Chhath Puja is the Festival of Purity, Dedicated to Sun

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Find here the picture of Chhath Pooja festival of Hindu. It is the festival of purity. It is the festival of the goddess of Chhaithi Maiya. It is the festival of worshiping the Lord Sun. In Hindu religion, Sun is God. So, happy Chhath Pooja 2017. Happy Chhath Puja 2074.

Chhath Puja is the Festival of Purity

Nepal India Bihar Hindu Chhath Pooja Festival Photos

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Rituals and Traditions of Chhath Puja

It is believed that worshipers of the Chhath take holy bathtub and follows an amount of abstinence and become separate for four days from the most family. Throughout the amount, he’s believed because the pure spirit and sleep on the ground having a single blanket. there’s a traditional belief that when a family begins Chhatt Puja, he needs to perform it yearly likewise as pass it to his next generations and it will solely be skipped once there’s a death of any individual within the family that year. Devotees supply prasad to Sun at the Chhath similar to sweets, Kheer, Thekua and fruits enclosed in an exceedingly tiny bamboo tokari. The prasad ought to be roast while not salt, onions or garlic with maintained purity. It’s a four days competition that includes:

On a primary day, devotees take bathe early in the morning within the water of Gange and produce some water to their home to arrange the offerings. The house and its surroundings ought to be clean at in this day and age. They take just one meal on a daily basis called kaddu-bhat roast solely by victimization the bronze or soil utensils and mango woods over the soil stove.

On the second day (the day before Chhath), Panchami, devotees keep quick for the whole day and break their quick within the evening once sunset once the worship of Sun. they provide Rasiao-kheer, puris, fruits within the puja. Once taking meal within the evening, they’re going on a quick while not water for subsequent thirty-six hours.

On the third day (day of Chhath) they provide the Sanjhiya Arghya at the staircase of Riverside. Once Arghya, they were the only sari of turmeric color. Different members of the family are anticipating obtaining the blessings from worshiper. At the night of Chhath, a spirited event of Kosi is well known by lighting the lamps of clay diyas beneath the covering of 5 sugarcane sticks. The 5 sugarcane sticks indicate the Panchatattva (earth, water, fire, air, and space) that shape fabricated from Panchatattva.

On the first morning of the fourth day (Paarun), devotees together with their family and friends supply Bihaniya Aragh at the staircase of riverside of Gange. Devotees finish their competition through breaking the quick by having the Chhath Prashad.

Why is sun worshipped in Chhath Puja?

Chhath is a very ancient traditional and Vedic festival. It is mainly celebrated by the northern Indian in the areas of Jharkhand Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and Southern Nepalese people called the Maadhesh of Nepal. it is believed to be originated in Bihar and with the scattering of the population, it has expanded to lots of regions even crossing international territories.

Chhath in Bhojpuri literally means the sixth. It is derived from Sanskrit word Sasti which also means sixth and Nepali sixth is called as Chaithau. This explains the name has to do something with number six and that’s exactly what it does. Chhath is celebrated on the sixth-day n the month of Kartik of the Hindu Lunar calendar Bikar Sambat. It naturally lies at the month of October. It is celebrated for three days continuously. Chhath is also celebrated at the March–April on Chaitra Shashthi and it is called Chaiti Chhath or Chhath at Chaitra. It comes after some days of Holi. However, the Chhath at Kartik is popular and widely celebrated Chhath.

A celebration of Chhath festival has a lot to do with the Mahabharata and epic Sanskrit poem which describes the great war of ancient India. In the Mahabharata, Pandavas and their wife Draupadi take advice from a great sage named Dhaumya. The sage advised them to worship the God of Sun. The Pandavas and Draupadi took the advice and worshipped the Sun God after which Draupadi was soon able to get rid of all her problems and Pandavas were able to regain their lost Kingdom which was taken from them wrongfully. The rituals that Draupadi performed at this time were from Rigveda which also contained the hymns to worship the Sun God. So we can say that this ritual of worshipping the Sun God was before the Mahabharata. This showed the exemplary power of Sun God on this earth and how he can swiftly get rid of problems. So commemorating that event person now too worship Sun God to get rid of problems and pray for success. This is one of the basic reason why Chhath is the festival of worshipping the Sun God. Somewhere in the Mahabharata, it is also believed that Chhath was started by Karna a son of Sun God or Sun dynasty. Karna is an important character of Mahabharata.

Chhath is also worshipping of Chhathi Maiya. Chhathi Maiya is referred to Usha. Usha literally means the first day of light. In Hindu Veda, it is written more metaphorically terming her to the dawn of divine consciousness or dawn of enlightenment in the individual. It is also believed that Usha is one of the wives of Sun God. Since Usha means first light of Dawn, Usha is worshipped on the last day. The other wife of Sun God is Pratyusha meaning the last sunray of the day. Chhath is celebrated by worshipping this two goddess and Sun God for almost four days with the last day dedicated to celebrating or worshipping Usha in the morning and Pratuysha in the evening. It is done so by offering water and milk to rising and the setting sun respectively.

In another Vedic story Ramayana, there is a hint of Chhath Puja. In this story, Lord Ram and Sita his wife are exiled for 14 years and after completing the exile when Lord Ram with Sita was returning to Ayodha their rightful kingdom Sita performed a ritual inkling towards Chhath Puja, She observed a fast and performed a puja for the Sun God. This she did was in the month of Kartik at the time of Shukla Paksha which is also when modern Chhath is celebrated. Sita in addition to that is a daughter of King Janak of Janakpur of Nepal the then the Mithila Kingdom. Mithila is currently Janakpur which is famous for its Chhath Puja. Sita might have been familiar with the ritual already if Chhath was performed then but it is mentioned anywhere that Chhath began before Ramayana so it could have been a coincidence of time. Som from the time when Sita worshipped Sun God Chhath became is very significant Hindu festival.

It is also written in Vedas that ancient rishi from yore was able to stay alive without taking any sort of external intake of food. By standing in the water and turning towards sun they were able to absorb energy directly from the sun rays like plants do. Despite controversial, this is also considered as a reason to worship Sun God, for providing us with food and energy that we require to sustain our daily life.

Chhath is a unique Hindu festival which doesn’t include the involvement of any Hindu priest. Chhath is celebrated for four days. Each day has its own significant meaning and significant rituals that are performed by the devotees.

Nahay Khay

This is the first day of Chhath. It is also known as Arwa Arwain. In this day, the devotees take a dip in the holy rivers of Nepal and India such as Koshi, Karnali, and Ganga. This holy water from the river is believed to wash the problems off of a person. The devotees then carry the holy water from these holy rivers to prepare food for the offerings they make at coming days. Also, on this day the house and surrounding and society are cleaned meticulously. The mud houses are scraped with another layer of mud. The weed is cleaned from around the houses and even cowsheds are made clean. This is to impress the Sun God by being clean and pure as much as possible. On this day, mainly ladies and recently even men observe Vrata or fasting called Vratin or Parvaitin. During this time of fasting, the fasters only allow themselves to have one meal on the day/

Lohanda and Kharna

This is the second day of Chhath. It is also known as Argasan. In this day the people who took up fasting observe another whole day fast. They wait until the sun is ready to set and the moon is ready to rise to have a meal. This day celebrates the evening. It signifies the respect to both Sun and the moon saying both are equally essential to human beings. On this day holy foods are prepared to share with friends and family. The foods are called offerings and are they include Kheer (rice pudding) Chapattis (roti) and bananas. These foods are offered as a Prasad and distributed among friends and family. After this, the devotees go on an extremely dangerous fast without water for 36 hours. The meal that they just had only supported their body for next 36 hours.

Sandhya Arghya

This is the third day of Chhath festival. This day is also called Phela Aragh. Sandhya means evening and Arghya means offering. Thus this day signifies the offering to be made at the time of the evening setting sun. Also, the word Phela means first and Aragh means offering means the first offering to the sun. The significance indicated is that this is the first offering o the Chhath festival. This entire day the devotees spent their time preparing the Prasad or the offerings at home. They prepare as much food as possible including lots or culinary dishes as well as fruits and other sweetening items. In the evening of this day,  the entire households the Vratins accompanied by the nonfast takers march to the river bank if possible the holy rivers like Koshi, Karnali, Ganga etc. but if not to the nearest large water body river or a pond. They make the offering to the setting sun. This is the most carnivalistic occasion to be ever viewed. There are large sheds of bamboos made and piles and piles of food are kept on the river bank. The devotees are half or fully dipped into the water doing long prayers and offering each and every one of their food to the Sun God. This festival is really for the ones who take the fast called the Vratins. However, along with Vratins many related people come to help them and receive their blessing as they completed the rituals that Sita and Draupadi completely at their times. At the night the whole area lifts up with the folk songs singing the grace of the Sun God.

Usha Argya

This is also known as morning offerings; Usha meaning first ray of sun and Argya meaning offering. It is also called Dusra Araga. Dursha means second and Aryha meaning offerings. So it signifies the offering to the Sun God at the morning time which is the second offering of the festival. This is done in the memory of Usha the wife of Sun God. On this final day, the devotees who took fast called Vratins go to the riverbank early in the morning before the sun rises along with their family and friends. This is to make the offering to the rising sun. This is when the festival ends. Formally, the festival ends with devotees or Vratins break their fast by eating the Prasad or offerings. The people other than Vratins come to Vratins to receive Prasad.

In this way, Chhath is celebrated and Sun God is the epicenter of this festival.


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Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a Writer of 12 Nepali Books, Director of Maithili films, Founder of Radio Stations, Designer of Websites and Editor of Some Nepali Blogs.

This Post Has 2 Comments

  1. I wish I went to the world they’re living, Nepal, and took part in that event.
    I’m supposed to be in there?

  2. Chatth pooja is really a festival of purity and you explained the importance of chatth pooja in so much detail that I never read before. All the four days of chatth pooja are reasons to celebrate across bihar and surrounding states. I m going to bookmark this article. Thanks for sharing.

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