All about Dashain Nepal: – How Nepalese celebrate Dashain? Why do we celebrate the Dashain festival in Nepal? Why do we celebrate the Dashain festival among Hindu religion people? What is the meaning of Dashain? What is Dashain? We are going to describe them in this post.
Nepal is a multi-cultural multi-ethnic, and multi-religious country. Yes, Nepal is a multi-religious and multicultural country. There live more than 125 nationalities. They have their own religion, culture and celebrate different festivals.
There are people following different religions and festivals. The people from various religions, ethnic groups, and identities live here in harmony. The various cultures, traditions, rites, and rituals are our heritage. We should regard them as our equals. All the religions are equal.
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They lead us to the path of virtues and good habits. The people speaking different languages from different castes and creeds live in our society. This does not create a gap between us. Rather, this is our wealth and identity.
We observe Christmas, Dashain as well as ID and Chhath which show that we have religious tolerance. So we should behave equally with everyone without discriminating in respect of sex, gender, caste, creed, etc.
This diversity is our unique identity. This has equally helped us in the development of the tourism industry.
Nepal is also known as a country of unity in diversity. We live in a society sharing our joys and sorrows with the people from other religions and castes. We observe Christmas, Baishakh Purnima, Dashain and Tihar with respect. The government also provides holidays on these days.
Nepal is known as a secular country where all religions and festivals are given equal importance. Here, we will discuss some of the facts about Dashain festival in Hindu religions in brief.
Today, we are going to discuss Dashain, also known as Bada Dashain or Vijaya Dashami. It is the biggest festival of the Hindus all over the world. It symbolizes the victory over evil. It usually falls in the month of Aswin or Kartik (late September/early October).
Dashain is celebrated for 15 days. Goddess Durga the Goddess of power, is worshipped for nine days, and on the tenth day, Bijay Dashami or the victory over evil is observed with joy by putting on Tika and Jamara.
People clean, paint and decorate their houses at Vijaydashami. Dashain and Tihar are the major festivals of the Hindus. Dashain is celebrated for days and the Tihar for five days.
When Dashain fall
Dashai or Dussehra festival is the most auspicious and the longest festival of Nepalese Hindus. It is celebrated every year for ten to fifteen days. It falls during the autumn season. Dashain in other words also known as Navaratri.
During the occasion, the nine forms of Goddess Durga is worshiped to give us the blessings of hers. However, most of us may not know that the Navaratri or Dashain is celebrated four times every year. They fall at different times of the year.
The four Navaratri is called Sharad Navaratri, Chaitra Navaratri, Magha Gupta Navaratri and Ashadh Gupta Navaratri. According to our Vedas and Shastras, the most sacred one is the Dashain we celebrate on Chaitra which is also called Chaite Dashain.
Because the Chaitra Navaratri was celebrated on Satya Yuga. In Treta Yuga Ashadh Gupta Dashain was celebrated. In Dwapar Yuga Magh Gupta Dashain was celebrated. In our yuga that is Kali Yuga Sharad Navaratri is celebrated. Since the three of the Vijaydashami was celebrated in different Yugas doesn’t mean that they are now not celebrated.
They are celebrated still by Great Rishi Munis. Especially the Gupta Navaratri is worshiped by the Tantriks to make their mantras sacred and more strong and effective.
That’s why two of the Navaratri are called Gupta meaning secret. Commonly in Nepal, we celebrate two Dashain. The Sharad and the Chaitra Dashain. When they fall depends on the lunar tithi calculated by our great astrologers and Jyotish Scholars.
First, let’s talk about the Kali Yuga Dashain. The tithi on which they fall is constant. The date on which they fall varies.
1) Sharad Navaratri:
Sharad means neither winter nor summer. It falls on seventh lunar month Ashwin. The first day of the Dashain starts from Pratipada(first day) of Ashwin Shukla Paksha. The ninth day ends on Nawami of Ashwin Shukla Paksha. Usually, it falls on September or October of the solar year.
2) Magh Gupta Navaratri:
This Navaratri falls on tenth lunar month Magh. The first day of the Dashain begins from Pratipada of Magh Shukla Paksha. The ninth and the last day falls on Nawami of Magh Shukla Paksha. By solar month it may fall on January or February.
3) Ashadh Gupta Navaratri:
Again this is also a secretive Navaratri worshipped mainly by Sadhus. The Navaratri falls on third lunar month Ashadh. The first day begins with Pratipada of Ashadh Shukla Paksha and ends in Nawami of Ashadh Shukla Paksha. It may fall on July or August of the solar year.
4) Chaitra Navaratri:
This falls on the twelfth lunar month Chaitra. The Navaratri begins from Pratipada of Chaitra Shukla Paksha and ends in Nawami of Chaitra Shukla Paksha. It may fall on April or May. This Dashain is celebrated commonly both in India and Nepal.
No matter when they fall or which type of Dussehra we celebrate. The festival always teaches us that no evil can survive. Goodwill always wins over the bad no matter on which Yuga it is.
How and when does Dashain start
Dashain (likewise generally known as Vijaya Dashami) is the longest and the most favorable Hindu celebration in Nepal, celebrated all through the nation.
Fifteen days in length, it falls on the splendid portion of the lunar month of Ashoj (September/October) and closures on the full moon day. In the initial nine long periods of Vijaydashami, the Goddess Durga is revered in numerous indications amid the sub-celebration called Navaratri.
On the tenth day of the celebration, terrific parades of symbols of divine beings and goddesses are taken out in each town and town by admirers cheering in the triumph of well-finished malice.
Whatever remains of the five days check the festival of this triumph with favors from the goddess. The Dashain celebration incorporates various pujas (supplication customs), the abundant offering of products of the soil exceptional nourishment, numerous creature penances, endowments of relatives, and particular sorts of cheer.
Vijaydashami is praised to remember the Hindu goddess of intensity, Goddess Durga’s triumph over the demi water wild ox devil Mahishasurawho, as per the epic Ramayan had been threatening earth on his main goal to demolish all the Devas(gods).
Dashain symbolized the triumph of well-finished evil. The initial nine long stretches of Vijaydashami symbolizes the savage fight between the diverse signs of Durga and Mahishasur(demi water wild ox demon).
The initial 9 days, otherwise called Navaratri, individuals purge their homes and plant “Jamara”(a sacrosanct yellow grass )on an earthen pot called Kalash, the Kalash is loaded up with saturated. sand and corn and grain seeds are planted far from coordinate daylight inside a couple of days the seeds grow short yellow grass, the Amara.
There are likewise marches performed by the Nepalese armed force in Hanuman dhoka and Tundikhel. And also, creature forfeit performed in sanctuaries. On a ninth day, the Taleju sanctuary is opened for adore. The Taleju sanctuary is just opened once per year on this event.
All machines, vehicles, family things, similar to autos, pound are additionally worshiped on this day. The tenth day known as Vijaya Dashami is particularly imperative as it’s the day Durga at last vanquished the devil.O n this day ladies set up a blend of rice, yogurt and a vermilion powder called “Tika”.
The entire family including removed relatives assemble and the senior citizens put tika and jamara(sacrosanct yellow grass) on the temple of more youthful relatives to favor them and furthermore give “Dakshina” money.
These proceeds for five days till the full moon sufficiently giving time for the family to visit each relative and trade blessing welcome and well wishes. Every day of the Dashain has its own significance, and a few devices are utilized with the end goal of festivity. So, Nepalis market gets full sometime before the Dashain begin.
Since Nepal’s multi-month long rainstorm at last finishes around Vijaydashami and the sky is clear and constantly breezy kids additionally fly kites and many kite fights happen.
All through the nation bamboo swings are built in every network stop utilizing just with ropes bamboo, grass and sticks, these swings can be played by anybody yet it for the most part famous among more youthful kids. Individuals together raise the reserve for building a swing.
Individuals compose mela and gathering with the end goal of excitement. What’s more, the snapshot of these minute begins well before the Dashain begin. These are exceptional Dashain swings that are disassembled quickly after Dashain closes.
The climate amid Dasain season is the best, after the storm at long last closures, it’s not very hot nor excessively cool. You can feel laid back happy environment all through the nation making it a perfect time to visit Nepal.
But since it is celebration season numerous yet not all shops and business including the administration business are shut down as individuals center completely around getting a charge out of the organization of loved ones. A once bustling street of Kathmandu will be relatively vacant.
It is accounted for that around 1. 5 million travelers were recorded to have left Kathmandu Valley out in the open transport while around 500,000 were recorded to have ventured out to the places where they grew up outside the Valley in their private vehicles.
Around 1,000 vehicles set out from the New Bus Park every day amid Dashain against around 300 on other customary days. Also, sometime before the Dashain begin, individuals, book their ticket to move away.
Amid the happy period all administration workplaces, instructive organizations and different workplaces stay shut. Individuals return to their family individuals get together to cook and appreciate heavenly devours with family and companions, all shops offer merry rebates and individuals search for new apparel for themselves and as blessings.
Sometime before Dasain begins, Nepali ladies begin their arrangements for the anticipated celebration. Town ladies stroll for a considerable length of time to discover Sal leaves so they can weave duna and tapari (little and huge dishes) and rikapi (platters) to be utilized amid puja.
Hindus are exceptionally watchful about the immaculateness of utensils utilized amid the puja, which is the reason they utilize the newly made duna, tapari, and rikapi.
These are likewise utilized for serving sustenance to the visitors and relatives-duna are littler in the estimate and are utilized for appropriating Prashad (favoring from the goddess as desserts, natural products and so forth).
Tapari is somewhat greater and is utilized to serve vegetables, leafy foods. Rikapi is utilized to serve bhat (rice), puri (chapati), sel roti (sweet doughnut-like bread) and so on. Amid this celebration, everything utilized for puja must be new, crisp and homemade. Be that as it may, in the advanced setting, certain things have changed by the solace and way of life of the general population.
Sometime before Dashain begin, Nepali market gets its shading. In spite of the fact that the religious parts of the celebration are most conspicuous, there are different types of festivities too. Dasain is related to purchasing new garments, eating great sustenance, utilization of liquor and unwinding following a furious year.
All through the country, each Hindu family deals with this as indicated by their ways of life. New garments are thought about particularly fundamental, and for the vast majority living in towns, new garments come just with Dashain. Goat, the wild ox is in a deal with the end goal of celebration and each home of Nepalese individuals get them and have them as deviprashad.
Among grown-up individuals, Dashain accompanies Gambling. Betting amid Dashain is additionally viewed as crucial. It is just around celebration time that betting is allowed openly puts.
Relatives are welcome to each other’s home for betting and these recreations (card amusements are the most well-known) carry on for a considerable length of time and evenings.
In former days Kauda, an amusement including hurling little cowry shells, used to be well known among the affluent classes, including the decision Ranas and Shahs. A colossal measure of money was included and individuals lost and won a lakh of rupees at any given moment.
Close to this Dashain accompanies a ton of bliss among youngsters. The skies are loaded up with kites being flown from fields and housetops previously and amid this celebration. Kite flying is accepted to send a suggestion to god not to send any more rain. Youths make kites from lokta paper and are energized flying the kites as well as attempting to cut every others’ kite strings.
In many towns and towns swings, usually known as ping, are set up particularly for Dasain (and stay up through the following celebration, Tihar) on the tallest bamboo shafts conceivable. Youngsters, particularly young ladies, and ladies assemble to watch an alternate flying into the sky.
A standout amongst the most vital parts of Dashain is the enormous business that joins the celebration. There is a gigantic stream of offers and buys of creatures, grains, and vegetables, liquor, foods grown from the ground (desserts) around this time.
New garments are purchased and old ones disposed of. Old houses are cleaned, revamped and painted, while the new ones are enlivened and decorated.
Each part of the economy encounters a lift. Many individuals travel inside the nation, coming back to their homes. This is the main time in a year when individuals jump at the chance to and can bear to be luxurious and carry on with a richer life.
It is the time when the whole nation looks more wonderful and energetic likewise as a result of the climate conditions-it quits pouring, the temperature remains generally lower than the first months, however, it is as yet not very chilly. The sun sparkles, trees look greener and excellent blossoms are in full sprout. We can feel the freshness and the bubbly vibe of Dashain pervasively.
Remembering that, the act of Sora Shraddha has been passed down starting with one age then onto the next with its significance as yet staying flawless. As a rule, the oldest child plays out the puja while alternate children take an interest in it. It is led with the conviction that this will guarantee their predecessors’ spirits will rest in peace in heaven.
In Nepalese society its critical to recollect our former age before the celebration begin. According to Hindu folklore, each person who needs to play out this custom ought to do it on the same tithi that one of their progenitors kicked the bucket on.
Amid this period, the senior male individual from the family gives tarpan (water) to the three going before ages each day relying on the passing commemoration based on Hindu conventional timetable called patro.
How and when does the Dashain end?
During the period of Ashwin/Kartik (late September and early October), the Nepalese individuals enjoy the greatest celebration of the year, Dasain. Dashain is the longest and the most favorable celebration in the Nepalese yearly logbook, celebrated by Nepalese of all rank and statement of faith all through the nation.
The fifteen long stretches of festivity happen during the splendid lunar fortnight finishing upon the arrival of the full moon. Intensive out the kingdom of Nepal the goddess Durga in the entirety of her signs are worshiped with incalculable pujas, bounteous contributions and a large number of creature penances making the image of surrendering negative behavior patterns and evil presences inside us.
In anticipation of Dashain each house is purified and perfectly enriched, painted as a solicitation to the mother goddess, so she may visit and favor the house with favorable luck. During this time the gathering of removed and adjacent relatives happens in each family unit.
The market is loaded up with customers looking for new garments, endowments, extravagances and colossal supplies of sanctuary offering for the divine beings, and also foodstuffs for the family devouring.
A large number of sheep, goats, ducks, chicken and water wild ox are set up for the considerable butcher. A wide range of associations are shut for ten to fifteen days. Workers are relatively difficult to discover; from the poor to the rich, all appreciate the bubbly temperament. Anyplace you go the fragrance of ‘Vijaya Dashami’ is found.
The initial nine long stretches of Dashain are called Navaratri when tantric customs are directed. In Nepal the existence compel is typified in the celestial vitality and intensity of the female, portrayed as goddess Durga in her numerous structures. All goddess who radiated from goddess Durga are known as devis, each with various angles and powers.
During these nine days individuals pay their respect to the goddess. On the off chance that she is appropriately worshiped and satisfied favorable circumstances are en route and if rankled through disregard then mishaps are around the bend. Mother goddess is the wellspring of life and everything.
What makes this merry month extraordinary and distinctive is that we can see that undoubtly cheerful response and grins on the substance of the general population when the month is drawing closer and it causes every one of us free ourself from the issue of life and enjoy a reprieve from whatever it is that we’re upto and entertain ourself into multi month of enjoyious delight and upbeat circumstances and anticipate the following one.
A 15-day Dashain celebration has reached an end as individuals check the Kojagrat Purnima. he celebration that began on Ghatasthapana finishes up upon the arrival of Purnima with the love of Maha Laxmi at night.
Hindu heavenly books say that the Goddess of flourishing and riches, Mahalaxmi, meanders round the earth the evening of ‘Kojagrat Purnima’ to see individuals who remain wakeful to adore her that day.
There is a conviction that the night-long love of the Goddess conveys more riches to the fans. One more month-long celebration of lighting a light called “Akash Deep” and offering puja to the “Tulsimath” as respect to Lord Bishnu will begin on Friday all through the nation.
Buddhists likewise offer petitions to the Swayambu Chaitya for the duration of the night on this Purnima with a conviction that the “Swayambu Jyoti” developed on this day. It is trusted that when the moon sparkles that night, Goddess Laxmi visits the homes of individuals asking, “Ko JagekoChha?”, signifying “who is alert?” She at that point favors the individuals who are up and are occupied with betting.
From the simple words, “ko jagekochha”, the full-moon night got its name, “Kojagrat Purnima.” The day is viewed as useful for betting. A few people likewise watch Kojagrat Purnima by fasting the entire day and venerating the goddess during the evening.
There is another conviction that on this full moon day, additionally known by the name of Sharad Purnima, the moon showers “amrit” or mixture on the earth through its bars and nourishment and plants kept in the open evening glow ingest this remedy.
The profound import of keeping wakeful during that time is to stay cautious throughout everyday life. The message of Kojagrat is: “Remain ever alert! Continuously stay careful! Watch out! Be alarm constantly.”
Kojagrata Purnima is a day ago of the celebration, and falls on the full moon. All around, the Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of riches, is worshiped. She is accepted to drop to earth and shower whoever is conscious throughout the night with riches and thriving.
Upon the arrival of Purnima with the love of Maha Laxmi at night. Hindu blessed books say that the Goddess of thriving and riches, Mahalaxmi, wanders round the earth the evening of ‘Kojagrat Purnima’ to see individuals who remain alert to adore her that day.
There is a conviction that the night-long love of the Goddess conveys more riches to the lovers. Generally, lovers commend the day holding a nightlong vigil with homes illuminated for the goddess to visit them.
Around the same time, at a young hour early in the day, lovers arrange stays of the contributions made to the goddess and furthermore the remaining parts of the plants sown on the main day of Dashain, in the closest waterway finishing the celebration.
In the interim, Buddhists from the Newar people group clean their chaityas and stupas and perform Buddha Puja with the conviction that Swoyambhunath will show up on the full moon day.
It is trusted that When the goddess touches base at a house, she is thought to absolute the words, “Ko jagekochha?,” signifying “Who is alert?” From this expression came the “kojagrat” segment of this current occasion’s name. Maha Laxmi is particularly satisfied in the event that she discovers lovers up occupied with betting and it appears to be some card shark made this custom for their own benefits.
Some likewise quick throughout the day on Kojagrat Purnima, and many endeavor to remain up all through the whole night. On the last day, Kojagrat Purnima, the kalash’s substance are expelled from the house and tossed into a blessed stream close-by. This demonstration is emblematic of the Dashain celebration arriving at an end.
Additionally, on Kojagrat Purnima, another celebration of lighting lights and giving exceptional contributions to the Hindu god Bishnu starts. A great part of the action for Kojagrat Purnima is profoundly religious and to some degree private in nature.
In any case, there are numerous perfectly embellished sanctuaries all through Nepal for sightseers to see, and Purnima is an exceptionally fitting time to visit them.
As the Dashain celebration closes, an immense number of travelers have begun returning back to the Capital. Transport partners guarantee, beginning from Tuesday, the quantity of inbound travelers expanded and will keep on massing till one week from now, averaging around 80,000 travelers every day.
As per activity police information, around 8,500 little vehicles entered Kathmandu with more than 100,000 inbound travelers over the most recent two days according to the record of a year ago.
On Thursday alone, 6,305 vehicles entered through four distinct checkpoints conveying 52,804 travelers. Movement authorities assert the stream will increment in the following couple of days after tika.
Also, following a fast week break there comes tihar which is a piece of dashain more like a second 50% of it. It is all the more famously observed as the merry seven day stretch of brilliant and shining evenings with loving of goddess laxmi and finishing up with bhai tika which is the likeness of adoration amongst siblings and sisters.
Here the better time part is playing deusi and bhailo and consuming sparklers and wherever you go you locate one’s home splendid in lights in their own particular manner. Its relatively following fourteen day of kojagrat Purnima, so individuals get another fervor not long after Dashain end.
After all, Tihar is another delightful and stunning celebration for the Hindus which is the second most noteworthy celebration for Nepalese, after Dashain. It is said to be the celebration of the lights.
The urban areas and the environment look spotless and magnificent with the scent and nearness of the marigold blossoms During the celebration.
It is otherwise called Yamapanchak and yes, it is the celebration of lights, all lit up to draw in Laxmi, the goddess of riches into your home. Laxmi goes around evening time, alone on her owl, and an owl can find oblivious.
So, it bodes well to appeal to Laxmi after sun-down. Aside from loving the goddess of riches, tihar is likewise an opportunity to thank everybody who had any kind of effect in your life During the year including the creatures.
Tihar accordingly speaks to the perfect connection amongst people and different creatures. This celebration month has its own character, there is neither excessively cool, and neither excessively hot.
The cool fall breeze proclaims the landing of the happy Christmas season in the nation, the time when past complaints are overlooked (if not excused) and individuals invest significant time to connect with family and companions. Cleaning the house and giving it a new layer of paint is a convention in many homes in Nepal and the same is valid in our family unit.
After Dashain everybody settles back to typical. In the wake of getting the gift of goddess Durga, individuals are prepared to work and gain temperance, influence and riches.
Dasain in this manner isn’t just the longest celebration yet additionally the most foreseen one among every one of the celebrations of Nepal. What’s more, it’s the identity of Nepalis culture that, celebration and jatras never end. So, individuals here have incredible confidence on their way of life, alleged personality of Nepalese individuals.
Who celebrate Dashain Festival
Dashain is the important and greatest Hindu festival celebrated by the Nepalese people.
It is the longest and auspicious festival celebrated by Nepalese people which fall in Aswin or Kartik month of the Bikram sambat calendar and in September or October as per the English calendar, starting from the Shukla Paksha (bright lunar fortnight) and ending on Purnima ( full moon).
It is the most auspicious festival celebrated by the Nepalese people with their family.
Nepalese people celebrate Dashain with their family and relatives for almost 14 – 15 days. Among the fifteen days on which it is celebrated, the most important days are the first, seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth. Nepalese people return from all over the world return to their family for the celebration of this auspicious festival.
This festival is also celebrated by the people from Bhutan, Burma (Myanmar) i.e Burmese Gurkhas and north Indian hills states of Sikkim, Assam, and Darjeeling state besides Nepalese people.
All the government, private offices, educational institutions remain closed during this auspicious festival to celebrate the festival together with the family, friends, and relatives.
The Newari people of Kathmandu valley celebrate this festival in a different way and they named the festival “Mwohni”. Similarly, Madhesi people from madhesh (southern Nepal) celebrate this festival as “Durga Puja”. Despite all this, Durga Puja is celebrated by the people from all over the country in all the community, though the celebration takes place with only slight differences and interpretations.
Every nine days is celebrated is celebrated as “Navaratri”. In these nine days, goddess Durga is worshipped in her different forms.
Each day, goddess Durga is worshipped with different names that represent her form of incarnation. Goddess Durga and her various forms are especially worshipped by Hindu newars throughout the shaktipeeths of Kathmandu valley.
Among Newari people, mwohni is celebrated emphasizing on family gatherings as well as on a renewal of community ties, highlighted by special family dinner called Nakhtya.
In addition to this, Newari people also continue their traditional culture and ritual of “Jatra” throughout the three popular cities of Kathmandu valley; Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Lalitpur. Each cities Newari people have their own way of celebrating and performing jatra.
The celebration of Dashain has its own significance related to myth. It represents the victory of the goddess Durga; the form of goddess Parvati. It is said that she has gained the victory over demon mahisashura as the demon was creating havoc and terror in the place where god used to reside.
The first nine days represents the battle and the tenth day represents the victory day. Similarly, it is also said that the festival is the victory of Ram over Ravan as said in Hindu epic Ramayana.
Therefore, Dashain is celebrated by the people from Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and northern hill part of India. The celebration may take in different ways in the different community. This is the auspicious festival celebrated by the people gathering with their family and relatives happily.
Dashain is celebrated by Majorly Hindu religious population in Nepal.
Hinduism is a major religion. According to the census 2068 B.S., 81.3% people are Hindus in Nepal. This principal religion is also called Sanatana or Bedic. Ved; is taken as the oldest religious epic in the world. The four branches of Vedas are Rig, Sam, Atharva, and Yajur.
The other holy books are Upanishad, Bhagavad Geeta, Several Puranas, Ramayan, and Mahabharat. Rishi Kapilmuni, Patanjali Jaimini, etc. are supposed to be the founders of this religion.
Hindus worship different gods and goddesses. They possess the features of polytheism and Idolatry. The three gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are regarded in order as creator, preserver, and destroyer of the universe. Hindus regard God as omnipresent, omnipotent and omniscient Similarly, Omkar is respected.
They have unique ways of performing different rites and rituals. They follow various ways of worshipping like Panchopachar, Dasopachar, and Shodashopachar. Dashain, Tihar, Teej, Chhath, Shiva Ratri, etc. are some of the major festivals.
History of Dashain Festival
Dashain is the most auspicious and longest festival in Nepal. Nepal being a multi-cultural country, all the people from all around the country celebrate with love, respect, and appreciation. Dashain is a fifteen day national festival of Nepal. People return from different parts of the country to their hometown.
All government offices, educational institutions, and offices remain closed during this period. The schools and college remain close as well. Children are seen to be much excited about Dashain because they do not have to go to their schools and can play all day long without getting scold or being punished. The festival falls in September or October.
Dashain begins with the first day which is called as Ghatasthapana where people plant seeds into the sand. Sand is collected from the river bank and is spread in the prayer room. Barley seed along with sesame is planted on the sand surrounding the Kalash.
The priest chants a welcome mantra so that goddess Durga could bless the family. Every day the sand is watered and fruits are offered. Generally, the male member reads one chapter of Chandi every morning and evening. The seeds later turn out to be Jamara which is given to the member who comes to put tika.
Dashain symbolizes the victory of good over evil. The meaning of Dashain is different for different mythology yet the concept of winning over the evil is same. For followers of Shaktism, it represents the victory of the goddess Parvati.
In the case of Hindu mythology, the demon Mahsishasura had created panic in the development but Durga killed the demon. The first nine days of Dashain symbolize the battle which took place between Durga and Mahishasuru. The tenth day is the final day when Durga finally defeated him. For some other Hindus, Dasain symbolizes the victory of Ram over Ravan as mentioned in the Ramayana.
The 7th day of Dashain is Fulpati which is a major celebration occurring on the seventh day of Dashain. On this day, Kalash, banana stalks, Jamara, and sugar cane tied with a red and yellow cloth.
The king used to observe the ceremony in Tundikhel while the Fulpati parade heads towards the Hanuman Dhoka. But, we have our president who looks after the parade as they head ahead.
On the eight days, the day is called as Maha Asthami. This is the day when the goddess Durga’s appearances, the Kali is appeased through the sacrifice of buffaloes, goats, hens and so on. The system of sacrificing the animals has been a concern for the people all around the world.
The rights of animals have stated that no individual should sacrifice the animals in the name of religion or culture. Blood is the symbol of fertility which is offered to the Goddesses. After the offering, the meat is taken home and cooked as Prasad.
On this day Newar community has an event known as Khadga puja. The people in this event has to do puja of their weapons. The ninth day is called the Mahanavami and is the last day of Navaratri. On this day, on this day, official soldierly ritual sacrifices are done in the Hanuman Dhoka palaces, the Kot courtyard.
On this occasion, the sacrifices of buffaloes under the gunfire salutes are done. This day is also known as the demon-hunting day because members of the conquered devil try to save themselves by hiding in the bodies of animals and birds.
On Mahanavami, Vishvakarman who is also known as the god of creation is worshiped as it believed that all the things which help us in making a living should be kept happy. Craftsmen, traders, and mechanics worship and offer animal and bird blood to their tools, gear, and automobiles so that there would be no loss in the business process.
Moreover, it is also believed that worshipping the vehicles on this day avoids accidents for the year all the vehicles from bikes, cars to trucks are worshiped on this day. The Taleju Temple gates are unlocked for the general public on only this day of the year. The devotees go and pray and show respect to the goddess this day. The temple is filled with devotees all day long.
The tenth day of the festival is the ‘Dashami’ meaning the tenth day. On this day, a mixture of rice, yogurt, and Jamara is prepared by the women which are known as “Tika”. Elders put this tika and jamara which is seeded in the Ghatasthapana, the first day, on the forehead of younger relatives to bless them with health and wealth in the future. The red represents the blood that ties the family together.
Elders give a small amount of money which is called as “Dakshina” to younger relatives along with the blessings. This procedure is followed continuously for five days till the full moon during which period families and relatives visit each other to give-and-take gifts and greetings.
This ritual of taking tika from all the elder relatives and also from the relatives who we do not always visit, those who are at the distant helps in the restoration of the community ties significantly. This is one reason why the festival is celebrated with so much strength, energy, and eagerness or interest.
Before the failure of the realm system in Nepal, thousands of people ranging from the ministers, diplomats and general public used to meet in the old royal palace to take the tika and blessing from the king who was regarded to be the incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
However, after the failure of the monarchy system, the president of the country who is regarded as the head of the state has been continuing the trend by offering the tika to the general public and ministers.
But we can still see the people outside the Nirmal Niwas, the house of the formal king waiting in line to get tika from the former king, Gyanendra Shah. The final day of the Dashain which lies on the full moon day is called ‘Kojagrata’ Purnima.
The accurate meaning of Kojagrata is ‘who is awake’. On this day Goddess Laxmi who is considered to be the goddess of wealth is worshiped as it believed that Goddess Laxmi inclines on earth and showers whoever is awake all night with wealth and prosperity. People enjoy the night by playing cards, enjoying with families and much more.
Animal sacrifices are often the customs during this time, as the festival celebrates the mythical bloody battles between the “divine or the good” and “demonic or the evil” powers.
The supporters of animal sacrifice assume that this sacrificial action as the symbolic sacrifice of our animal qualities, but those who are opposed to animal sacrifice pressures that the sacrificial act is nothing but a reason to achieve the appetite for food/meat and it should not be done.
The history of Dashain may differ as per the mythology but the fact that everybody reunites with their loved ones is the main gist. The reason Dashain is still in being celebrated is that people are having when they get to meet their loved ones.
Importance of Dashain festival
Dashain commemorates a great victory of the gods over the wicked demons. One of the victory stories told is the Ramayan, where the lord Ram after a big struggle slaughtered Ravana, the fiendish king of demons.
It is said that Lord Ram was successful in the battle only when goddess Durga was evoked. The main celebration glorifies the triumph of good over evil and is symbolized by goddess Durga slaying the terrible demon Mahisasur, who terrorized the earth in the guise of a brutal water buffalo.
The first nine days signify the nine days of ferrous battle between goddess Durga and the demon Mahisasur.
The tenth day is the day when Mahisasur was slain and the last five days symbolize the celebration of the victory with the blessing of the goddess. Dashain is celebrated with great rejoicing, and goddess Durga is worshiped throughout the kingdom as the divine mother goddess.
The first nine days signify the nine days of ferrous battle between goddess Durga and the demon Mahisasur. The tenth day is the day when Mahisasur was slain and the last five days symbolize the celebration of the victory with the blessing of the goddess. Dasain is celebrated with great rejoicing, and goddess Durga is worshiped throughout the kingdom as the divine mother goddess.
The biggest Hindu festival Dashain is already here and as people across the nation get ready for Vijaya Dashami, we immediately think of our family and friends who are far away.
Missing everyone back home, they get together and organize a Dashain party with friends to recreate the festive ambiance even though they are far away from their loved ones. But sometimes, they miss out on celebrations because of work pressure, college timings, or for the lack of friends to celebrate with. They make do with calls back home. Dashain has its own stories,
Dashain has its own stories, importance, and significance. It is regarded as a victory of truth over the evil. Dashain is a celebration of the victory of good over bad. Dashain reminds us every year that the evil may be strong for a time; the truth and good will always prevail over it. Every year we all Nepali, remember the message “Good always wins over the evil”, with the celebration of the great festival of Bada Dasain.
Wishing ‘Happy Dashain’ by two kids. You can watch this video on YouTube.
People have been feeling miserable when this festive is around. We do not want to misinterpret this but who would not feel bad when they can not come home and feel homelike.
We have been studying for years and years now. From the 3rd year of kindergarten to infinite year of degrees. People go abroad to study and earn money from their family. We consider them to be having fun and not having time for their family. But on a closer look, who are they doing this for? Why would people go away from their loved ones? The answer is obvious, its the family.
Dashain has been part of our life from the very start. I remember the last day of school before Dashain and the excitement that filled within. My favorite part of Dasain was wearing new clothes, visiting my relative’s houses for yummy treats and Dakshina.
But now I have come to see Dashain more as an opportunity to rejuvenate personal and social relationships, and most importantly, to come together as a country to celebrate our culture, history, and each other. Growing up has been a hectic schedule for everybody. The excitement that triggered our body before, is compensated with a moment of peace. Being away from home in
Being away from home in Dashain is most painful but we have to live our life’s and take the blessing we had collected throughout our lifetime. We might not physically be with family but we can always stay in each other’s heart.
It is believed that if the progenitors are content with the shraddhas, they will present wellbeing, riches, information, and lifespan, and at last paradise and salvation upon the person who performs it. The finish of Mahalaya marks the start of Dashain, the greatest celebration of Hindus celebrated with part of enthusiasm over the world.
Here We have prepared a chart to show how the 10 different days are observed:
How Nepalese celebrate Dashain
Day 1: Ghatasthapa :
On this first day of Dashain festival, Jamara is put on Dasain Ghar.
Day 2: Ditiya
Worshiping The Durga Mata is continued. The on normal rituals and worships of the Goddess Durga continue at the Dashain Ghartill the seventh day.
Day 3: Tritiya
Day 4: Chaturthi
Day 5: Panchami
Day 6: Sashthi
Day 7: Fulpati or Saptami
It is called Saptami or Fulpati day. It is one of the major days of Dashain. On this day, Fulpati (sacred leaves of a bel, tree Ashok, sugarcane etc) is brought from the Gorkha Palace to the Hanuman Dhoka, where the main Dasain Ghar is established and the main court (Mui Kot) is located. A majestic fua-de-joy is held at Tudikhel by the Nepalese Army to mark this day.
Day 8: MahaAshtami
It is known as Maha-Asthami: Animals are sacrificed at different temples and shrines of the Goddess Durga, and Kal Ratri is observed at night on this day.
Day 9: MahaNawami
It is called Maha-Navami or the grand ninth day of celebration. It is one of the most important days of Dashain. Special pujas are performed at Hanuman Dhoka Mul Kot Dashain Ghar and other temples of the Goddess Durga. Weapons are worshipped, and animals are sacrificed. The Taleju temple at Hanuman Dhoka is opened to the public only once a year on this day.
Day 10: Vijayadashami
It is the main day of Dashain celebration, which is known as Dashami. This day marks the climax of the festival. It is observed with pomp and show. Family members and relatives gather together, exchange greetings, receive tika and jamara, wear new clothes, eat a variety of delicious foods, play swing and have a lot of merrymaking and fun. All types of organizations remain closed on the occasion of Dashain festival.
Day 11: Ekadashi
Day 12: Dwadashi
Day 13: Triyadashi
Day 14: Chaturdashi
Day 15: Kojagrat Purnima
It is the last day of the Dashain festival.
Dashain festival merits and demerits
Dashain also was known as Bashara is the longest festival celebrated by the Hindus in Nepal. It is the most important festival too in which different descent of goddess Durga is worshiped for nine days.
Basically, this festival is the representation of win by good over evil. The main moral of celebrating this festival is that it teaches the people to always be good and walk on the right path.
Never to quit on the virtue of goodness. Else goddess will incarnate once again to destroy the evil. Dashara has its own importance. Dashain is merely worshipping the goddess. The advantage and disadvantages have come due to the fault of our own.
The festival neither can be good nor bad. Because if the people’s activities the festival now has the merits and demerits. The merits of the festival can be as follows:
Dashain festival merits
1) A long holiday:
Because of the festival, people could celebrate the holidays. The most longing holidays of the year. They can get rest. They can be entertained. After the vacations of a few days, they rejuvenate themselves with the fresh mind and body.
2) Availability of leisure time:
The festival helps to bring the family closer together. The first thing is though the members live in the same house. Because of the hectic and busy work schedule, they hardly get the time to even see each other face.
Those who traveled to cities and towns for the better opportunities have to wait for Dashain. Because of the vacation, they can go to their homes.
3) Financial benefit:
It is the ritual of the offices in Nepal to give a Dasain bonus. So obviously this festival is one of the cause to make people slightly better economically.
It is the festival of exchange of gifts. It is the festival of doing lots of shopping. It can be a merit to women. I can’t speak for the men.
It is the festival which gives an opportunity for people to travel to the places they long to visit. So internal tourism also gets benefitted on Dashain.
6) Beneficial to shop owners:
The advantage for the shop owners of wine and alcoholic beverages. They have a year income in this short duration of the festival. Since people like to enjoy themselves. Similarly, meat shop has a crowd during Dashain that they don’t see on normal days.
7) Cultural preservation:
It also helps to preserve and show our culture and tradition to tourists visiting at the time.
8) Cooking delicious food:
It certainly breaks the monotonous tradition of eating rice and dal. Delicious foods are prepared not only one or two types but lots of items. So it is the merit.
9) Kite flying:
The festival has kept the tradition of kite flying alive till now. Different designs of kites are available now. It certainly gives the employment to those who made and designs the kite.
10) Less crowded Kathmandu:
The most advantage if anyone can get by this festival in Kathmandu. You should see the city at the time. I could never imagine the city could be that quiet. The city is less crowded. Less vehicle less noise less smoke. Obviously, the environment will be good at the time.
This is the last day of Dashain and the most important one too. On this day younger people visit their elderly to put on the tika on their forehead in the form of their blessings. So this one day has become a day for our Elders when they get remembered even though forgotten for a whole year.
The demerits of the Dashain festival are as follows:
Demerits of Festival
1) Sacrifices of animals:
The most disgusting tradition that people have followed is sacrificing the animals like ducks, chicken, goats, and buffalos at the temple of Durga Bhawani. The temple is supposed to be the most sacred place of nonviolence. Yet people Kil these poor creatures at the temple.
I don’t think God has ever given any clear instructions to people to kill these animals in Dashain. It is the demonstration of the violence against these animals. I pity these animals every year.
2) DUI (Driving Under the Influence):
During Dasain people have lots of leisure time. They are creative enough to spend the time drinking alcohol and alcoholic products. They not only drink but they like to drive as well. Lots of accidents happen during Dashain.
It is common to see people playing cards betting money on it. It is also a tradition commonly seen in the street of Kathmandu where people play Langur Gurja another form of gambling. In the hope of earning more the players lose instead.
4) Health Issues:
Since people eat lots of oily and spicy food and meat products. Most commonly people suffer from diarrhea and dysentery.
Instead of becoming the festival of love and friendship. People have converted the festival into a show of competition. Show off of new clothes, jewelry. In short show off of one’s financial status so as to dominate others. So in order to keep up with the society many people even take the loans in high interest. This can’t be the identity of a healthy society.
6) Increase in the incidents of theft:
When the Dashain festival is near at hand such incidents dramatically increase. Like snatching gold chains or earrings of women or robbing an empty house.
7) The disadvantage to the elderly:
One of the vital days of Dashain is TIKA. On this day people visit their elderly to put tika on their forehead and get the blessings from them. Our Elders then give some money as their blessings.
But nowadays it has become a fashion. Demands of the young ones have also changed. They want mobiles or more money. TIKA has now become the day not forgetting the blessings but for demanding money from our Elders.
The festival isn’t bad or good. The festival is just auspicious. It depends on us how to celebrate the festival.
11 Reasons Why to Celebrate Dashain Festival
Dashain is the biggest festival celebration of every household in Nepal. There is a big history behind the celebration of Dashain. In a nutshell, the good beat the evil and hence the celebration results from the victory. It has been years and years now and Dasain has always brought joy and happiness every time to each and every household in Nepal.
Dashain is celebrated by every. The biggest festival of Nepal, Dashain is celebrated by almost every Nepali staying in each and every corner of the world. The festival is most popular among the Hindus. It is still celebrated equally by everyone. There are a lot of things that we could do in Dashain. The 10 best reasons to celebrate Dashain are:
1) The family gets together:
The biggest and the main reason to celebrate Dashain is to have quality time with our family. During the 15 days long festival of Dasain, from the government to all public and private sector, all of them remain closed.
So everyone gets time to spend the time with their family and celebrate the Dashain happily with full of joy. The 15 days long festival has different special occasions during the time period, so all of the family could gather and celebrate each day and every single bit of their moment with full of cheers and happiness.
What’s better and more satisfying than spending a quality time with your family? Not only a day but for a couple of weeks. And remember. Dashain always brings smiles to each and every face of Nepalese.
2) Flying kites:
Did you ever fly a kite? Well if not then you should and if you have then a big high five to you because we are on the same page, we know the fun. One of the best and the most fun reason to celebrate Dasain is to fly kites. Dashain, the only time in a year when the blue sky is covered with the colorful kites.
You can see kited everywhere in the sky during the time period of the festival. The struggle to cut off the other’s kite is where the actual fun lies and after a great struggle than when you finally cut off their kite after your hard struggle. Nothing would be more satisfying than that. So flying kites is one of the reasons to celebrate Dashain
3) Visiting relatives.
During the festival of Dashain, we get to visit our relatives and by relatives I mean each and every relatives that you have which is one of the reasons to celebrate Dasain.
After the 10th day during the 15 days long festival, the remaining 5 days are celebrated by visiting relatives where we go to have Tika and Jamara and get blessings of our elders.
Along with tikka and Jamara, we also get to have delicious food and ‘dakshina’ for sure. We go to each and every relatives in the remaining 5 days to celebrate Dashain with them. Visiting relatives is one of the reasons to celebrate Dashain.
4) Tika and Jamara.
Tika and Jamara are one of the reasons to celebrate Dashain. It has been one of the traditions in this festive season. Some even say Dashain is all about putting Tika and Jamara and get blessings from our elders. The tradition of putting tika and Jamara starts from the 10th day.
After the 10th day, we celebrate Dashain by visiting our relatives to put tika and Jama and get the blessings of our elders. And don’t forget ‘dakshinna’. Dakshina is the main reason that keeps visiting relatives for tika and Jamara more interesting.
Food can be one of the reasons to celebrate Dashain. Dashain is the time when you get to eat a lot of delicious food along with your family. Apart from spending quality time with your family and friends, you also get to eat a lot of foods as well.
You get to eat a lot of nonveg and veg items, ‘khasi ko masu’ is one of the popular items in this festive season. Also, you get to visit all of your relatives where you can have dinner with all of your relatives and your family. Hence, food can be one of the reasons to celebrate Dashain.
6) Worshipping vehicles and motorbikes.
One of the other reason to celebrate Dashain is to worship vehicles and motorbikes. The 9th day of Dashain, Maha Navami is the day when we worship all of our vehicles and motorbikes, as it is believed that worshipping vehicles and motorbikes in this day can save us from getting into accidents while we riding it.
So during the day of Maha Navami, everyone worships their vehicles and bikes. Some even sacrifice animals and spread their blood on the vehicles as a part of their worship. This belief has got all Nepalese to worship their vehicles on this day. Therefore, it is one of the reasons to celebrate Dashain.
7) Playing cards
Dashain is the time when we can see everyone playing cards. We can see a group of people in every corner of every community playing cards. The families and relatives gather together, makes a group and starts playing cards. It has been more like a tradition in this season.
One suddenly remembers playing cards, if asked about Dashain. Playing cards are one of the important factors that make the festival even more interesting. From friends to each and every member of the family, everyone plays the cards and they enjoy every bit of it. So we can conclude that playing cards are one of the reasons to celebrate Dashain.
Dakshina can be one of the reasons to celebrate Dashain. From kids to the adults and seniors, everyone expects to get Dakshina while going for tika and Jamara to relatives. Nonetheless, if you ask any kids or even youths about Dashain, they will mention you about Dakshina, that’s for sure.
In fact, the question ‘ how much Dakshina did you get?’ is very common. Ever wonder why are kids so much excited for tika and Jjamara? And if you are still wondering then now you know, they get excited for Dakshina;(the main reason). So Dakshina can be one of the reasons to celebrate Dashain.
9) Culture and Tradition
People here have been celebrating Dashain for years and years now. Dashain has been one of our culture and tradition. Why wouldn’t we make it one when it has always brought happiness and joy to every Nepalese? Dashain has always brought smiles to the faces of every Nepali.
It a festival of joy, a celebration of happiness. It has been one of our culture, one of our traditions to celebrate Dashain every year. So culture and tradition can be one of the reasons to celebrate Dashain.
10) Dashain:- the biggest festival in Nepal itself.
Dashain also Bijaya Dashami, being the biggest and most anticipated festival of Nepal, itself is a reason to celebrate this festival. People wait a full year every year to celebrate this big festive occasion.
Dashain is the longest festival in Nepal that lasts for 15 days where all of our families come together to celebrate and share this auspicious occasion. Of course, the biggest and longest festival in Nepal has many reasons to be celebrated and there are some of the best reasons to celebrate Dashain 2078.
11.) Time for Best Wishes to our Friends, relatives, family members, and our society:
Dashain is the best time to wish happy Dashain and ahead to our friends, family members, relatives and our community for the best future.
Last but not Least…
If you need happy Dashain wishes for this year 2021 or 2078, please select one of the perfect wishes for you and your relatives. We’ll be happy to serve you.
Dashain Wishes, SMS, Messages, Quotes, Text Msg, Images & Greeting Cards in English
1) The time when we will hold our hands together and go to Temple to venerate goddess Durga has come. May goddess Durga shower her adoration and fondness to you and your family.
2) I wish you to have a prosperous Dashain with awesome fun. Cheerful Dashain 2021 my dear companion. May the pot of bliss of your family be loaded with upbeat minutes. May goddess Durga favor you. glad Dashain 2021.
3) Wish you to have a fabulous time in this prosperous celebration with the grin in your face. Cheerful Dashain 2021 dear.
4) I wish you to have the successful grin in your face with the endowments of god and goddess. Dashain is the best time to associate with various individuals. It is the time when we can dispose of the considerable number of mix-ups we had ever dedicated in our life. glad Dashain 2021.
5) I wish you glad Dashain 2021 on this prosperous event for the serene and solid days in front of you. Glad Dashain 2021 my dear companion.
Happy Dashain wishes in English
6) I wish each bubbly season acquires the transcendent days your life ahead. Upbeat Vijayadashami my dear companion.
7) I wish in this awesome favorable celebration acquires joy your life. Each festival for you is the association with your companions, relatives, and relatives. Cheerful Vijayadashami.
8) I wish you get the flourishing, bliss and satisfaction. I wish you have cheerful and prosperous Dashain alongside your companions, relatives, and relatives. Dashain is the time when individuals come to realize that goddess Durga dependably cherishes them and it’s their obligation to keep her glad also. upbeat Dashain 2021.
9) May goddess Durga favor you and your family with the flourishing, solid and serene life. Have a great Dashain. May this Vijayadashami acquire light of joy and thriving your life. May you have a great life ahead with the favors of goddess Durga. Cheerful Dashain 2021.
10) At long last, the hold up is finished. The motivation behind why we generally used to stay with the logbook has come. Wishing an extremely glad Dashain to you my companion. At the point when Dashain comes, individuals begin to feel the affection for nature. They stay firmly associated with nature amid this time. An extremely cheerful Dashain to you and your entire family.
11) Dashain mirrors the triumph of good finished awful and I wish my dear companion to have triumphed over all the awful things that are inside ownself. May goddess Durga gives you much quality and makes you more grounded to have triumphed over the insidiousness. Glad Dashain 2021.
12) May goddess Durga shower her gifts to you and your family. Her gifts are extremely essential for you to accomplish something extremely extraordinary in your life.
The celebration when you inspire chance to eat different nourishments and appreciate without limitations has come. May goddess Durga shower her adoration to you and your family. glad Dashain 2021
13) May goddess Durga favor you with the prosperous, glad, sound and affluent life ahead. Remain upbeat my dear companion and have an ecstatic Dashain. Cheerful Dashain 2021.
14) Everyday requests festivity so I wish you to praise each day as a celebration. Have a gigantic festival in Dashain. Glad Vijayadashami.
15) Good work and hard endeavors give you the great outcomes and ultimately good come about to give you the bliss, prosperous and tranquil personality. Have a beneficial Dashain this year. Always have a wonderful grin all over and have a delightful day as well.
16) May these nine days be the greatest long stretches of this current year. May every one of your obstructions be transformed into your explanations behind joy. May goddess Durga assist you with converting every one of your shortcomings into your qualities.
Individuals who are tired of their life likewise appreciate the greatest celebration known as Dashain. It is without a doubt a celebration of delight and joy. Glad Dashain 2021
17) Your great deed will dependably treat with the regard as that given three slam. with the favors of goddess Durga dependably rely on great things. Have a decent Dashain celebration.
18) May goddess Durga favor your family with the success and peace. Have a euphoric Dashain. Setting off to the sanctuary to demonstrate our adoration to the goddess and to get love and friendship from goddess too is the best inclination one can ever involvement. upbeat Dashain 2021.
19) May this Vijayadashami get light of satisfaction and flourishing your life. May this Vijayadashami brings a solid and well-off life. Have a fabulous time Dashain.
20) Stay upbeat and make others cheerful. Your grin has an immediate effect on others life so has a grin for the duration of your life. Glad Vijayadashami my dearest companion.
21) Let others realize that you are being more grounded than yesterday with the favors of goddess Durga from this prosperous Dashain. Glad Vijayadashami. May you get all the quality and success with the endowments.
22) Life is loaded with good and bad times. May goddess durable you with the quality to confront the good and bad times that may bring about in your life. Upbeat Vijayadashami my dear companion. May goddess Durga satisfy every one of the desires of your companions, family, and relatives on the auspicious festive of Vijayadashami.
I am coming with
- History of Dashain
- Reasons for celebration Dashain festival
- Reasons why we wish happy Dashain to our relatives and friends
This Article is emailed by Govinda Maharjan, Rijan Maharjan, Sudip Babu Dhakal and Susaan Basel, Kathmandu