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When is Buddha festival in Nepal in 2021? When is Siddhartha Gautam festival in Nepal in 2077 B.S.? Do you know the date of Buddha Jayanti in Nepal in 2021? Do you know the date of Buddha celebration in Nepal in 2077 B.S.? Do you know the date of Buddha Jayanti in Nepal in 2021? Do you know the date of Buddhist celebration in Nepal in 2077 B.S.?
Buddha’s Birthday 2021 in Nepal is on Wednesday, May 26, 2021.
Who is Buddha?
The Buddha was born in the Lumbini forest, near the town of Kapilavastu (in present-day Nepal, near the Indian border). His was named Siddhartha Gautama. Although he has lived almost eighty years, the dates of his birth and death have not been established with certainty. With the reference of most of the historians, he was born in 563 BC and died in 486 BC
Gautama’s father, Suddhodana Gautama, was the head of the warrior class of Kapilavastu. Gautama’s mother, Queen Māyā (Māyādevī) died shortly after her birth, and her father and her father’s new wife raised him luxuriously.
Gautama showed an initial taste for meditation, reflection, and personal growth. At the behest of his father, he married young and participated in the public life of the king’s court. He had a son he called Rahula.
Gautama began his search for enlightenment at twenty-nine when he was able to leave the palace walls. Throughout Gautama’s life before this, his father had kept him constantly within the walls of the palace to protect him from suffering and the reality of the world.
During his first visit outside the palace, he found a completely new reality, a world that he never knew existed. He saw the suffering of a newborn child, a sick man, an old man, and a rotten corpse. Suddenly he realized that suffering is common to all humanity.
After meeting a beggar monk, he calmly and peacefully decided to leave his family, wealth and power to reach enlightenment. Buddhists call this decision “the great renunciation” and consider it a turning point in history.
One night, after making a decision, Gautama left the gigantic palace, abandoning his wife and son to travel the world in search of the Enlightenment. He traveled as a beggar in northern India and followed the teachings of many gurus, but soon found himself dissatisfied.
He continued his search for the Truth when he finally settled in the city of Uruvela, near Gaya, with five men as his disciples who shared his same goal. Together, they tried to reach enlightenment through some kind of incredible practices like the total deprivation of worldly goods, meditating 10 hours a day, making a habit to just eat very few grains of rice per day. Not talking very much and sleep very little as well.
Little by little, he regained his health by stopping his extreme practice, even though he lost his five disciples who accused him of being an “abandonment”. Those six years of self-mortification made him understand that extreme asceticism does not work and that in all things, balance is necessary.
In response to his experience, he developed a practice and a lifestyle that he called “The Way of the Middle”, a path of moderation that moves away from extremes in all aspects of life.
The founder of Buddhism
One night, at the age of thirty-five, he sat in dhyana (a Sanskrit word with the same meaning as Zazen in Japanese and Chan in Chinese) at the foot of a pipal tree which was later known as “The tree” Bodhi situated in Bodh Gaya, in India.
The Buddha rises
That night, Siddhartha sat under the Bodhi tree, vowing not to ascend until the certainties he looked for came nearer, and contemplated until the sun came up the following day. He remained there for a few days, cleansing his brain, seeing for his entire life and past lives in his contemplations.
Amid this time, he needed to defeat the dangers of Mara, an abhorrent evil presence, who provoked his entitlement to turn into the Buddha. At the point when Mara attempted to guarantee the illuminated state as his, Siddhartha grasped his hand to the ground and requested that the Earth demonstrate the veracity of his edification, which he did, banishing Mara.
What’s more, soon a picture of him started to shape in his mind every one of that was going on known to man, and Siddhartha, at last, observed the response to the inquiries of enduring that he had been looking for such a large number of years. At that time of unadulterated illumination, Siddhartha Gautama turned into the Buddha (“the person who is wakeful”).
It was here that it was determined that he should not stop meditating before reaching the Enlightenment (satori in Japanese), reawakening the reality of the Universe.
He is said to have attained enlightenment after 49 days of meditation nearly at the age of 35. His observations on suffering became known as the Four Noble Truths. He also developed the Noble Eightfold Path, one of his main teachings, which is described as the path to ending suffering. Both the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path are at the center of Buddhism, like Zen.
After deciding to preach his teaching or Dharma, the Buddha returned to his former disciples in Benares. They amazed with his wisdom, sincerity, and knowledge, they took again as his master, and he was ordained as a monk. Together with him, they formed the first group of Buddhist monks, called Sangha in Sanskrit.
Shortly after forming the first sangha, he preached his first sermon at “Deer Park” near Benares. This sermon contained the essence of Buddhism, in which he developed his Middle Way doctrine. Accompanied by his disciples, the Buddha traveled through the valleys of the Ganges spreading his philosophy, making disciples and creating a group of monks, where they were admitted without discrimination. Later, he returned to his hometown and preached to his father, his wife and other family members.
A wealthy admirer paid for the construction of a monastery in Savatthi, which became the main residence of Buda and educational center. The teachings of the Buddha spread and other monasteries were built in the main cities along the Ganges. Although it has gained importance, its dharma has remained a lifestyle, a philosophy rather than a religion.
After a life dedicated to spiritual activity, the Buddha died in Kushinagar (modern Nepal) around the age of eighty. Anticipating his death, he warned his followers about it but refused to give them specific instructions on the continuation of his teaching. Instead, he insisted that he had already taught all that was necessary. His body was incinerated and his ashes were divided and placed in the eight Buddhist temples found in India.
Buddhism Major Beliefs
Buddhism is a way of training and otherworldly advancement prompting Insight into the genuine idea of the real world. Buddhist practices like contemplation are methods for changing yourself so as to build up the characteristics of mindfulness, thoughtfulness, and insight.
The experience created inside the Buddhist custom more than a great many years has made an exceptional asset for each one of the individuals who wish to pursue a way — a way which at last finishes in Enlightenment or Buddhahood.
An illuminated being sees the idea of reality completely unmistakably, similarly for what it’s worth, and lives completely and normally as per that vision. This is the objective of the Buddhist profound life, speaking as far as possible of languishing over any individual who accomplishes it.
Since Buddhism does exclude the possibility of venerating a maker god, a few people don’t consider it to be a religion in the ordinary, Western sense. The fundamental precepts of Buddhist instructing are clear and reasonable: nothing is fixed or perpetual; activities have outcomes; change is conceivable.
So Buddhism delivers itself to all individuals regardless of race, nationality, rank, sexuality, or sex. It shows functional techniques which empower individuals to acknowledge and utilize its lessons so as to change their experience, to be completely in charge of their lives.
There are around 350 million Buddhists and a developing number of them are Westerners. They pursue various types of Buddhism, however all conventions are described by peacefulness, absence of authoritative opinion, resistance of contrasts, and, for the most part, by the act of reflection.
What does Buddhism teach?
Not long after his Enlightenment the Buddha had a dream wherein he considered the to be race as a bed of lotus blossoms. A portion of the lotuses were still enmired in the mud, others were simply rising up out of it, and others again were on the purpose of sprouting.
At the end of the day, all individuals had the capacity to unfurl their potential and some required only a little assistance to do as such. So the Buddha chose to educate, and the majority of the lessons of Buddhism might be viewed as endeavors to satisfy this vision — to help individuals develop towards Enlightenment.
Buddhism considers life to be a procedure of steady change, and its practices mean to exploit this reality. It implies that one can improve. The definitive factor in changing oneself is the psyche, and Buddhism has created numerous strategies for taking a shot at the brain.
Above all, Buddhists practice contemplation, which is a method for growing progressively positive perspectives that are portrayed by quiet, focus, mindfulness, and feelings, for example, invitingness.
Utilizing the mindfulness created in reflection it is conceivable to have a more full comprehension of oneself, other individuals, and of life itself. Buddhists don’t try to ‘proselytize’ or constrain other individuals to receive their religion, however they do try to make its lessons accessible to whoever is intrigued, and individuals are allowed to take to such an extent or as meager as they feel prepared for.
Buddhism: Major Beliefs and Practice
The beliefs at the core of Buddhism are all in all known as the ‘Three Jewels’, or the ‘Three Treasures’. These are the Buddha (the yellow gem), the Dharma (the blue gem), and the Sangha (the red gem). It is by making these the focal standards of your life that you become a Buddhist.
Tune in to a wide scope of speakers investigating the centrality of the Three Jewels in their very own lives.
The Buddha alludes both to the authentic Buddha and to the perfect of Buddhahood itself. The entire Buddhist convention gets from the verifiable Buddha and all schools view him as their root organizer, guide and motivation.
Going for Refuge to the Buddha means considering him to be your definitive instructor and profound precedent. It likewise means conceding to accomplishing Buddhahood – Enlightenment for all creatures – which implies that you expect to move toward becoming somebody who sees the idea of reality totally plainly, similarly for what it’s worth, and lives completely and normally as per that vision.
This is the objective of the Buddhist profound life, speaking as far as possible of languishing over any individual who accomplishes it.
The Dharma essentially implies the lessons of the Buddha, or reality he comprehended. The word ‘Dharma’ has numerous implications however in particular it implies the unmediated Truth (as experienced by the Enlightened personality).
As a term it additionally incorporates Buddhist lessons as that equivalent Truth intervened by language and ideas. In this second sense, Dharma is the instructing that was conceived when the Buddha originally articulated his acknowledgment and conveyed it to others at Sarnath in Northern India.
The event is generally alluded to as ‘the primary turning of the wheel of the Dharma’, and the eight-spoked Dharma wheel is a typical symbol of Buddhism.
Just as this, Dharma alludes to the whole corpus of sacred writings which are viewed as comprising the Buddhist standard. These incorporate records of the Buddha’s life (known as the Pali Canon), sacred texts from a later date, and the composed lessons of those individuals who have achieved Enlightenment throughout the hundreds of years.
The entire ordinance is numerous multiple times as long as the Bible and it speaks to a writing of unparalleled wealth. It incorporates works, for example, The Dhammapada, The Diamond Sutra, and The Tibetan Book of the Dead.
Another significance of Dharma is the practices which are delineated inside the sacred texts. Regardless of the abundance of its writing the embodiment of Buddhism is exceptionally straightforward: it is discovering approaches to change oneself. It could be summed up as ‘figuring out how to do great; stopping to do detestable; refining the heart’ (as The Dhammapada says).
As to Dharma as an asylum means considering these to be as the best manual for the real world, and investing in rehearsing them. The Triratna approach underlines the focal lessons that are normal to all the primary schools.
These lessons underscore the improvement of care and thoughtfulness, analyzing our activities in the light of our moral qualities, and perceiving how our contemplations condition our lives.
We all need other individuals to gain from. In the event that we are to rehearse the Dharma we need the precedent and educating of other people who have done as such before us, particularly the individuals who have picked up understanding into the idea of reality themselves. So the third of the Three Jewels is the Sangha or the profound network.
All the more extensively ‘sangha’ likewise alludes to the general population with whom we share our otherworldly lives. We need the direction of individual educators who are further along the way than we are, and the help and companionship of different specialists.
This is significant in light of the fact that Buddhism isn’t a unique way of thinking or ideology; it is a method for moving toward life and accordingly it possibly has any importance when it is epitomized in individuals. Also, in the broadest sense the Sangha implies the majority of the Buddhists on the planet, and every one of those of the past and of things to come.
Past this, the goals of Buddhism discover their encapsulation in model figures known as Bodhisattvas. For instance, Avalokitesvara is the epitome of Compassion, and he is delineated with four, eight, or a thousand arms with which he tries to support every living being; Manjusri is the encapsulation of Wisdom and he is portrayed conveying a sword with which he slices through obliviousness.
Together the Bodhisattvas and the other Enlightened educators are known as the Arya Sangha or network of the Noble Ones.
- The four Noble Truths
The Four Aryan (or Noble) Truths are maybe the most fundamental detailing of the Buddha’s instructing. They are communicated as pursues:
- All presence is dukkha. The word dukkha has been differently interpreted as ‘enduring’, ‘anguish’, ‘torment’, or ‘unsuitable quality’. The Buddha’s knowledge was that our lives are a battle, and we don’t discover extreme bliss or fulfillment in anything we experience. This is the issue of presence.
- The reason for dukkha is desiring. The regular human inclination is at fault our challenges on things outside ourselves. Be that as it may, the Buddha says that their genuine root is to be found in the mind itself. Specifically our inclination to get a handle on at things (or then again to push them away) places us on a very basic level inconsistent with the manner in which life truly is.
- The suspension of dukkha accompanies the discontinuance of wanting. As we are a definitive reason for our challenges, we are likewise the arrangement. We can’t change the things that transpire, however we can change our reactions.
- There is a way that leads from dukkha. Despite the fact that the Buddha tosses obligation back on to the individual he likewise instructed techniques through which we can change ourselves, for instance the Noble Eightfold Path.
- Noble Eightfold Path
The Buddha’s ‘Honorable Eightfold Path’ is a further ‘unloading’ of the ‘Triple Way’ and is maybe the most generally known about the Buddha’s lessons. It is antiquated, stretching out back to the Buddha’s first talk and is exceptionally esteemed as a treasury of knowledge and pragmatic direction on the most proficient method to live our lives.
Customarily the educating is viewed as featuring eight regions or ‘appendages’ of ‘right’ practice (Sangharakshita inclines toward ‘immaculate’ to ‘right’), which sit in common relationship to one other and are every basic components in a coordinated way to deal with the Dharma:
- Right Understanding or Perfect Vision
- Right Resolve or Perfect Emotion
- Right Speech or Perfect Speech
- Right Action or Perfect Action
- Right Livelihood or Perfect Livelihood
- Right Effort or Perfect Effort
- Right Mindfulness or Perfect Awareness
- Right Meditation or Perfect Samadhi
With this unmistakable perspective on circumstances and logical results, Buddhism acknowledges the container Indian presupposition of samsara, in which living creatures are caught in a nonstop cycle of birth-and-passing, with the force to resurrection given by one’s past physical and mental activities (see karma ). The discharge from this cycle of resurrection and enduring is the all out greatness called nirvana.
From the earliest starting point, reflection and recognition of good statutes were the establishment of Buddhist practice. The five essential good statutes, attempted by individuals from ascetic requests and the common people, are to abstain from taking life, taking, acting unchastely, talking erroneously, and drinking intoxicants.
Individuals from devout requests likewise take five extra statutes: to forgo eating at inappropriate occasions, from survey common diversions, from utilizing festoons, fragrances, and other substantial embellishments, from dozing in high and wide beds, and from accepting cash.
Their lives are additionally managed by an enormous number of standards known as the Pratimoksa. The ascetic request (sangha) is revered as one of the three gems, alongside the dharma, or religious instructing, and the Buddha. Lay practices, for example, the love of stupas (internment hills containing relics) originate before Buddhism and offered ascend to later formal and reverential practices
Lumbini Nepal – Birthplace of Lord Buddha
Nepal is a multicultural, multilingual and multi-ethnic nation where people are religious tolerance and peace-loving. Nepal is one of the most diverse places to visit. It has many natural, historical, cultural and social wonders. A place of religious fascination that floods many travelers in this country is the sacred place of the Buddhists: Lumbini.
Every year, thousands of travelers, many of whom are devotees of different religions, travel to Lumbini to visit this site declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO due to its cultural, historical and religious importance. Lumbini is the place where Siddhartha Gautam, the founder of Buddhism, was born. Lumbini means “the lovely one” in Sanskrit.
Lumbini is Located in the district of Kapilvastu in province no. 5, and it is 25 kilometers from the municipality of Kapilvastu. Lumbini is located in the Terai belt of Nepal, so it is only 20 kilometers from India. Lumbini covers in total the area of 4.8 km long and 1.6 km wide and is divided into two monastic zones full of monasteries where shops cannot be opened.
Along channel full of water separates these two zones. The western monastic zone of the area consists of the monasteries of Mahayana and Vajravana and the eastern part of the area consists of the monasteries of Thervadin. The canal full of water served with boats that offer tours for visitors.
The birthplace of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha in Lumbini, one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites, is the abode of peace and a final pilgrimage to devout Buddhists and peace-loving people from around the world. the message of peace and compassion; therefore, it is considered one of the most sacred places for people who believe in Buddhism.
To pay homage to Lord Sakyamuni Buddha and observe sanctity and shrines related to Lord Sakyamuni Buddha, Buddhism and peace, peace lovers, Buddhist pilgrims and general visitors from all over the world visit Lumbini.
Lumbini is the place of pilgrimage for devotees from all over the world. If you are waiting for a spiritual place to visit, Lumbini will be the best option, since Lumbini offers the opportunity to witness the birthplace of Gautam Buddha and the different stages of his life.
The Lumbini encompasses many temples and monasteries. There are more than 25 international monasteries built by Buddhist countries around the world. Lumbini is famous throughout the world for these monasteries, as well as the Maya Devi Temple, the pillar of Ashoka, the ancient bathing pond and the Bodhi tree.
There are five Theravada Buddhist monasteries and a Vipassana meditation center in operation in the Eastern Monastic Zone, while three monasteries are under construction.
They are: 1) The Royal Monastery of Thailand, Thailand; 2) Canadian Association of Buddhism Committed (Bodhi Institute Monastery and Dharma Center) (under construction); 3) Mahabodhi Society Temple of India; 4) Nepal Theravada Buddha Vihar (under construction); 5) Cambodian temple, Cambodia (under construction); 6) Golden Temple of Myanmar, Myanmar; 7) International Temple of the Gautami Nuns, Nepal; 8) Monastery of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka and 9) Center Dhamma Janani Vipassana, Nepal.
14 Mahayana Buddhist monasteries and two meditation centers are in operation, while four monasteries are under construction in the western monastic zone.
They are: 1) Ka-Nying Shedrup Monastery (Gumba Seed), Nepal (under construction); 2) Zarong Tgupten Mendol Dogna Chholing, Nepal (under construction); 3) Urgen Dorjee Chholing Buddhist Center, Singapore; 4) Nepal Vajrayana Maha Vihara, Nepal (under construction); 5) French Buddhist Association, France; 6) The Great Lotus Stupa (Tara Foundation), Germany; 7) Drigung Kagyud Meditation Center, Laddakh; 8) The World Buddhist Congregation of Linh Son, France; 9) Japanese monastery, Japan (under construction); 10) Tungaram United Buddhist Foundation, Nepal; 11) Thrangu Buddhist Association Vajra Vidhya, Canada; 12) Vietnam Phat Quoc Tu, Vietnam; 13) Geden International Monastery, Austria; 14) Chinese Monastery, China; 15) Dae Sung Shakya Temple, South Korea; 16) Drubgyud Chhoeling Monastery (Mahayana Temple in Nepal); 17) Dharmodhaya Sabha Nepal (Swayambhu Mahavihara); 18) Karma Samtenling Monastery, Nepal; 19) Manang Samaj Stupa, Nepal; and 20) Pandirarama International Meditation Center Lumbini.
There is not a perfect place that Lumbini if you are looking for a place of cultural, archaeological and religious importance. A visit to Lumbini is a walk with Gautam Buddha, one of the best men in the religious world, in a peaceful environment is what makes your soul happy.
Here are the places to visit on the Lumbini trip:
Places To Visit in Lumbini Nepal
Maya Devi Temple;
The Maya Devi temple is one of the main attractions of Lumbini. The Mayadevi Temple is the most sacred site of the Lumbini Garden where archaeologists have identified the exact place where Lord Buddha was born.
The inscriptions in the nearby Ashoka pillar also refer to the place as his birthplace. It is said that the newborn Prince Siddhartha (who later became Buddha) took his first seven steps and delivered his message of peace to humanity. The temple was built in honor of Maya Devi, the mother of Gautam Buddha.
The white temple has a simple design, and the temple setting is perfect for morning meditation. The Maya Devi temple preserves the story of the mother of Gautam Buddha. According to Buddhism, Maya Devi gave birth to Gautam Buddha under a Banyan tree, and this temple is exactly in the place of the tree. There is a Bodhi tree near the temple where Maya Devi rested during her work. Some pilgrims sit under the Bodhi tree and make their prayers.
The Mayadevi Shrine is surrounded by several groups of stupas. So far, 31 stupas have been excavated that represent 3 different categories in the Sacred Garden of Lumbini. Of these, 29 are votive stupas, 1 relic stupa and 1 of Dhamma stupa. The large number of ancient stupas in the vicinity signifies the importance of Lumbini as one of the most sacred places of pilgrimage after the Mahaparinirvana of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha.
The stupas were built here from the 3rd century BC. until century 8th or 9th through the periods of Mauryan, Sunga, Kushana and Gupta. The stupas erected in the Sacred Lumbini Garden are of different types, designs and styles, mainly with square, rectangular and circular bases. Next are the stupas discovered in the Sacred Garden.
- Big Square Stupa ( Dhamma Stupa)
- Relic Stupa (Saririka Stupa)
- Groups of sixteen Stupas
- Row of six stupas
The Asoka Pillar was erected in Lumbini by Emperor Asoka in 249 BC to mark the birthplace of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha and to commemorate his visit to Lumbini. The inscription of Ashoka recorded in Brahmi script and Pali language confirms that Lumbini is the birthplace of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha.
The pillar of Asoka carries the first epigraphic evidence with reference to the birthplace of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha. The text written in brahmi script and Pali is translated as follows;
“King Piyadasi (Ashoka), the beloved of the gods, in the twentieth year of his reign, made a royal visit. Sakyamuni Buddha was born here, therefore, the marker stone (place of birth) was worshiped and a stone column was erected. Having been born the lord here, the tax of the village of Lumbini was reduced to eight parts (only) “.
The erection of this pillar in Lumbini by Emperor Asoka was also described by the first Chinese travelers, including Hiuen Tsang (636 AD) and Fa-hsien (399-413 AD). In 1312 AD, Ripu Malla, the 40th king of western Nepal, paid tribute to Lumbini and recorded the following words: Om Mani Padme Hum Ripu Mesh Chiran Jayatu on the east side of the top of the pillar.
Pond of Puskarni
Towards the south of the pillar of Ashoka is a pond called pond Puskarni. Buddhists believe that Maya Devi bathed in the pond before giving birth to Siddhartha Gautam. The baby Gautam Buddha also had his purification bath in the same pond as soon as he was born.
The first Chinese travelers Fa-hsien (399-413 AD) and Hiuen Tsang (636 AD) in their travel accounts also describe the Holy Pond and the sacred bath of Prince Siddhartha newborn in this pond. The pond existed before the birth of Prince Siddhartha, probably in oval form.
It was remodeled in shape and size, with a brick embankment, during the excavations of 1933-1939 AD by Keshar Shumsher JBR. The current pond measures 24.90 m × 24.85 m × 4.83 m in size. While cleaning the pond in 1996, two wells were found in the northeast and southwest corners of the pond. The sacred pond was also mentioned and described by archaeologists, Mrs. D. Mitra in 1972 and Mr. B. K. Rijal in 1983 in his excavation report.
Today, devotees take a holy bath in the pond. In the surroundings of the pond, there are the remains of brick pagodas and monasteries that present a view of the 2nd century BC and the 9th century AD. It is a sacred pond and is revered by Buddhists, one must be watchful of showing appropriate respect. It is believed that the water in the pond also has medicinal properties. People with skin problems who bath in this pond are believed to be cured of their disease here.
The monastic zone
The Monastic Zone, an area of 1 square mile in the middle of the Master Plan has been divided into two zones by a pedestrian walkway of 1. 6 km long and a canal in the middle.
The Eastern Monastic Zone represents the Theravada Buddhist School (Hinayana) where 13 plots are assigned for the construction of Vihars.
The Western Monastic Zone comprises 29 plots of land, each assigned to the construction of Mahayana monasteries. Currently, there are three meditation centers in operation in this area. The standing Buddha baby statue, the Central Canal and its boating facilities, the Flame of Eternal Peace, the Bell of Peace, etc. in the monastic zone are of great interest for visitors.
Myanmar Golden Temple
The Golden Temple of Myanmar in Lumbini is the oldest structure in the city. Built in Burmese style of architecture, the temple is dedicated to Lord Buddha. The impressive corn cob shaped shikhara, designed after the temples of Bagan, gives a real look to the whole structure. Inside the building, there are Lokamani Pula Pagoda and three prayer halls.
One of the oldest structures on the premises with three prayers halls is the golden temple of Myanmar. The Lokamani Pula pagoda, another Burmese-style pagoda that looks like the Shwe-dagon pagoda of Yangon is located just inside the temple premises .
World Peace Pagoda
At the northern end of the Lumbini site, the huge World Peace Pagoda dazzles with its brightness. The great white stupa was built by Japanese Buddhists and cost around one million dollars. Like other peace pagodas around the world, it is designed to unite humanity and inspire the search for peace.
The Pagoda of World Peace is at the center of the design of the Lumbini Master Plan. A straight line from the Temple of Mayadevi to the stupa would extend through the center of the site along 3.2 kilometers (2 miles). The beautiful pagoda is white and shows the golden statue of Gautam Buddha in a posture during his birth.
At the bottom of the stupa, there is a tomb of a Japanese monk killed by an anti-Buddhist during the construction of the pagoda. It is a monument built to inspire peace, designed to provide a focus to people of all races and creeds and to help them unite in their quest for world peace.
The stupa of peace in Japan, also known as the Pagoda of World Peace, is a monument of the early 21st century, a symbol of peace and a famous tourist attraction in Lumbini. Taking into account the key objective of the monument, it is evident that a pagoda would be built in the land where Gautama Buddha was born because this is where he attained enlightenment and initiated the Buddhist culture.
The vibrant monument is white, which means the virtuous motive behind its installation. The Pagoda of Peace is surrounded by green vegetation and is an amazing sight on a pleasant day under the clear blue sky.
The majestic structure can be reached by climbing one of the two flights of stairs leading to it and it has dome in the center. On the second level, there is a corridor that surrounds the dome where you can circumvent while immersing yourself in the tranquil environment or simply observe the beautiful surroundings from on high.
The Symbol of Peace is open every day of the week so that one and all can visit, explore, learn and be inspired to travel the path of nonviolence and live life in unity, which is a necessity in the world of today.
Royal Thai Buddhist monastery
The Royal Monastery of Thailand is a huge and wonderful piece of architecture in Lumbini. The great monastery is located at the northern end of the pond formed by white marvels. The great white monastery that is standing against the blue sky is something that one cannot take your eyes off. The meditation center with blue roof is another masterpiece of art.
The Royal Thai Monastery in Lumbini is designed in Thai architecture as It is built in gleaming white marble. The beautiful design and the carvings of the Royal Monastery of Thailand make this place one of the places to visit in Lumbini.
This gleaming white marble temple is built on high ground on five acres within the Lumbini Village Area. It is the only Thai temple in Nepal and receives around 50,000 visitors each year. The monks who live on the premises preach the teachings of the Lord Buddha and facilitate the visit of the pilgrims.
They also make special arrangements for the sick, elderly and disabled. It is said that the temple blesses the disabled and defenseless, so the pilgrims come with great hope and spend days here seeking to heal themselves. The temple also hosts yoga retreats and meditation where people are inspired to find inner peace. Free cataract operations and other surgeries performed by specialists in the place.
The Lumbini Museum is located in the northern part of Lumbini. It houses works of art, photographs and historical artifacts from Buddhist sites around the world. Located in the cultural area of Lumbini, the Lumbini Museum is a one-spot stop or everything ranging from daily use crafts to stamps related to Lumbini or Buddha.
Located in the Lumbini area, which houses all the important landmarks, this museum is a perfect ending to Lumbini’s journey of understanding, where you will find everything about history, culture that dates back to as early as the 4th century AD. The collection of books reaches at least 12,000 in number which is based on architecture, cultural life and artifacts.
They also have terracotta collections, religious manuscripts, Maurya coins and the Khusana dynasty. The International Lumbini Research Institute is located in front of the museum and offers opportunities to study and research about religions in general and about Buddhism in particular. It is an important place for people who are interested in learning about the Buddhist culture.
Inside the museum, you can find several types of coins that go back to the first and second century. Several statues of animals and plants are found in this museum. The Lumbini Museum also exhibits sculptures of Buddhist origins and photographs of various Buddhist sites around the world.
There is also an excellent model of the Master Plan for the Lumbini Development Zone. The Lumbini museum is known as a Buddhist art gallery and center of Buddhism. It is useful to preserve the Buddhist culture and educate us about its value.
It imparts knowledge to literate and illiterate people in society through art. Terracotta panel of Siddhartha and Yasodhara in bed pose, human and animal statuettes, Punch marked and Kushana coins, several replicas of Buddhist images and photos of Indian museums are shown.
The remarkable findings of Lumbini as Bodhisattva, Maitreya, Ratnasambhava, Vajravārāhi (Tara), sculpture of the nativity of Buddha, conglomerate stone (marker stone) and Padampaniavalokitesvar are not kept in this museum. Either originals or replicas of the monumental structures and artifacts of Kapilvastu, Devadaha, Ramagrama and Lumbini should be displayed here.
Visitors should feel that they are seeing the Lumbini Museum, Lord Buddha’s birthplace, but not an Indian museum.
Being the effective medium for children, pictures, photos, flashlight slides, photo albums, films, pamphlets, micro-films, catalogs and guides should be produced as educational material for the school, campus and universities. The objects shown should be presented in a short, accurate and easy-to-read narrative, presented in wall text, object labels and audiovisual media, such as videos and CD-ROMs.
Interactive electronic maps, computer-based tests that test visitors’ knowledge and programs that allow them to simulate launching a rocket or landing on an airplane are other attractive features of the exhibition that make use of information technology.
The Lumbini museum should offer excursions for school groups, and educational materials and workshops should be provided to help teachers use the museum’s collections and exhibits as curricular resources.
The Chinese monastery is one of the most elegant structures in Lumbini, built in pagoda style. The Temple of China is a beautiful and striking pagoda style temple. The quiet atmosphere around the temple gives each visitor the feeling of an ancient and peaceful city.
It looks like a replica of the Forbidden City and has dogs of Fo on each side that are ready to welcome you. The Chinese monastery in Lumbini has meditation cells and prayer rooms. It’s perfectly maintained interior patio is an oasis of peace.
Dharma Swami Maharaja Buddha Vihar
Dharma Swami Maharaja Buddha Vihar is a Buddhist Gompa that belongs to the Sakyapa order. It was established by His Eminence Chogya Trichen Rinpoche. The Gompa is very attractive with a very detailed painting that reflects the Buddhist arts. The immense peace and tranquility of the site makes it a perfect place for meditation and silent introspection.
Every day, Tara Pooja is performed by the 600 monks who reside in the monastery. Two thousand monks congregate for a 10-day Puja at the end of September and on December 13 of each year for the Mahakala Puja, which also lasts 10 days.
The beautiful Dharma Swami Maharaja Buddha Bihar is in Tibetan style. It is located outside the main area of Lumbini. The art and color on the walls of Bihar represent Buddhist art.
The lotus stupa
The Great Lotus Stupa was built by German Tara Foundation. It is mainly important along with the fantastic structure because of the religious values it carries within itself. The measures for the construction of the stupa are in accordance with the ancient rules of the year at the time of Gautam Buddha. In the center of the stupa, there is a meditation hall 20 meters in diameter.
The German Tara Foundation built this beautiful and extravagant stupa. It contains a hollow crown that is partially covered by glass and reveals a small Buddha statue inside it. The main prayer room of the stupa is large with a diameter of 20 meters and is very interesting since the vaulted ceiling is covered by several Buddhist murals.
Also known as Pradimoksha-vana or Lumbini Game (village) in Buddhist scriptures and other sources, the Sacred Garden is one of the most sacred sites containing archaeological remains and sanctuaries of high religious and spiritual value. The main monuments in Lumbini include ancient religious and spiritual structures, whose construction began immediately after the Mahaparinirvana of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha and continued for centuries.
Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal 2019: Buddha Purnima 2076
As we, all know that Nepal is a south Asian country. It is located between the two powerhouses of the world, Indian, and China. We also know that Buddha Jayanti is the celebration or festival in the remembering of Lord Buddha. Lord Buddha was born in Lumbini Nepal in 543 B.C. Here in Nepal, Buddha Jayanti is one of the great celebrations in Nepal. The government of Nepal gives a national and public holiday on this holy day.
The spring full moon day when Buddha Sakyamuni Buddha was born is celebrated as Buddha Jayanti, Buddha Purnima or Swanya Punhi. The day of Baishakha Purnima is thrice blessed since it commemorates the three important events in the Buddha’s life’ his birth, the day he attained enlightenment and the day he passed into Nirvana.
In Kathmandu, a capital of Nepal, celebrations marking Buddha Purnima are concentrated around the Swayambhunath Stupa, one of the cultural heritage site in the Kathmandu valley, the most sacred among all Buddhist monuments in Nepal.
Devotees of Lord Buddha gather from early morning on this Baishakh Purnima in all over the country to worship and walk around the shrine in ritual circumlocution. Offerings of butter lamps, rice, coins, and flower, and prayer ceremonies go on throughout the day. Religious scroll paintings (Pabha) and images of the Buddha are put on display.
Buddha Jayanti also was known as Buddha Purnima falls on the full moon day of Baishakh (Baishakh Sukla Purnima). It is a great festival for the Buddhists and so it is observed with great pomp and show. Buddha Jayanti, in fact, commemorates the three important phases of Buddha’s life-his forth, enlightenment and his nirvana (demise).
The Buddha Purnima celebrations are equally fascinating at Boudhanath Stupa, another world heritage site in the Kathmandu valley. An image of the Lord Buddha is mounted on an elephant at the head of the procession that circles the Stupa and then proceeds to another Buddhist Stupa at Chabahil, Kathmandu. Large symbolic lotus petals are painted on the Stupa with a yellow dye of saffron.
On this auspicious occasion, many ceremonies are held around Buddhi shrines _ and stupas like Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, Swayambhu stupa on the hillock to the west of Kathmandu and such many Buddha stupas across the world. From early in the morning, devotees duo native and foreigners throng around the Buddhist shrines and stupas with musical bands and offerings viz-rice, flowers, butter lamps, and incense.
Special pooja/ritual functions and other programs are held to highlight the Buddhist ideology/philosophy. Sacred pauba scroll paintings and Buddha images are put on public display. Most importantly, at Anandakuti Bihar, a relic (a sliver of hone from the body) of Lord Buddha is brought out to pay homage to the devotees. As the night falls, the stupas, Bihar and even houses are illuminated with multi-colored lights of candles and butter lamps.
The prophet or peace and non-violence, Gautam Buddha was born as a crown prince to his parents- king Suddhodana and Queen Mayadevi in Lumbini on the full moon day of Baishak over 2,500 years ago.
It was on the same day that he got enlightenment in Bodhgaya and coincidently passed away into nirvana at Kushinagar in India on the very day. Unfortunately, Mayadevi died a few days after she gave birth to her great son. He has christened Siddhartha and was brought up in royal care and comfort.
Buddha Jayanti in Nepal is also called Buddha Purnima. Buddha Purnima means Buddha Jayanti. The date of Buddha celebration falls in April or May (Baisakh – Jyestha) each year, depending on the cycle of the moon. It falls on the full moon day of Baisakh, the first month of Hindu calendar.
The Buddhist festival celebration actually runs for one day. Buddha Purnima 2019 will be on 18 May. According to Nepali Calendar, Buddha Purnima 2076 will be Saturday, 4th Jeth. Every year Baisakh Shukla Purnima, Buddha Purnima festival is celebrated not only in Nepal but also the other country.
This festival is celebrated especially by Buddhist. But in Nepal, most of the Hindus population celebrate this Buddhist festival. We will discuss later on how is Buddhist festival celebrated in Nepal in 2019 (2076 B.S.).
From his early childhood, Siddhartha was very kind, clever and thoughtful. King Suddhodana taught him the arts of politics and warfare so as to prepare him a successful king in the future. Further, the king even arranged the marriage of his son and he was married to Yesodhara.
They gave birth to a baby- Rahul in due course of time. But, all this could not arrest Siddhartha’s attention. He was thinking about something beyond the worldly and royal luxuries. He was profoundly down-hearted by seeing the old, diseased and dead man. The sight of old age, sickness and death stroke Siddhartha so much that he decided himself renounce the worldly things.
He commenced thinking on how the entire humankind could be freed from such worldly sorrows. Consequently, he abandoned his royal palace in search of the ultimate remedy to make mankind quite happy. He continued his adventurous journey to accomplish his mission despite immense hardships.
He went on fasting and meditating for plural days but nothing gained, he became frailer and frailer. So, he started to meditate by eating food given by local people. Eventually, it was after many years under a Bunyan tree on the full moon day of Baishakh that Siddhartha attained the utter knowledge. Since then he became Lord Buddha which means the enlightened one. He got the ultimate solution to all the worldly sorrows and sufferings.
Since then he went on preaching his lessons to the people. Hundreds of thousands of people became his followers- monks and nuns. His pious ‘ motto-peace and non-violence, the backbone of Buddhism spread across the globe. He was popularly known as ‘The Light of Asia’. He continued preaching at different places for nearly 45 years until he passed away at the age of 80 in Kushinagar, India. It was a wonderful coincidence that Gautam Buddha was born, enlightened and died on the full moon day of Baishash.
facts about Buddha
⇒ Buddha was, for the most part, depicted tubby on the grounds that it was emblematic of bliss in the east.
⇒ Buddha invested the majority of his energy and time moving many miles spreading the rationality of enlightenment.
⇒ Buddhists see Buddha as an educator and not a God.
⇒ Youthful Siddhartha pledged to sit under a fig tree and start meditating to accomplish enlightenment.
⇒ After massively long reflection and mental fight with Mara, he moved toward becoming woken and afterward known as the Buddha.
⇒ There are 7 million Buddhists people found outside of Asia.
⇒ Suicide in Buddhism is viewed as impelling without end to the significant opportunity to make positive karma.
⇒ In Lao, Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka and Cambodia the Buddhist New Year is praised for 3 days.
⇒ The 3 tallest statues on the planet are of Buddha.
⇒ The tallest outdoor situated bronze Buddha in the World is on Lan Tau Island.
⇒ Siddartha Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini, Nepal.
⇒ The laughing Buddha is a 10thcentury Chinese society saint named Budai.
⇒ The dad of Buddha was Suddhodana.
⇒ The mom of Buddha was Queen Mayadevi.
facts about Buddha
⇒ Gautama Buddha is the founder of the religion called Buddhism.
⇒ Dhamek Stupa in Sarnath is site of the first instructing of the Buddha wherein he showed the Four Noble Truths to his initial five followers.
⇒ Initially, Buddha was conceived as a well off the prince, he deserted everything to seek the way of truth.
⇒ There are 3 noteworthy inhabitants Buddha shown his people, not to be uninformed, abhor others or get furious.
⇒ Buddha was, for the most part, depicted tubby on the grounds that it is an image of satisfaction in the east.
⇒ The most seasoned enduring Buddhist compositions are the Gandharan Buddhist writings found in Eastern Afghanistan.
⇒ Buddha’s lessons were spread by serene techniques, for example, word of mouth on noticeable stone structures.
⇒ The lessons of Buddha were spread by serene techniques, for example, informal exchange on noticeable stone structures.
⇒ Buddha passed away on in Khushinagar in the 483BC.
⇒ The Buddhacarita is the most punctual full memoir composed by the artist Asvaghosa in the first century CE.
⇒ After his ride on the countryside, he understood and said an acclaimed saying “Nothing is permanent in the planet”.
⇒ The Buddha was married to Yasodhara.
facts about Buddha
⇒ The Buddha had a child, a son named Rahula.
⇒ The Buddha lived in Nepal amid sixth to fourth century BC.
⇒ Gautama at first went to Rajagaha and started his parsimonious life by asking for contributions in the road.
⇒ The tallest Buddha statue in the World is in Pattaya, Thailand with 130 meters stature.
⇒ The second biggest carved statue of Buddha is in Sichuan, China.
⇒ Buddhist priests are not permitted to kill any animals.
⇒ China is the nation with the biggest populace of Buddhists.
⇒ The genuine name of Buddha was Siddartha Gautama.
⇒ Rahula turned into the most youthful monk at the very age of 7.
⇒ Buddha spent through 29 years as a prince in Kapilavastu.
⇒ Hindus trust that Gautama Buddha was a symbol of the god Vishnu.
Buddha Purnima in Nepal / Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal upcoming years …
When is Buddha Purnima / Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal in 2014 (2071 B.S.)?
When is Buddha Purnima / Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal in 2015 (2072 B.S.)?
When is Buddha Purnima / Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal 2016 (2073 B.S.)?
When is Buddha Purnima / Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal 2017 (2074 B.S.)?
When is Buddha Purnima / Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal 2018 (2075 B.S.)?
When is Buddha Purnima / Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal 2019 (2076 B.S.)?
When is Buddha Purnima / Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal 2020 (2077 B.S.)?
When is Buddha Purnima / Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal 2021 (2078 B.S.)?
When is Buddha Purnima / Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal 2022 (2079 B.S.)?
Buddha Jayanti Festival in Nepal 2021: Buddha Purnima 2077
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