Why Do We Celebrate Chhath Puja Festival? Know The Reasons, History, Facts

 Things to not miss in the Chhath puja

 As we know that after the enjoyment in Deepawali people gets more time to enjoy and celebrate that is in Chhath which is celebrated after the sixth day of Diwali celebration. Chhath has its name called Chhath because it is celebrated on the sixth day of Diwali, it means the number  6   too.

 Chhath Puja, Dala Chhath or Surya Shashti, is celebrated after Deepavali on Kartik Shukla Paksha Shashthi that coincides with the months of October & November. Chhath puja is celebrated twice in a year, however, the most important being Kartik Chhath.

Keep in mind about Chhath Pooja: 20 things to know about festival

 The sad face again becomes smiley due to the presentation of Chhath. Mostly father or mother, especially the eldest keeps fast for Chhath.

  1. Don’t involve in gambling and drinking activities.
  2. Be clean and take a bath daily before touching indulging yourself in any of the processes of Chhath Puja.
  3. Wash your hands and then touch the belongings used in the puja.
  4. Before making Prasad, make sure you clean your hands and feet well.
  5. On the day of Chhath Puja during Sandhya Ghat and Bhorwa Ghat, take a bath, wear new clothes and then accompany your family and friends at the banks of the river.
  6. Worship the Sun God and take the blessings of elders.
  7. Respect all love all.
  8. Don’t tease and abuse anyone.
  9. Don’t speak angrily.
  10. Take and do more and more entertain as you can
  11. Do not touch anything meant for puja without washing the hands or taking a bath.
  12. Do not eat or touch salty items during Prasad making as it is highly prohibited.
  13. Do not eat non-vegetarian items at home if someone in your family is about to observe the Chhath Puja.
  14. Do not let children eat or bite the puja fruits and Prasad until the festival comes to a halt.
  15. Do not spread stuff and things meant for puja here and there.
  16. Do not wear dirty clothes during puja instead; wear only clean and new clothes.
  17. Do not drink or smoke as it is heavily prohibited during puja.
  18. Make your heart wishful.
  19. Make the help environment.
  20. Construct the good decoration and make happy to the sun god.

At last Chhath specially mark the importance on the wishes making grateful and keeping their devotee happy and sorrow free.

The general belief is that the Chhath Puja is conducted with utter purity and reverence that brings prosperity and good health to the family and friends. And it’s the most important thing that people want from the god and celebrates their festival.

Rules of doing Chhath puja and celebration of it

The age-old celebration of Chatth Puja is dedicated to Bhagwan Surya (Sun God). It is celebrated to thank Surya for showering blessings and sustaining life & energy on earth.


The rituals and traditions of Chhath Puja are very hard as the Vratti or the devotee fasts for 36 hours without a single bite of the food or a single drop of water. Here the rituals and traditions are discussed in detail.

Tradition and rituals :

First day: Naha Khay (Bath and Eat) –

The very first day of the Dala Chhath is called Naha Khay. On this day, the Vratti takes a bath particularly in the river Ganga & bring the holy water of the river to make Prasad at home.

Second Day: Kharna-

A long day fast (without water) is observed by the devotees. They fast for a whole day and end it in the evening after worshipping Chhathi Maiya and eating Prasad.

The offering also called Prasad, are made of Rasiao- kheer (cooked rice in milk), puris (deep fried puffs) or chapattis and bananas.The Prasad is distributed among other family members and neighbors.

Third Day: Sandhya Arghya (Evening Offering):


On the third day, Vrattis observe the fast without taking water and food. The whole day is spent in the preparation of the puja offerings.

All the offerings (Arghya) are kept in Dauri (a basket made of bamboo sticks), Supali (made of fine bamboo sticks) or in the metal basket. The offerings are comprised of Thekua, Puri, Coconut, Banana, Apple, Orange, and other seasonal fruits.

To perform evening rituals, people go to the banks of the river or pond or other clear water bodies. All the Vrattis, family members, friends, and neighbors get together there and offer Sandhya Arghya to the Sun God.

Kosi (Kosiya):

Kosi bharna or Kosiya is one of the most glowing and beautiful events during Chhath Pooja. After the Sandhya Arghya or Sanjhiya Ghaat, in angna or the courtyard of the house, Kosi is celebrated.

Kosi is usually earthen pots or lamps that are kept under the shade of five sugarcane sticks or twenty-four sugarcane sticks tied with a yellow cloth. The same ritual of Kosi is celebrated on the ghats early in the morning before Bhorwa, Bihani or Morning Arghya.

Day Four: Bihaniya or Bhorwa Ghat (Morning Arghya):

The devotees gather at the bank of the river with their family and friends to offer bhorwa arghya (morning offerings) to the rising Sun. After arghya, devotees knee-down at the ghat to worship Chathi Maiya, distribute thekua and then come back to home.

After their return from the Ghat, the devotees or the vrattis take blessings of the elders and break their fast by eating ginger with water.

The whole environment goes vibrant with Chhath songs and rituals that represent the ancient cultures of India. This is also the symbol of the dedication and thanking the sun for providing lights, energy and free from the trouble and obstacle.


Historical association of Chhath Puja

This is the story of priyabrat who was not getting the child from long days.There lived a king named, “Priyabrat” and his wife “Malini”. The king and his wife were living happily, but they were sad and miserable as they had no child.

They decided to arrange a big Yagya with the help of Maharishi Kashyap to be blessed with a child. Due to the effects of the Yagya, Rani Malini got pregnant; however, she delivered a dead child after nine months.

The king was very sad to know this and decided to suicide. Suddenly, the Manas Kanya “Devsena” appeared and said, “I am Goddess Khashti and I’m an incarnation of the sixth part of the universe.

If you worship me with pure mind and soul for six days, you would definitely be blessed with a child.” The king and her queen did the same and later they blessed with a very beautiful baby boy.

Since then people started worshipping Chhathi Maiya (Shashti Goddess) and celebrating the Chhath Puja as the major sources of fulfilling the wishes and getting the blessings.

Significance and importance Of Chhath Parva

A person has unlimited wishes and limited resources. But also he wants to fulfill their all the wishes by working, keeping the faith on the god. Hindu people believe that the early sunlight helps to cure many diseases and is a great source of healing too. Here is a brief introduction of the significance of Chhath Pooja

The Yogic Philosophy of Chhath

As per yogic philosophy, the physical or exterior forms of all living beings are highly advanced energy channels.

The solar bio-electricity starts moving into the human body when it is exposed to solar radiation of a particular wavelength. Under specific physical and mental conditions, the absorption, as well as the conduction of this solar-bio-electricity, go higher.

The rituals of Chhath Puja aim at making up the body & the mind of the devotee (Vratti) for cosmic solar-energy infusion. The retina is a type of photoelectric substance that emits light energy when kept in the light. Therefore, very fine energy starts moving from the retina.

This photo-bio-electricity is transferred from the retina to the pineal gland by the optic nerves linking the retina to the pineal glands that activate it.

Chhath Puja celebration in Bagmati river of Kathmandu Nepal places to visit see

During ancient times, the Rishis were using the same kind of process as we use during Chhath Puja without taking any kind of solid or liquid diet. With the help of the same kind of process, they were able to absorb the energy required for life directly from the sun instead of food and water.

The pineal gland with the hypothalamus and pituitary glands- together called Triveni is near these as a result of which, the energy produced in the process starts affecting these glands too. As a result, the pranic activity becomes regular, giving the devotee (Vratti) a peaceful mind a healthy body.

Stages of Chhath (Conscious Photoenergization Process)

As per Yoga Philosophy, Chatth Puja process is divided into six steps or stages of the Conscious Cosmic Solar Energy Infusion Technique-

1st Stage:

This stage makes the mind and the body of the Vratti obtain the cosmic solar energy. Fasting as well as a discipline to keep clean leads to complete the detoxification of the mind, body, and soul.

2nd Stage:

It minimizes the leak of energy & helps the psychic energy (Prana) to flow up the psychic channel in the spine (Sushumna). It includes standing in a river or a water body with half the body submerged in the water.

3rd Stage:

The cosmic solar energy goes into the Vratti’s pituitary, pineal and hypothalamus glands through optic nerves and retina.

4th Stage:

In this stage the activation process of Triveni or tri-glandular complex takes place.

5th Stage:

A type of division takes place in the spine that transforms the body of the Vratti into a cosmic powerhouse. This also awakens the latent psychic energy often called Kundalini Shakti.

6th Stage:

In this stage, the body of devoted becomes a channel that recycles, conducts and transmits the energy in the whole universe.

Benefits Of Chhath Puja Process

 As it is celebrated from an earlier third day, the person starts taking fast. The process of Chatth Puja focuses on the mental discipline of the devotee. The aim of it is to take the devotee towards mental purity.

By the help of many rituals, the Chhath Vratti focuses in maintaining the utmost cleanliness in all offerings and the environment. During this festival, the one thing that remains on top is the cleanliness. The man becomes fully devotional to the sun god and celebrates this festival.

A complete detox helps in maintaining the flow of Prana and makes the devotee more energetic. The natural immune system uses much of the energy to fight the toxins present in the body.

With the help of detoxification processes like meditation, pranayama, yoga and chatth rituals, a number of toxins present in the body can be reduced hugely.

Hence, with toxic reduction, the spending of energy also reduces and the devotee feels more energetic. Plus, it improves the skin texture, improves eyesight and reduces the aging process.

This lays a great detoxification effect on the mind and body as it results in biochemical changes. The 36 hours long fasting allows a complete detoxification of the body.

According to science, it has said that keeping fast is also the types of exercise which help to make our mind free from the tension and the body balancing. It also helps the man to build their immunity power of keeping a long time of hunger. All the wastes of the body itself start to come out.

Mental  and physical Benefits from Chhath Puja

Doing this festival is itself the great task. Chatth Puja rituals pave the way for calmness in mind. With the regularization of Pranic flow, the negative responses like jealousy, anger, and others are decreased.

With patience and genuine practice, the psychic powers including healing, intuition, and telepathy are awakened. This depends on the concentration level that devotees practice during the festival.  Devotee gets relief from all kinds of pain physically and buried all the hangover and illusion of life in the water mentally.

Chhath Pooja Nepal India Festival Sunrise Sunset
A devotee is preparing for the rituals of worshiping the Goddess Chhathi Maiya

Photo-Electro-Chemical Effect

 The solar energy balances the secretion of hormones. Energy requirements of the body are fulfilled by the solar energy directly that further detoxifies the body. The safe radiation of sunlight cures fungal and bacterial infections. As a result of Chatth Puja, the energy absorbed by the bloodstream improves the function of the white blood cells.

Importance and significance  of Sunrise and Sunset

Only during sunrise and sunset majority of humans can safely receive the solar energy. However, there may be some exceptions. This is why the festival Chhath Puja features a tradition of offering Arghya to the sun in the late evening and early in the morning.

Sunrise makes the man energetic and healthy for baby and the adults. It also shows the starting of the day with light and happiness.

Sunsets make the man lazy feelings and it gives the representation of sleeping. But it has also another meaning related to chhath is washing and burying of all the hate and sorrow.

Chhath Puja Celebration places

Though the festival is observed most elaborately in Mithila Region of Nepal, Terai-Madhesh of Nepal, Some places of Hilly and mountain region of Nepal, Indian states of Bihar-Jharkhand and eastern UP, it is also more prevalent in areas where migrants from those areas have a presence.

It is celebrated in all Northern regions and major Northern urban centers in India bordering Nepal.

The festival is celebrated in the regions including but not exclusive to the northeast region of India, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Chandigarh, Gujarat Bangalore in India, Mauritius, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, Jamaica, other parts of the Caribbean, United States of America, United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, Malaysia, Macau, Japan, and Indonesia.

 # Happy Chhath 2019 #chhathpuja #chhathpuja2019 @happychhathpuja2019

Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

1 thought on “Why Do We Celebrate Chhath Puja Festival? Know The Reasons, History, Facts

  1. Chhat parva is one of the ancient festival celebrated in India. The festival is dedicated to the worship of Sun God and his wife Usha. It is the most important festival of Bihar. Thank you for explaining the reasons why it is celebrated. Definitely, the festival plays an important role in unifying not only family members and but also the neighbors. Thank you for sharing the article with us.

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