28 Things Must Know Before Starting Annapurna Base Camp Trekking, Nepal – Otherwise, You’ll Lose…


Annapurna base camp trekking: – Annapurna is a mountainous massive located in the center of the Himalayas that culminates in Annapurna I, with 8,091 m of altitude. Being the tenth highest mountain on Earth and possible in the world the most difficult to climb along with the K2 and the Nanga Parbat. Annapurna means in Sanskrit goddess of the crops or goddess of abundance.

In Hinduism, Annapurna is the name of the goddess of food and cooking. The most widespread local cult is located in Kashi, on the bank of the Ganges River. Her association with the provider of food makes her at the same time the goddess of health, known in Sanskrit as Lakshmi.

The Annapurna massif has a length of 55 km, bordered by the Kali Gandaki canyon to the west, by the Marshyangdi river to the north and east, and by the Pokhara valley on the south side. The Annapurna I is the tenth highest mountain on Earth between the 14 eight-thousanders and is separated from the Dhaulagiri, 34 km. to the west, by the Kali Gandaki canyon, considered to be the deepest on Earth.


The entire massif and surrounding areas are protected within a 7,629 square kilometer nature reserve, known as the Annapurna Conservation Area, the largest national park in Nepal. The area of the conservation area has a large number of hiking routes, including the Annapurna circuit and its different routes of ascent.

The different peaks that make up the Annapurna massif are among the most dangerous mountains to climb on Earth, along with Nanga Parbat and K2. The Annapurna massif comprises six large peaks above the 7,200 m altitude.

Annapurna Base Camp Trekking, Nepal – 20 Things Must Know Before Starting Treks

1. Annapurna I

The Annapurna I was the first eight thousand climbers. The mountaineers Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal, members of a French expedition led by Maurice Herzog (which also included climbers Lionel Terray, Gaston Rébuffat, Marcel Ichac, Jean Couzy , Marcel Schatz, Jacques Oudot and Francis de Noyelle), reached the top on June 3, 1950.

The ascent to its summit became the world’s highest altitude record in a peak obtained by the human being for three years, until the post-Everest ascent.


However, altitudes above 8,500 meters had already been reached by a man without making a summit attempt Everest climbing in the 1920s. The southern face of the Annapurna was first climbed in 1970 by Don Whillans and Dougal Haston, members of a British expedition led by Chris Bonington, which included mountaineer Ian Clough, who died during the descent due to the detachment of a block of seracs.

However, despite the setback, another British expedition led by Henry Day succeeded a few days later with a second ascent to the Annapurna.

In 1978, the expedition of American women to the Himalayas, a team led by Arlene Blum, became the first group of climbers in the United States who managed to climb the Annapurna I.

The first contingent of the team that climbed the summit was formed by Vera Komarkova and Irene Miller, accompanied by Sherpas Mingma Tsering and Chewang Ringjing, who made the summit at 3:30 pm on October 15, 1978.

The second attempt to access the team’s summit, conducted by Alison Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz and Vera Watson, concluded with the death of both climbers during the ascent to the summit.

On February 3, 1987, Polish climbers Jerzy Kukuczka and Artur Hajzer successfully completed the first winter climb of the Annapurna I.The first successful solo climbing was carried out by the Slovenian mountaineer Tomaž Humar in October 2007; the climber climbed up to what is known as Black Rock and then from there to the Annapurna East (8,047 m).

On May 23, 2008, the Spanish mountaineer Iñaki Ochoa de Olza died due to cerebral and pulmonary oedema that caused him to be exposed to life-limiting altitudes for a longer time than recommended, despite the sanitary attention he received.

He lent the Romanian Horia Colibasanu, passing him more than 72 hours in height and despite the rescue operation undertaken by the Swiss Ueli Steck, who climbed first to 7,400 meters of altitude just to help him. In total there were 14 climbers who tried to save him unsuccessfully.

On April 29, 2010, the Spanish mountaineer Tolo Calafat died. The cause of his sudden exhaustion and ultimately his death, was not, as originally had been speculated, by cerebral oedema, but by hypokalemia ( very low levels of potassium), which is responsible for muscle contraction, as a result of exhaustion and dehydration.

In October 2011, three South Korean mountaineers were reported missing on the mountain, following a dangerous and unsuccessful search by rescue teams who came to their aid.

Between 8 and 9 October 2013, the Swiss climber Ueli Steck successfully climbs the Lafaille route on the main and highest route on the south face of the Annapurna I. This was his third attempt of ascent in this way and has been described as “one of the most impressive climbs in the history of mountaineering in the Himalayas”,  because it was also carried out entirely from the base camp to the summit, including its return, in only 28 hours.

Until the end of 2009, there had been 157 ascents to the summit of Annapurna I and a total of 60 fatal climbing accidents.  The statistics show a 38% loss. In particular, the climbing route on the south face of Annapurna I is considered the most dangerous among all the climbs in the world mountaineering.

The Annapurna I had the highest mortality rate of the fourteen eight-thousanders until March 2012. Throughout that period, counting since 1950, there have been 52 deaths during the ascents, 191 successful ascents and nine deaths during the descents, which means, as well it has been said, that “for every two climbers eager for emotions that safely climb up and down the Annapurna, another of them dies trying.”

That same ratio is equal or superior in six to one to all the other eight-thousanders, except for the K2 and the Nanga Parbat, which are both almost at par in terms of sinisterness.

Among the dead climbers stand out the Russian Anatoli Boukreev in 1997, the Spanish Iñaki Ochoa in 2008, and the Korean Park disappeared in 2011.

2. Annapurna II

The Annapurna II, the easternmost peak of the Cordillera, was first climbed in 1960 by an Indian-Nepali-British team led by J. OM Roberts through the western ridge, following the slope of the North Face. The climbers who finally made the summit were Richard Grant, Chris Bonington, and Sherpa Ang Nyima.

As for the elevation and its isolation, with a distance of 30.5 km to the highest summit of the Annapurna I, and a prominence of 2.437 m, the Annapurna II does not appear much behind Annapurna I. Being a totally independent peak , despite the close association with the main peak, as its name seems to indicate.

Yugoslav Slovenes repeated this same ascent in 1969, also climbing the peak Annapurna IV. Among them, Kazmir Draslar and Majija Malezic arrived at the summit successfully. In 1973, a Japanese team directly attacked the North Face route between Fields IV and V before continuing along the western ridge. Among them, Katsuyuki Kondo, came alone to the top in a performance considered extraordinarily remarkable.


In 1983, Tim Macartney-Snape planned and participated in an expedition to Annapurna II, successfully reaching the summit through the first ascent through the southern ridge. The descent had to be delayed by a snowstorm and the expedition ran out of food during the last five days.

Finally, all the climbers were considered missing. In February 2007, Philipp Kunz, Lhakpa Wangel, Temba Nuru and Lhakpa Thinduk made the first successful winter climb. The team used to access the summit the first route of ascent on the North face.

3. Annapurna III

The Annapurna III was first climbed in 1961 by an Indian expedition led by Captain Mohan Singh Kohli on the Northeast face. The team that finally climbed successfully the summit was made up of mountaineers Mohan Kohli, Sonam Gyatso, and Sonam Girmi.

4. Annapurna IV

The Annapurna IV, very close to Annapurna II, was climbed for the first time in 1955 by a German expedition led by Heinz Steinmetz on the North face and the Northwest edge. The team that finally reached the summit was made up of climbers Harald Biller, Jürgen Wellenkamp and Steinmetz.

The rockfalls of Annapurna IV had blocked the Seti River, which rises near the summit, creating a temporary dam, which collapsed and detached, producing a huge flood of thousands of tons of mud, water, and rocks. That produced a total of 72 fatalities in the river towns of that region of Nepal.

5. Other peaks of the Annapurna massif

The Gangapurna was climbed for the first time in 1965 by a German expedition led by Günther Hauser, on the east side. The team that made the summit was composed of eleven members of the expedition.

The Annapurna South (also known as Annapurna Dakshin or Moditse) was first climbed in 1964 by a Japanese expedition on the northern ridge. The team that reached the summit was made up of the climbers S. Uyeo and Mingma Tsering.

The Hiunchuli (6,441 m altitude) is a satellite peak of the Annapurna South. The summit was first reached in 1971 by an American expedition led by Craig Anderson, a member of the United States Volunteers for Peace Corps.

The Machapuchare, 6,993m altitude, is another important peak of the massif that almost reached the 7,000-meter mark. The Machapuchare and the Hiunchuli are perfectly visible from the valley of Pokhara, very close to the route of ascent to the south face of Annapurna I.

The Machpuchare was climbed in 1957 (if we except the last 50 meters out of respect for the local religious deity) by Wilfrid Noyce and ADM Cox. Since then its escalation for strictly religious reasons is prohibited.

The Annapurna protection area is well known for being one of the most famous areas for hiking in the Himalayas. There are three important trekking routes in the Annapurna region: the Jomson Trek, between Jomsom and Muktinath (area increasingly altered by a future road construction project.

That of the Annapurna Sanctuary, which leads directly to the Annapurna I base camp area. And the Annapurna Circuit, which completely surrounds the Annapurna massif and includes the Jomsom route. 

Typically, the village of Pokhara serves as a starting point for these excursions and is also a good reference point for other shorter hiking routes between one to four days, such as those leading to Ghorepani or Ghandruk.

The Mustang district, an ancient Nepali kingdom bordering Tibet, is also geographically a part of the Annapurna region, but excursions to that region are subject to special restrictions.

About two-thirds of all hikers in Nepal visit the Annapurna region. The area is easily accessible, the guest houses distributed in the hills are plentiful and the walks offer a variety of incredibly diverse landscape.

Where is Annapurna Base Camp?

With views of two of the highest peaks of the massif and tours of the different villages in the valley area. Likewise, given that the entire area is inhabited, hiking in the region offers a unique cultural immersion and experience.

6. Annapurna Base Camp

The Annapurna Base Camp is a well-known hike because of its spectacular views, fascinating local cultures, and logistical ease. In the heart of Nepal, the Annapurna Sanctuary is a unique site, huge amphitheater facing more than 3000 m of peaks and ice.

Perched at an altitude of 4130 m, we savor a delicious moment of 360 ° contemplation on the 13 peaks of the Annapurna massif. This is the highlight of this trek. However, from the first day of the trek, we hike with the line of sight Machapuchare (6993 m), Annapurna III (7555 m), Annapurna II (7937 m) and Annapurna IV (7525 m).

Bath in hot springs in JhinuDanda, crossing villages embraced by terraced crops, hidden trails in the heart of a gigantic bamboo plantation, walking through a forest of rhododendrons. This trek offers all the pleasures and emotions the Nepalese Himalayas.

The main peaks of the western Himalayas are Annapurna, Hiunchuli, Annapurna South, Annapurna, Ganagapurna, Annapurna 3 and Machhapuchhare. They are almost all arranged in a circle with, in the center, an amphitheater covered with a deep glacier.

During the winter, the number of hikers decreases because of a difficult and dangerous walk due to heavy snowfall. Entering a narrow valley, one pass directly below Machhapuchhare before reaching the shrine, which is considered a home for the Gods.

The combination of beautiful villages and farmland in Ghaundrung, with a first panoramic view of high peaks, makes this trek one of the most scenic in Nepal. It is a moderate trek offering a close view of the mountain and various trekking grounds.

High Himalayan Trekking and Expedition organizes itineraries and hiking programs at Annapurna Base Camp throughout the year and according to the interest of the guests. From the sweetness of Pokhara, forests of rhododendrons, bamboos, terraced crops to the spectacle of the very high mountains at the foot of the Annapurna … this trek through the variety of Himalayan atmosphere.

7. Strong Moments For Annapurna Base Camp Trek

Enjoy the vibrant rice paddies from nearby Pokhara terraces. This trek offers a panoramic view of more than 10 peaks over 6000m, on Mount Dhaulagiri as well as on the Kali Gandaki Valley of Poon Hill. Besides, you will stand impressive snow-capped mountains.

Visit the fascinating villages of Gurung, Magar, and Brahmin as well as the culture and picturesque landscape. Take a dip in natural hot springs while admiring magnificent views of Machhapuchchhre (Fishtail), Hiunchuli, Annapurna South, Annapurna II, Annapurna III, and Gangapurna.


The amazing capital of Nepal will serve as a base to discover the wonders of the Kathmandu valley, its temples, villages, and ancestral rites.


The climb to the base camps passes through authentic villages, in a beautiful natural environment.


ANNAPURNA will offer you breathtaking views of peaks over 6000m including Hiunchuli, Fang, Annapurna III and the Machapuchare (Fish Tail).


The trek crosses the narrow gorges of Modi Khola River. From natural springs of warm water to Annapurna Lookouts, from giant rhododendron forests to endless terraced fields on the banks of the Modi River or in this magical glacial cirque, every day views to cut the breath.


Culminating at 6,993 m, the Machapuchare whose name means “fishtail because of its double summit, is revered by the population and, therefore, forbidden mountaineers.


Pokhara and its lake attract many travelers who come to enjoy its relaxed atmosphere at the foot of the Annapurnas.

14. Diversity and unity

During this great trek full of emotion, you will start in the low-lying Gurung villages, whose life revolves around rice fields and terraced fields. The Gurung are from the Tibetan family, as evidenced by their Mongoloid faces, their Buddhist rites and the attraction of their women for coral …You will also meet some Magar villages, the largest ethnic group and the 3rd ethnocultural group of Nepal after the Brahmins and Chettris.

15. The significance of Annapurna base camp trekking in Nepal

Nepal is a small country embedded between China and India in the beautiful Himalayan Mountains. Known worldwide for the incredible variety of ecosystems and thousands of villages with different ethnic groups and historic cities. The people are friendly and highly receptive to tourists and for all that Nepal offers incredible opportunities for cultural and adventure travel.

The trekking we will do in Annapurna will give us the opportunity to enjoy a wonderful view of the sacred mountain Machhapuchre, also known as “Fishtail”, one of the most beautiful mountains of Annapurna chain.

Along the walk we will also have the chance to get in touch with local people, getting to know the reality of the mountain people. Trekking has all the necessary support infrastructure, including chargers and qualified guides.

The Annapurna Circuit is very easy since there are buses from Kathmandu to either Besisahar or Bhulbule. Or to the opposite way, taking the bus from Pokhara to Nayapul or Birethanti. In addition, the Nepalese government has finished building a dirt road that follows the entire Circuit (with the exception of the road between Manang to Muktinath), which changes everything. And I’ll try to explain why.

1.    Flexible Itinerary:

Tourism is the main source of income in Nepal. And whether you want it or not, the local people know and want to benefit from it (which is very fair, of course!). Therefore, because of the new road and means of transportation, more and more people are having a chance to move and settle in the Annapurna region.

Whether it’s opening refuges/shelters or restaurants (or both), the steady flow of natives is why new villages are springing up every year (or faster). And this is something that allows trails to have a much more flexible itinerary. Since it is possible to reach a village almost every hour, you can basically stop when you want.

And while it may seem a rather obvious and not-so-important detail, the simple fact that you are aware that there is a ceiling and food within a relatively short distance really makes a difference in your psychological, which makes everything much more peaceful and profitable!

Also, depending on your budget, it is possible to start trekking basically from anywhere. If you do not have a lot of time, you can rent a jeep (the price varies from the bargain, the number of people and, of course, the distance) to take you to any accessible village on the road.

There is even an airport in Jomsom, from which it is possible to fly to/from Pokhara and explore the higher altitudes for a shorter time. Also, depending on your budget, it is possible to start trekking basically from anywhere.

If you do not have a lot of time, you can rent a jeep (the price varies from the bargain, the number of people and, of course, the distance) to take you to any accessible village on the road. There is even an airport in Jomsom, from which it is possible to fly to/from Pokhara and explore the higher altitudes for a shorter time.

2.    Cheapest trekking cost:

It’s fact. The easier the access, the cheaper the prices. As I said before, the road and the means of transportation made it very easy to transport food and other items of basic necessities. Of course, the higher you go, the more expensive the prices are. But according to the same logic, the fact that the Annapurna Circuit is generally cheaper than the Everest Base Camp is undeniable.

3.    Very popular among independent trilheiros and solos:

Aside from the fact that the tracks and roads are very obvious, and it is practically impossible to get lost, I believe that easy access is also another important reason why the Annapurna Circuit is so popular among independent trekkers.

The fact that only a bus is needed to get to the beginning of the trail makes it much easier, both logistically and financially. Also, I believe it is reasonable to say that, before trekkers, most of them are backpackers. So I would say that spending a budget of 2 days (at least) on 1 with an organized guide/group is not the most convenient thing to do when it comes to financial expenses.

4.    Cultural knowledge:

An itinerary for Nepal with great cost x benefit, where you will know a little of the culture and will do one of the most sought after trekkings in the world. Perfect trip for those who want to see small villages and contemplate the beautiful Himalayan mountains.

5.    View of mountains:

The chance to do trekking with a view of the biggest mountains in the world cannot be missed right? Walking through the mountains enjoying peaks such as Annapurna, Fishtail all covered in snow is one of those movie scenes.

6.    Country breathes of trekking:

As soon as you arrive in Nepal, especially in Kathmandu or Pokhara, you will see that almost everything revolves around the trekking. There are shops and more clothing and equipment stores for the activity. They are options for all pockets.

7.    The villages in the Himalayas:

Being after a bamboo day in a different little village in the mountains is an experience to be part of. It is beautiful to see the people who live in the mountains always with a smile on their face and ready to help everyone who passes by. Even having to face the difficulties of access by living on the mountain, such as bringing food from the city, for example.

8.    Staying in Tea Houses:

Already it begins that the price to stay in the Tea Houses (as they are known guesthouses in the mountains) are absurdly cheap. And the rooms are clean and hospitable. It had a very warm and heavy blanket, hot bath and some even had wifi.  But one of the high points was staying in the restaurant around the fireplace that warmed everyone up from the long walk.

9.    To the Himalayan forests:

On the way, there are forests that are worthy of movies and fairy tales. Do you know those forests with rocks and trees covered by the moss of nature? The light beat on that, leaving a tone difficult to explain. They were different types of plants and trees of different sizes. Some giants! On the way we still find waterfalls. Simply unique.

10.    It’s difficult. And that’s a little bit of a reason:

The course is not easy (although any healthy person can do it). Part of the mountain is of stone with steps to climb not to mention the long walk before. There is a time that lacks air, there is the time that it is cold and it has an hour that hurts, but the fact of being difficult leaves the conquest much more palatable.

11.    Disconnect from everything:

Nowadays this is harder than it seems. Even if you want, it is difficult to avoid technology, the internet, and television. But it’s not just this kind of connection I’m talking about. During the trekking, you are in a new world, which requires concentration on many occasions and offers you the landscapes that you have never seen before. This makes you forget about your problems, unresolved issues, accounts payable …

12.    When you’re done you’ll understand:

This is not a reason for you to do just curious. But the truth is that there are things that can not be explained. The sensation of feeling tiny when looking at the gigantic mountains for example, or the feeling of superhero, of feeling that now you can do everything are some experiences for yourself.

16. Points of interest

You will experience the most extreme landscapes of Nepal, from breathtaking mountains like Machapuchare considered one of the most beautiful on the planet, to incredible medieval temples like Bhaktapur and the tropical rainforest of Chitwan, where you will make a safari.

How Much Will it Cost for Annapurna Circuit Trek

Your main destination will be the base camp of Annapurna, one of the Himalayan mountains, but you will also know Pokhara and Kathmandu. In the Himalayas, the relief is hostile, which makes it impossible to circulate vehicles.

To trek the trail to Annapurna Base Camp, only mounted on donkey’s back, yak, aboard a helicopter or … walking! During the trekking, you will pass by small villages, where you will rest and sleep. Contact with the exotic culture and the observation of diverse ethnic groups are intriguing attractions, a true gift for the participants of this itinerary, that will be received with extreme hospitality by the natives.

1.    Very special 7-day trek to the base camp of Annapurna, one of the most famous in the world

2.    During the trekking, the tourists will sleep in comfortable mountain lodges and all the meals included

3.    Script with daily departures from 1 person and local guides speaking English

4.    A transformative journey through a country that has much to teach

5.    2 nights in Pokhara, one of the most astral cities in Nepal, surrounded by mountains and a huge lake

6.    2 days of cultural tours in Kathmandu to get to know the main temples and monasteries of the city

17. Details of the itinerary:

The feeling of being in the heart of the Himalayas will never be forgotten. Annapurna’s base camp is in the Annapurna Conservation Area and one of the most popular trails among many trekking trails in the region, Annapurna Base Camp runs through many villages of different ethnic communities with different culture and lifestyle with camps in terraces for rhododendron and bamboo forests with a wide range of flora and fauna and possibly the alpine heights.

Provides natural non-stop fun with beautiful mountain and Himalayan landscape views. Subtropical forests come alive with an immense variety of bird life, waterfalls thundering on steep sides of the cliff, and tree-tree monkey conversations, terraced fields, and tropical fruit trees surround the well-ordered and white villages of the Gurung regions high, leading the eye to views dominated by some of the majestic peaks of the Himalayas.

Day 01: Arrive at Kathmandu airport (1345 meters) and transfer to the hotel (without meals). You will be met and greeted by the respective representative who will be on standby to pick you up and transfer you to the hotel. Your night is free and overnight at the hotel.

Day 02: Full day tour of Kathmandu valley and orientation. After having breakfast at the hotel, they took you to the tour in the Kathmandu valley. You will be accompanied by a professional tour guide who will take you to visit the Kathmandu Durbar Slave, the Temple of the Apes, the Pashupatinath Temple and the Boudhanath Stupa and return to the hotel. You will have some time to buy your trekking equipment and overnight in the hotel.

Day 03: Gives from Kathmandu to Pokhara (200 kilometers west of Kathmandu) – 6 Hour. You will drive through the scenic Trisuli and the Marsyangdi River to get to Pokhara. It’s a pretty good tour as you walk along the beautiful river which is also good for rafting. You see Ganesh Himal and Manaslu peak also while driving.

Pokhara is a tourist’s paradise full of natural and cultural heritage sites, such as lakes, caves, and temples of Buddhists and Hindus, along with its beautiful mountains. After 6 hours of driving; you will arrive in Pokhara, the city of lakes … Welcome to this beautiful city of serene lakes that much meaning to your holiday, overnight at your hotel.

Day 04: Drive of Pokhara (915 m.) To Nayapul (1050 m.) E Trek to Tikhedunga (1577 m) – 4 Hours. After breakfast at the hotel, you will start driving to Nayapul, which takes about an hour and a half. After you started the first part of your trek to Tikhedunga (1577M) Via Birethanti (1065m.),

This part of the trekking is quite an easy Walk flat as you cross several small villages and lively settlements. After some time, you will gently ascend to the final destination of the day, overnight at Guesthouse.

Day 05: Trekking to Ghorepani (2675m) – 6 Hours. You start trekking after breakfast at the guest house and climb abruptly for the first 2 hours and then climb gently through Ulleri (2070 m.) And Banthanti. This path gives you breathtaking views of Machhapuchhare or Fish Tail (6997m.), Hiunchuli (6441m.) And the great Annapurna (7219m) south on the way.

Your trail is now quite easy going as you cross rhododendrons and gloomy forests amidst the cackling of birds which gives you good feelings until you gently climb up to the final camp at night in Guesthouse.

Day 06: Walk to Poonhill (3180m.) And trek to Tadapani (2675m.) – 6 hours. Today, you walk to Poonhill (3232 m.) To take in the views of the sunrise over Mountain Dhaulagiri (8167 m.), Tukuche Peak (6920 m.), Nilgiri (6940 m.), Varaha Shikhar (7847 m.), Mt. Annapurna I (8091 m.), Annapurna Sul (7855 m.), Machhapuchhare (6993 m.), Annapurna IV (7525 m.), Annapurna II (7937 m.), Lamjung Himal (6931 m.)

And multiple snow-capped mountains in the morning; Poonhill has always been a symbol of beauty for the Annapurna region. Then walk to Ghorepani, have a hot breakfast at the inn and walk to Tadapani (2650 m.). Most of the trail you walkthrough is the flowering rhododendron forest. The beautiful flower makes the jungle colorful in the spring, when they bloom, at night in the Pousada.

Day 07: Tadapani Trek (2675m) to Chomrong – 5 Hours. You begin trekking after breakfast at the lodge and enjoy your walk gently descending all the way through rhododendron, oak and other types of dense forests. You can hear the chirping of different types of birds on the way to Kimrung Khola.

Then you immediately climb abruptly and walk on a flat level for 45 minutes, with steep and steep paths between them and flat to Chomrong, which is the gateway to the base camp of Annapurna. Chomrong is a village that is situated at the base of the unbearable night of cold.

Day 08: Trek from Chomrong to the Himalayas – 7 Hours. Start your walk after having a hot breakfast at the lodge. The trail descends on a stone stairway for the first and half hour and crosses the Chhomrong Khola on a suspended bridge, then leaves the side valley.

High above the Modi Khola on its western bank, the trail passes through bamboo, rhododendron and oak forests. Climbing yet another rocky path, you will reach Sinuwa at 2350 m and then walk gently through the forest and down a long, steep stone staircase in deep bamboo and rhododendron forests to reach Bambu and walk gently towards Dovan and Himalaya.


Day 09: Trek from Himalaya to Annapurna Base Camp (4170 m) via Machhapuchare Base Camp (3820 m) – 6 hours. You start your walk after breakfast at the lodge, the valley widens and gets less steep and you can see the gates of the sanctuary here. As the trail continues into the sanctuary, it crosses two avalanche trails on a narrow trail that plunges against the cliffs.

After a short walk, you will be in Bagar (3310 m.), A green meadow with some abandoned hotels. The normal trail takes you to the left side of the valley. Now the trail appears gently ascending to Machhapuchare Base Camp (3820 m).

This is a place where you enjoy some of the best landscapes in the enterprise. You will enjoy the view of Mount Hiunchuli (6441 m), Annapurna Sul (7229 m.), Annapurna I (8091 m.), Annapurna III (7555 m.), Gangapurna (7454 m.) And Machhapuchhare or Fish Tail m.).

The path goes through alpine meadows and after some distance, your trails go gently up. After a short walk, you began to approach the Annapurna base camp at (4170 m.), Congratulations on arriving at Annapurna Base Camp, the destination of your holidays, overnight at Guesthouse.

Day 10: Trek from Annapurna Base Camp to Dovan (2630 m.) – 6 hours. After having breakfast at the guest house, you will visit the base camp and the surrounding views, the Himalayan views from the base camp are amazing, so start your walk back to Dovan.

It takes about six hours, it’s a lot easier as you fall. You should have no problem getting to Sinuwa from Annapurna base camp in a single day, however; you chose this route because some trekkers may have a problem falling due to shaking or wobbling legs that may be tired at night in the Pousada.

Day 11. Trekking from Dovan to Jhinu Danda (1750m) – 6 Hours. After breakfast at the lodge, you begin trekking and the path is a descent to bamboo through forests with varieties of rhododendrons, oak and bamboo plants. After bamboo, the trail goes up to an hour and the trail is quite flat to Sinuwa.

You walk gradually down to Chhumrong Khola and you should follow a stone staircase for almost an hour to reach Chhumrong. The last part of the trail is steep as far as Jhinudanda. You can enter your rooms at the guest house so you could go to the Hot Springs to take a refreshing swim in the warm natural warm water at night in the guesthouse.

Day 12: Jhinu Danda Tire to Nayapul and Head to Pokhara – 6 Hours. After having breakfast at the hotel, you begin the trekking and the first part of the walk is the descent and then it appears by flat land to Birethati. You will stop in Birethati for lunch and after walking about 30 minutes to Nayapul. There will be your car which will take you back to civilization, Pokhara, the city of lakes and natural wonders, overnight at the hotel.

Day 13. Drive from Pokhara to Kathmandu (6 hours). You take the tour bus at 7 am after b / fast to drive to Kathmandu and driving will be a fantastic experience as you drive many satellite towns along the way. And you can see rural settlements spouting rivers, terraces and green countryside landscapes. After a 6-hour drive, you will arrive in Kathmandu and overnight at your hotel.

Day 14: Transfer to the airport for your departure to your home. You will be transported to the international airport for your final departure to your loving home.

18. Trekking equipment

If you are taking a long trip you do not need to bring too many items from your house to do the trekking. In Kathmandu, you will find everything you need at a great price and if you forget something in Pokhara they also sell items, although more expensive.

The following information will give you an idea of what you need or bring for the walk, as the backpack and gear play a vital role in the successful journey. And we suggest that you have all the gear needed for the trip and that you do not have unnecessary equipment/things you will not be using for the trip and the list of gear you need for the hike are:

1.    Four seasons sleep bag (Optional /you will be provided one if you do not have it on your own and must be returned after hiking.

2.    Double tote bag or backpack to hold all equipment and this will be carried by the chargers. It does not have to be too big, it will come with a small one in which enter everything. Get yourself a good one that your back will thank you for. We recommend that you have enough hooks to hang flip flops, boots, etc. If you do not have a protective plastic so that the interior does not get wet with the rain you should buy it.

3.    Daypack for yourself: A down jacket, Shadow Hat, Warm wool hat to cover your ears. A pair of lightweight and warm gloves.T-shirts 2- 3 pieces. Lightweight thermal caps. Cardigan, Fleece Wind-Stopper Coating (optional). A pair of quick-drying nylon walking shorts.

4.    Underwear. Two pair of long and light underwear. Do not forget the rest of the underwear in sufficient quantity but keep in mind that it is what takes longer to get wet when you walk!

Why is Annapurna So Dangerous or Deadly Mountain?

5.    Trekking trousers of two pairs, preferably this zip on / off at the knees, then they last as short. It is highly recommended because when the sun hits it is quite hot. There are some very thin cloths that are ideal to put them under the rain pants. Ask where you buy the other pants. These cloths are very cheap and they are worth it.

6.    Four pairs of lining socks. Just like the shirts, it is recommended that you bring some for each day of trekking. Do not wear anklets because the leeches will try to get in there and they are quite unpleasant.

7.     A lightweight pair of waterproof hiking/trekking boots. A pair of light trekking shoes for camps and a pair sandal (optional).

8.    Waterproof long pants. It turns out When it starts to rain your maximum goal should be to stay dry. The moment you notice wet walking, it becomes unbearable. In Kathmandu, they sell counterfeits at a very good price.

9.    Oilskin. It is also essential. Here you have two options, a traditional raincoat or a poncho, or a layer of water that covers your backpack. The poncho goes better and another for your backpack you will not have any problem either. In Kathmandu, they are also sold.

10.    Freezer bags. Essential. If you want to keep your clothes and socks in your backpack completely dry it is best to organize them in airtight bags to freeze. If it rains or you fall you will appreciate it.

11.    Quick-dry shirts. Recommendable. Theirs is that you wear at least one shirt for each day of trekking. If they are quick drying better. Take at least one braces in case it is very hot. Try to keep long dry finish shirts with you.

12.    Salt. Highly recommended. Salt is the best thing to fight against leeches. It is best to look for cloth and tie it with a handful of salt on the end of a stick. If you see leeches from your shoes or feel them by your leg just by noticing the salt they will writhe in pain and leave you alone.

13.    Sweatshirt. The first days may not be necessary but when you go up a few meters you will see that it is getting colder. Think you’re going to go up to 4000 meters. If you do not get wet (take care of it) with one is more than enough. Long pants will also go luxurious.

14.    Flip flops. Your feet will greatly appreciate spending the last time of the day after stopping walking on flip flops.

15.    Towel. Imprecise. Find one that does not weigh much and that occupies little space. A good tip to make your towel last longer is to wait a minute after the shower and shake it by hand a little before drying. If it does not dry overnight, hang it from the backpack as long as it does not rain.

16.    Cash. Essential. You will not find any ATM in the entire trekking so you must carry cash to spare. Do not skimp and take it in several places in case you fly. If you go as a couple or in a group, share the money among everyone.

17.    Comfortable clothes for after walking. When you finish walking every day you will want to be comfortable. For this, we have recommended you to wear a pair of flip-flops, a pair of long pants and a fine sweatshirt. Try to use these clothes only after walking to keep them dry.

18.    Food and drink. No need to bring food and drink. As we have told you, the most curious thing about this trekking is that you go sleeping in small towns where you have everything you need.

What is not too much to buy in Kathmandu or Pokhara (you will pay more expensive than in Kathmandu) are some bars, nuts, chocolates, etc. They are products that do not weigh and that during the trekking is difficult to find. They also sell them quite expensive where they are.

19.    Store, sleeping bag. As with food and drink, it is not necessary to carry a sleeping bag, at least in July and August. The villages are quite empty and have space and extra blankets to sleep very hotly.

20.    Sets of medicines and first aid: Excedrin Extra Strength for altitude-related headaches. Ibuprofen for general aches and pains. Capsules of Imodium or Pepto Bismol for stomach pain or diarrhoea. Take Diamox 125 or 250 mg tablets for altitude sickness but take the advice of a doctor. 1 small personal size first aid kit with bubble treatments, such as moleskin, band-aids, some waterproof tapes, anti-infection ointments, etc.

21.    Several, but important: Passport and extra passport photos (4 copies). Durable wallet/purse for travel documents, cash, and passport. Lip balm at least SPF 20, 2 sticks. Sun cream with SPF 40 is recommended. Switchblade. Purification of water Iodine tablets. Personal hygiene kit and be sure to include toilet paper stored in a plastic bag, hand wipes and hand liquid disinfectant, towel, soap, etc.


1.    Enjoyable Sightseeing tours of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Kathmandu.

2.    Visiting typical Gurung villages in Landruk and Chomorung.

3.    Reaching the destination of unlimited people, Annapurna’s base camp.

4.    360-degree views of the Himalayas from the base camp.

5.    View of Annapurna Glacier and many other Himalayas.

6.    Taking a natural spring bath in Jhinu Danda.

7.    Visit Pokhara Lake City


1.    All transfers from the airport.

2.    Three nights accommodation in Kathmandu, including breakfast, according to the itinerary above, based on double sharing.

3.    Tourist tour in Kathmandu, according to the itinerary.

4.    All accommodation in lodges/tea houses during a double-sharing walk

5.     Your standard meals during the walk with hot tea/coffee for breakfast.

6.     All necessary paperwork, entry permits for conservation and TIMS license.

7.    Two nights accommodation in Pokhara, including breakfast based on twin sharing.

8.    Ground transportation of Kathmandu –Pokhara – Kathmandu by tourist bus.

9.    An experienced, helpful and friendly guide and doormen (1 doorman for 2 people).

10.    Food, Beverages, Accommodation, Transport, and Insurance for Guia and Porter.

11.    Emergency Helicopter Service arrangement to be paid by your travel insurance company.

12.    Sleeping bag and coats down if necessary (returnable after hiking).

13.    All government taxes, VAT and service charge.


1.    Entry visa fee in Nepal (you can easily issue the visa upon your arrival at Tribhuwan International Airport – Kathmandu). You will need 2 passport size photos, more information – Nepal visa information page.

2.    Your travel insurance (mandatory) and entrance fees while visiting monuments in Kathmandu.

Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal: Rich in Bio-Diversity

3.    Lunch and Dinner while in Kathmandu, Pokhara and travel days between KTM-POK-KTM.

4.    All alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

5.    Sweet things like chocolate, apple pie, etc …

6.    International airfare to and from Nepal.

7.    Tips for the guide, concierge, and driver.

8.    Other expenses that are not mentioned in the inclusion section.

22. Why to chose this trekking

You should be clear that one of the things you wanted to do in Nepal was to know the country from above. Feel your mountains, walk through them and know the reality of the people and the people who live in them. Talking about trekking in Nepal is talking about hundreds, maybe thousands of possibilities, but that strip had to be limited. You should have opted for the area of the Annapurnas, they say is one of the most beautiful in Nepal.

You can get incredible views of the Himalayas, idyllic pictures of the villages, nature and the real protagonists, the mountains. It is not a round trip on the same path, but it is almost a circular route.

You can take many of the slopes that this mountainous area offers to reach the Annapurna Base Camp, so it allows you to do it to your liking. You can spend more or fewer days if you want to make it longer or more direct. You have many points to deviate and get out of the way to reach waterfalls, pools or hot springs.

One of Annapurna Base Camp’s trekking specialties is that you can see Honeybee, Honey hunters and the largest forest of rhododendrons in the world. You will be lucky enough to see the best place in the world to have the view of the sunrise from the Poonhill.

Annapurna is an absolute place for hikers and foreign visitors. This incredible Himalayan is the 10th highest peak in the world with a height of 8091m. Annapurna Mountain Range is located in close proximity to the beautiful city of Pokhara. Those who are so eager to see the extraordinary mountainous landscape with a diverse landscape of the region. This is why it is considered the most popular trekking route.

On this walk, visitors will experience many interesting things. It is exciting due to its incredible beauty with local cultures and tribes, great varieties of flora and fauna. This journey to the base camp will take you to the peak of (4130m / 13549 feet).

The Annapurna Base Camp Trekking is one of the oldest and the most popular hiking routes. It is very popular among all the hiking routes around the world. We can also call it ancient walks. Older treks mean that this trekking route was popularized a long time ago. This cultural trip will give you a new perspective of seeing the world.

Annapurna will let you know the importance of the environment, wildlife and the natural cycle that flows everywhere. We will be happy to organize such an important part of your life’s journey. To make this trip you will still need money, but this money will buy you with the happiness of the trip. Still in our country every time, money is not everything.

23. Best time to do trekking

October and November say that it is the best time to do the trekking and to see the skies cleared, but you will find more people along the way. From December to February there are good views but it is very cold and especially on the peaks.

March and April is a good time because the cold is much less, the climate is warmer in the low areas and the rains and leeches have not arrived yet. They say that the skies are not so clear, although you can have good views and the best part is that there is not a lot of people on the road, you go alone all the time. Another point in favor is that the rhododendron is in bloom and it looks beautiful the snowy peaks and that red in the trees.

From June to September is the time of the monsoon. Although the last years the monsoon is arriving every time before. In 2016 and 2017 the rains have advanced to May. At this time it is not advisable to do this trekking because of the few views that you are going to have and because both the rain and the leeches will accompany you. Although if you decide to do the positive thing you will not find many people and that the cold you will only notice on the peaks.

So you can see that the best time to do trekking in Nepal is the months of September, October and November after the rainy season of the monsoon has passed. You should also be clear that it is when more people do it and that apparently many times you will arrive in the villages and all the sleeping places will be full.

Another possibility is during the winter. The months of December, January and February are the coldest ones here. They have the advantage that there are relatively few people in the trekking and that making it snowy and seeing landscapes can be a good incentive. But if you decide for these months should inform you very well and go prepared for the cold.

The months of March, April, May, and June are also a good time to do trekking. The weather is not as good as before the winter but in return, there are far fewer people on the road so you can walk quietly.

In the months of July and August is the monsoon. This makes EVERY day is. A few days will start at 12, others at 16 but it rains always. If you decide in those months, you should wear a raincoat and everything you need to keep it dry. You will also have to face the extra danger that is leeches.

24. Annapurna, one of the best trekking trails in the world

Although Mount Everest is the most famous mountainous member of the country, it is the heavily forested Annapurna Conservation Area, with its tumbling waterfalls and manageable routes. The most popular trekking destination in Nepal, The Annapurna Base Camp trek (often called ABC) loop through beautiful mountain villages and green paths, and walkers walk about five or six hours a day on foot.

There are rustic Ghorepani, with a trek near Poon Hill to view the sparkling sunrise over the Himalayas. Quiet Chomrong, with clear views of the mountains and the best pizza on the Annapurna circuit; and green Jhinu, situated on steaming natural hot springs.

The ABC trek gives travelers a true taste of Nepalese mountain life. Sturdy mountain carriers – dragging sacks of goods across the mountainside by taking the considerable tension through a strap around their forehead – often trudge past.

And hikers often find themselves accompanied on their morning path by children who make their way to school. Fields are strewn with workers harvesting crops, and wood-chopping cattle dragging the ground with metal tools, while in the peaceful villages layers of grain are lying drying in the sun.

The Annapurna Base Camp trek does not need a super hero’s physical condition, despite the first impression it can give you for its location. It is a route of medium difficulty because you do not go through places of difficult access although it does require a good physical and psychological condition, especially if you have never done trekking more than a day.

We say good physical condition because they are quite a few hours walking a day and most are up and with stairs. And the psychological because you have to be prepared for it because many people who have never done trekkers come to Nepal and without knowing their limits face these mountains and it is not a small thing.

The route has its challenges, with steep slopes, uneven surfaces are strewn with loose rock and the strange need to choose your own stony path over streams. Climbing the Annapurna base camp, usually on day five or six, can incur heavy fatigue against bodies with low temperatures and high altitudes. Annapurna Base Camp is 4,130 m above sea level and altitude sickness is not uncommon, because the last climb is quite sharp and hikers have little time to acclimatize.

The stairs in the last hours of the day were eternal and the cold and dampness when you arrive at the place to spend the night seemed to be going away from your bones. Despite all this, it is very worthwhile to live the experience, walk through these valleys and have those incredible views.

25. Accommodation, meals, and drinks during the Annapurna trek

In each village that is reached all the way, there are one or several houses that offer you food, drink, and lodging. Without exception. Do not worry you’ll never be left lying. The rules of these sites are quite simple for the area of the world in which they are …Simply the prices are regulated by the Government of Nepal so there is no room for bargaining.

The price for sleeping is fixed and the hot water shower is charged separately, also at a fixed price. It costs a little more the higher up you are, what you will understand without a problem when you see a Nepali doing the same way carrying a butane bottle. There everything goes up on foot and that’s why everything is more expensive the higher you are. It is very fair.

The lodgings are mountain lodges. So in the early stages of trekking, there are many and are better conditioned. Once you face the climb to ABC there will be less and in many villages, they are very basic.

The most recommended villages for sleeping (because it is less cold and the lodges are better): Banthanti, Tilche, and Chomrong. From Tilche up there are fewer lodges, they are more basic and the cold is more noticeable, so there the only recommendation is to arrive early to have a place. Although the accommodations are cheap, you are required to eat and have breakfast at the lodge where you stay. If you do not, the price of the room will go up.

The drink and the food also cost a little more as you are higher up. You are in the Himalayas! There is great water in any source. In the food is the only thing you’ll see that changes from one place to another.

The price is regulated as it happens with the drink and the shower of hot water according to the height but between a house and the one next door, there can be a difference in the quality and quantity that serve you. Neither will vary a lot but it shows. Everywhere you can eat the typical dish of Nepal, the Dal Bhat and various types of pasta and soups. Very energetic pasta ideal for trekking.

They pasta pizzas in many of the houses. Regarding the food, in all the lodges they have practically the same: soups, rice, pizzas, and momos (Much hydrate). You can find homemade and abundant dishes made with super fresh ingredients. Many lodges have their vegetable gardens, their chickens and their cattle, so it’s all healthy and natural.

Finally, as for water, you can buy mineral water downstairs but as soon as you start to move forward there are many villages where they do not sell plastic bottles, but they fill your canteen for 100 rupees/liter.

All these houses have electricity, to charge your phone, tablet or camera without exception. You will be surprised that some of them even have an Internet connection through Wifi, although of course it is paid.

It is also important to take into account that in the lodges in high season they charge you everything: connect to the wifi, the hot water shower, charge the mobile, etc.

26. Precautions:

1.    The roads seemed safe and well signposted. I think it is impossible to lose you because apart there are not many detours. They all lead to the same place. Anyway, try not to walk in solitude and talk to the local people. The Nepalis are very nice and supportive.

2.    Respect the mountain. Climb gradually and take a lot of water to reduce the effects of height. Eat garlic soup and Ginger tea that helps. You can also take the pill for altitude sickness.

3.    Take care of the sun and leeches. For that try walking with long pants and avoid mud. If they attack you, you should sprinkle them with salt so that they come off.

4.    Do not skip any checkpoint, register in each one and find out about the weather and routes.

5.    Take care of the forms and be respectful of life and local customs. These people have been here for a very long time. Als,o take care of nature, do not touch or damage anything, and of course, take your own trash with you.

6.    Yes now. Fasten your shoelaces tightly and walk! And you enjoy living one of the most beautiful experiences of your life!

27. Altitude sickness, a handicap that you should keep in mind

One of the most important issues to consider if you are going to trek the Annapurna Circuit is to have information about the famous altitude sickness and know how to act in case it affects us. In these cases, so unknown to us or to anyone who has not moved at high altitude, any precaution is small and the importance we give will depend largely on having enjoyed or not trekking.

Altitude sickness is the response of our organism to the lack of oxygen that exists at high altitude. As we increase the altitude, the atmospheric pressure drops and the air, less dense, has less oxygen.

Whether or not it appears will depend on the height and speed of the climb. When you exceed 2500m in height, atmospheric pressure decreases which affect the amount of oxygen. Faced with this situation of increased pressure, the amount of oxygen the blood receives is lower. The effects are lower at a lower height of 2 200  but are more evident and frequent above 2,800 meters after a rapid ascent.

Knowing the symptoms of altitude sickness will help us to prevent greater evils, so we must be attentive to our body and act accordingly. The symptom may include Dizziness, Exhaustion, Headache, Loss of appetite, vertigo, insomnia, dyspnea at rest, Nervousness, abnormal fatigue, oliguria, Vomiting and Hallucinations (in extreme cases).

More severe cases can trigger high altitude pulmonary oedema or cerebral oedema. But these are extreme cases do not worry. In the trekking to the Annapurna Base Camp, these heights are exceeded so this topic interests.

It is recommended not to climb more than 1000 meters in a day. On the other hand altitude sickness occurs in several ways, not just with headaches. It can be in the form of a headache but it can also happen that you have a lack of appetite and nausea. To fight it, the best thing to do is to simply go down until you feel good. Explain your symptoms to the people of the place. They know them very well and they will know how to advise.

Before the symptoms of dizziness, exhaustion, etc, the first thing is to descend and rest until you feel better. Hydration is key to the prevention of this bad mountaineer.

There are also pills if you feel bad, ask anyone about them because it is quite usual that a person who has already climbed and goes down will give them to someone who is still going up because they will not need it. Surely they will give you without problems if you do not take them.

A recipe from the grandmother that works quite well is garlic. You can see that everywhere they offer you garlic soup. Carbohydrates as well as giving you the strength to climb are also good for combating altitude sickness. 

28. How to prevent altitude sickness in a trek to the Himalayas.

To avoid altitude sickness you have to hydrate frequently. There are many rivers and springs in the Himalayas, but you never know if the water can be contaminated by livestock or wild animals. It is best to introduce a water treatment tablet and wait thirty minutes for it to purify. Buy the pads and raincoats for the backpacks in Pokhara. Also the canteen.

29. Hazards, risks, and warnings

This section is not to scare anyone if not to prevent from having a bad drink. Trekking in the Himalayas constitutes a greater risk than that of having the same activity in the Pyrenees, in the Alps, etc.

Be respectful and humble with the mountain, are the best companions of any hiker and it is the best insurance you can take with you.

You have to keep in mind that you will be in places where the nearest hospital is more than 5 days walking, and there is no way to get any mechanical vehicle. Any complication at a medical level must be considered responsible because as you ascend it is more complicated to solve a wound, an infection or a disease.

There are three important risks that you have to know in trekking of these characteristics:

1.    The possibility of loss:

Losing yourself is much easier than you think, even carrying a map or guide. You must be adequately equipped to spend a night in the open, considering temperatures below zero and that it is raining or snowing, in the worst case.

The compass and the map are essential in these cases, and the GPS is a tool that can quickly get you out of trouble. If you get lost, it is best to always take a decent line and try to reach the nearest town. For everything mentioned here, it is not advisable to go trekking alone.

If you suffer an injury, you will need someone to go ask for help. In the worst case, you can fall down a slope and become unconscious somewhere that nobody ever passes. It is very unlikely, but not impossible.

2.    Annapurna Base Camp Weather:

It may seem more than obvious but the reality is that the cold can spoil the ride. Your main objective is to stay dry during the crossing. The “sublime cold” occurs when you sweat a lot and the temperatures drop sharply in a short time.

It is something that you will experience in a common way because during the walk you generate a lot of heat and you tend to take off clothes. The moment you stop, you can cool down quickly. It is advisable to wear several shirts to change during the journey and go dry. Wear quality clothes, help that all that is not a problem.

3.    The height:

From 3,000 meters the amount of oxygen decreases significantly and, as a result, you easily run out, and the famous altitude sickness can appear. There are tactics to combat altitude sickness.

Although it seems strange, the best preventative of altitude sickness is patience. Unhurried trekking, making the necessary days of acclimatization is the best way to prevent evil. In addition, it is advisable to take foods that improve circulation, such as garlic soup, which will be a good companion for dinner from 3,000 meters.

Do not be afraid, but you have to be aware of what is being done. After all, every year someone dies in the circuit, and it is not usually due to the fact that it is dangerous if not for not having the proper information, or not respecting the basic safety rules in the mountains that are very simple.

Author: Ankur Pradhan


Jitendra Sahayogee

I am Jitendra Sahayogee, a writer of 12 Nepali literature books, film director of Maithili film & Nepali short movies, photographer, founder of the media house, designer of some websites and writer & editor of some blogs, has expert knowledge & experiences of Nepalese society, culture, tourist places, travels, business, literature, movies, festivals, celebrations.

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