Preventive measures of Coronavirus in community
- Wash your hands regularly and thoroughly with an alcohol-based hand massage or wash with soap and water. Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or rubbing your hand with alcohol will kill any viruses that may be on your hands.
- Keep a distance of at least 1 meter between you and others. Why? When someone coughs, sneezes or speaks, they spray small drops of liquid from the nose or mouth that may contain viruses. If it is too close, you can inhale the drops, including the COVID-19 virus, if the person has the disease.
- Avoid visiting crowded places. Why? When people get together in bulk, they are more likely to have close contact with someone who has COIVD-19, and it is more difficult to maintain a physical distance of 1 meter.
- Do not touch the eyes, nose, and mouth. Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can absorb viruses. Once contaminated, the hands can transmit the virus to the eyes, nose, or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and infect it.
- Make sure that you and the people around you maintain good respiratory hygiene. This means that when you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with your elbows or folded tissue. Then discard the used tissue immediately and wash your hands. Why? The drops spread the virus. Good respiratory hygiene protects people around you from viruses like the common cold, the flu, and COVID-19.
- If you have a fever, cough, and shortness of breath, see a doctor, but if possible call ahead and follow the instructions of your local health authority. Why? National and local authorities have the most up-to-date information on the situation in their region. If you call ahead, your doctor can quickly refer you to the correct health care center. This also protects you and prevents the spread of viruses and other infections.
- Stay up-to-date with the latest information from trusted sources such as WHO or local and national health authorities
We can protect ourself by following as:
- Keep alcohol-based hand sanitizers out of the reach of children. Teach them how to use the disinfectant and how to control its use.
- Apply a coin-sized amount to your hands. It is not necessary to use a large amount of the product.
- Do not touch your eyes, mouth, and nose immediately after using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, as this can cause irritation.
- Recommended hand sanitizers for protection against COVID-19 are alcohol-based and therefore may be flammable. Do not use it before handling fire or cooking.
- Under no circumstances drink or have children swallow an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. It can be toxic.
- The coronavirus that causes COVID-19 is transmitted mainly by virus-containing droplets or by virus particles in the air. The virus can be directly inhaled and can also be spread when a person touches a surface or object where the virus is found and then touches the mouth, nose, or eyes. There is currently no evidence that the COVID-19 virus is transmitted through food.
- Safety precautions help you avoid inhaling coronavirus or touching a contaminated surface and touching your face.
- In the supermarket, keep a distance of at least two meters between you and other buyers. Clean frequently touched surfaces, such as shopping carts or basket handles, with disinfectant.
- If you are over 65 or at higher risk for any reason, limit trips to the grocery store. Ask a neighbor or friend to pick up food and leave it outside your home. Check to see if your supermarket has special business hours for older adults or people with underlying medical conditions. Or have your purchases delivered to your home.
What precautions can you take while going groceries?
- Recent studies have shown that the COVID-19 virus can remain on surfaces or objects for up to 72 hours. This means that viruses on the surface of food are deactivated overtime after food storage. If you need to use the products 72 hours ago, you should wash the exterior or clean it with disinfectant. The contents of the sealed containers are not contaminated.
- After unpacking your food, wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Clean the surfaces you have placed food on while unpacking it with household disinfectants.
- Rinse fruits and vegetables well with water before eating. And wash your hands before consuming food you’ve recently brought from the grocery store.
What should you do during this time to avoid exposure and spread of this coronavirus? For example, what steps should you take if you need to buy groceries and basic foods? How about eating in restaurants, ordering to go to the gym or swimming in a public pool?
- The answer to all of the above questions is that it is important that everyone immediately begin an intense social estrangement. Limit contact with people outside your family as much as possible.
- If you need food, staple food, medicine, or medical attention, try to stay at least one meter away from others and wash your hands well after the trip to avoid contact with your face and mouth. Prepare your own food as much as possible. If you order to carry, open the bag, box, or container and then wash your hands. Lift, fork, or place the content on your own plates. After disposing of these external containers, wash your hands again. Most restaurants, gyms, and public pools are closed. But even if it’s open, now is not the time to go.
- Here are some other things to avoid: game dates, parties, overnight stays, friends, or family to eat or visit and go to coffee shops, essentially any non-essential activity that involves close contact with others.
What can you do if you walk away socially?
- Try to see this time of social distancing as an opportunity to get what you wanted.
- Although you shouldn’t go to the gym now, it doesn’t mean you can’t exercise. Take long walks or run outside (do your best to keep a distance of at least two meters between you and unfamiliar people when you are outside). Do yoga or other indoor exercises when the weather is not cooperating.
- Kids need exercise too, so try taking them outside for a walk or playing a family soccer game in the backyard every day (remember, this is not the time to invite neighborhood kids to play). Avoid public game structures that are not cleaned regularly and can spread the virus.
- Take out the board games that are dusting on your shelves. Having family movie nights. Get to know the books you wanted to read or read aloud to a family every night.
- It’s important to stay connected, even if we don’t have to do it in person. Stay in touch virtually through phone calls, Skype, video, and other social media. Enjoy a cozy chat with an old friend you wanted to call.
- If all else fails, go to bed early and get some more sleep!
Should you wear a mask protect Coronavirus in community
- The CDC now recommends that everyone in the United States wear non-surgical masks when they go out in public.
- The Coronavirus is spread mainly when someone breathes in virus droplets that arise when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or when a person touches a contaminated surface and then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth. People who are infected but have no symptoms or have not yet developed any symptoms can also infect others. This is where the masks come in.
- A person infected with coronavirus, even a person without symptoms, can release aerosols by speaking or breathing. Aerosols are infectious virus particles that can float or float in the air. Another person can inhale these sprays and become infected with the virus. A mask can help prevent this from spreading. An article published in NEJM in March reported that the aerosol coronavirus could remain in the air for up to three hours.
- What type of mask should you use? Due to low supply, people without symptoms or without contact with someone known to be infected with the coronavirus may wear a cloth that covers their nose and mouth. They prevent others from becoming infected if you inadvertently transmit the virus.
- Although N95 masks are more effective, these medical masks are rare and should be reserved for healthcare workers.
- Some parts of the United States also do not have an adequate supply of surgical masks. If you have a surgical mask, you may need to reuse it at this time. But never share your mask.
- Surgical masks are preferred if you are caring for someone with COVID-19 or if you have respiratory problems (including mild symptoms) and need to go out in public.
- Masks are more effective if they fit well and cover the entire nose and mouth. You can avoid touching your face (make sure not to touch it more often to adjust the mask). Masks should be used in addition to physical distance and not in place of physical distance.
There is evidence that vitamin D can help protect and develop severe symptoms of COVID-19. For example, we know that people with low vitamin D levels are more prone to upper respiratory tract infections. Let’s stop spreading Coronavirus in community transmission.
A meta-analysis showed that people who took vitamin D supplements, especially people with low vitamin D levels, were less likely to develop acute respiratory infections than people who did not.
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