28 Things Must Know Before Starting Annapurna Base Camp Trekking, Nepal – Otherwise, You’ll Lose…

19. WHAT WILL YOU DO

1.    Enjoyable Sightseeing tours of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Kathmandu.

2.    Visiting typical Gurung villages in Landruk and Chomorung.

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3.    Reaching the destination of unlimited people, Annapurna’s base camp.

4.    360-degree views of the Himalayas from the base camp.

5.    View of Annapurna Glacier and many other Himalayas.

6.    Taking a natural spring bath in Jhinu Danda.

7.    Visit Pokhara Lake City

19. OR WHAT IS INCLUDED

1.    All transfers from the airport.

2.    Three nights accommodation in Kathmandu, including breakfast, according to the itinerary above, based on double sharing.

3.    Tourist tour in Kathmandu, according to the itinerary.

4.    All accommodation in lodges/tea houses during a double-sharing walk

5.     Your standard meals during the walk with hot tea/coffee for breakfast.

6.     All necessary paperwork, entry permits for conservation and TIMS license.

7.    Two nights accommodation in Pokhara, including breakfast based on twin sharing.

8.    Ground transportation of Kathmandu –Pokhara – Kathmandu by tourist bus.

9.    An experienced, helpful and friendly guide and doormen (1 doorman for 2 people).

10.    Food, Beverages, Accommodation, Transport, and Insurance for Guia and Porter.

11.    Emergency Helicopter Service arrangement to be paid by your travel insurance company.

12.    Sleeping bag and coats down if necessary (returnable after hiking).

13.    All government taxes, VAT and service charge.

20. WHAT IS NOT INCLUDED

1.    Entry visa fee in Nepal (you can easily issue the visa upon your arrival at Tribhuwan International Airport – Kathmandu). You will need 2 passport size photos, more information – Nepal visa information page.

2.    Your travel insurance (mandatory) and entrance fees while visiting monuments in Kathmandu.

Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal: Rich in Bio-Diversity

3.    Lunch and Dinner while in Kathmandu, Pokhara and travel days between KTM-POK-KTM.

4.    All alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

5.    Sweet things like chocolate, apple pie, etc …

6.    International airfare to and from Nepal.

7.    Tips for the guide, concierge, and driver.

8.    Other expenses that are not mentioned in the inclusion section.

21. Why to chose this trekking

You should be clear that one of the things you wanted to do in Nepal was to know the country from above. Feel your mountains, walk through them and know the reality of the people and the people who live in them. Talking about trekking in Nepal is talking about hundreds, maybe thousands of possibilities, but that strip had to be limited. You should have opted for the area of the Annapurnas, they say is one of the most beautiful in Nepal.

You can get incredible views of the Himalayas, idyllic pictures of the villages, nature and the real protagonists, the mountains. It is not a round trip on the same path, but it is almost a circular route.

You can take many of the slopes that this mountainous area offers to reach the Annapurna Base Camp, so it allows you to do it to your liking. You can spend more or fewer days if you want to make it longer or more direct. You have many points to deviate and get out of the way to reach waterfalls, pools or hot springs.

One of Annapurna Base Camp’s trekking specialties is that you can see Honeybee, Honey hunters and the largest forest of rhododendrons in the world. You will be lucky enough to see the best place in the world to have the view of the sunrise from the Poonhill.

Annapurna is an absolute place for hikers and foreign visitors. This incredible Himalayan is the 10th highest peak in the world with a height of 8091m. Annapurna Mountain Range is located in close proximity to the beautiful city of Pokhara. Those who are so eager to see the extraordinary mountainous landscape with a diverse landscape of the region. This is why it is considered the most popular trekking route.

On this walk, visitors will experience many interesting things. It is exciting due to its incredible beauty with local cultures and tribes, great varieties of flora and fauna. This journey to the base camp will take you to the peak of (4130m / 13549 feet).

The Annapurna Base Camp Trekking is one of the oldest and the most popular hiking routes. It is very popular among all the hiking routes around the world. We can also call it ancient walks. Older treks mean that this trekking route was popularized a long time ago. This cultural trip will give you a new perspective of seeing the world.

Annapurna will let you know the importance of the environment, wildlife and the natural cycle that flows everywhere. We will be happy to organize such an important part of your life’s journey. To make this trip you will still need money, but this money will buy you with the happiness of the trip. Still in our country every time, money is not everything.

22. Best time to do trekking

October and November say that it is the best time to do the trekking and to see the skies cleared, but you will find more people along the way. From December to February there are good views but it is very cold and especially on the peaks.

March and April is a good time because the cold is much less, the climate is warmer in the low areas and the rains and leeches have not arrived yet. They say that the skies are not so clear, although you can have good views and the best part is that there is not a lot of people on the road, you go alone all the time. Another point in favor is that the rhododendron is in bloom and it looks beautiful the snowy peaks and that red in the trees.

From June to September is the time of the monsoon. Although the last years the monsoon is arriving every time before. In 2016 and 2017 the rains have advanced to May. At this time it is not advisable to do this trekking because of the few views that you are going to have and because both the rain and the leeches will accompany you. Although if you decide to do the positive thing you will not find many people and that the cold you will only notice on the peaks.

So you can see that the best time to do trekking in Nepal is the months of September, October and November after the rainy season of the monsoon has passed. You should also be clear that it is when more people do it and that apparently many times you will arrive in the villages and all the sleeping places will be full.

Another possibility is during the winter. The months of December, January and February are the coldest ones here. They have the advantage that there are relatively few people in the trekking and that making it snowy and seeing landscapes can be a good incentive. But if you decide for these months should inform you very well and go prepared for the cold.

The months of March, April, May, and June are also a good time to do trekking. The weather is not as good as before the winter but in return, there are far fewer people on the road so you can walk quietly.

In the months of July and August is the monsoon. This makes EVERY day is. A few days will start at 12, others at 16 but it rains always. If you decide in those months, you should wear a raincoat and everything you need to keep it dry. You will also have to face the extra danger that is leeches.

23. Annapurna, one of the best trekking trails in the world

Although Mount Everest is the most famous mountainous member of the country, it is the heavily forested Annapurna Conservation Area, with its tumbling waterfalls and manageable routes. The most popular trekking destination in Nepal, The Annapurna Base Camp trek (often called ABC) loop through beautiful mountain villages and green paths, and walkers walk about five or six hours a day on foot.

There are rustic Ghorepani, with a trek near Poon Hill to view the sparkling sunrise over the Himalayas. Quiet Chomrong, with clear views of the mountains and the best pizza on the Annapurna circuit; and green Jhinu, situated on steaming natural hot springs.

The ABC trek gives travelers a true taste of Nepalese mountain life. Sturdy mountain carriers – dragging sacks of goods across the mountainside by taking the considerable tension through a strap around their forehead – often trudge past.

And hikers often find themselves accompanied on their morning path by children who make their way to school. Fields are strewn with workers harvesting crops, and wood-chopping cattle dragging the ground with metal tools, while in the peaceful villages layers of grain are lying drying in the sun.

The Annapurna Base Camp trek does not need a super hero’s physical condition, despite the first impression it can give you for its location. It is a route of medium difficulty because you do not go through places of difficult access although it does require a good physical and psychological condition, especially if you have never done trekking more than a day.

We say good physical condition because they are quite a few hours walking a day and most are up and with stairs. And the psychological because you have to be prepared for it because many people who have never done trekkers come to Nepal and without knowing their limits face these mountains and it is not a small thing.

The route has its challenges, with steep slopes, uneven surfaces are strewn with loose rock and the strange need to choose your own stony path over streams. Climbing the Annapurna base camp, usually on day five or six, can incur heavy fatigue against bodies with low temperatures and high altitudes. Annapurna Base Camp is 4,130 m above sea level and altitude sickness is not uncommon, because the last climb is quite sharp and hikers have little time to acclimatize.

The stairs in the last hours of the day were eternal and the cold and dampness when you arrive at the place to spend the night seemed to be going away from your bones. Despite all this, it is very worthwhile to live the experience, walk through these valleys and have those incredible views.

24. Accommodation, meals, and drinks during the Annapurna trek

In each village that is reached all the way, there are one or several houses that offer you food, drink, and lodging. Without exception. Do not worry you’ll never be left lying. The rules of these sites are quite simple for the area of the world in which they are …Simply the prices are regulated by the Government of Nepal so there is no room for bargaining.

The price for sleeping is fixed and the hot water shower is charged separately, also at a fixed price. It costs a little more the higher up you are, what you will understand without a problem when you see a Nepali doing the same way carrying a butane bottle. There everything goes up on foot and that’s why everything is more expensive the higher you are. It is very fair.

The lodgings are mountain lodges. So in the early stages of trekking, there are many and are better conditioned. Once you face the climb to ABC there will be less and in many villages, they are very basic.

The most recommended villages for sleeping (because it is less cold and the lodges are better): Banthanti, Tilche, and Chomrong. From Tilche up there are fewer lodges, they are more basic and the cold is more noticeable, so there the only recommendation is to arrive early to have a place. Although the accommodations are cheap, you are required to eat and have breakfast at the lodge where you stay. If you do not, the price of the room will go up.

The drink and the food also cost a little more as you are higher up. You are in the Himalayas! There is great water in any source. In the food is the only thing you’ll see that changes from one place to another.

The price is regulated as it happens with the drink and the shower of hot water according to the height but between a house and the one next door, there can be a difference in the quality and quantity that serve you. Neither will vary a lot but it shows. Everywhere you can eat the typical dish of Nepal, the Dal Bhat and various types of pasta and soups. Very energetic pasta ideal for trekking.

They pasta pizzas in many of the houses. Regarding the food, in all the lodges they have practically the same: soups, rice, pizzas, and momos (Much hydrate). You can find homemade and abundant dishes made with super fresh ingredients. Many lodges have their vegetable gardens, their chickens and their cattle, so it’s all healthy and natural.

Finally, as for water, you can buy mineral water downstairs but as soon as you start to move forward there are many villages where they do not sell plastic bottles, but they fill your canteen for 100 rupees/liter.

All these houses have electricity, to charge your phone, tablet or camera without exception. You will be surprised that some of them even have an Internet connection through Wifi, although of course it is paid.

It is also important to take into account that in the lodges in high season they charge you everything: connect to the wifi, the hot water shower, charge the mobile, etc.

25. Precautions:

1.    The roads seemed safe and well signposted. I think it is impossible to lose you because apart there are not many detours. They all lead to the same place. Anyway, try not to walk in solitude and talk to the local people. The Nepalis are very nice and supportive.

2.    Respect the mountain. Climb gradually and take a lot of water to reduce the effects of height. Eat garlic soup and Ginger tea that helps. You can also take the pill for altitude sickness.

3.    Take care of the sun and leeches. For that try walking with long pants and avoid mud. If they attack you, you should sprinkle them with salt so that they come off.

4.    Do not skip any checkpoint, register in each one and find out about the weather and routes.

5.    Take care of the forms and be respectful of life and local customs. These people have been here for a very long time. Als,o take care of nature, do not touch or damage anything, and of course, take your own trash with you.

6.    Yes now. Fasten your shoelaces tightly and walk! And you enjoy living one of the most beautiful experiences of your life!

26. Altitude sickness, a handicap that you should keep in mind

One of the most important issues to consider if you are going to trek the Annapurna Circuit is to have information about the famous altitude sickness and know how to act in case it affects us. In these cases, so unknown to us or to anyone who has not moved at high altitude, any precaution is small and the importance we give will depend largely on having enjoyed or not trekking.

Altitude sickness is the response of our organism to the lack of oxygen that exists at high altitude. As we increase the altitude, the atmospheric pressure drops and the air, less dense, has less oxygen.

Whether or not it appears will depend on the height and speed of the climb. When you exceed 2500m in height, atmospheric pressure decreases which affect the amount of oxygen. Faced with this situation of increased pressure, the amount of oxygen the blood receives is lower. The effects are lower at a lower height of 2 200  but are more evident and frequent above 2,800 meters after a rapid ascent.

Knowing the symptoms of altitude sickness will help us to prevent greater evils, so we must be attentive to our body and act accordingly. The symptom may include Dizziness, Exhaustion, Headache, Loss of appetite, vertigo, insomnia, dyspnea at rest, Nervousness, abnormal fatigue, oliguria, Vomiting and Hallucinations (in extreme cases).

More severe cases can trigger high altitude pulmonary oedema or cerebral oedema. But these are extreme cases do not worry. In the trekking to the Annapurna Base Camp, these heights are exceeded so this topic interests.

It is recommended not to climb more than 1000 meters in a day. On the other hand altitude sickness occurs in several ways, not just with headaches. It can be in the form of a headache but it can also happen that you have a lack of appetite and nausea. To fight it, the best thing to do is to simply go down until you feel good. Explain your symptoms to the people of the place. They know them very well and they will know how to advise.

Before the symptoms of dizziness, exhaustion, etc, the first thing is to descend and rest until you feel better. Hydration is key to the prevention of this bad mountaineer.

There are also pills if you feel bad, ask anyone about them because it is quite usual that a person who has already climbed and goes down will give them to someone who is still going up because they will not need it. Surely they will give you without problems if you do not take them.

A recipe from the grandmother that works quite well is garlic. You can see that everywhere they offer you garlic soup. Carbohydrates as well as giving you the strength to climb are also good for combating altitude sickness. 

27. How to prevent altitude sickness in a trek to the Himalayas.

To avoid altitude sickness you have to hydrate frequently. There are many rivers and springs in the Himalayas, but you never know if the water can be contaminated by livestock or wild animals. It is best to introduce a water treatment tablet and wait thirty minutes for it to purify. Buy the pads and raincoats for the backpacks in Pokhara. Also the canteen.

28. Hazards, risks, and warnings

This section is not to scare anyone if not to prevent from having a bad drink. Trekking in the Himalayas constitutes a greater risk than that of having the same activity in the Pyrenees, in the Alps, etc.

Be respectful and humble with the mountain, are the best companions of any hiker and it is the best insurance you can take with you.

You have to keep in mind that you will be in places where the nearest hospital is more than 5 days walking, and there is no way to get any mechanical vehicle. Any complication at a medical level must be considered responsible because as you ascend it is more complicated to solve a wound, an infection or a disease.

There are three important risks that you have to know in trekking of these characteristics:

1.    The possibility of loss:

Losing yourself is much easier than you think, even carrying a map or guide. You must be adequately equipped to spend a night in the open, considering temperatures below zero and that it is raining or snowing, in the worst case.

The compass and the map are essential in these cases, and the GPS is a tool that can quickly get you out of trouble. If you get lost, it is best to always take a decent line and try to reach the nearest town. For everything mentioned here, it is not advisable to go trekking alone.

If you suffer an injury, you will need someone to go ask for help. In the worst case, you can fall down a slope and become unconscious somewhere that nobody ever passes. It is very unlikely, but not impossible.

2.    Annapurna Base Camp Weather:

It may seem more than obvious but the reality is that the cold can spoil the ride. Your main objective is to stay dry during the crossing. The “sublime cold” occurs when you sweat a lot and the temperatures drop sharply in a short time.

It is something that you will experience in a common way because during the walk you generate a lot of heat and you tend to take off clothes. The moment you stop, you can cool down quickly. It is advisable to wear several shirts to change during the journey and go dry. Wear quality clothes, help that all that is not a problem.

3.    The height:

From 3,000 meters the amount of oxygen decreases significantly and, as a result, you easily run out, and the famous altitude sickness can appear. There are tactics to combat altitude sickness.

Although it seems strange, the best preventative of altitude sickness is patience. Unhurried trekking, making the necessary days of acclimatization is the best way to prevent evil. In addition, it is advisable to take foods that improve circulation, such as garlic soup, which will be a good companion for dinner from 3,000 meters.

Do not be afraid, but you have to be aware of what is being done. After all, every year someone dies in the circuit, and it is not usually due to the fact that it is dangerous if not for not having the proper information, or not respecting the basic safety rules in the mountains that are very simple.

Author: Ankur Pradhan

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