Why Do We Celebrate Chhath Puja Festival? Know The Reasons, History, Facts


Get here information and facts about chhath puja. Why do we celebrate chhath puja festival? Get here all the things you want to know about chhath pooja festival of all Hindu. We are here in this article about

1. Introduction about Chhath Puja
2. Name of Chhath Puja in different regions
3. facts about chhath pooja
4. uniting family in chhath puja
5. Greeting the wishes
6. Culture and tradition
7. Pray to sun
8. All the wishes come true
9. Lights on the earth
10. Story of chhath puja from Mahabharat
11. Story of chhath puja from Ramayan
12. Rules of doing Chhath puja and celebration
13. Things to not miss in the Chhath puja
14. Historical association of Chhath Puja
15. Significance and importance Of Chhath Parva
16. Stages of Chhath (Conscious Photoenergization Process)
17. Benefits Of Chhath Puja Process
18. Mental and physical Benefits from Chhath Puja
19. Importance and significances of Sunrise and Sunset
20. Chhath Puja Celebration places

1. Introduction about Chhath Puja

The great festival of Hindu, Chhath is celebrated almost all over in the India and half parts of Nepal and half parts of the world. Chhath has their own values and norms. Mainly Hindu celebrates this festival as parts of the tradition and culture.

Every part of  India have decorated in this day. Chhath is worshiped two days to Sun God. In this festival, mostly the woman contribution is more. This is the festival of people who have done any wish contraction and their wish is fulfilled. They start worshipping from next year.

As we know that Chhath has many observation and rules to celebrate. It is not celebrated as another festival like we celebrate Diwali and Dashain. Chhath is celebrated with fasting and outside the home that is on the bank of the river or in the ponds.

But we can see some of the men also take fast and worship it. Man and woman both take fast for three days those who are worshipping. The first day is called ‘’

The first day is called ‘’ kharna’’ and, then after another day people with many things of worshipping like as coconut, sugarcane etc go to the ponds or river at evening. And again people start after sometimes of going ponds to take bath and keeps worshipping all the puja materials to the Sun God.


And after some time people return to their home and again another day in the morning, they visit same ponds and rivers. People of the crowd is celebrating and cracking the crackers in the ponds. They celebrate and grant the wish that he was facing any problems gets relief from them.

The man or woman who has fast again take bath and worship sun god after the sunrise in the morning. And after some time they do all the puja and return to their home with all those puja materials.

In this festival , mostly there is Hindu and Muslim who also takes part and prays to sun god for granting the wish.

chhath puja festival in janakpur nepal places to see celebration

The most worshiped food materials are’’  thekuwa and bhuswa ‘’ ( made of the flour of rice).  After coming from the ponds in the morning, they start to distribute the Prasad that is Thekuwa banana and bhuswa to their own and others.  Chhath has also worshipped as the granting the wishes.

Person mainly worshiped this festival for getting happy and prosperity in their family. A person who doesn’t do also have to celebrate from next year if their wish is granted. This is the festival of making the wish come true fast.

According to Hindu culture, all the things are treated as the parts of the god-like as water, land,sky, moon, sun, and stars etc. Hindu is the only religions which tell the people the love of sea and peace of stars. Hindu are never terrorist because Hindu is the peaceful and cultural religion.

Person worship chhath also for many reasons that we talk below. As it falls in the month of winter, the month of October or in November, people make different kinds of dishes and offer to their guests. Festival has much grace that should be distributed among in the family.

Everybody wants their best and dreams the big. But due to the unwanted obstacle, people fail to fight with obstacles and become poor. The world respect only the shining star, not the falling stars. The person who has nothing, he is like the animal and behaved like an animal that man do with an animal.

The world is categorized in different races, cultures and economic groups. Nobody is wishing the good for others. they are just thinking about himself. The person who is poor depends on upon the god and prays with a pure heart for the fulfillment of their demand.

The people of a different country especially the Hindu of the different country celebrates this Chhath with their natural ways. The views of pond and rivers are more decorating and attractive in the photo.

Wearing of the new dress and the sound of crackers are adding the praise and value of chhath. In India, it is celebrated all over but in Nepal, it is only celebrated in Terai regions by the Madhesi community. Chhath has much power, people worship this festival very carefully without doing any mistakes and wrong thinking.

But this Chhath is also celebrated twice a year. Most valuable Chhath is Kartik Chhath which is celebrated firstly. Chhath has different name as it is called in different states and country, that is

Chhath Parv
Chhath Puja
Dala Chhath
Dala Puja
Surya Shashti

People worship this Chhath with great courage and great happiness.  Let’s talk about the reasons for celebration :

Reasons Why Do We Celebrate Chhath Puja Festival

1. Unity in the family :

Chhath Puja in NepalAs I have mentioned above people worship this festival for love and granting the wishes. In the Chhath, there comes all the family members together and makes the part in the celebration.

As the festival goes up, the relation also goes strongly. All the members of the family help the man who is going to take fast and helps in their working hands. If anyone of the family has something goes wrong, the mistakes are forgiven because this is the time of festive.

Everybody forgets their past mistakes and the things, start their life and rule of the family again with happy and helping each other. So this is the also one factor to celebrate Chhath.


2. Greeting the wishes :

The festival is also known as bonding the relationship and taking the care of own. As this is also the festival of celebration in the crowd. The person in the bank of ponds or river share their wishes and greetings to their friends and their own relatives.

But remind the great thing wishing should be always positive. There must be positive wishing even though you are wishing to your enemy.  positive wishes reflect and act positively. If you wish and thinks bad for other you will be also in the same falling situation.

There will not be seen the helping hands for you if you had never helped anyone in your life. React and return is two parts of the same coin. If you help and wish someone good, surely you also achieve well.

The obstacles come in our way because we have done some unknowing mistakes, that we forget and raise our foot front.chhath puja picture download Quotes, cards, messages, wallpapers

Hoping good for other is hoping good for own selves. The assumption in the life comes not most time it gives very less and short opportunity to do and achieve the goal. If you fail in that time, the goal and your wish sink in the water.

Wishes every time don’t mean that giving the gift but also the wanting good for them. it will be meaningless if there is not transportation of feeling is not done for celebrating Chhath.

Chhath itself consists the lots of meaning and mystery. If the communication of wishes is done there will be a construction of good and longevity relationship. The relationship works as the construction of bridges of happiness and helping.

A single man is like the tree in the garden but the people who are grouped is like the tree in the forest which is more precious.  So this is also the better and best way to express and communicate your feelings and wishes to your owners and relatives.

And it’s also the one reasons to share the love and respect in the crowd of people that seems only in the Chhath to celebrate it.

3. Culture and tradition :

As Hindu is the one of the greatest religion of the world. Hindu is bound with many Hindu traditions and culture. Every Hindus are the part of Hindu festival. Many festivals come and are celebrated by the people.


Similarly, the Chhath is also the one of them which is the most important festival that Hindu have to worship. This festival contributes a lot of wishes and love to the devotee. As the sun god is worshiped in this Chhath, most of the Hindu take part.

The Hindu and other religious people walk on the path of their own religion. As like Muslim celebrates Ramadan, Christians celebrate Christmas day, likely Hindu also celebrates the Chhath as the main festivals. The forefathers have taught the path and traditions should be kept continue.

Rekha Thapa Nepal Actress Chhath Puja Celebration Photos Image Pictures in Bagmati River Kathmandu Nepal (3)

From the religion, we get our identity. We know that the person of all religions is same in blood color, races, and faces shape. They all have two hands, two legs, two eyes and two ears same as other religion’s people have.

But the most determining thing is that our religions from which we belong to. As in the present situation, Muslims are watched as the terrorist because of their most criminal activities.

And Hindu are respected all over the world because Hindu is only the person of nonviolence in nature or are fulfilled with humanity. Hindu teach the world the chapter of peace and humanity.

So this is our religions and inside it, we follow the norms of the religious culture. Among them, Chhath is the festival which consists the great importance for Hindu religions. so it is celebrated by Hindu the most.

4. Pray to the sun :

This is the festival of worshipping the sun as the God. According to Hindu culture, all the things presented on the earth are treated as the parts of god. We are alive only by the powers of the god. But the people of some think them great.

Person worships the sun for two days that is in the evening and in the morning.  People pray setting the sun in the evening as the symbol of destruction and relief of all the sorrow and bad time. And again in the morning, they worship rising sun as the symbol of getting happiness in the life with good times and rays of lights.

5. All the wishes come true :

As we know that the nature of the person, they only do the task of profit earning. But doing festival is another task. They worship Chhath to make the grant of wishes because Chhath makes all the devotees wish comes true. Every wish cannot be fulfilled at once.

All the demand and wish are fulfilled one by one. But people don’t wait for time and started to expand even after taking the loan. Looking to others can grow desire in you but not fulfill the demand and wish. Persons works and expands according to their income structure.

People work hard and hard to become rich or to deposit money in the bank. And to spend more and more in the festivals. There are different persons who are earning illegally spends more and shows the people. No one is greater than me. But he does not know and thinks that the day is always not sunny, the month does not always winter.

Everyone gets the chance to shine their luck once the time in their life. The person who knows and walks according to the changes of time never become fail in his life. the man is not said great by spending a   lot once time only. Persons of nowadays have become showy in nature.

They are something from inside and different things from outside. The person who is rich spend many buys new clothes and also decorates the home standardly. They spend to buy the new dress for their family members and reaches on the bank of a river to show and prays to good in the new dress by making heart also new and pure.

They think that the god will be happy if the person prays her with the new dress and the new heart. It is not the compulsory to wear new but the dress makes the man feeling the change.

So also this chhath is the main festival that is celebrated by all the Hindu, supports by the other religious people.  It is not the festival but also the place of making the relationship between Hindu and other religious people good.

The love and kindness are seen only by the Hindus, so is recognized by the world. Hindu have not the stoned heart. This festival grants all the wishes done by their devotee either he is Hindu or belongs to any other religions.

6. Lights on the earth :

As this is the festival of worshipping the sun, it marks that the worshipping of light. All the world or the earth is lighted only with the power of the sun. the sun takes 8 minutes 20 seconds to reach their lights on the earth.

The world will be full of dark, and it is not possible to burn the bulb 24 hours if there is an absence of sunlight. Sunlight consists vitamin D which is like the energy booster for born baby and adults too.

Sunlight helps us to walk, to do work and to create. It makes the hand and legs in processing. Similarly, the night and day happen by the miracle and rotation of the earth. People take rest in the night that is the time when the sunlight is blocked by the rotation of the earth.

This festival carries the importance and also makes the people blessed to pray for the sun. the earth will be like the dark lenses without the presence of the sunlight.

So in Hindu culture, it is worshiped as the god. There also the story related to Mahabharat.  The mother of Pandava Kunti has got their first child named Karna by the sun. This is also the power of the sun that the sun shows his power even after one calling and remembering of Surya.

Kunti gets the son named Karna who was also the very giving in nature and great warriors. So also by respecting and remembering the power of god sun, this festival is celebrated by Hindu all over the world with lots of devotees and respect.

History of Chhath Puja

  Chhath Puja has also the historical association. The story that is associated to celebrating Chhath puja is described :

  • Chhath Puja Story from Mahabharata

 When Pandavas, the son of Pandu were fighting for the kingdom of Hastinapur, they want the victory over Hastinapur. But the son of Dhritarashtra mostly the elder son Duryodhan don’t want to give any kingdom either it was the Indraprasth or Hastinapur.

Pandavs said him to return Indraprast but without any consideration the Kaurav tolerate it. It is said that the rituals of Chhatth Puja may even date back to an ancient era, in which it finds a mention in the ancient Vedas, as the Rigveda features hymns adulating the Lord Surya and exemplifies similar customs.

The custom also finds a reference in the Sanskrit Epic poem of Mahabharata in which Draupadi is described as observing the same rituals.

According to the poem, Draupadi, and Pandavas- the rulers of Indraprastha (today’s Delhi), performed the rituals of Chhath Puja on the recommendation of noble sage Dhaumya.

Through the adulation of Lord Surya (Sun), Draupadi not just came out of all her troubles, but also helped the Pandavas regain their lost kingdom later. After the formation of chhath puja,pandas become stronger and get their kingdom again.

The mother of  Pandavas Kunti had also the relationship with the god Surya latterly she has got the child named Karna and had flowed away in the water by the closing box. And later the Karna becomes famous in Dhanush vidya and known as the son of Surya.

The eldest son of Kunti. Kunti eldest son Karna, was on the side of Duryodhana because Duryodhana has given him support and help when he was alone and flawed by her mother Kunti.

The yogic or scientific history of Chhath Puja dates back to the Vedic times. The Rishis of yesteryears used this method to remain alive without any external intake of food and were able to obtain energy from the sunlight. This was done through the rituals of the Chhath Puja.

  • Chhath Puja Story from Ramayana

Another history reflecting the significance of Chhath Puja is the story of Lord Rama who was the favorite king of Ayodhya kingdom and for the people.

It is believed that Lord Rama & Mata Sita had kept fast together and offered puja to the Lord Surya in the month of Kartik (in between October and December) in Shukla Paksha during their coronation after returning to Ayodhya from an exile of 14 years.

Since then Chhath  Puja became the important and traditional festival in the Hindu religion. It started celebrating every year in the same month on the same date by people in the Hindu religion by all the people of Hindu and also supported by the other religious people.

This is the power of Chhath or the sun god than the man can achieve the big balloons or big happiness. A man or forest man can also regain the victory over the Lanka and again become the king of the Ayodhya.

 There are many things which make the man have to be careful. All the danger activities can be performed or happen by the small mistakes. As we see and know that in the environment in the Chhath is so much touching to the heart.

The crowding environment, smiley faces and supporting weather have made the Chhath move auspicious and valuable for the worshipper and viewer. So we have to be concentrate on something because prevention is better than cure and also we have to know in the Chhath, without missing something to celebrate.

The ant can make the elephant mad and one pin can burst the big balloon, so the right things that have to do or not to do, have to always keep in mind :


Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

1 thought on “Why Do We Celebrate Chhath Puja Festival? Know The Reasons, History, Facts

  1. Chhat parva is one of the ancient festival celebrated in India. The festival is dedicated to the worship of Sun God and his wife Usha. It is the most important festival of Bihar. Thank you for explaining the reasons why it is celebrated. Definitely, the festival plays an important role in unifying not only family members and but also the neighbors. Thank you for sharing the article with us.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *