car sharing is significantly related to transportation operating costs, including fuel prices and the duration of the swing, as well as social capital measures, such as, however, car sharing is much less common among older people. and homeowners who spend more time at work.

In general, sharing the trip means sharing travel expenses equally among all the occupants of the vehicle (driver or passenger). The driver does not try to make money, but shares the cost of a trip with several people he would do anyway.

The expenses that will be shared basically include fuel and tolls. However, if we include depreciation of the purchase and maintenance of the vehicle, insurance and taxes paid by the driver, we will incur costs of approximately $ 1 / mile. There are platforms that simplify car sharing by connecting people looking for passengers or drivers.

In general, the driver sets a fare and passengers accept it, as they reach an agreement before departure. The second generation of these platforms was developed to manage driving in the city in real time using travelers’ smartphones.

They allow to occupy the free seats of the vehicle during the flight and to pick up and deliver passengers along the entire route (and not only in the common departure and destination locations).

This system automatically makes an equitable distribution of travel expenses so that each passenger can reimburse the driver for a reasonable part of the actual benefit generated by the use of the vehicle, which is proportional to the distance traveled by the passenger and the number of people driving the car. shared

  1. Use of public transport.

Public transport is usually administered on a schedule and run on fixed route fares for each booked trip. Examples of public transport are city buses, trolleybuses, trams (or light trains) and passenger trains, express trains (subway / subway / subway, etc.) and ferries.

Public transport between cities is dominated by airlines, buses and interurban railways. High-speed rail networks are being built in many parts of the world.

Most public transport systems operate on fixed routes with fixed embarkation / disembarkation points at a fixed time, with the most frequent connections operating at a specific time. However, most public transportation trips also involve other traffic.

Public Bus Kathmandu
Public Bus

Shared taxis offer services on demand in many parts of the world that can compete or complement public transport lines by taking passengers to exchangers. Paratransit is sometimes used in areas of low demand and for people who need door-to-door service.

Urban public transport differs significantly between Asia, North America and Europe. In Asia, private and publicly traded real estate and public transportation conglomerates mainly operate public transportation systems.

In North America, urban transport authorities are more likely to operate local public transport. In Europe, both public and private companies predominantly operate public transport systems. Public transport services can be financed profitably through the use of route fares or through government subsidies, where each passenger is charged flat fares. Some cities offer fully subsidized and free services.

  1. Use an efficient car

Gasoline and diesel vehicles emit greenhouse gases (GHG), mainly carbon dioxide (CO2), which contribute to climate change. Vehicles with fuel cells (FCV) that run on pure hydrogen do not emit greenhouse gases, only heat and water. The production of hydrogen for FCV can produce greenhouse gases depending on the production method.

However, much less greenhouse gases are produced than with conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles. FCVs could reduce our dependence on foreign oil because hydrogen can be obtained from local sources. These sources include natural gas and coal, as well as renewable sources such as water, biogas and agricultural waste.

This would make our economy less dependent on other countries and less prone to oil price shocks due to an increasingly volatile oil market. Road vehicles emit a large part of the air pollutants that contribute to smog and harmful particles in US FCVs fed with pure hydrogen and do not emit harmful pollutants.

The production of hydrogen from fossil fuels causes some pollutants, but much lower than the amount produced by conventional vehicles.

Few models are available for sale or rent, and availability is limited to hydrogen replenishment areas, primarily in California. Several challenges need to be addressed before FCVs offer a successful and competitive alternative for consumers.

However, costs have fallen significantly and are approaching the goal . Car manufacturers must further reduce their costs, especially for the fuel cell stack and hydrogen storage, so that FCVs can compete with conventional vehicles.

The current infrastructure for the generation and transfer of hydrogen to consumers still cannot support the widespread introduction of FCV. In 2013, H2USA was launched as a public-private partnership between the DOE and other federal agencies, car manufacturers, the state government, academic institutions and other interested parties.

The objective is to coordinate research and identify cost-effective solutions for the use of hydrogen infrastructure. By the end of 2015, more than 50 public broadcasters will be available, mainly in California. This is an important first step in providing hydrogen to consumers.

Fuel cell systems are not as durable as internal combustion engines, especially in some temperature and humidity ranges. The life of fuel cell batteries in road operation is currently approximately half of the life required for commercialization. The lifespan has increased significantly in recent years from 29,000 to 75,000 miles.

However, experts believe that FCVs must reach an estimated lifespan of 150,000 miles to compete with gasoline vehicles. Consumers must accept FCVs before their benefits can be obtained.

As with any new vehicle technology, consumers may have concerns about the reliability and safety of these vehicles when they enter the market for the first time. They also need to familiarize themselves with a new type of fuel. Public education can accelerate this process.

  1. Focus in Road management during Diwali

Pollution has become a worldwide epidemic. More than 9 out of 10 people worldwide live in areas where air quality is more dangerous than that established by the World Health Organization (WHO).

In addition, about 4.2 million people die each year from air pollution. Traffic pollution, especially in urban areas, has made an important contribution to this problem.

Although there are many solutions to address this problem, such as: Renewable energy and electric cars, is there anything we can do on the streets to solve this problem. Some roads can pollute the air and turn it into less dangerous chemicals.

They were called “smog-eating streets”! In 2007, Italcementi introduced cement for the first time, which can retain smog and effectively reduce environmental pollution in the area. By 2015, Italcementi had revolutionized this technology and developed a plaster spray that could convert previously retained smog into much less harmful compounds.

  1. Use fresh flowers such as marigold, jasmine, roses and lilies to decorate the festive atmosphere instead of flashy streamers and electric lights.
  2. Use eco-friendly paint for our homes to celebrate Diwali pollution free.
  3. Use organic incense sticks and fresh flowers. Stay away from synthetic air fresheners.
  4. We can raise awareness about the environment, organize nature walks and talks on the subject. We can also organize a marathon on the subject to raise awareness to celebrate the Diwali free of contamination.

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