Can someone who has had COVID-19 spread illness?: – Coronavirus COVID-19 can become a chronic disease. Scientists talked about the possible transition of the disease into a chronic form after cases of re-infection began to be recorded in China and South Korea.
So, only on March 5, in a hospital in Chinese Wuhan, 36-year-old patient Li Liang died, the South China Morning Post reported. The man was hospitalized with a confirmed diagnosis of coronavirus on February 12.
At the end of the month after a long treatment, he was discharged test systems showed a negative result. However, on March 2, Li Liang again felt unwell. On the same day, he was taken back to the hospital, where he died a few hours later. The death certificate states that the cause of the tragedy was lung failure and airway obstruction.
The only case of re-infection in South Korea occurred in a 73-year-old local resident. A woman whose coronavirus was confirmed in February again picked it up from her children, who, in turn, brought the disease from the Chinese province of Guangdong.
The presence of such cases is surprising, because, as a rule, an infected person develops antibodies in the body that prevent him from getting infected again. However, this may indicate the transition of the disease into a chronic form. According to doctors, such an outcome of infection with COVID-19 is possible.
If, during the course of the disease, the immune system did not take complete control of the infection, which led to the failure of several organs by the virus. Then the immune system decides not to destroy the affected tissue, but to get along with the disease.
But doctors say that in some chronic forms of the virus, a person cannot infect another. But there are also infections that are transmitted even in the chronic form, thereby ensuring existence in nature.
In some of these diseases, pieces of the virus still circulate in the bloodstream. That is, after treatment, the genetic information of the virus can swim in pieces in the bloodstream, excreted in the urine, saliva, etc.
So the question arises whether the person once cured of the disease, if can get reinfected, then can he transmit the disease too after being cured?
As the disease and the virus, both are new and a lot of research and studies have to be conducted yet. A recent study conducted in China shows the results that the new coronavirus or covid-19 can present in the body for at least two weeks after symptoms of the disease recover.
This has never been heard from among other viruses. But most likely it is not very contagious in the after symptoms period as before. Viruses that tend to roam in the human body system tend to be viruses that become strong immune responses.
The patients were considered to recover after symptoms recovered and after testing negative for covid-19 twice (in two consecutive days). After recovery, patients are asked to quarantine themselves at home for five days. They continue to wipe the throat (examination technique) to detect new coronaviruses for five to 13 days.
The results show that every new coronavirus test is still detected, although there are no symptoms. These findings indicate that at least a portion of the patients who recovered are still carriers of the virus.
The research was carried out after news of Japan reported the first case of someone recovering from an infection but was exposed again for the second time. One possibility, he got the virus from someone else infected.
Another possibility is that his system does not fight the virus completely and efficiently and when the virus began to replicate in his lungs again, he has a recurrence.
However, the expert explained that patients who had recovered did not transmit the disease after the symptoms had subsided.
The expert also mentioned that the condition of the virus that persists in the body after symptoms subside can also make patients who have recovered not easily infected with the coronavirus again. These patients have no symptoms such as coughing or sneezing, so they are not so contagious. Plus the virus in his body is low.
What needs to be considered according to experts is that patients who have recovered should not share drinks and food with others and always maintain hand hygiene.
After that, the researchers also made sure that the patient’s family members who had recovered were no corona positive. Patients who have been declared cured also need to avoid things that can cause the spread of the disease at home.
Research and studies have been on the way and still a lot needed to be known about the disease. The best way it seems to protect yourself from the virus is to make your immune system stronger, don’t take the stress and don’t panic.
There are cases that have been cured more in number than the cases causing the unfortunate death of the patients. So the disease can be defeated definitely.
Ankur Pradhan, a registered and practitioner staff nurse in Kanti Bal Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal and worked in Abudhabi medical center as a staff nurse. She has written some health-related books as well.