B.P. Koirala- National Figure of Nepal in Politics & Literature


B.P Koirala is one of the most renowned person in Nepal. He is known as the most influential person of all time in Nepalese history. He was the 22nd prime minister of Nepal starting from 1959 to 1960, where he led a democratic party popularly known as the Nepali congress: a social-democratic political party.

He was the first ever elected democrat of Nepal. He held the office for 18 months after being deposed and imprisoned at King Mahendra’s instruction, the king of Nepal. And after that, he spent the rest of his life in prison or exile from the country in a poor health condition.

Hence, he is still regarded as one of the greatest political personalities of Nepal. He is also known to be one of the most staunch supporters of democracy in an under-developed country like Nepal.

He asserted the guarantees of individual liberty and civil and political rights alone were not sufficient in a country like Nepal, so he thought that democratic socialism was the solution to Nepal’s underdevelopment.

B.P. Koirala- National Figure of Nepal in Politics & Literature

B.P Koirala stands for Bisheshwor Prasad Koirala as this is his full name. He was born on September 8th, 1914, in Nepal. He was born in a small Koirala family. His father, Krishna Prasad Koirala, raised him.

While growing up, Koirala was fond of writing, so he also purchased a career as a prolific writer when he grew up. Besides that, he also worked for king Mahendra and tulsi Giri, two famous people of Nepal. Even though he was born in Nepal, his father raised him in a small part of India called Banaras when Mahatma Gandhi was on his movement, and bp’s father was a true believer in Gandhi.

His father even had a small school there, and his father worked as a principal there, and that made bp attend his father’s school till he was age 14. After 14, he started to participate in another school for good study opportunities, and bp was interested in writing and started writing when he was in ninth grade.


He had a hectic childhood as he was not much keen on colleges. But somehow, he got a degree in economics from India’s famous college called the Banaras Hindu University and later earned a law degree from another renowned college of India called the University of Calcutta in 1937.

After that, world war 2 had just begun, so he also worked as an intern for the British in Dhanbad for two whole years. In between those years, he got married to a woman named Sushila Koirala.

B.P. Koirala was a great figure of modern Nepal. His full name is Biseswor Prasad Koirala. He was the son of Krishna Prashad Koirala, a follower of Mahatma Ghandi. He was born on September 8, 1914 Varanasi, India.

He leads the Nepali Congress, a social democratic political Party of Nepal. He had completed bachelor’s degree in economics and politics from Banaras Hindu University, India in 1934 and degree in law at the University of Calcutta in 1937.


He spent his student life in the banished life of his father in Banaras. He struggled against East India Company and thus helped a lot India to be an independent country. His life back to Nepal followed by the struggle against the Rana who banished his father to India. As the founder leader of Nepali Congress he collected the support of several people who helped to over through the Ranas. It was inactive participation of B.P. Koirala that Nepal got democracy in 2007 B.S.

  • Born: September 8, 1914, Varanasi, India
  • Died: July 21, 1982, Kathmandu
  • Parents: Krishna Prasad Koirala
  • Children: Prakash Koirala
  • Siblings: Girija Prasad Koirala
  • Grandchildren: Manisha Koirala, Siddharth Koirala

After Nepal got democracy in 2007 B.S., he had became have minister in the first general election. Nepali Congress got the highest sheet and he was appointed prime minister. B.P. Koirala condemns the partiless Panchayat system. He continuously revolted and soughed for restoration of democracy.

He compelled partyless Panchayat system to hold referendum. Failure to this was followed by the worsening health condition of B.P. Koirala. Lastly, he died of throat cancer in 2038 B.S. (July 21, 1982) at the age of 67 Kahtmandu, Nepal. B.P. Koirala was in the center of Nepal’s national politics during 1950s.

B.P Koirala is not only one of the most charismatic political leader of Nepal but also one of the most well-read and thoughtful writers of Nepali Literature. He has written many short stories, poems and some novels in Nepali language. His first Nepali creation, short story “Chandrabadan” was published in Sharada in 1935. His literature books are

1. Tin Ghumti (Three Turns), 1968 AD.

2. Narendra Dai (Brother Narendra), 1969 AD.

3. Sumnima (A story of the first Kirata woman), 1969 AD.


4. Modiain (The Grocer’s Wife), 1980 AD.

5. Shweta Bhairavi (The White Goddess of Terror), 1983 AD.

6. Babu Ama ra chora (Father, mother and sons), 1989 AD.

7. Autobiography Mero Katha (My Story), 1983 AD.

8. Doshi Chashma (Guilty Glasses), 1949. AD.

9. Hitlar ra Yahudi (Hitler and the Jews)

10. Many more yet to be published.


In conclusion


BP Koirala is one of the most famous persons in Nepal. Born in Benaras (India) 1914. Educated in Benaras Hindu University and Calcutta University (Law). Founder Member of the Nepali Congress (January 1947) and its successor, the Nepali Congress (April 1950).

Spearheaded the 1950 revolution that toppled the Rana regime. Minister of Home Affairs in the Rana-Congress Cabinet of 1950-51. Prime Minister of Nepal’s first elected government (May 1959-December 1960). He was one of the outstanding theoreticians and a proponent of democratic socialism in the context of the Nepalese revolution.

B. P. Koirala was a versatile literary genious. He has earned fame in the field of social novels and short stories. Sumnima, Tinghumti, Hitler and Yahudi and Modi ain are some of his widely read literary works. Jail Journal and his autobiography are his latest printed literary pieces.

Career throughout his years : 

BP was almost the person supporting democracy more than ever. He had many political careers when he returned to his motherland Nepal. He became the 22nd prime minister of Nepal starting from May 27th, 1959, till December 15th, 1960.

Before becoming the prime minister, he was the 2nd president of the Nepali congress party from May 26th, 1962, till January 24th, 1956. Although he was president only for a few years, he stayed in the party for the next few years until 1982.

For a short period, he became the home minister of Nepal, starring from February 21st 1951 till November 12th 1951. He was the home minister for a few months only as people didn’t support much of him.

Koirala had started the huge movement called the revolution of 1951, where he overthrew the 104 Rana regime from Nepal. After the Rana regime’s success, he concentrated on developing Nepal’s political point of view. He started to take his delegation to the UN.

Throughout his years of hard work and delicacy, he had throat cancer where he has led to imprisoning himself or self-exile himself to undergo some medical insurgencies. Later few of the medical treatments he got from visiting the US and Indian hospitals, his cure could not be dealt with quickly.

Despite his failing health and downfall of his political career, he still stood up for eradicating the class mandatories held in Nepal’s politics. Before his last breath, he addressed one of the most important meetings in Ratna Park, which is located in the heart of the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu. Later, after a few months of the massive meeting held, he died on July 21st, 1982, in Kathmandu.

Despite the death, half of the millions of Nepalese attended his funeral. Nepalese loved him so much because he worked for the nation and democracy in the country.

Now moving onto his literature, he is known as one of Nepal’s most charismatic political leaders who can write in Nepalese literature. Thus, he was a man of legend who had contributed lots of selfless to his country.

Legacy : 

BP has been considered one of Nepal’s most considerate people, where he has made lots of selfless contributions to its country for its immense development.

Due to his works and grant, Nepal has made a lot of progress throughout its development years even though it is still under-developed. His living years in assistance are considered one of the most huge and a flashback for its Nepalese citizens as it had contributed democracy for its people. Nepal has made a lot of institutions in the name of his memory.

The Indian government inaugurated the first, most ever foundation known as the BP Koirala Foundation in Nepal for appropriate nurturing and health facilities to the media persons, politicians, etc. To that level of extent, it will show the relationship between India and Nepal.

Thus, this was build in 1992. After that, Nepal’s government founded the BP Koirala memorial planetarium, where the science and observatories conduct research activities in the area of astronomy and cosmology along with astrophysics.

This planetarium was built in 1992, and people still visit there for educational purposes. After this, Nepal’s people built BP Koirala memorial trust around 2000 in memory of the late BP Koirala. It is also only legal for the Nepalese to collect taxes through royalties, claims copyrights, and allow legal permission regarding the BP Koirala trust that receives financial support from the government.

The establishment of this trust can be considered one of the most memorable achievements of BP Koirala so far. Also, various programs are organized inside Nepal and outside Nepal to remember his selfless contributions towards Nepal and Nepalese.

Hence, BP Koirala died on December 15th, 1960, due to lung cancer. We Nepalese will always remember him as one of Nepal’s legends with his works and achievements of democracy that he has given to us all. He will forever remain in our hearts. 

He died of Cancer in 1982.


Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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