Celebrate Diwali with family at home?: – Diwali is a festival of flickering lights, shopping gifts, new clothes, bright diyas, splendid rangoli, decorative houses, crackling biscuits and savouring delicious cuisines.
It is without doubt one of the most anticipated and largest festivals in India that is loaded with unparalleled enthusiasm, good humour and endless joy.
Diwali is without any doubt one of the biggest festivals ever celebrated among the people of Hindu community. Also this festival is given high priority in some other religions as well.
The festival means the victory of the glow of darkness when many diyas and lights eradicate the darkness of the New Moon. Candles and diyas are positioned in every corner and corner of the houses to give a heavenly appearance to the whole stage.
The festival creates an atmosphere of happiness, joy and prosperity. It offers happiness and pleasure to people’s lives.
History and rituals behind the celebration of the Diwali festival
The festival of lights, that is Diwali, is usually celebrated in the light of the full moon, at some point during the month of Ashwin and Kartika (October or November) according to the Hindu lunar calendar.
However, legend has it that when Lord Rama (king of Ayodhya) defeated Ravana (the demon king of Lanka), the people of Ayodhya to commemorate Rama’s return covered the entire kingdom of diyas. It is for the same reason that the diyas have become an integral part of the Diwali festival.
Moreover, on this auspicious day, the Goddess Lakshmi considered the Goddess of wealth and God Ganesh, God of wisdom and learning, is revered for bringing luck and prosperity in the coming year.
At the end of the “puja” ceremony, people want to exchange candy, seek the blessings of older members of the house, enjoy cookies and enjoy dinner together.
Celebrating Diwali: giving joy and charm to life
People clean and decorate their homes with colourful Rangoli and various other things to receive Goddess Lakshmi with a pure heart and seek her blessings.
Markets come to life with many stores that sell various gift items, such as dried fruit baskets, greeting cards, electronics, essential kitchen items, dishes, sumptuous sweets and much more. People buy gifts and give them to friends or family to draw a big smile
#1 How do you celebrate diwali at home In Dhanteras day
Dhanteras festival marks the beginning of the Diwali festival in India. It is a day when people commit to clean their homes and business premises. On this day, on the birthdays of the goddess Lakshmi and Dhanvantari, considered the goddess of wealth and prosperity, special prayers are offered.
iya can burn all night to show respect and welcome the Goddess. According to many people, it is considered that the purchase of new objects, in particular kitchen utensils, gold and silver objects, brings good luck and prosperity. Merchants or merchants supply their stores with the desired items so that people can celebrate the festival of lights with great joy.
Legends of Dhanteras
A very interesting story about the Dhanteras Festival says that once son of sixteen years of King Hima. He was sentenced to die for a snake bite on the fourth day of his marriage according to his horoscope.
He put all the ornaments and a pile of gold and silver coins in a large pile at the entrance to her husband’s lavatory and lit innumerable lamps everywhere. And he kept telling stories and singing songs.
When Yama, the god of Death, arrived there dressed as a Snake, his eyes were blinded by the glow of those bright lights and could not enter the Prince’s room. Then he climbed up the pile of ornaments and coins and sat all night listening to the melodious songs.
In the morning he left in silence. Therefore, the young wife saved her husband from the grip of death. Since then, this day of Dhanteras has become known as the day of “Yamadeepdaan” and the lamps are lit all night in reverent worship for Yam, the god of death. Dhanteras Preparations
To celebrate the auspicious day, houses and commercial premises have been renovated and decorated. The entrances are coloured with lovely traditional motifs of Rangoli drawings to welcome the Goddess of wealth and prosperity.
Dhanteras celebrations; How to celebrate it?
Dhanteras is celebrated with pleasure and enthusiasm. Bhajan go devotional songs – in praise of the Goddess Laxmi are sung and “Naivedya” of traditional sweets is offered to the Goddess.
There is a particular custom in Maharashtra of lightly beating the coriander seeds with brown sugar and offering them as Naivedya. In villages, cattle are revered and revered by farmers, as they are the main source of income.
Southern cows are offered a special veneration, since it is supposed to be the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi and, therefore, they are adorned and venerated on this day.
#2 How do you celebrate diwali at home In Laxmi Pooja
The third day of the Diwali festival is the most important for Lakshmi-puja and is completely dedicated to the propitiation of the Goddess Lakshmi. On this same day, the sun enters its second course and passes the Libra, which is represented by balance or scale.
Therefore, it is believed that this design of Libra suggested the balance of the books and their closure. Although this day falls on a day of amavasya, it is considered the most propitious.
The day of Lakshmi-Puja falls in the dark night of Amavasya. The melodies of the joyous sounds of bells and drums float from the temples while the man invokes the Goddess Laxmi in a wonderful and holy “shedding” of his heart.
Suddenly, that impenetrable darkness is pierced by innumerable rays of light for a moment, and in the next moment a flash of light descends on earth from the sky while Deep-Lakshmi’s golden feet perch on the earth in all his heavenly glory in the middle of songs of Vedic hymns.
A sublime light of knowledge arises on humanity and this self-illumination is expressed through the flickering lights that illuminate the palaces of the rich, as well as the humble dwellings of the poor.
It is believed that on this day Lakshmi passes through the green fields and wanders through the farewell streets and pours out his blessings on man for abundance and prosperity.
Lakshmi Pooja, or the cult of the goddess of wealth, is the main event in Diwali in northern and western India. It is extremely important to keep the house impeccably clean and pure in Diwali. The goddess Lakshmi loves cleaning and will first visit the cleanest house.
This is also why the broom is worshiped on this day with offerings of haldi and kumkum (turmeric and vermilion). The lamps are lit at night to welcome the goddess. It is believed that it illuminates your way.
#3 How do you celebrate diwali at home In Govardhan Pooja
Padwa The next day, the Amavasya is “Kartik Shuddh Padwa” and it is only on this day that King Bali will leave Pathal Loka and rule Bhulok according to the gift given by Lord Vishnu.
Therefore, it is also known as “Bali Padyami”. This day also marks the coronation of King Vikramaditya and Vikaram-Samvat began from this day of Padwa.
Gudi Padwa is the symbol of love and devotion between wife and husband. On this day, newly married daughters with their husbands are invited to special meals and gifts. In the past, the brothers went to take their sisters out of their in-laws’ house for this important day.
Govardhan-Puja also appears in the north on this day. This festival is in commemoration of the Krishna elevation of Mount Govardhan.
According to Vishnu-Puran, the people of Gokul used to hold a party in honour of Lord Indra and adored him after the end of each monsoon season, but one year in particular the young Krishna prevented them from offering prayers to Lord Indra who with a terrifying anger sent a flood to submerge Gokul.
People feared that the flood would be the result of their abandonment of Indra. But Krishna assured them that nothing would happen to them. He raised Mount Govardhan with his little finger and protected men and beasts from the rain.
This gave him the Govardhandhari epithet. After this, Indra accepted the primacy of Krishna. This day is also seen as Annakoot, which means mountain of food. Pious people stay up all night and cook fifty-six or 108 different types of food for bhog (food supply) for Krishna.
In the temples, especially in Mathura and Nathadwara, the deities are given a milk bath, dressed in bright clothes with dazzling diamond ornaments, pearls, rubies and other precious stones.
#4 How do you celebrate diwali at home In Bhaidooj
The fifth or last day of diwali is Bhaiya Dooj, popularly known as Bhai Dooj. The reason why this festival is known as bhai dooj is that it falls on the second day after the new moon, which is Dooj’s day. And it is a day to pray for the long life of his brother, which is known as “bhayya o bhai”.
According to religious writings, Yamaraj, the god of death, went to visit his sister’s home after a long period of separation. His sister, Yami, was very happy to see him and received him with an auspicious mark on his forehead for his well-being. Yami and Yamraj then shared a meal.
He was so pleased with his sister’s acceptance that he proclaimed that every year, on Dooj Day, if a sister put a tilak on her brother’s forehead, nobody could hurt her brother. To date, this tradition has followed. The sisters make an offer for the safety and well-being of their brothers. The brothers in return give gifts to their sisters as a show of love.
Another version, Lord Krishna, after killing Narakasur, the asura king, went to meet his sister Subhadra. Subhadra welcomed him in a traditional way showing him a light and putting on the front an aspect of his fraternal protection.
Another legend says that Bhagawaan Mahavir found nirvana, his brother Raja Nandivardhan was very sincere and missed his brother very much. Sister Sudarshana then comforted her brother. Since then, women have been worshiped during this festival.
The Diwali festival is incomplete without bhai dooj. It is known as “Bhaiyya-Duj” in the Hindi-speaking belt, “Bhav – Bij” in the Marathi-speaking communities, “Bhai fota” in Bengal and “Bhai-Tika” in Nepal.
It is a day to share food, give gifts and reach the deepest heart. Brothers and sisters are delivered on this day giving gifts. The bhai dooj assorted gifts specially designed for bhai dooj are available on the market.
What to do at home to celebrate diwali at it’s best?
1. Make a beautiful Rangoli
The rangoli is a traditional Indian or folk art, which is usually created on the floor on certain festive occasions. Indian writings and puranas (works of Hindu mythological literature) can be attributed to the birth of this creative rangoli art.
It is believed that this ancient Indian art originated in the Indian state of Maharashtra, from where it gradually spread throughout the rest of the country.
Origin of the Rangoli
Rangoli Festival is called differently in the different states of India, as in southern India, it is called Kolam, Madana is Rajasthan, Chowkpurna is the name of rangoli in northern India, Alpana in Bengal, in Bihar is called Aripana and so on.
According to the first inquisition or treatise on Indian painting, called Chitra Lakshana, a king and his kingdom were extremely struck by the death of the son of the high priest.
In all, the king offered prayers to the creator of the universe, that is Lord Brahma for having given birth to the child. Brahmaji, moved by the prayers of these people, came and asked the king to paint a portrait of the dead child on the floor.
So he gave life to the portrait, thus alleviating the whole realm of his pain and his pain. This mythological tail is considered the biblical proof of the origin of this wonderful Hindu art, called Rangoli.
Rangoli as a creative expression
‘Rangoli’ is a Sanskrit word that means creative expression of art through colours. In ancient times, splendid models and designs of rangoli were made at the entrances of Indian houses to adorn them and welcome guests. In addition to a creative expression of art, they were also considered a symbol of good luck.
Ours is the culture of “Athiti Devo Bhava” means “Guest is God.” So what could be better than rangoli in expressing this mannerism and cultural hospitality that we have by tradition? Although rangoli occurs many times in India, the Diwali festival is witness to the greater use of rangoli.
The formation of an ideal rangoli art requires the careful use of brightly colored rangoli in a clean and tidy floor.
However, the rangoli are simple two-dimensional drawings, but even modern three-dimensional art is left without grace before them. During the preparation of a rangoli, brightly coloured powders are used freehand.
The most common way to create a rangoli is to pinch the thumb and forefinger and let the color leave the space freely. Rangoli was one of the best decorations or ornaments in ancient times, but they have not lost their charm even in the modern context.
These traditional ornaments are still used in India at various festivals and special occasions such as weddings, birth ceremonies, etc.
Although rangoli production is a popular art throughout India, they are like a tradition in Maharashtra, where they are most widespread. At the Diwali festival, people often make various types of geometric patterns and designs among which oil lamps (diyas) are placed.
2. Exchange gifts in diwali
Importance behind exchanging gifts in Diwali
The idea behind the tradition of exchanging Diwali gifts is to accelerate the feeling of love, union, affection and appreciation. People convey their respect, Diwali’s good wishes, blessings, love and appreciation for their loved ones through gifts.
Since Diwali is a religious festival, sending Diwali gifts also symbolizes the prayers of each to the almighty for the prosperity and well-being of the recipient.
Earlier tradition of Diwali gift exchange
Gifts are exchanged on Diwali day and this is not a recent trend. Since ancient times this has been followed. At first, when Indian families depended solely on agriculture and livestock for their livelihoods, even then people used to give their agricultural produce on this day.
Even sweet and decorative items were produced at home and equipped. These gifts at that time were not expensive, but they were considered a show of love and good wishes.
The tradition of Diwali gifts in today’s times
Today, the exchange of gifts is not so simple. The tradition that breathes the gifts of Diwali has grown to new levels in modern times. It is considered socially obligatory to exchange Diwali gifts with all loved ones, including friends, relatives, neighbours, colleagues and business partners.
Great importance is given to the product in this materialistic era, unlike in ancient times when the feelings behind the gifts were much more important. There is a wide variety of gift options.
Other traditional gifts such as sweets, dried fruit, chocolates and decorations are available in elegant baskets and in elegant Diwali packages. People also exchange electronic devices, artefacts, jewellery, wrist watches, etc. on this day.
I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.