The Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is the only one hunting reserve area of Nepal where licensed hunting is permitted. It was established in the year 2041 B.S. (1985AD.). This reserve is stretched through Rukum, Myagdi and Baglung districts just below the Dhaulagiri Range in the west Nepal.
There are Putha, Churen and Gurja Himal extended over the northern boundary of the reserve. It has the area of 1325 square kilometers or 512 sq. mi about 260 km north-west of Kathmandu, capital of Nepal. It ranges from 2,850 to 5,500 meter or 9,350 to 18,000 ft. in altitudes.
It is established with the view of encouraging the Nepalese and foreign hunters. This reserve is divided into 6 categories for hunting management purposes.
It seems that such division has made the management of hunting easy and effective. It has helped a lot in earning foreign currency.
This protected area is characterized by alpine, sub-alpine and high temperature vegetation. Different types of vegetation such as birch, juniper, fire, pine, hemlock, oak, spruce, and rhododendron are found here.
One of the prime and important attractions for hunters is the blue sheep, which is abundant in the region.
Besides that blue sheep, other wildlife of this reserve are leopard, ghoral, snow leopard, musk deer, red panda, Tibetan wolf, jharal, Himalayan thar, snow bear, Himalayan Black bear, barking deer wild boar, rhesus macaque, Langur, mouse hare, musk deer, wolf red panda, cheer pheasant and Danphe available here.
The reserve has 137 birds’ species such as cheer pheasant and Himalayan pile woodpecker. About 50 percent of the total protected area of this reserve is pasturelands at higher elevation.
This reserve has been set up with the objective of utilizing the wildlife as well as conserving them. There has been a provision of hunting specific animals in a specific area and in a specific time after getting a license.
But they are not allowed to kill the animals in large number of make them disappear. For proper management, only those animals which have grown up in a great number are allowed to be hunted in a limited number. It also helps to protect the habitats of wild animals and birds.
The best time or season to visit this reserve is between September to May.
The Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is located in the Baglung district of the Dhawalagiri Himalayas. It is the only hunting ground in Nepal and was established primarily to meet the needs of sports hunting and the protection of representatives of the temperate, subalpine and alpine ecosystem of Western Nepal.
A total of 164 species were recorded, but no systematic birdwatching was carried out in the reserve and it is likely that other species will be found (Inskipp 1989a).
The reserve has by far the largest known strength of pheasant jubilation in Nepal. In a 2003 survey, a population of 127-212 birds was estimated, Since the last survey 22 years ago (Lelliot 1982), the population of Cheer has hardly or not statistically significantly decreased.
There are large areas of temperate forests and alpine vegetation, so the reserve is likely to host significant populations of species typical of the temperate Sino-Himalayan forest and the Eurasian high mountain.
World-wide endangered mammals include the red panda Ailurus fulgens, the Asian black bear Ursus thibetanus, the snow leopard Uncia, the Himalayan musk deer, the musk crucible and the Tahr Hemitragus Himalayan Jemlahicus, the Serow Capricornis sumatraensis and the Gray Wolf Canis.
The Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is located in the districts of Rukum, Myagdi and Baglung in the Dhaulagiri Himal Mountains in western Nepal. Putha, Churen and Gurja Himal extend across the northern boundary of the reserve. The Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve was founded in 1983 and published in 1987.
The objectives of the reserve management are to enable sports hunting and the preservation of a representative high-altitude ecosystem in western Nepal. With an area of 1325 km², the reserve is the only hunting reserve in the country that covers the need for sports hunts for Nepalese and foreign hunters of blue sheep and other wildlife.
The highest elevations remain snow-covered throughout the year. The heights vary from 3000 m. to more than 7000 m. The flat meadow above the tree line (4000 m), locally known as Patan, is divided into six blocks for hunting management purposes.
The local population relies on the reserve to meet their needs for wood, firewood, feed and pastures. The refugee camp near the reserve has put more pressure on the forest. Grazing starts every year in February and lasts until October. More than 80,000 animals enter the reserve.
Common plant species are fir, pine, birch, rhododendron, hemlock, oak, juniper and fir. At higher altitudes, lawns account for more than 50% of the protected area. In addition to national parks and nature reserves, the government of Nepal in Dhorpatan has set up a Hunting Reserve for Majesty that allows controlled hunting of some species.
The reserve covers an area of 1,325 km² and lies on the southern flanks of the mountain. Dhaulagiri I (8,167 m.) In the districts of Rukum, Baglung and Myagdi in western Nepal.
The vegetation of the area is characterized by well-developed mixed hardwood forests at lower elevations and many species of plants with drier climates in the north. The reserve is one of the most important habitats for blue sheep, a highly prized trophy that is the main objective of the hunters. Other species include Ghoral, Serow, Himalayan Thar, Black Bear, Pheasant and Partridge.
Endangered species in the region include the red panda and the pheasant. Controlled hunting is allowed with the appropriate driver’s license and certain seasons. The hunting license is issued by the Ministry of National Parks and Nature Conservation in Kathmandu, and there are some hunting providers that can organize expeditions.
Objective of Dhorpatan hunting reserve
Although the Dhorpatan hunting reserve was established with the objective of providing a sports hunting facility to Nepalese and foreign hunters, the following main objectives are listed:
- To represent geo-natural areas, preserve the ecosystem of the Baglung, Myagdi and Rukum neighborhoods in the developing regions of the west and Midwest
- Ecotourism is promoted by preserving the beautiful geographical scenes, scientific, cultural and refreshing places, as well as the conservation and management of rare plants and animals.
- Continue the trend in the consumption of relief supplies by citizens on the ground, so that there are no adverse effects on natural resources and the ecosystem.
- Increase public participation in biodiversity conservation and make it independent in the use of forest resources.
Religious and tourist places in Dhorpatan hunting reserve Area
Dhorbarah in Deurali, 1 km from the Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve Office, is a very popular and important religious place. Every year, Jana Purnima celebrates a big party.
To participate in this Jana Purnima Mela, thousands of pilgrimages from Baglung, Rukum, Rolpa, Gulmi, etc. come here. Hundreds of sheep are slaughtered here right now because they believe that what they want is fulfilled.
Some porcelain and Janma Kundali swim from their parents or deceased relatives here on the Uttarganga River. Buddhist pilgrims and tourists also visit Ekkhutte Gumba and Pakhathar Gumba.
Other religious places worshiped by their tradition are Sallathan Devi, Maikotko Kot, Gurjakhaniko Barahathan, Chisapani, Bhandarigaus Simbarah, Niseldhor’s Village Puja, etc.
Tourism is considered the backbone of development. Since the foundation of the Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, the focus has been on the conservation of natural resources, the protection of forests and wildlife, and on the management of hunting facilities to promote ecotourism.
Hunting tourism has increased and foreign tourists visit this area. Tourists who come from abroad visit the following main places:
Main places of interest:
- Putha mountain,
- Churen mountain,
- Gurja mountain,
- Sisne mountain,
- Sundah (deposit),
- Lake Pupaal,
- Warmi Lake,
- Parmi Lake,
- Mandre Lake,
- Jalpa Lake,
- Marchula lake,
- Lake Putha,
- Dhor river,
- Sinha Othar,
- cave of Shiva,
- Rudra Lake, etc.
For the visit of Dhorpatan Kartik, the months of Magh, Falgun and Chaitra are considered appropriate from a climate-related point of view.
Different organizations like
- Nepal Wildlife Adventure Pvt. GmbH,
- Himalayan safari,
- Track and tracks Pvt. Ltd, Nepal Wildlife Safari Pvt. Ltd.
Run well-managed hunting services for foreigners after participating in the state bidding process and pay the government a modest amount of revenue for hunting wild animals such as Naur.
These organizations have been searching and marketing and advertising also works. The number of tourists who use the route of this reserve to reach Dolpa is also high. Since this reserve is located in the mountains of Dhaulagiri, tourists can enjoy the beautiful views of the mountains of Dhawalagiri from here.
Jaljala, which is located on the eastern border of the DHR, is considered a suitable place to camp. From here you can see beautiful scenes. This location is also the best option for exploration and observation of wildlife and plants.
If the tourism infrastructure and information communication technologies could be well developed, the Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve could be the first option for hunting wildlife adventures such as Naur, tourism, cultural tourism, research and life observation wild.
In this way, this area would also develop economically and socially. While the necessary infrastructure for tourists, such as transportation, communication, hotel, accommodation, information center, camp, etc., is not available, it will be very difficult for tourism development.
The Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is considered the best tourist place for nature tours, walks, cultural exchanges, wildlife and plant observation and adventure hunting.
However, the basic infrastructure required for this purpose is not well developed, which is why the reserve was unable to make any notable tourist tour. For air traffic there is an airport here. The campsite was created in different places.
The airport is being rebuilt and is scheduled to resume flight service. The camp with kitchen and bathroom was built in Dhorpatan, Chentung, Gurjakhani, Lamsung and Rukum.
The camps in Chentungm Lamsung and Gurjakhani were renovated and delivered to local women, while the camps in Dhor and Taksera were controlled by the reserve. Due to the lack of necessary hotels, shelters and tea rooms is a lack of facilities to determine.
Otherwise, local hotel, cabin and tea shop operators could not focus on cleanliness and proper service due to lack of proper training and hospitality. By establishing the right infrastructure, there is no doubt that the number of tourists entering will increase dramatically. In commercial year 068/069, 78 foreign tourists visited the Dhorpatan hunting reserve.
The highest elevations remain covered with snow throughout the year. The heights vary from 3000 m to more than 7000 m. Flat meadows on the tree line (4000 m), known locally as patanes, are important for animals such as blue sheep and other herbivores.
The reserve is divided into seven blocks of six for hunting management purposes. The reserve is surrounded on all sides by towns, with the exception of the north. Locals can collect limited quantities of firewood for their own use.
Visitors are asked to feed themselves (kerosene) before entering the reservation. As there are no medical facilities in the reserve, it is recommended that visitors bring a comprehensive first aid kit of anti-intestinal medications. Two hotels / cabins with simple Nepalese dishes are located in Chhyantung, near Dhorpatan.
The Dhorpatan hunting reserve is considered very late in terms of transport. Recently, the roads have been updated to the reservation office. The road is unpaved and unpaved. Arriving at the office with the vehicle is, therefore, a difficult journey, especially in the rainy season, as the muddy road weakens.
On foot, the DHR office is 3-4 days away from all Baglung, Rukum and Myagdi district headquarters. After the opening of the road, the number of local routes that arrive here has increased significantly.
Many teenagers love to come by bicycle. DHR can be reached by charter helicopter. The locals have created several trails to get from one place to another.
DHR is very far from the headquarters of Baglung, Myagdi and Rukum and, therefore, it has been very difficult to communicate in the past. There were no media, except in the DHR office where VHF and Ku band communications were established.
In the last three years, communication services have improved dramatically. Now mobile phones can work. State telecom giant Nepal Telecom has established a solar power station to transmit the satellite signal. Communication can be made mobile.
But sometimes, when the weather fluctuates, the station lags a bit behind to send a good signal. Some villagers also have cordless phones. Browsing the internet may be impossible here. And if you drive at higher altitudes outside the DHR office, the mobile signal may be lost.
There is the possibility of electricity, the premises have built a small hydroelectric power station. Apart from that, solar panels are also clearly visible.
The monsoon fasts until the beginning of October. Daytime temperatures are very low in winter due to strong winds. The upper layers are covered with clouds in the morning; later clouds are cleared by the wind.
Snow can also occur at low altitudes until early April. but it melts soon the best time to visit the reserve is from March to April.
Birds (Class Aves) are feathered, winged, biped vertebrates, with terminal microvones, which lay eggs (Wikipedia, 2013). Although Nepal covers only 0.1% of the world’s total land mass, almost 9% of the world’s bird species are found here (BCN, 2012).
With the latest in avian serifs (Pericrocotus divaricatus) and long-nosed vultures (Gypus indicus), the diversity of Nepalese birds has reached 871 species (BCN, 2012, BCN and DNPWC, 2012). A total of 29 species registered in Nepal were classified as threatened by Birdlife International in 1999 (Grimmet et al., 2000).
From the zoogeographic point of view, Nepal is between two main regions: the Palearctic in the north and the East in the south, which makes Nepal one of the richest bird species in the world (Shrestha, 1981).
A total of 27 important bird areas (IBA) have given identity in Nepal. 13 IBAs are located in protected areas (Thekuri & Thapa, 2012). DHR was a good habitat for birds (Thapa, 2007), but the update of the checklist was missing.
Our goal was to update the checklist of bird species in the DHR and determine their order, family, conservation status and threat.
The reserve is characterized by alpine, subalpine and high-grade vegetation. Common plant species are spruce, pine and birch, rhododendron, hemlock, oak, juniper and spruce. Pastures occupy more than 50% of the total area of the reserve at higher elevations.
The reserve is one of the most important habitats for blue sheep, a coveted trophy. The pheasants and partridges are widespread and their viable population in the reserve allows controlled hunting.
Endangered animals in the reserve include: musk deer, wolf, red panda, pheasant and danphe. The Ministry of National Parks and Nature Protection issues the hunting license.