Brahmin Culture in Nepal
Brahmin Culture in Nepal : – Brahmins are the class in Hinduism. Brahmins are believed to come from India. The ethnicity of Brahmin is Aryan. Brahmin is divided into two groups: purbiya and kumai. Brahmin is again subdivided into; Upadhya and jaisi. Upadhya is regarded to be higher in rank than jaisi. In many places, were even people of Upadhya class do not eat the food offered by jaisi. From many years, Brahmas used to be engaged in religious activities as priest. They make pujas in Brahmin caste, In marriage and even in death ceremony. In many ceremonies, It is very important to have Brahmin priest.
See also: Brahmin Culture in Nepal in the eastern region
Brahmin are much more involved in religion and in the home of this caste,t he family is well mannered. When a female of home is in the period then,s he is kept in separate room without allowing to touch any food and other members, too. They are not allowed to go in kitchen, puja room. They are not even allowed to enter to temple. Only after five days,s he can worship in temple and can make food. It is a good thing in one way, because she is not allowed to do works then in period, she can get enough rest.
But, by another way, it is bad too. Girl is kept in one room only and if she needs anything then she should call other family members. But, by the modernization of the world, the conservative view of Brahmin is somehow being changed. So, lately in many families, girls are allowed for other activities except cooking food and worshipping God during her periods.
On the 12th day after birth, the Namakaran( Naming) ceremony is conducted with puja. The people involved in the baby naming ceremony are the paternal and maternal grandparents, parents of new born baby and relatives and friends.
In marriage ceremony, bridegroom goes in the house of bride to marry her. They both worship fire and god and take around fire promising each other not to leave each other’s support, love in front of family, friends and relatives. Bride has to go in the house of bridegroom after marriage.
See also: Brahmin Culture in Nepal in the Himalayas region
During death ceremony, people burn the dead body in religious places. Grievous confinement including elimination of salt and other items from diet for the death of close ones are observed for 13 days. During this time, men shave their heads and are considered polluting. At the end of the Grievous period, a big feast takes place. In that day, many things were donated to the relatives once especially to son in law. For one year, Shraddha ceremony is performed monthly.
Also, for the adult boys, there is an important ritual which is compulsory for all boys of Brahmin castewhich is Bratabanda. It should at the appropriate age but nowdays many of the boys perform this custom just before marriage. The boy has to shave head and after this, sister has to put oil on his head and ear. For a boy, without bratabandha, marriage is incomplete.
Brahmins celebrate many festivals such as dashain, tihar, magh shakranti, Shivaratri, poush 15etc. They celebrate every festivals with enthusiasm and excitement. Actually, festivals bring the people of all caste together.
See also: Brahmin Culture in Nepal in the Terai region
Dashain falls in midOctober. In dashain, juniors take tika from elders with blessing as well money. It is celebratedfor 15 days. It is the festival to celebrate the death of ravan by god ram according to the religious myths. Animals like goat, hen are sacrificed in the temple. In many homes, mostly meat is cooked.
Likewise, Tihar falls in September. They celebrate for 5 days. In 1st day,c row tihar is celebrated, in 2nd day, dog tihar is celebrated, in 3rd day,c ow tihar is celebrated , in 4th day, ox tihar is celebrated and in last day, vai tika is observed . In this day, sister put 7 colors tika in the forehead of brother. The group of individuals play Bhailo by going people’s house giving them blessing and in return, they get rotis, sweets and money.
Also, in Maghe shakranti, religious people go to the religious places to take bath and to worship. They fast for a whole day and at night, they eat boiled tarul. Various foods such as till laddu, boiled tarul, bhuja laddu, chaku are eaten which are believed to being good fortune.
Mostly, Brahmin married womens celebrate teej in September. Women fast for the wellness and long life of the husband. They wear saris & sing and dance by organizing programs. They eat darr just before the teej. After the two days after teej, the make the pujas in a large group. It is the day for married women to get together with her mother, sisters and friends.
|Popular Culture of Nepal|
Brahmins were mostly engaged in agricultural field. But with rapid change in the society, they are involve in every field. Earlier, Brahmins were narrow minded, but in this 21st century world, they are making broad mind towards every aspects of society. They used to make their sons literate and didn’t allow their daughter to go school, daughters were not allowed to go out of home but in this present context, they are sending their daughters for higher studies in different parts of Nepal and in foreign.
In this present situation, Brahmins are successful in many of the field due to eradication of conservative mind. And also, Brahmins were used to discriminate the lower castes and not allowing them to enter in temple, didn’t drink or eat anything touched by them. They exploited the lower caste a lot previously. But time is changed and with the drafting of new law against discrimination and with the change in old concepts, Brahmins along with lower caste, are stepping forward in many works.
See also: Brahmin Culture in Nepal in the Hilly region
The dress of Brahmin is choli sari and daura surwal & language is Nepali. But many Brahmins don’t know about their dress and it is in the situation of extinction. so, many Brahmin community are formed to conserve the Brahmin culture. Also, Brahmin do kul puja remembering dead relatives in a 2/3 years gap which varies in classes of Brahmin. In most of the homes, it is compulsory to bath in the morning and worshipping god. Without puja in morning, day is not started.
Brahmin culture is beautiful in many aspects. All these cultures unite people together bring the feeling of brotherhood and co-operation.
Related terms and posts about Brahmin Culture in Nepal
Brahmin Culture in Nepal in the Hilly region
Brahmin Culture in Nepal in the western region
Brahmin Culture in Nepal in the Kathmandu valley
Brahmin Culture in Nepal in the Far-western region
Brahmin Culture in Nepal in the Madhesh region
Tharu Culture in Nepal
Brahmin Culture in Nepal