Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal: Rich in Bio-Diversity
Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal is the most famous trekking destination of Nepal. Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) is the largest protected conservation area in Nepal. It is conservation area with sustainable use of natural resources in Nepal. Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal is one of the most famous place for trekking. Thousands of visitors come in Nepal for Annapurna Conservation Area Trekking.
Annapurna Conservation Area is located in the Western Development Region in the Annapurna range of the Himalayans of Nepal. It is located across the Manang, Mustang, Myagdi and Lumjung districts of Nepal.
Annapurna Conservation Area was established in 2043 B.S. (1986 AD.). There are many reasons to establish this protected area in Nepal. It was established to encompass and conserve the Annapurna range in Western Nepal. It was established to bring sustainable social and economic development to the local people and to develop tourism in such a way that it will have a minimum negative environmental impact. It was established under King Mahendra Trust for Natural Conservation (KMNTNC) covering the area of about 7629 square kilometers (2,946 square mi.). Now King Mahendra Trust for Natural Conservation (KMNTNC) is renamed by the National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC). It is managed by National Trust for Nature Conservation.
The nearest city is Pokhara, a city of lakes, about 30 km to the south. It is bounded by the dry alpine deserts of Mustang and Tibet (China) in the north, the Kali Gandaki River to the west, Marsyandi Valley in the east and valleys and foothills north of Pokhara in the south. The ACA ranges from 790 m (2,590 ft) to the peak of Annapurna at 8,091 m (26,545 ft) in altitude. Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal is very rich in bio-diversity.
The KMTNC has effectively implemented several development programs such as resource conservation, community development, tourism management, conservation education and extension programme, etc. for the effective conservation of ACA. King Mahendra Trust of Natural conservation has mobilized people’s participating in conducting the conservation programme. It has aimed to raise the living standard of the people and the conservation of natural environment.
According to survey report, Annapurna Conservation Area consists some of the world’s highest peaks; Annapurna I (8,091m.) and Machhapuchhere (6,993m.). World’s deepest gorge, Kali Gandaki lies in Annapurna conservation area. It also consists Tilicho lake, one of the world’s highest altitude. There are 1226 plant species, 101 species of mammals including many are species such as snow leopard, musk deer, Tibetal argali and Tibetal wolf. The ACA has 478 species of birds, 38 Orchid species, 39 species of reptiles, 22 species of amphibians, 9 species of rhododendrons, 38 species of colourful flowering plants. They have made Annapurna Conservation Area beautiful and attractive.