Famous authors of Nepal :- There are many authors in Nepal who are writing books related to different fields. We are here with some of the 54 famous Nepali writers or authors in this section. This list of 54 famous authors of Nepal may vary from you. We hope you don’t mind.
54 Famous Authors of Nepal
- 1. Parijat:-
- 2. Madhav Prasad Ghimire
- 3. Hari Bansha Acharya:-
- 4. Bhanubhakta Acharya:-
- 5. Manjushree Thapa:-
- 6. Ani Choying Dolma:-
- 7. Subin Bhattarai:-
- 8. Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala:-
- 9. Lekhnath Poudyal:-
- 10. Gopal Prasad Rimal:-
- 11. Guru Prasad Mainali:-
- 12. Abhi Subedi
- 13. Amar Neupane
- 14. Arbind Rimal
- 15. Ashesh Malla
- 16. Baburam Acharya
- 17. Bairagi Kainla
- 18. Banira Giri
- 19. Bhairav Aryal
- 20. Bharat Jangam
- 21. Bharat Koirala
- 22. Bhawani Bhikshu
- 23. Bhim Nidhi Tiwari
- 24. Bhola Rijal
- 25. Balkrishna Sama
- 26. Bhupal Rai
- 27. Jagadish Ghimire
- 28. Bhupi Sherchan
- 29. Buddha Sayami
- 30. Jhamak Ghimire
- 31. Buddhi Sagar
- 32. Chakrapani Chalise
- 33. Deepak Shimkhada
- 34. Desh Subba
- 35. Dharma Ratna Yami
- 36. Dharmendra Bikram Nembang
- 37. Dhooswan Sayami
- 38. Dhruba Chandra Gautam
- 39. Diamond Shumsher Rana
- 40. Durga Lal Shrestha
- 41. Gyandil Das
- 42. Harka Gurung
- 43. Hemang Dixit
- 44. Ishwar Ballav
- 45. Jagat Lal Master
- 46. Kamal Mani Dixit
- 47. Khagendra Sangraula
- 48. Kesar Lall
- 49. Krishna Dharabasi
- 50. Kshetra Pratap Adhikary
- 51. Lain Singh Bangdel
- 52. Laxmi Prasad Devkota
- 53. Madan Mani Dixit
- 54. Madan Mohan Mishra
Parijat is one of the famous authors of Nepal. Parijat was a writer of Nepalese descent. Her most celebrated publication is Shirish Ko Phool (The Blue Mimosa), which has also been adapted to some colleges ‘ literature curriculum in some English-speaking countries, such as the United States, England etc.
Some of the prominent colleges in the University of Maryland, the USA where Parijat’s Shirish Ko Phool was adopted as a curriculum. Parijat was born in Darjeeling, India, hill station, in 1937, a city renowned for its tea gardens.
Her mother Amrit Moktan died when Parijat was very young, and her father, Dr K.N. Waiba, who was a psychologist, and her grandparents raised her. Parijat’s birthplace, Darjeeling, was a major centre of Nepali language, culture, and literature in her grow-up years.
Darjeeling is inhabited by Nepalese people who also practice language and culture close to that of the people of Nepal and have never lost their identity as a significant center of Nepali language, culture and literature.
Born in 1937 in the hill station of Darjeeling, India, Parijat became the primary woman to open up the voice of Nepalese women to the outer global. Even though her actual name was Vishnu Kumari Waiba, she is best recognized by her pen name Parijat, the author of the novel Shirish Ko Phool (the Blue Mimosa).
She has played an enormous position in strengthening the Nepali literature. Parijat completed part of her training in Darjeeling and in 1954; she got here to Kathmandu and joined Padma Kanya School.
She finished her Bachelor of Arts diploma, however, became struck by way of paralysis at an age of 26, after which she become depended on her sister for rest of her life.
She was sharing a similar Nepal friendship. From her early childhood, Parijat was intricately linked with literature in Nepal and Nepal. Since her childhood, she had a keen interest in literature and was destined to play an important and well-appreciated role in strengthening Nepali literature.
Parijat completed part of her Darjeeling education, moving to Kathmandu, Nepal in 1954 and settling there. She completed her schooling at the Padma Kanya School and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts. Late suffering from physical ailments, she was crippled at the age of 26 and was looked after by her sister for much of her life.
In 1959 Dharti wrote his first poem of Parijat. She has written 3 collections of poetry: Akansha, Parijat Ka Kavita and Baisalu Bartaman. Maile Najanmayeko Chhoro was their first short story. Nevertheless, she is best known as a novelist in Nepal. She wrote 10 novels overall, of which Shirish Ko Phool earned the greatest fame.
She was awarded the novel in 1965, with the Madan Puraskar. She also received the Pandulipi Puraskar Sarwashrestha, Gandaki Basunahara Puraskar, and Bridabrit. One of the most important pieces of work in the entire literature is Shirish Ko Phool. She won 2022 B.S. Madan Prize. To the book.
While she was studying in Kathmandu, she started her literary career with “Dharti.” Besides being a brilliant writer of novels, stories, poetry, essays, etc., she also led the “Ralfa Revolution” in 1966.4 She was elected as a member of the University of Tribhuwan and was a part of the Ralfa literature revolution.
In founding Pragatisheel Lekhak Sangh, she also played an important role and worked for Akhil Nepal Mahila Manch, Bandi Sahayata Niyog and Nepal Manav Adhikar Sangathan. Parijat remained unmarried and was still going through physical setbacks. She also used to support social causes while contributing to literature, and sponsored efforts such as the Prisoners ‘ Aid Project. She happened to die in 1993.
2. Madhav Prasad Ghimire
Madhav Prasad Ghimire, national poet of Nepal is another one of the famous authors of Nepal. Madhav Prasad Ghimire (born September 23 1919) is a poet from Nepal. He’s a romantic-tradition poet. He is best known for Gauri, Malati Mangale, Himal Pari Himal Wari, Aswathama, Shakuntala and Rajheswari. He was named as Nepal’s Rashtra Kavi (National Poet).
Ghimire was born in a village called Pustun in Nepal district of Lamjung on September 23, 1919, AD. His mother died at the age of three. He learned to read at the age of six, and learned the Panchanga at the age of eight or nine from a man named Fulebaba.
At the age of eleven, he left his home and went to village Duredada to learn Sanskrit. He subsequently moved to Kathmandu to study at Pradhan Pathshala Sanskrit and Pathsala Tindhara Sanskrit. He then left for India for his further studies and spent some time studying in Banaras.
He had first published in Gorkhapatra at the age of 14. His research has been called Gyanpuspa. Later in his life, he also served as Gorkhapatra’s co-editor.
National poet Rastrakabi Madhave Prasad Ghimire happened to die in August 18, 2020, Kathmandu.
3. Hari Bansha Acharya:-
Hari Bansha Acharya’s father’s call is Homanjaya Acharya and his mother’s call is Ganesh Kumari. Born on twenty-seventh Kartik 2014 BS (13 November 1958) in Gairidhara, Hari Bansha Acharya is a Nepalese actor and a comedian.
He’s one of the maxima a success and revered comedians inside the Nepalese enjoyment industry. he is recognized for his approach performing. He and Madan Krishna Shrestha make up the comedy duo MaHa Jodi.
Acharya is also an author by using profession. He has written several books based totally on social sectors, which had been offered numerous countrywide prizes. China Harayeko Manche is his masterpiece and is one of the satisfactory promoting books of Nepal.
4. Bhanubhakta Acharya:-
Bhanubhakta Acharya was a poet, translator, and is another one of the famous authors of Nepal. He translated the great epic Sanskrit Ramayana into Nepali. He was the very first person to translate from Sanskrit the epic Ramayana.
Although he has many contemporary poets in the country during his period, he is revered and honoured with the Nepali language title Adikavi (The First Poet). Bhanubhakta Acharya was born in 1871 Ashar 29 B.S. (July 13, 1814) in a village called Ramgha, in the Tanahu district of Nepal. Acharya was born into a Brahmin family and was taught by his grandfather at home. His father, Dhananjaya Acharya, was an official of the government, and the eldest of all brothers.
Each piece of literature was written in Sanskrit back in those days, and common people could not understand the Sanskrit language. Thus the study was restricted only to well-educated Brahmin men, who had studied Sanskrit. But Bhanubhakta Acharya changed the Meta and began writing in the language of Nepal.
It was for this reason that he popularized the language of Nepal and Nepali literature as a whole. He was also winning the support of the Rana family back then. Acharya also translated the epic Ramayana into Nepali, as he wanted to read Ramayana by ordinary people who did not have the opportunity to learn Sanskrit. He was not only a major devotee of Lord Ram, too.
Bhanubhakta Acharya is called Adikavi, not because he was the first Nepali writer to compose in Nepal, but because he was the first Nepali poet to write. He made Nepali a language which can be used in the writing of literature.
He is also given that title since he was the first poet to understand poetry’s marma (or inner essence). Acharya Bhanubhakta died in 1868 AD (1925 BS). But they have never forgotten him.
While he was alive, other great writers and poets such as Laxmi Prasad Devkota were still overshadowing his works. Acharya died for his work without earning any credits. When Moti Ram Bhatta found his manuscripts and published them, he got famous and the proper recognition.
Bhanubhakta Acharya (1814 – 1868) changed into a Nepalese poet and creator who translated the top notch epic Ramayana from Sanskrit to Khas language.
Born in 1814 in Chundi Ramgha, Tanahun District, he changed into educated at home with a robust leaning toward religion from his grandfather. he is honored with the title Adikavi of Nepal The terrific epic Ramayana have been a translated to Nepal language as early as 12 century CE, he’s the primary Nepali who translated the fantastic epic ‘Ramayana’ from Sanskrit to Khas language.
He is venerated with the identify Adikavi for the contributions he has made in the field of poetry and Khas literature and every year, his birthday is well known as a festival of Bhanu Jayanti (13 July) with the aid of engaging in numerous packages, generally lecturers and poem recitation. Motiram Bhatt first referred to him as Adikavi even as writing Acharya’s biography in 1981.
5. Manjushree Thapa:-
Manjushree Thapa grew up in Nepal, Canada, and America. She commenced to jot down upon completing her BFA in photography at the Rhode Island school of a layout. Her first e-book turned into Mustang Bhat in Fragments (1992).
In 2001 she posted the novel The train of records, which she had all started as her MFA thesis within the innovative writing program at the university of Washington in Seattle, which she attended as a Fulbright pupil. Her high-quality acknowledged e-book is neglect Kathmandu: An Elegy for Democracy (2005), published simply weeks earlier than the royal coup in Nepal on 1 February 2005.
The eBooks become shortlisted for the Lettre Ulysses Award in 2006. After the guide of the e-book, Thapa left the united states to write towards the coup. In 2007 she posted a short tale collection, Tilled Earth.
In 2009 she posted a biography of a Nepali environmentalist: A Boy from Siklis: The lifestyles and instances of Chandra Gurung. the following year she published a novel, Seasons of Flight. In 2011 she published a nonfiction collection, She has additionally written as an op-ed contributor to the new York Times.
6. Ani Choying Dolma:-
Ani Choying changed into born on June 4, 1971, in Kathmandu, Nepal, to Tibetan exiles. She entered monastic lifestyles as a method of break out from her physically abusive father, and she or he became time-honored into the Nagi Gompa nunnery on the age of 13.
For some of the years, the monastery’s resident chant grasp (who was trained at once by using the spouse of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche’s) taught Choying the song which she is famous for acting.
Whilst reputation came to her as Nepal’s famous ‘making a song nun’ few knew the true tale of the war of this refugee toddler developing up in Kathmandu. In fact, the outdoor world knew greater about Ani Choying than Nepalese themselves. Now, booklet nepa~laya is bringing out the Nepali translation of Ani Choying Dolma’s autobiography, Phool ko Ankhama.
7. Subin Bhattarai:-
Subin Bhattarai (born November 5 1982) is a columnist and Nepali poet. Summer Love novel by Bhattarai has been the trendsetter and popular among the youth. Summer Love was the second book and first novel on Bhattarai.
His first book had been a short story anthology, namely KathakiPaatra. The Summer Love story relates to falling in love with college students at Tribhuban University’s Central Department of Environmental Science (CDES). It was Nepal’s bestselling book with more than 40,000 copies sold and one of the country’s bestselling books for the year.
A year later in September 2014 a sequel titled Saaya was released. This concerns how the Summer Love misunderstanding cleared up and how they persuade their families.
It was Nepal’s best-selling book, and it was published in the same month of August and was one of the country’s best-selling books for that year. The book was released at the Nepal Academy, Kamaladi, where there were thousands of fans, by actresses Garima Panta and Keki Adhikari and by the author Bhattarai himself.
Subin Bhattarai is a Nepali creator and Columnist. Bhattarai’s novel summer season Love become the trendsetter and famous amongst youths. summer time Love became Bhattarai’s 2d book and primary novel.
The plot of summer Love concerns university students at the crucial branch of Environmental technology at Tribhuvan university. It was a best-promoting e-book in Nepal with in extra of 40,000 copies bought. 12 months later on sequel, Saaya becomes launched in September 2014.
this issues how the false impression in summer time Love cleared. It becomes a nice selling e-book in Nepal and it becomes reprinted within the identical month August. The books were launched by means of actresses and author himself at Nepal Academy, Kamaladi where there had been thousand of lovers.
8. Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala:-
Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, one of the famous authors of Nepal, typically referred to as B. P. Koirala, become a Nepali politician and a prolific author. He became the prime Minister of Nepal from 1959 to 1960. He led the Nepali Congress, a social democratic political celebration.
Even as Koirala is taken into consideration one of the maximum charismatic political leader of Nepal, he was also one of the most well-examine and thoughtful writers of Nepalese literature. He wrote short stories and novels, and some poems. BP Koirala began writing quick tales in Hindi. His first Nepali quick story “Chandrabadan” changed into posted in Sharada, a Nepali literary.
As a social realist, with desirable psychological perception as he changed into first author to put in writing tales and novels based on human psychology in records of Nepalese literature, Koirala had installed himself as one of the most critical Nepali quick tale writers by way of 1938. Doshi Chashma changed into posted in 1949. He turned into one in all splendid writers to contribute in Nepali literature.
9. Lekhnath Poudyal:-
Lekhnath Paudyal (1885–1966) is considered the founding father of twentieth-century modern Nepali poetry literature (Kabi Shiromani). His most important contribution is considered to be to the language’s development and refinement rather than its intellectual scope. Lekhnath’s best poems adhered to the old-fashioned Sanskrit poetics (kavya) conventions.
The first modern Nepali poet, Lekhnath, wrote Nepali poetry in the classical style. His poems possessed formal integrity that had been lacking in most of Nepali’s earlier works; many of them supported the doctrine of orthodox Vedanta in their outlook, though others were mostly original in tone and inspiration.
His poems are very popular, and the current social and political issues are often listed. It is assumed that there was the first glimmering of the poetic spirit that was to accompany him.
Lekhnath, one of the famous authors of Nepal, was born in Arghaun-Archale, now Ward No 26, Pokhara Lekhnath Metropolitan District, West Nepal, 1885. He had written pedantic “riddle-solving” (samasya-purti) verses from an early age, a common genre adapted from a previous Sanskrit tradition, and his first poems were published in 1904.
Two poems appeared in an Indian Nepali newspaper, Sundari. His name means the god of writing (lekh: to compose, Nath: god). He got his father’s first lessons.
He was sent to Kathmandu around the turn of the century to attend a Sanskrit school and after that, as was customary, to the holy city of Banaras to pursue his higher education to study the classics of Sanskrit literature, from which he gained great inspiration.
Lekhnath Poudyal appears because the founding father of contemporary Nepali poetry literature) inside the 20th-century. His maximum essential contribution is thought to be to the enrichment and refinement of the language instead of to its philosophical breadth.
The exceptional of Lekhnath poems adhered to the old style conventions of Sanskrit poetics Lekhnath, the first present day Nepali poet, wrote within the classical fashion of Nepali poetry.
His poems possessed a formal dignity that has been lacking in most in advance works in Nepali; many of them confirmed in their outlook with the philosophy of orthodox Vedanta, despite the fact that others were essentially original of their tone and concept.
His poems are very plenty popular and regularly referred to present day social and political problems. its miles believed there were the first glimmerings of the poetic spirit that changed into to come after him.
10. Gopal Prasad Rimal:-
Gopal Prasad Rimal was born on Jestha 18, 1975 BS and was a modern Nepali poet who introduced new forms of poetry that had rich revolutionary ideologies and raised awareness among people. He was also an established dramatist who introduced new ideas in the field of drama about women’s awareness and realism.
With the aid of his poetry and dramas, he had contributed a lot to raising awareness of the people. Born as the first son of father Lt. Umakanta Rimal and mother Aditya Kumari Rimal to an aristocratic family, his childhood days had been spent in comfort.
Due to his frustration with the Rana rule in Nepal, however, he had to struggle all his life. He was influenced and troubled by the country’s social and political situation, and his literary works started to reflect his discontent. His literary works contributed to his imprisonment by the discovery of evidence of his discontent with the Rana rulers.
His courage, revolutionary ideas, and nationalist vision became the main reason for his instant success and popularity in Nepali literature. His literary works gave the impression of a better future and social development.
He was a bright and hardworking student and was very interested in both studies and sports. He passed his SLC exams in 1992 with first division BS and since then has been active in the literature area. He joined College of Tri Chandra for his I.A. (High school) graduation, and that was the highlight of his formal education.
His first poem was’ Kabiko Gayan’ (a poet’s song), published in the monthly Sarada magazine in 1992 BS. His poetic anthology ‘ Aamako Sapana’ (Mother’s Dream) is a collection of his short poems which represent the ideologies of democracy.
Despite not writing more poetry, he became a famous poet, largely due to the content and theme of his poems. His popular dramas are Masan and Yo Prem (this love), which address the reality about women’s domination that exists in Nepali society. Through his dramas, he has always tried to give a message that women and men are equal and that the man who does and wishes a woman badly suffers himself through the bad.
His dramas were the first ones to introduce Nepali drama to realism. Neer Shah adapted the storyline of his drama Masan to make a Nepali movie of the same name. His patriotic poem Jangi Nishan became very popular, and many Nepali singers have sung it.
As well as being a literary figure, he served as a teacher, editor, government worker and artist. He set up Juddhodaya Public School and spent three months as a teacher there. After that, he spent fourteen years as a Lieutenant in 1997.
He served as a writer in Bhasanubadh Parisadh for nine months in 2001 BS, and later in 2003, he became the editor of the monthly Sarada magazine and even here he was not able to serve freely for long. He was profoundly affected by the martyrs ‘ death by hanging them to death, and he became active in social and political organizations after 2003 BS.
He was a great personality who worked selflessly for the development of society, nation and literature and made him different from the others by his politeness, high and innocent emotions and attractive personality. Distressed by the Ranas ‘ tyranny in Nepal, he spent some of his time studying the holy text of Bhagawat Gita in Pondicherry, India.
The Government of Nepal has issued stamps to honour him with its picture. He was also awarded in 1910 BS with the prestigious Madan Puraskar, and 2030 BS with Tribhuwan Pragya Puraskar. That precious personality passed away in Kartik 8, 2030 BS.
Gopal Prasad Rimal, one of the famous authors of Nepal, (1918–1973) became a poet from Kathmandu, Nepal. in keeping with pupil Michael J. Hutt, “he is remembered because the first “innovative” Nepali poet and the primary to reject using meter”.
His mother and father were Umakanta Rimal and Aditya Kumari Rimal. His first poem, entitled “Kavi ko Gayan” turned into posted in a month-to-month mag, “Sarada”.
11. Guru Prasad Mainali:-
Nepali short story writer Guru Prasad Mainali. Mainali is the founder of Nepali literature and one of the well-known short story authors. He is known for his’ Naaso’ short story anthology.
Works by Mainali, one of the famous authors of Nepal, contributed to the development of short stories in Nepali. All in all, Mainali wrote only eleven short stories, but his understanding of Nepalese culture made him an excellent describer of countryside life.
The tales alone during the period held all the characteristics of the modern short stories. In a literary magazine,’ Sharada,’ he began writing stories to write. His first story was’ The Ward’ (Naso). Most of his words were published in the 1935 to 1938 period.
Strongly influenced by the famous Hindi fiction writer Prem Chand, Mainali dealt closely with his rural Nepalese characters. Because of his interaction with different types of people in other parts of the country as a judge moved from one district court to another, Mainali had ample opportunity to study the human character at close quarters in different situations.
Also today, his portrayal of the sad plight of ordinary people in Nepal due to constraints imposed on individuals by conventional values and beliefs made in his stories remains unbeatable.
He is arguably Nepal’s first modern short story writer. His memorable short stories include’ Naso’ (The Ward),’ Paralko Aago’ (A Fire in the Straw),’ Shaheed’ (The Martyr), and’ Chimeki’ (Neighbors). Naso is also His anthology’s nickname. Some of his stories are included in elementary and secondary school textbooks in Nepal.
Also today, his portrayal of the sad plight of ordinary people in Nepal due to constraints imposed on individuals by conventional values and beliefs made in his stories remains unbeatable. He is arguably Nepal’s first modern short story writer.
His memorable short stories include’ Naso’ (The Ward),’ Paralko Aago’ (A Fire in the Straw),’ Shaheed’ (The Martyr), and’ Chimeki’ (Neighbors). Naso is also His anthology’s nickname. Some of his stories are included in elementary and secondary school textbooks in Nepal.
The English versions of ‘ Naso ‘ and ‘ Paralko Aago ‘ are available here. In 1964, The former was translated by Theodore Riccardi as ‘ The Ward ‘, and in 1991 Michael Hutt translated the latter as ‘ A Blaze in the Straw. ‘
Guru Prasad Mainali (1900–1971) turned into a Nepali short tale author. Mainali is one in all three well-known writers of Nepali literature, along with Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala and Laxmi Prasad Devkota. he is famous for his brief story anthology ‘Naaso’.
12. Abhi Subedi
Abhi Subedi, one of the famous authors of Nepal, was born in the Tehrathum district village of Sabla, in eastern Nepal. He was his father’s 21st child and his mother’s 7th child. Having seen his mother read the Bengali epic Kashiram Das’s Mahabharata, he recognized Bengali letters before Devnagari scripts.
Abhi Subedi earned a PhD on poetry pragmatics from Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, and did postgraduate study in stylistics and computational linguistics at Edinburgh University, Scotland.
Subedi began as an English teacher at Tribhuvan University and taught stylistics after that he returned from Europe. He taught at Tribhuvan University’s Central Department of English for 40years and led the department for over a decade.
Subedi is Nepali Folklore Society vice-president. Between 2000 to 2008, he was the former founding president of the International Theater Institute (ITI) UNESCO and member of the 2000-2011 International Playwright Forum. Subedi was president (1990-1992), and twice secretary-general of the Nepal Linguistic Society.
He also served as President of the Nepal Literary Association. He is a member of the International Theatre Critics Association. He has been involved in several interdisciplinary study groups and is a prolific writer on issues relating to democracy, community, literature, arts and social change.
His essays and articles about the seminar were written in Nepal and abroad. Subedi’s published more than two dozen books on various topics. Different of his plays have been performed in Nepal and abroad by well-known theatre groups.
Books in Nepali
- Flaneurko Diary
- Sahitya ra Aambritta
- Chiriyeka sanjhharu
- Nibandhama Uttarbarti Kaalkhanda
- Teen Natak
- Nibandha ra Tundikhel
- Paanch Natak
- Carpettangieko Aakaas
- Shavda ra Chot
- Madhyam ra Rachana
- Paschatya Kavy Siddhanta,
- Sirjana ra Mulyankan
Books in English
- Bruised Evenings
- Nepali Theatre as I See It,
- Three Plays. Trans Sangita Rayamajhi
- Dreams of Peach Blossoms
- Ekai Kawaguchi: the Trespassing Insider
- Chasing Dreams: Kathmandu Odyssey
- Nepali Literature: Background and History
13. Amar Neupane
Amar Neupane is a young writer from Nepal and a renowned figure in Nepalese literature. His all-time masterpiece work was Seto Dharti, who received the prestigious Madan Puraskar award, Nepalese literature’s greatest award, as well as the Ramraj Panta Smriti Purashkar prize.
His other novel, Karodaun Kasturi, is published recently and is based on the story that what Nepali comedians do. Hari Bansha Acharya had become a comedian if he hadn’t recognized his hidden talent. His books: Gulabi Umer, Pani ko Gham, Seto Dharti, Karodaun Kasturi etc.…
14. Arbind Rimal
Arbindanath Rimal, one of the famous authors of Nepal, is an intellectual and writer of Nepalese descent. Arbind Rimal is from a Brahmin family of middle-class people in Kathmandu. During the Rana dynasty, Rimal’s grandfather is thought to have been related to Ranas.
Throughout his studies in India, Rimal came into contact with communism. He worked at the Soviet Union Embassy in New Delhi for about five years, with the publication of the embassy Soviet Bhumi’s Nepali-language newsletter. He accompanied King Mahendra on his trips to the Soviet Union via his liaisons with the Soviet embassy.
In 1957, at the second party congress, Rimal was elected to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Nepal. He later renounced his ideals of communism and broke with the party.
15. Ashesh Malla
Ashesh Malla is a famous Nepalese playwright and director of the theatre. A multi-talented personality, he is also known as a poet, writer of fiction, and actor.
An associate professor of Nepali literature at the University of Tribhuwan, Nepal, he has won many prestigious awards such as Sajha Purashkar, Musyachu Puraskar, Moti Award for his contributions to Nepali theatre, and art. He is Nepal’s leader of street theatre. He also worked with the Nepal Academy, and for five years he headed the theatre department.
In the early 90’s he also worked as a board member of Nepal Television. He is a member of Nepal Academy with honorary life. He has published over 25 books, including playbooks, poetry, and fiction.
His recent publication is Sadak Natak: Siddhantha, Srijana ra Prastuti (Street Theatre: Theory, Development and Presentation), a book on street theatre. Mr Ashesh Malla has written and directed all of Sarwanam’s works.
16. Baburam Acharya
Baburam Acharya, Nepal’s first and only historian laureate, was a scholar and researcher who pioneered the indigenous-resource writing of Nepalese history.
For Mt Everest, the world’s tallest peak, he is credited with coining the Nepali name’ Sagarmatha’ He was an honorary member of the Royal Nepal Academy, and in 1963 received the Tribhuvan Award.
He has written 14 books (seven posthumously published) and over a hundred research-based pieces and papers on topics ranging from Nepalese history to Nepal–China ties. He is best known for his four-volume biography of the founder of modern Nepal, King Prithvi Narayan Shah, and a collection of his essays, Alba Yeasty Kahilyai Nahos.
17. Bairagi Kainla
Til Bikram Nembang Limbu, , one of the famous authors of Nepal, known popularly as Bairagi Kainla or Bairagi, is a senior Nepalese literaturer. He served as Nepal Academy Chancellor from 2066 BS till 2070 BS. The Tesro Aayam (Third Dimension) movement was part of his important literary struggle.
DuriRai searched Nepalese literature in unexplored realms. We added a new element to Nepalese literature-the third dimension. He currently works in Eastern Nepal’s ethnic people Folklore of Limbu.
He also works to promote Nepal’s minority community culture, language, and literature, as well as nationalities, and indigenous people. In 1990, Bairagi Kainla was elected to the Royal Nepal Academy.
18. Banira Giri
Banira Girt, an admired figure in Nepali literature, was born in Kurseong near Darjeeling, West Bengal, on April 11, 1946. She became the first woman from Nepal to receive a doctorate from Tribhuvan University. She was the first woman to receive the Sajha Award, for Shabdatit Shantanu, her poetic fiction.
She, one of the famous authors of Nepal, is one of the significantly few female writers from Nepal to develop a reputation outside of Nepal. Banira Giri’s poems are always inspiring, her strong words and powerful logical exposure that sample the depths of human wounds and carry the victim’s inner voice.
Giri’s poems are, in many respects, a compendium of the world and communities within which she lives. In 1997, Banira Giri was awarded the Takeshi Kaiko Memorial by the Japan Foundation Asia Center for one-person poetry readings in three major cities throughout Japan.
Banira Giri was honoured with the prestigious Supraval Gorkha Dakshinabahu Award from Nepal, as well as several other honours and nominations. Her poems in Hindi, Urdu, Nepali, English, Japanese, and other languages are included in many anthologies.
Her works appear in various literary magazines in Nepal, India and abroad. She currently teaches Nepali at University Tribhuvan. She has eight works in the Library of Congress.
19. Bhairav Aryal
Bhairav Aryal, one of the famous authors of Nepal, was a Nepalese literary poet. His writings are focused on Nepali lifestyle’s social, political, religious and cultural aspects and his satirical essay compilation ‘ Jaya Bhudi’ remains one of Nepali Literature’s most famous works. He was born in Kupondole, Lalitpur, September 20, 1936, as the son of Khem Kumari Aryal and Homnath Aryal.
His father had been working in Nepal Police as an accountant. By the age of twelve in 1948 Aryal married his wife Shova and they had three sons and three daughters. From his childhood, Aryal showed a strong interest in Nepali and Sanskrit literature and decided to pursue his Nepali literature higher education.
In 1969, he completed his MA in Nepali, and also took Sanskrit courses. Aryal initially worked at Pokhara and Kathmandu as a teacher for four years from 1954 to 1958. However, Aryal’s voice had begun to worsen because of a throat ailment, because of which he was forced to leave the teaching profession.
Later, in a newspaper called’ Haalkhabar ‘ Aryal began his career as a journalist. He was appointed a full-time journalist in the government-run national daily newspaper [Gorkhapatra] by the age of 21 and was later promoted to the editorial group.
He also led efforts to improve the journal ‘ Madhuparka’ which was a monthly literary magazine Gorkhapatra wrote. In the publication of another literary magazine named’ Rachana’ he also played a vital part. His first published poem was entitled’ Naya Jiwan,’ published in 1952 in the magazine ‘ Prativa.’ He later published also satirical essays and poems.
His first published book was a collection of poems, entitled’ Upaban.’ He published’ Kaukuti’ the following year, which marked his public entry into the satirical voyage. His most celebrated literary work’ Jaya Bhudi’ was published in 1965, including the famous’ Jaya Bholi’ and’ Jaya Bhudi ‘ satirical essays.
20. Bharat Jangam
Bharat Jangam, one of the famous authors of Nepal, also known as Bharat Mani Jangam is a Nepalese journalist and freelance writer. He is best known in the academic arena for the book Kalo Surya Bharat Jangam is a founder of the “anti-corruption science.”
His neo-science is based on modern human problems which are currently being tested and developed at Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu. He is an activist from Hindu countries, too. Bharat Jangam was born in Bhaktapur, Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, on November 25, 1947, in a historically and architecturally renowned town called.
Throughout his infancy, he began his literary works. His poems were first published in the local literary magazine at the age of 15, and stories, essays, articles etc. were gradually published. In 1970 he graduated from University of Tribhuvan. After his studies, he exhibited himself in Nepalese society as a writer and journalist.
21. Bharat Koirala
Bharat Dutta Koirala, one of the most popular Nepali writers, He began his career in journalism as Rising Nepal’s chief reporter in 1965 and became Gorkhapatra editor and Gorkhapatra Corporation’s executive chairman and manager general.
He was awarded by the International Center for Journalism in Washington D.C. with the Knight International Press Fellowship Award. He has also pioneered the publication of the Nepalese Wall Newspaper and the Ramon Magsaysay Foundation in Manila, Philippines, and is credited with promoting rural Nepal development news. He is a famous Nepalese media instructor who produces numerous professional journalists.
22. Bhawani Bhikshu
Bhawani Bhikshu, one of the most popular Nepali writers, was a Nepali literary personage. His real name was Prasad Gupta, a Bhawani. He was at death’s mouth when he was 4 years old, suffering from Bifar. It’s also said that his life was saved because of Goddess Durga’s divine and strength.
His father was land seller Indra Prasad Gupta. That is why basic needs were not limited. Considering the shortage of schools in Nepal, he completed his school life in India. He did study independently although he was unable to complete his higher tasks. He was keen on publishing.
23. Bhim Nidhi Tiwari
Bhim Nidhi Tiwari (1911–1973) was a famous Nepali poet, playwright and novelist. He was a well-known post-1950s poet and believed firmly in social reforms and wrote against smoking, drinking and gambling. He has published over 38 different styles of works. This Bhim Nidhi Tiwari should not be confused with Bhim Nidhi Tiwari, the Nepalese Communist leader of the 80s.
He was born in 1911, to Lalnidhi Tiwari and Nanda Kumari Tiwari in Dillibazar, Kathmandu, Nepal. He had spent 32 years as a government employee. He was a section officer in the Ministry of Education and served as Assistant Secretary afterwards. He created the “Nepal Sahitya Press” which was later combined with “Pasupati Press.” He has also founded the Nepal Natak Sangh (an organization working to promote Nepalese literature and drama).
He represented Nepal as the Ministry of Education at the UNESCO Seminar in East Asia in 1966, which focused on copyright issues. In 1959 he was chronicling his nanamesake in a film. In the late 1960s, he was a member of the board of directors of Regmi Research Project.
24. Bhola Rijal
Bhola Rijal is a gynaecologist, obstetrician and Nepalese literary consultant. He has in-vitro fertilization expertise which helps against fertilization. Dr Bhola Prasad Rijal is a leading gynaecologist and obstetrician consultant in Nepal.
Born in Dharan, the country’s eastern centre, in July 1948, Dr Rijal pioneered a major infertility treatment for In-vitro fertilization in Nepal, thus providing joy and hope for many couples. He’s also the initiator of abortion legalization in Nepal.
In addition to his medical profession, the patriotism of Dr Rijal is expressed in his literature and his excellent ability to write songs, which has made him a renowned Nepalese lyricist and singer. He, one of the most popular Nepali writers, also took part in Melancholy, a song made by 365 famous Nepalese singers and musicians.
25. Balkrishna Sama
Bala Krishna Sama is a Nepalese playwright. He is considered Nepal’s “Shakespeare,” too. He is known as “Natya Siromani” in the Nepali language As a playwright (“natak-kar”) he was wonderful Nepalese literature. Its contribution to literature in Nepal can never be forgotten.
He was the son of Jung Bahadur Rana and Kirtirajyalaksmi Rana and General Samar Shumsher. In 1921, he’d married Mandakini. In 1972, Sama was awarded the Nepal Rajakiya Pragya Prathistan Tribhuwan Puraskar prize. He received the Bishesh Upadhi from Tribhuvan University the same year, and from Pragya Pratisthan, the Prithvi Pragya Puraskar in 1978.
He, one of the most popular Nepali writers, died in 1981. The environment was strained in his own home. Sama spent a lot of time finding peace in solitude at home alone and gradually spent more time in art and literary activities. He began publishing his writings in reputed magazines like Sarada, Udhyog, Sahitya Shrot, and so on.
He eventually shortened his surname “Shumshere Jung Bahadur Rana” to “Sama” because he no longer wanted to be identified with a ruling regime that had once exercised autocracy over Nepal. His drama “Bhater,” released in Pragati in 1953, clearly illustrates his feelings regarding human rights issues. Nepali literary legend.
26. Bhupal Rai
Bhupal Rai, one of the most popular Nepali writers, is a poet, novelist, lyricist, and editor. In his writings, he has spoken out for the interests of marginalized people. His hands carry the Kirati people’s organic essence and their culture. His writings carry the indigenous people’s mix of Marxist philosophy and socio-cultural pragmatism.
He moved to Kathmandu for higher studies after his High School education. About 1977 AD, his literary journey began with the publication of his first poem in the monthly magazine “Chhahara.”
His elder brother, Gopal Chhanchha, had published the magazine. Bhupal later became a daily columnist with a satirical column called “Bela ko boli” in that publication.
In the 1980s he indulged himself in writing songs and composing music. During that decade he also recorded several songs as Radio Nepal Singer. But he quit singing after the 1990s, focusing on writing.
He claims that he has written about racial discrimination, class struggles and the Kirat culture and values not only in his poetry but also in his songs. He made a Euro trip, and recently visited Critics ‘ Society’s invitation to Hong Kong in September 2016.
27. Jagadish Ghimire
He holds a Masters Degree in Sociology from the University of Patna, India and a Postgraduate Degree in Population Studies from the University of Wales, Cardiff, United Kingdom. Together with his wife, he was co-founder of Tamakoshi Seva Samiti (Tamakoshi Service Society, TSS), a non-profit, non-governmental organization.
The main objective of the TSS is to provide reproductive health assistance by coordinating populations, empowering women, providing safe drinking water and sustainable agriculture.
28. Bhupi Sherchan
Bhupi Sherchan was Nepali-language Nepalese poet. He was born in the Nepal district of Mustang. He went to a college in Banaras. Sherchan was the poet with the most popularity in popularizing free verse. He has analyzed human beings and human life in various ways, but his greatest contribution to Nepalese society is that through his numerous poems, he has tried to show the way to the new generation.
His Himalayan nationalism can be seen in his “Hami” poem, where he claimed Nepalese was brave but stupid (because they were brave). The 10th edition of Ghumne Mechmathi Andho Manchhe, or “Blind Man on a Revolving Chair,” was underway.
29. Buddha Sayami
The Nepal-Bhasa poet Buddha Sayami is one of the most poignant chroniclers of our time, voicing democratic Nepal’s predominant desire to do with past conservatism and to establish a new order. The bold voice of Sayami expresses the sentiments of the masses, calling for change more quickly than it is, or has ever been, delivered.
Buddha Sayami, born in Kathmandu, was a Nepalese poet, and Newar politician. In Nepal Bhasa, the Newari language, he wrote poetry. Newaa Deygoo’s President was Sayami.
He was awarded Rashtriya Pratibha Puraskar and was elected by the Nepa Rashtriya Party in 2008 as a candidate for the elections to the Constituent Assembly. In 2016, at the age of 72, he died from complications of diabetes in a hospital in Jawalakhel.
30. Jhamak Ghimire
Jhamak Kumari Ghimire (born July 10, 1980, in Kachide village, Dhankuta district municipality) is a Nepali journalist. Born with cerebral palsy, she writes with the left foot. She is newspaper columnist at Kantipur. For her autobiography Jiwan Kada Ki Phool (Is Life a Thorn or Flower), she had been awarded the Madan Puraskar (the most famous award given to the writer for his or her contribution in Nepalese Literature).
Her poetry works include Sankalpa, Aafnai Chita Agni Shikhatir, Manchhe Bhitraka Yoddaharu, and Quaati. Another of her job is Awasan Pachhiko Aagaman. Jhamak Kumari Ghimire published her autobiography entitled “Jiwan Kada Ki Phool” (Life is a Flower or Thorn).
Jhamak Ghimire was rewarded with the Madan Puraskar for her beautifully written memoir. Besides, Kabita Ram Bal Sahitya Prativa Puraskar 2015, Aswikrit Bichar Sahitya Puraskar 2016, and Madan Puraskar (2010) were awarded to Ghimire.
31. Buddhi Sagar
The Buddhisagar is a writer from Nepal. He is best known for his blues novel, Karnali. His books are Nepalese bestsellers. As an academic development itself, Karnali Blues stands in many respects as a potential symbol of “pre” and “post” in literary history.
Buddhisagar was raised in Matera, a location in the Kailali district of Nepal. His family later moved to Katase Bazzar and ultimately to Kalikot district. There is also his debut and most famous book, Karnali Blues, set in these locations. He’d been enthusiastic about early prose.
His poems were played on radios from a very early age. After passing School Level, he moved to Kathmandu. He was a Naya Patrika and Nagarik News journalist before setting out on his career as a full-time author.
32. Chakrapani Chalise
Chalise Chakrapani is a Nepalese poet. In 1924 AD, he wrote the words of Nepal’s first national anthem to the music composed in 1899 by Bakhat Bahadur Budhapirthi (grandfather of musician Louis Banks or Dambar Bahadur Budaprithi).
During the era of Prime Minister Bir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, the musical part of the anthem was developed. The Nepali Language Publications Committee was later commissioned to write words for the anthem. As an assistant to the Committee’s Director, Chakrapani wrote the words for the anthem. In Nepali literature, Chakrapani is regarded as the poet who connected two different eras.
Pandit Chakrapani tied the romantic era of Motiram Bhatta to the era of Lekhnath Paudyal. Later a Nepali Rupees 4.5 commemorative stamp was issued for his contribution to Nepali literature.
His 133rd birthday was celebrated at Katunje, Bhaktapur by Chakrapani Smarak Samiti (a memorial committee) through the distribution of prizes and academic programme.
Chalise Chakrapani was born on 1940 B.S. (1883 A.D.) to father Premlal Chalise and mother at Katunje, Bhaktapur district, in the Chalise Brahmin tribe. His mother died while he was young and left to the maternal home of his mother after a stepmother had ill treatment. He married Gayatri Devi, aged 12.
33. Deepak Shimkhada
Deepak Shimkhada (born September 5, 1945) is an American Nepali educator, artist, art historian, journalist, and leader in culture. He currently serves as an adjunct professor at the School of Theology and Chaffey College in Claremont.
He previously held visiting and consulting positions at numerous U.S. universities including Claremont Graduate University, California State University, Northridge, and the University of the West. From 1999 until 2011, at Claremont McKenna College, Shimkhada was a full-time visiting professor of South Asian religions.
He is the founding chairman of the Indic Philosophy and Culture Foundation (Indic Foundation) and the Himalayan Council for the Arts. He has served on boards of several organizations including Pacific Coast Asian Studies and California America-Nepal Society (the latter as president).
From 2006 to 2012 he served as president of the Hindu Council on the Board of Visitors of the School of Religion at Claremont Graduate University. He is also a founding board member of the Association of South Asian Studies.
He has also exhibited his paintings and illustrations in the group and one-man exhibits in Nepal, India, Japan and the U.S. A well-published author of many journal and newspaper articles, book chapters, and illustrated books. Notably, in several episodes of the History Channel show Ancient Aliens he has appeared as a commentator.
34. Desh Subba
Desh Subba is an author and poet, born in Nepal. His book Philosophy of Fearism, published in Xlibris, USA, portrays fear as an essential part of life. Life is lived, directed and regulated by fear according to him. He also argues that fear’s utility, fear’s impact, philosophy dephilosophy etc.
Subba, born in Dharan, East Nepal, lives in Hong Kong with his family. He began with fiction in 1999 with fearism as a literary movement, and with line poetry in 2011. He has had four novels written in Nepali. His third novel, Aadibashi, has just been published in English under the title Journey to Fearless. In this novel, he studies literature with fearism.
He won four book awards in 2015: Dr Shyam Karki / Indira Karki Diaspora Best Analytical Book of the Year Award 2014-15 for Bhayabad, National Indie Excellence Awards, International Book Awards and New York Book Festival Award, and 2015 Southern California Book Festival Awards, from the International Nepali Literature.
Desh Subba continues to write about fears when speaking at universities, including the University of Hong Kong and elsewhere. He is the leading advocate for fearism in the North, and co-founder of the Fearism Study Center in Dharan.
35. Dharma Ratna Yami
Dharma Ratna Yami (August 18, 1915-September 10, 1975) was a Nepalese social activist, author and deputy minister of government known for his progressive views on social mores. While serving eighteen years in prison, he changed his surname from Tuladhar to Yami to break the culture of silence by symbolizing that he’d shed his caste and just identified himself as Kathmandu’s ordinary citizen.
He realized the harmful impact of the existing caste system based social practices of those times. This message helped other political prisoners in jail unite against the Rana rulers and mobilize marginalized communities against them.
36. Dharmendra Bikram Nembang
Dharmendra Bikram Nembang is a Poet from Nepal. His is Multicolourism pioneer. His fellow poets on multicolourism for literary struggle are Swapnil Smriti Samadarshi Kainla and Chandrabir Tumbapo. With his first anthology of poems called Bheerai Bheerko rang, he introduced a new domain of postmodern literature in Nepal.
37. Dhooswan Sayami
Dhooswan Sayami is a well known Nepal Bhasa writer. He also writes in Nepali and Hindi. He is known for his contribution to prose fiction. He is considered one of the language’s best novel authors.
38. Dhruba Chandra Gautam
Dhruba Chandra Gautam is a Novel writer from Nepal. He has written over 60 stories and novels, most of which address contemporary social issues. Gautam, who was born in 1945 in Birgunj from an early age, wrote poetry, songs and plays and performed in cultural programs.
He read widely, paying particular attention to the early Nepali classics and the Bengali authors Rabindranath Tagore and Bankim Chandra Chatterjee translations of Hindi. Gautam in his teens was already well known in his hometown as a poet and artist.
Upon moving to Kathmandu in the early sixties, his career began, and in 1967 he published a poem and a whole book, Antya Pachi, in the Ruprekha literary magazine.
At the same time, he was widening his literary horizons, gaining a Master’s degree in Nepali language and then working towards a PhD. Gautam spent his time in Kathmandu’s libraries, where he immersed himself in literature and philosophy, devouring the works of Kafka and Sartre, Oscar Wilde and Freud when he was not teaching at public and private institutions, and Tribhuvan University.
39. Diamond Shumsher Rana
The Nepalese writer and political activist Diamond Shumsher Rana were known for his acclaimed novels Basanti and Seto Bagh. He was born in Tansen Durbar in Palpa, where he was governor over his grandfather, Sher Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana.
His father, Buddha Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, had been a Royal Nepal Army colonel. Rana enjoyed a privileged upbringing and was a Royal Nepal Army captain. Rana moved to Benaras, India in 1948 and had written his first novel Basanti.
After members of the Rana family lobbied the regime for his release, Rana later joined the political opposition and was a leader of the Nepali Congress Party from 1954 to 1987.
40. Durga Lal Shrestha
Durga Lal Shrestha is a well known Nepal Bhasa and Nepali poet. Some are branding him as a progressive litterer. He is honoured as Janakavi, or Nepal Bhasa poet of the people. Durga Lal Shrestha was born in Kathmandu, Nepal in July 1937, and is a well-known Nepali and Newari poet.
Durga Lal is also a skilled playwright, winner of the Shrestha Sirapa (the sole award in Newari literature). Poems by Durga Lal carry a master’s imprint. He also wrote songs for feature films about Newari.
A collection of his poetry has recently been translated into Japanese. He was called “Poet of the People” by the Council of Nepal Bhasa.
41. Gyandil Das
Gyandil Das was born in a village near Fikkal, east Nepal, to a Brahmin family. He had a profound understanding of the Vedas and Puranas. He belonged to a higher Brahmin caste and displayed empathy towards the people of the lower caste oppressed by, the higher caste.
Gyandil started writing against social injustices which prompted Jung Bahadur Rana to arrest and jail him for six months.
After being freed from prison, he joined the prominent religious sect of Josmani and inducted the concept of Nirguna (attribute-less God) into devotional poetry in Nepal. In 1877, at Darjeeling, he wrote’ Udayalahari’ which consists of verses devoted to the Nirguna Brahma.
His Guru, Shyamdil Das, bestowed Gyandil Das on the Josmani Dikshya. He visited several places in Eastern Nepal, Darjeeling, and Sikkim after becoming a follower of Josmani to promote and broaden the religious ideology.
42. Harka Gurung
Gurung was born in the village of Taranche in Lamjung on February 5 1939. In the British Army, his father was an NCO. He studied for a B.A. after finishing his secondary schooling at King George Military School. And to M.A. Geography at the University of Patna, and later PhD at the University of Edinburgh after being given a scholarship there.
Upon completion of his PhD, Gurung served as a Research Fellow at London’s School of Oriental and African Studies, returning to Nepal in 1966 to take up a lecturing post at Tribhuvan University in Kathmandu. He became Nepal’s first PhD holder.
He was named Visiting Fellow at Hawaii’s East-West Centre, in 1984. A prolific scholarly author, Gurung wrote fifteen books and some 675 papers and studies on academia. He has also served as a World Wildlife Fund consultant in Nepal.
Gurung was elected vice-chairman of the National Planning Commission of Nepal in 1968. He then held several government positions including Minister of State for Training, Trade and Industry, Minister of State for Tourism and Minister of State for Education.
Between 1993–1998 he worked as Director of the Asia and Pacific Development Centre and was a World Bank consultant. Sadly Gurung died in 2006 in a helicopter crash at Ghunsa in Taplejung, along with 23 others, while returning from a conservation meeting.
His memory has been devoted to the 2011 Kathmandu International Mountain Film Festival, and to Lamjung F.C. In his memory created a Football Memorial tournament.
43. Hemang Dixit
Dr Hemang Dixit (born June 11 1937) is a prominent educationalist and author in Nepal. He is also a respected paediatric consultant. Under the pseudonym Mani Dixit he writes novels. He is currently the Medical College Principal at Kathmandu.
He had previously worked as the Dean and Child Health Professor at the Tribhuvan University Institute of Medicine. He has published numerous medical textbooks, novels, books and poetry for children.
His latest October 2011 novel Shatru is called Kathmandu. Although a fictional work, the author has used the experience of his attempted extortionist murder as a starting point for the plot. He graduated from Charing Cross Medical School, London University, with a degree in Medicine. He has worked in Bir Hospital and Children’s Hospital Kanti.
He has been a member of the Nepal Medical Council for more than two decades and was its vice-president for two terms. He was Nepal Medical Association’s vice president (1970-71 & 1974-75), and president (1991–92). He was the Vice President (1984–85) and Chair (1986–87) of the Nepal Paediatric Society. He is also a member of the Nepal Literary Association (LAN).
44. Ishwar Ballav
Ishwar Ballav (July 1937-March 22, 2008) is one of Nepal’s most famous poets. He is also a poet of a new dimension–the third dimension–meaning Tesro Ayam in Nepalese literature’s history.
In 1963 in Darjeeling he formed a trio together with his contemporaries Bairagi Kaila and Indra Bahadur Rai to rethink and analyze the growth of Nepalese literature.
45. Jagat Lal Master
Jagat Lal Master (January 19 1967) was a Nepalese educator and writer (alternative name: Jagat Lal Shrestha). He promoted English teaching and ran a school at home, threatening state censorship during the time of autocratic Rana regime.
In Nepal Bhasa Jagat Lal also wrote textbooks and stories about girls. The raised Jagat Lal in Kathmandu. He had Shyam Krishna and Ratna Maya Shrestha as his father and mother.
He was taught by the renowned educator and visionary Jagat Sundar Malla who stressed English language teaching in the Nepal Bhasa mother tongue. Jagat Lal was the father of Kesar Lall, a folklorist and journalist.
Jagat Lal ran a school in Māsan Galli, in central Kathmandu, at his house. As a coach, people started calling him Master Jagat Lal. His school was one of the few places of learning open to the public in the 1930s because the Rana regime did not want to train ordinary citizens.
He taught neighbourhood boys English, and other subjects. Jagat Lal also wrote the stories and poetry for children. He has written many books of novels, an alphabet book and a book of grammars. In 1958, a Nepal Bhasa alphabet book entitled Jagat Varnamālā (“Jagat Alphabet Book”) was published. He wrote a grammar for English in Nepal Bhasa.
46. Kamal Mani Dixit
The founder and chairman of Madan Puraskar Pustakalaya and Madan Puraskar were Kamal Mani Dixit (September 2, 1929-29, December 2016). He was the author of several Nepali books and has made significant contributions to literature in Nepal.
Dixit was born in Gairidhara, Kathmandu, on September 2 1929, the son of Kedar Mani Dixit, and Bidhya Devi Dixit. Dixit had attended Kathmandu Durbar High School. In 1949 he graduated from Banaras Hindu University with a Bachelor of Arts degree. He also opened the School at Rato Bangala.
In 1949 he married Anju Paudel. They have 2 sons and 1 daughter: Kunda Dixit and Kanak Mani Dixit are renowned Nepal journalists, and Rupa Joshi’s daughter is also known for her writing.
Dixit died at B&B Hospital, Lalitpur on the morning of Thursday, December 29 2016. He had been suffering from a few days of respiratory problems. He was cremated at Pashupati Aryaghat’s electronic crematorium on Thursday morning dressed in suruwal Daura and topi Dhaka.
Every year after his death, Rato Bangala School celebrated his death anniversary by reciting the various poems that he had written.
47. Khagendra Sangraula
On November 25, 1946, Khagendra Sangraula was born. He is a writer, Nepali literature novelist well known for his unique satire style.
48. Kesar Lall
He has written over 50 poems and storybooks. He wrote Bhasa in Nepal, and English in Nepal. Kesar Lall’s father Jagat Lal and mother Bal Kumari Shrestha were born in Kathmandu. His father was running a school at his Māsan Galli house and was popularly known as Jagat Lal Master.
This was one of the few places in those days that provided modern education in Nepal, as the Rana government prevented schools from being founded.
Kesar Lall did not get any formal schooling. He learned English from his aunt, and by learning different texts, he taught himself how to write the composition. Kesar Lall started his writing career for Indian magazines in 1945, writing articles in English.
He published his first story in Nepal Bhasa magazine, entitled Bhutucha (“Short girl”), in 1953. In 1961, he published in English his first collection of folk tales called Lore and Legend of Nepal. Kesar Lall is best known as a storyteller who introduced the folklore of Nepal to the world by collecting, translating and publishing stories told in various Nepalese communities.
He travelled across the country, listening to stories, and then taking notes at home long-handedly because he said people were uncomfortable talking in front of a tape recorder. He was also a poet and described his poetry as being poignant and straightforward.
Kesar Lall sought various jobs while continuing to write. Kesar Lall obtained a position as assistant private secretary to Prime Minister Matrika Prasad Koirala in 1951, following the overthrow of the Rana regime and establishment of a new government.
When he was a home minister he also worked for BP Koirala. In the late 1950s, Kesar Lall entered the US Embassy in Kathmandu as an adviser and interpreter where he worked until he retired in 1985.
49. Krishna Dharabasi
His novel, Jhola, was adapted with the same title into a film. Krishna Dharabasi, one of Nepal’s prolific writers, has written 27 essays, and several short stories and novels. His first book,’ Saranarthi’, was published in 1991. One of his highly acclaimed philosophical novels,’ Radha’ won him Madan Puraskar in 2005.
He retired after working in the Agriculture Development Bank for about 25 years and decided to devote his entire writing time. Dharabasi enjoys traveling and ends up exploring and roaming around places before any of his writings are prepared.
His writings reflect his encounters with the places he visits and with the people. He has so far travelled to 27 US states and about 10 countries. He is a keen learner of history, philosophy, geography and many other genres confirming him as a travel writer.
Dharabasi never accrued any kind of addiction in his life. Although he is always insisted on drinking with friends on special occasions, he does not prefer to drink.
His signature was a cotton bag that Dharabasi has worn for nearly 25 years. Because he is very passionate about writing, he admires carrying in his bag his reading and writing materials that often make frequent visits with him. Reading is therapy for him. He is overwhelmed by the fact that his minds are entirely ignorant of the outer happenings.
He ends up writing about 15 pages in an hour over time. While Dharabasi is used to frequent shopping malls, he ends up buying nothing. He has no record of buying one single item on his own till this stage of his life.
50. Kshetra Pratap Adhikary
Kshetra Pratap Adhikary (March / April)–A Nepali poet, writer, and lyricist on April 14 2014. Adhikari is best known as the lyricist of Narayan Gopal’s album Ma Ta Laligurans Bhayechu. Some of his famous publications are Rahar Lagera, Pahad Dekhi Pahad Samma, Tara Desh Rahirahecha, Feri Euta Pariwartan, etc.
He is the youngest son born to Adhikari Gajkeshar and Adhikari Janak Kumari. Two sons, Ajar Adhikari and Aman Pratap Adhikari survive him. He entered a night school and during the day served as a bus driver. He used to spend hours reading under the street lamposts near British and Indian embassies after school.
Kshetra Pratap Adhikary died after the heart attack at the Sahid Gangalal Heart Center in Kathmandu on April 14 2014. Before his death, Adhikari had declared that he would donate his body to the B. P. Koirala Institute of Health and Sciences located in Dharan.
51. Lain Singh Bangdel
Lain Singh Bangdel (October 15 2002), was the foremost poet, writer, and art historian in Nepal. In addition to being a leading authority on Nepalese art, with his groundbreaking one-person exhibition in Kathmandu in 1962, Bangdel is best known as the “father of modern art” and was responsible for introducing the modern trends of Western art into Nepal (“Bangdel era”) In his time in Calcutta during the 1940s he introduced realistic writing in Nepali literature as a novelist.
Located in Darjeeling, India, he studied in Calcutta until 1951, lived in London and Paris until 1961, and finally arrived in Nepal, his birthplace, in 1961. He has served as Life-Member, Vice-Chancellor and, eventually, Royal Nepal Academy Chancellor (1962-1991).
Bangdel was born into a family from the Khotang district of Eastern Nepal in Darjeeling, India in 1919. His father was Rangalal Rai, and Bimala Rai was named after his mother. He spent his youth in a Himalayan village and later graduated with a first-class degree in fine arts from the Calcutta Government College of Arts and Crafts in 1945.
During his stay in Calcutta, he wrote popular novels in Nepali Muluk Bahira, Maitaghar and Langada ko Saathi (first practical Nepali literature). He moved to Europe in 1952 and studied art at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris.
His encounters with Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque created a profound impact while at Paris in the 1950s. Bangdel was the first Nepali artist to study and work in Paris and London and made his unique, non-traditional Nepalese style a name for himself as an artist.
Bangdel remained in Europe until 1961 when the late King Mahendra invited him to create the Modern Art movement in Nepal. He served as a Fulbright Scholar at Denison University in Ohio from 1968-69 and taught Nepali Art History.
He was elected to head the Royal Nepal Academy in 1972 and dedicated himself to further study into Nepalese painting and art history during two terms. He conducted his seminal studies on Nepalese art history during the years from 1982 to 1991, including Early Sculptures of Nepal (1982). 2500 Years of Nepalese Art (German Edition, 1985), Stolen Images of Nepal (1989), Inventory of Kathmandu Valley Stone Sculptures (1991).
The various accolades include the Italian government’s “Commendatore” for the contribution to the arts and the Republic of France’s “National Order of Arts and Letters” (France’s highest honour in the arts). Therefore, Great Britain made him Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order.
After withdrawing from the Royal Nepal Academy, Bangdel engaged in his painting activities with renewed effort and performance and further recorded the Kathmandu Valley’s beautiful, unique art history. In 2002 Lain Singh Bangdel had died.
His remarkable life was documented by Don Messerschmidt and Dina Bangdel (Bangkok: Orchid Press, 2004; ISBN 974-524-052-4) in a book entitled’ Against the Current: The Life of Lain Singh Bangdel-Writer, Painter and Art Historian of Nepal.’ His biography by Narendra Raj Prasai is also available in Nepali and English translation (The Glory of Nepal).
52. Laxmi Prasad Devkota
Laxmi Prasad Devkota was born on November 12, 1909-September 14, 1959. he was an author, playwright, and writer from Nepal. Honoured in Nepali literature with the title of Mahakavi (literal translation: The Great Poet or the Great Poet), and regarded as the golden-hearted poet. Devkota is widely considered the great Nepalese language poet. He is considered Nepal’s largest and most prolific versatile literary figure.
Devkota was born in Thatunati (now Dhobidhara) on the night of Lakshmi Pooja on November 12 1909 (1966 Kartik 27 BS) to father Teel Madhav Devkota and mother, Amar Rajyalakshmi Devi. Teel Madhav was a Sanskrit scholar.
Therefore, under his father’s protection, he attained his basic education. He started his education at Kathmandu Durbar High School, where he studied both Sanskrit grammar and English. Upon completing his Patna Matriculation exams at the age of 17, he pursued the Bachelor of Arts with the Bachelor of Laws at Tri Chandra College and graduated as a private examinee from Patna University.
Yet due to the financial circumstances of his family, his ambition to complete his master’s degree was left disappointed. He only began working in Nepal Bhasaanuwad Parishad (Publication Censor Board) after a decade of his graduation as a lawyer, where he met the famous Nepal Balkrishna Sama Playwright. He was also a professor at Tri-Chandra College and Padma Kanya College, at the same time.
Devkota suffered from nervous breakdowns in the late 1930s, most likely due to the death of his mother, father, and two-month-old daughter. In 1939, he was eventually admitted to the Rachi Mental Asylum, India, for five months.
Going into debt later in life to fund the dowries and weddings of his daughters, he is claimed to have told his wife, “Tonight let’s leave the children to the care of society and youth, and at bedtime, I give up this world and take potassium cyanide or morphine or something like that.
“Laxmi Prasad’s wife, Padma Devkota, is also a poet and writer and worked for many years as a professor at the Department of English, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu. Laxmi Prasad Devkota was a smoker all his life. Devkota died on September 14, 1959, in the ghat of the Bagmati River in Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu, after a long battle with cancer.
53. Madan Mani Dixit
Madan Mani Dixit, an eminent Nepalese writer, was born in Kathmandu on February 17 1923. He grew up within one of Kathmandu’s most powerful families.
During the Ranas rule, Madan Mani’s father and grandfather held diplomatic posts. Madan Mani read religious literature, like the Ramayana in Sanskrit, from the age of eight. He got his education at the Indian Banaras Hindu University. He began his career at TriJuddha High School, Birjung, as Headmaster.
He served as an editor for weekly newspaper Haal Khabar from 1958 to 1960. He was also Samichya’s Chief Editor, his newspaper. With a clear perspective in mind, Madan Mani Dixit wrote. He drew to write stories and novels filled with scholastic views from past experiences of his study of Sanskrit, philosophy and history. He claimed the most important aspect of writing stories wasn’t the style one writes in, but the emotions one can express.
One should be in a position to create an environment appropriate to the time displayed.
In 1960, he was part of a Soviet Union Parliamentary Delegation representing Nepal’s journalistic community. He worked for the Nepal Communist Party for thirty-three years. He has also served as the Royal Nepal Academy vice-chancellor (1994-1999).
His most famous works included the Madhavi novels, Meri Nilima, Bhumisukta, and the short story “Kasle jityo kasle haryo? He has sixteen publications in the Library of Congress. Dixit died aged 96, on August 15, 2019.
54. Madan Mohan Mishra
Madan Mohan Mishra was born on December 12, 1931-July 4, 2013. He was a Nepalese author and humorist known for his epic poetry, satirical writings and songs for children. He wrote Bhasa in Nepal, and English in Nepal. Mishra had been born in Lalitpur to father Pandit Madhusudan and mother, Maheswari Mishra.
He was Sanskrit educated. Mishra has written more than two dozen books on architecture, culture and sculpture, including scholarly works. His Gajiguluya Mhagasay Pashupatinath, released in 1975, is one of Nepal Bhasa’s most revered plays.
The Panchayat regime took confiscation of the first edition. He has frequently written for various papers on Newar’s cultural-oral history, including Amalekh Weekly (since its establishment in 2007 until the last issue in 2014). Khyaligulu Guthi, a group of humorists, has honoured him with the title of Khyali Ratna (“Jewel among Humorists”).