First of all, Happy Dashain 2021! Dashain Tika Mantra दशै टिका मन्त्र. Dashain tika mantra of Nepali festival Dashain. The mantra is chanting during the time of putting tika on the forehead. Dashain tika mantra is for the request to goddess Durga.
Facts About Dashain Tika Mantra
We Nepalese are family with this “Dashain is all about taking the blessings from the elders”. This 10-day festival is the biggest festival of Hindus especially to those in Nepal. We all love to celebrate it with a lot of devotion.
All of us want to go back to our roots, to our homes where we revisit our childhood memories and show reverence towards the elders and also to the religion and culture that is such an integral part of our upbringing.
As we all know, the tenth day of Dashain is the day when we visit all our elders in the family and neighborhood in order to take their blessings which are supposed to be very good for our life and well-being.
While taking this tika and while putting this on by the elders, there are few mantras that are supposed to be said so as to bless the ones who have come there to take the blessings.
These mantras carry such beautiful meanings that it is perfect for us to recite those while we put tika on the ones who we love and care for. Given below are few facts regarding these mantras:
These mantras are however different for men and women. For men, the mantra goes something like this:
Whereas, for women, the mantra while putting the tika goes something like this:
जयन्ती मङ्गला काली भद्रकाली कपालिनी ।
दुर्गा शिवा क्षमा धात्री स्वाहा स्वधा नमोऽस्तु ते ॥२॥
- I am sure few of us have learned these mantras by heart just to be able to say it while we put the tika on and feel good about it. But, how many of us really know the meanings to each of these Sanskrit words? Keep reading to understand what they really mean…
SauryamShantanaweBalamHaladhare Satyam cha Kuntisute
Every year we have a tendency to hear the long Sanskrit shloka that begins “Ayo DronaSute” in Dashain, we all know that these lines are blessings, however, what do really|they really} mean?
This shloka actually lists out the nice qualities of characters from Hindu myths and blesses the receiver with similar qualities. Several of the stories are acquainted, however, some are pretty obscure bits of mythology.
“AayuDronaSute, ShriyamDasharathe, ShatrukhsyayamRaghave”.
This line starts with Ashwatthama, the son of Drona. He had once revengefully unleashed a weapon on the female womb of Abhimanyu’s spouse Uttara, killing her unborn kid.
For this sin of induced abortion, Lord Krishna cursed him to be an insect for three large hundred years. The next line “ShriyamDasharathe” desires that the receiver has the maximum amount wealth (Shree) as king Dasharath, and therefore the last half “ShatrukhsyayamRaghave”is relating to Ram. The receiver is hoped to destroy all his enemies (shatrukshayam) like Raghav (another name for Ram) of past times did.
The second line runs thus:”AishyarwamNahushe, gatishchaPawane, Manam cha Duryodhane.” It begins with the obscure story of Nahush. Nahushwas made the king of heaven throughout Indra’s absence.
As a result, he lived a particularly luxurious life. however, there’s conjointly a dark spin to his luxury. Nahush became therefore self-important that he dared to need Sachi, the spouse of Hindu deity, and set to ride on a litter carried by rishis.
No different mortal would even dare to think about such blasphemies, however, Nahush needed to prove that that he was the sole one UN agency may afford such luxuries. Not glad thereupon, Nahush kicked rishi Agastya ad cursed him, inflicting him to fall from heaven and live to tell the tale earth as a serpent for several years.
Moving on, consecutive half desires that the receiver has the speed (gati) of air (Pawan). The last little bit of this line mentions the pride (maan) of Duryodhan. sometimes delineate because the evil arch villain of Mahabharatum, here Duryodhan is cumulous with praises.
Indeed, abhimaan or pride is that the hallmark of this unwell certain man’s life. He gave his best to the Mahabharatum war, despite the fact that he knew there were no means he may win, just because he had an excessive amount of pride to surrender to his arch enemies.
Despite having very little support from his elders and placing down all his life, he stayed faithful his heart. If he had won the war, the Mahabharatum may currently be a paean to his achievements, however since he failed to, solely this small shloka bears testament to his iron can.
The third line begins by extolling the generosity of Karna. “Daanam Surya Sute, Balamhaladhare, Satyam cha Kuntisute”. This offspring of Surya was, therefore, far-famed for magnanimity that Lord Hindu deity was ready to wrangle his kawach and kundal that he was born with. Karna had to chop them out from his body to meet Indra’s request.
No contentions here, Karna is so Associate in Nursing admirable character and out and away the favouriteMahabharatum character of most of the people I do know. consecutive half is relating to the strength (Balam) of Balaram, is known for carrying a plow (Haladhar).
He was far-famed for his wrestling skills, that need lots of physical strength. In fact, he was conjointly the wrestling teacher of Bhim and Duryodhana, the most effective wrestlers of the time.
The last bit praises the reality (Satya) of Yudhishthir (Kunti-sute). glorious for his virtuous ways in which, Yudhishthir was alleged to have spoken just one falsehood in his entire life.
The last line begins with a praise of Bidur for his information. “BigyanamBidure, BhawantiBhawatam, KeertishchaNarayane.”Bigyan would mean science, however, obscurity will we notice Bidur being Associate in Nursing engineer, or designer, or being even mistily scientific in the other means.
However, he was definitely well versed in politics, ethics, governance, astrology, and even Mlechha (foreign) languages. currently, these acknowledge that I’d die for, therefore I’d fain settle for this Gyan in the office of science. consecutive half is that the blessing half, wherever the speaker says “may this stuff happen!”
The last bit talks regarding the celebrity (Keerti) of Lord Narayan. And truly, Narayan is perhaps the foremost far-famed of gods. Besides being a part of the mighty Trinity, 2 of his avatars Rama and Krishna are the foremost far-famed Hindu gods.
Therefore our elders wouldn’t solely need America to possess all the higher than mentioned heavenly qualities, however even be world far-famed celebrities.
For women, the mantra for Dashain blessings goes something like this:
जयन्ती मङ्गला काली भद्रकाली कपालिनी ।
दुर्गा शिवा क्षमा धात्री स्वाहा स्वधा नमोऽस्तु ते ॥२॥
In case we are wondering what the lines really mean in colloquial terms, the meaning goes like this:
I Salute Jayanti (Who is Ever-Victorious), Mangala (Who is the bestower of Auspiciousness), Kali (Who is beyond Kala or Time), Bhadrakali (Who is the controller of Life and Death, being beyond Kala or Time), Kapalini (Who wear a Garland of Skulls),
I Salute to Durga (Who is Durgati-Nashini), Kshama (Who is an embodiment of Forbearance), Shiva (Who is Ever-Auspicious and One with Shiva as His Consort), Dhatri (Who is the Supporter of all Beings), Swaha (Who is the final receiver of the Sacrificial Oblations to Gods) and Swadha (Who is the final receiver of the Sacrificial Oblations to Manes); Salutations to You.
In summation, these lines actually just praise and salute women or the feminine force in nature as being the all-sustaining energy that there is. It is not really a blessing like the one we already discussed which is meant for men. Instead, this one is about showing the gratitude towards the women in general through these Goddesses who are referred to in the scriptures.
Traditionally, women are given a very respectable position in the society. They are revered and worshipped. The prehistoric times were not partial about gender and if we are to go by Hindu scriptures, Goddesses were given as much priority as the Gods.
But later, as time passed, things took unexpected turns wherein, women were discriminated against and not regarded as equal to men counterparts. This is something we should remember while we reiterate these lines during the Dashain. Knowing the meaning to these lines does really help in this regard.
It is kind of flattering, as a woman, to learn that for women, it is only about salutations or reverence to the female energies. In fact, Dashain is all about showing reverence to the nine different forms of Durga who is the most powerful female deity in Hindu mythology.
- These mantras are the blessings that the elderly bestow upon the younger ones. Dashain is all about the elders blessing the younger ones. Symbolically, it is the time when elder ones give their teachings and well wishes to the younger ones owing to their experiences in life. Always, it is the younger ones who go to the houses of elder ones in order to take the blessings and the tika.
- These blessings bring in their references from the deities of Hinduism. Since Dashain is predominantly a Hindu festival. It is all about Hindu religion, our Gods and Goddess and a symbolic representation of the victory of truth over falsehood. These mantras, obviously are a reflection to the same. The mantras tell how we all should acquire the qualities of the Gods and Goddesses whom we have been bowing our heads to all our lives.
- There are separate mantras meant for men and women. The expected qualities for both men and women in our society are different. While a man is supposed to be wise and strong and healthy and victorious, women are more supposed to be the nurturer and calm. That is why these two mantras mean two different things and it varies for men and women in general.
- For the mantra meant for women, rather than a blessing, it is about salutations to the Goddesses. If we are to study the mantra more closely, as is mentioned above, we can know that for women the mantra is more of salutations to the feminine energy inside all of us. It is not about acquiring those qualities, but about saluting the known energy of femininity that is inside all of the women.
- These mantras have been said since prehistoric times because those are written in our scriptures. Even by referring to the historical figures from Hinduism, it means that it is all about our scriptures. The qualities that are so expected from both men and women are all the qualities of our Gods and Goddesses. All the characters are from the Hindu scriptures of Ramayana and Mahabharata. In keeping with the Hindu beliefs, all of Hindus are expected to acquire the qualities of the Gods and Goddesses that we so respect.
- These mantras are recited by Brahmin and Kshatriyas but, it can be said by any caste and social group. All of those who celebrate Dashain and put Tika can recite these mantras. In today’s time, many people do not really know about Sanskrit slokas. But, it is a wrong practice. We should all know about these little things because it forms our religious and customs. It is all about keeping up with the social movement while also keeping the age-old beliefs and ideas intact. Learning Sanskrit and reciting these verses as they are should be encouraged to students from a very young age. And all should be made proud of our inheritance and the beauty of our customs and culture.
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