Chhath Puja (Parva) Festival Celebration in Nepal and India


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Find here photos of Chhath Pooja. Chhath Puja is a festival celebrated by Hindus. This festival falls after the Tihar, Deepawali, or Diwali festival. It is the festival of purity. The rising and setting sun is worshiped in this festival. She is going to the river where the festival is celebrated, where the rituals will be done.

Chhath Puja (Parva) Festival of Nepal and India

The people of the Terai region celebrate plural feasts and festivals. Different festivals are connected with different cultures and religions. Chhath is probably the only festival that the people of all the religions in the Terai realm celebrate with great pomp and show.

In the festival of Chhath, the sun is worshiped with immense honor and respect. Sun is regarded as God. During this festival, the rising and setting sun is worshiped. It is no wonder to worship the sun because of it is the source of endless of heat, light, and power.

Chhath puja comes with their own background due to which people are continuing this . It holds a great significance in Hindu religion. It is Hindu festival celebrated each year by people with great devote and respect. The people following this puja worships the God of energy which is also known as Dala Chhath. People celebrate this to offer thanks for the blessing given to the earth of Lord Surya. They pray for enthusiastically and pray for good good being , success , a progress of all their family members. It is also said that the sun can cure diseases such as leprosy.

The festive starts by waking up in the morning and take a holy bath in the Ganga and keep the fast for a whole day by avoiding water. They stand in the water for a long time by offering prasad and necessary items to the rising sun. It is celebrated in various part of Nepal , mostly in the Terai part. It is celebrated in the month of Kartik but at some places, it is celebrated after holi , that is on Chaitra.

Chhatha Puja Pooja Nepal India Bihar UP Photos Images Preparation

The festive mood commences from the Shukla Panchami. On this day, the women prepare special dishes especially the rice pudding. Thakuwa, Bushwa, fruits and vegetables and so on are other items to add the rich varieties. They offer these items to the god and also distribute to their families and kith and kins as the pious Prashad. In the evening, the people-not only women, but also men, due old and young, rich and poor, married and unmarried all go to the river or nearby pond. The women stand in waist-deep holy water and worship the setting sun with the offerings. They stay a whole night on the river bank or pond, singing the hymn and dancing. The next day, they all again worship the rising son and return their homes with the Prashad. They invite for the festive party and the Prashad to their friends and relatives. They exchange their best wishes and greetings each other on the pious occasion.

The legend the Chhath has that in the ancient time; there was a king who was suffered from leprosy and TB. He tried his best treatment to cure the diseases but in vain. A scholar advised the king to worship the sun. The king did strictly as per the suggestion offered. Consequently, after five years, he got complete recovery. Since then, people have been celebrating this festival with a great faith that the sun-the god maintains peace and harmony, good health and hygiene and progress and prosperity. Thus, the people of different walks of life regardless of their age, class and sex, began to worship the sun and have the sunbath. In course of long tenure of time, this festival came to be called the Chhath.

Chhath Puja has its own history and varies as per places . A history prevails about the King named Priyavrat and his queen Malini. It is believed that they were very happy until they realized they can not bear a child. They decided to make yagya with the help of Maharishi to be blessed with a child. Even though his wife got pregnant , she gave birth to a dead child. The king was very sad and was about to suicide until a Goddess came in front of him and told him to offer puja with pure mind and soul. After that, they were blessed with a child . Since then, people celebrate Chath puja. It is also believed that if someone skips this puja, then one of the family member dies in that year. Once people start doing Chath Puja , they have to always do the puja annually.

The worshiper takes holy bath in  the Chhath Puja and separates from their main home for 4 days. Also, the worshipper should sleep on the floor using a single blanket. Devotees offer prasad to the sun such as kheer , thekua and fruits in a small bamboo basket. The prasad should be cooked without sakt , onions, and garlic. The festive is continued for 4 days :

  • On the first day , devotees take bath early in the morning in the holy water. Along with the people , the house and surrounding should be kept clean. They take only one meal a day using a bronze or soil utensil.
  • On the second day , Panchami , the devotees keep fast for a whole day and break their fast only after the sunset when the worshipping of God is done. After taking the meal in the evening , they go on a fast without water again.
  • On the third day, they offer the Sanjhiya Arghya at the river bank. Then they wear saree of yellow color to signify purity. Other family members wait for the blessing. At the night of Chhath , people lights lamps of clay under the covering of five sugarcane sticks which indicates panchatattya that human body is made of.
  • On the early morning of the fourth day , devotees along their family and friends offer Buhaniya Aragh at the river bank of Ganga. People who fast breaks their fast by having the prasad of the chhath puja.

Chhath puja is beneficial to the human body itself,  it helps to detoxify the body and mind which improves the look of skin , develops  better eyesight and the aging process gets slow down. The devotee can improve their immunity of the body. It can also cure a lot of skin infections through the sunlight. It regulates blood flow and also regulates body temperature. It can improve mental peace of the people.  It is also believed that most of the wishes of the devotees are fulfilled after Chhath puja’s fast. It is one of the difficult fastings among all the rituals because there are so many restrictions and not even one mistake is allowed. It also maintains a mental discipline which enhances the mental purity. Along with the rituals done, the puja also focuses on environment cleanliness. The detoxification of the body and the mind can help in homeostasis balancing of the body. This will make the people more energetic. The body becomes more stable and can produce more antibodies.

Thus, Chhath puja can be both beneficial to the devotees and the environment. The people of Terai mainly follows this tradition to make sure their wishes are heard and fulfilled. It has been followed over years holding a strong background of its own.

When is Chhath Puja

Chhath parba is watched for 4 days from Kartik Shukala chaturthi to Kartik Shukala Saptami. This celebration falls in October or November in the English Calendar.  Chhath is likewise celebrated in on Chaitra Shashti, the late-spring about March or April, and is called Chaiti Chhath. The Kartik Sukla Shasti Chhat is better known.

What is chhath parva and how it is celebrated?

An unmistakable celebration for the Nepal, North Indian province of Bihar and certain locales of Uttar Pradesh, Chhath Puja customs begin on the 6th day of Hindu logbook month, Kartika.  Beginning today, November 4, Chhath Puja merriments traverse crosswise over four days and are seen to love the Sun god and look for his gifts for the general thriving of the family. The enthusiasm around the puja is set apart by offering petitions to the Sun god, fasting and taking dunks into the blessed waters of Ganga (nonetheless, with time individuals have advanced and turned out to be less inflexible about this run the show).  The most stupendous celebration for the individuals who watch it, Chhath Puja is likewise a stringent one that empowers cheapness and forbearance from nourishment and water.

Chhat celebration is praised for four days. The custom of Chhat Parba incorporates washing up, fasting, standing and worshiping sun for quite a while and offering Prasad and Argha to ‘Rising and setting Lord Surya”. A few admirers watch fasting even without water for 36 hours ceaselessly.

Legend of Chhath Puja

While the correct birthplaces of Chhath Puja stay indistinct and questionable, some trust it dates the distance back to Hindu legends, Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Chhath pooja can be followed back to time of Mahabharat. Mahabharat has the reference of Chhat pooja. Draupadi, spouse of the 5 Pandavas, has an awesome energy to cure any kind of sickness including infection. The fundamental reason of her energy is her love and dedication to Lord Sun (Surya Devata). Hindu trust sun has boundless energy to cure a few infections. The blessed and awesome vitality of Surya made Draupati most effective lady on the planet to cure numerous sicknesses. As a remembrance of Draupadi and Lord Surya, Chhath Parva is praised worshiping Surya Devata.

Chhat Pooja or Surya Sashti vrat is seen by Warrior Karna, the child of Surya, who was eminent warrior and surely understood for his tendency of philanthropy. Since Karna turned into a well known and effective by watching Surya Puja, Hindus likewise revere Surya devata for fearlessness, distinction, wellbeing, riches and success.


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Written by

Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a Writer of 12 Nepali Books, Director of Maithili films, Founder of Radio Stations, Designer of Websites and Editor of Some Nepali Blogs.

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