This is an article related giving information and facts all about Nepal. Here you get detail information, all facts about Nepal country. Nepal is a land of Mt. Everest with full of blessing by nature.
A to Z Information and Facts About Nepal
Where is Nepal?
Where is Nepal? It’s common question that where is Nepal? Where is Nepal in Asia? Where is Nepal is World Map? Dont’ search typing napal. It’s not napal. It’s all about Nepal. Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. It is situated in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq mi) Nepal has crossed population of approximately 27 million in 2011 Census. The total population of Nepal according to 2011 census was 26.6 million. The land extends approximately 885 km east to west, and 193 km north to south. Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the capital city of country and a treasure house of ancient art and culture. Nepal is the land where Lord Buddha was born over 2,500 years ago.
Geography of Nepal
The kingdom of Nepal (not napal), situated along the southern slopes of the Himalayan mountain range, is a fascinating landlocked country. It is situated between India to the south east and west, and the Tibetan region of China to the north. Its territory, which has an area of 54,462 square miles (147,181 square kilometers), extends roughly 500 mile from east to west and 90 to 150 miles from north to south.
The Kathmandu Valley is drained by the Bagmati river, flowing southward through the deeply-cut Chobhar gorge. The Tribhuvan International Airport is situated on the flat top of lacustrine deposits, some sandy layers of the lacustrine bed. Such a natural deposit has a great ecological significance as it acts as an aquifer (water bearing) strata of permeable rock. sand, and gravel.
Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic. The mountainous north has eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest called Sagarmatha in local language Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. The country is a potpourri of ethnic groups and sub-groups who speak over 93 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on earth.
The Himalayan Range, ranging in elevation from 14,000 feet to more than 29,000 feet, contains of the world’s 13 highest peaks. Except for the scattered settlements in high mountain valleys, the entire range is barren and all areas lying above 16,000 feet are permanently snow-bound.
Major Rivers of Nepal
The major rivers of Nepal – the Koshi, the Gandaki and the Kamali run southward through steep valleys and deep gorges generally several thousand feet deep from the crest of the bordering ranges. The watershed of these rivers lies usually in Tibet. There is little or no problem of floods in the mountains. In the lower reaches of the rivers and low-lying areas of the Tcrai, however, flooding is a serious problem.
Topographically of Nepal
Topographically, Nepal contains a series of the most rugged and inaccessible hilly terrains in the world. Approximately 75 percent of its land is occupied by mountains. The Terai, a belt of lowland along the southern border, is the only area of flat land. The country can be divided into four physical belts, each of which extends east to west across the country. These includes: (a) the Terai, the low, flat fertile land close to the border of India; (b) the forested Churia foothills and the inner Terai some, rising from the Terai plains to the rugged Mahabharat Lekh range; (c) the mid-mountain region between the Mahabharat Lekh range and outer Himalayas, and (d) the Great Inner Himalayan range, rising to more than 29,000 feet.
The low land of the Terai which forms the northern extension of the Gangetic plains varies in width from less than 16 to more than 20 miles. It narrows considerably in the Rapti and Narayam administrative zones. This ten-mile wide belt of rich agnculairal land stretches along the southern part of the Terai. The northern section, adjoining the foothills, is a swampland occupied by wild animals.
The Churia Hills, which are thinly populated, rise to an altitude of more than 4,000 feet. In between the Churia Hills to the south and the Mahabharat Lekh range to the north, there are some extensively wide basins from 2,000 to 3,000 feet high, about ten miles wide and 20 to 40 miles long. These basins are known as the inner Terai. Many forested areas of the basin are now being cleared, rendering mighty rolling hills and flatland almost naked. Planting of trees in these areas is an extensive practice now to reduce the hazards of the erosion of top soil.
Nepal is the most beautiful and stunning Himalayan country in the world. Though small in size, it is known in the world as a nation of color and contrasts-a hidden Shangri-La of nature, culture and adventure. In the countryside the way of life is still traditional, nature is at its best, high mountains and lush valleys are ideal places for trekking and mountaineering, flora and fauna invites a nature lover for a rendezvous with them.
Nepal contains a variety of climatic conditions ranging from the tropical heat of the Terai plains to the freezing cold of the high Himalaya. Temperatures range between a maximum of 37 and a minimum of 8 degrees Celsius in the plains, 28 and 2 degrees Celsius in the Kathmandu Valley, and between -6 and 16 degrees Celsius in the mountains.
Nepal and Himalayas-the two names go side by side. Nepal, in political maps, is one of the smallest countries of the world but has the amazingly diverse geography, landscapes, culture and traditions. Nepal, situated in the lapse of might Himalayas, is regarded as Dev Bhumi the land of gods and world’s two major religions Hinduism and Buddhism co-exist in perfect religious tolerance. Nepal is rich with traditions of art and culture.
Nepal’s many ethnic groups are as varied as its land with their own languages and cultures. Numerous languages and dialects are spoken in the Kingdom, however, only six (Nepali, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang and Nepalbhasa) are spoken by more than half a million people.
By some measures, Hinduism is practised by a larger majority of people in Nepal than in any other nation. Buddhism though a minority faith in the country, is linked historically with Nepal. Many Nepali do not distinguish between Hinduism and Buddhism and follow both religious traditions.
A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah Dynasty of kings from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms. However, a decade-long Civil War by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties led to the 12 point agreement of November 22, 2005. The ensuing elections for the constituent assembly on May 28, 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abdication of the Nepali monarch Gyanendra Shah and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic. The first President of Nepal Ram Baran Yadav was sworn in on July 23, 2008.
But it’s not just the rivers –as anyone who has been there will tell you, Nepal has a magnificent holiday in its own rite – a fairy tale land of temples, mountain, dramatic festival, exotic culture, colorful people! Medieval villages, superb craft shopping, grate food and sights – the bonus are some of the world’s best rivers like Sunkoshi and Karnali!
temperature and climate of Nepal
The climate of Nepal is greatly influenced by elevation as well as by the location in a subtropical latitude. Generally subtropical monsoon conditions prevail in the Terai region.
A warm temperate climate prevails in the regions lying between 4,000 to 7,000 feet, altitude. In the Himalayan belt at 8,000 to 11,000 feet altitude, cool temperate conditions prevail. Alpine climate predominates at the altitudes between 14,000 feet and 16,000 feet. At the altitude above 16,000 feet the temperature is always below the freezing point and the land surface is covered by snow and ice. Rainfall is adequate in the eastern portion of the Terai, which ranges from 70 to 75 inches in a year, and the mountains. The western portion of Nepal is dry.
The forested areas of the rolling hills and plains are the main habitats of tigers, leopards, bison, elephants, wild buffalo and many deer species. Principal deer species include Chital, Sambar and Swamp deer, The lesser Rapti valley, in the Chitwan district, is one of the coveted habitats, probably the last home of the Great Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) of which only about 2,000 in the world are believed to be existing, about 610 of them being in Nepal. A lot of poaching has been going on, as the horn of rhinoceros is reputed to have an aphrodisiac quality, but now Nepal Government has organized strict protection measures.
Natural vegetation of Nepal follows the pattern of climate and altitude. A tropical, moist zone of deciduous vegetation occurs in the Terai ami Churia regions. The forest of Terai consists mainly of Khair (Acacia catechu), a spring tree with yellow flowers and flat pods, Sisso (Dalbergia sissoo) a tree yielding dark brown durable timber, and Sal (Shorea robustd) a timber tree with foliage furnishing food for lac insects and a resinous substance used for the manufacture of shellac and varnishes obtained from the trees twigs. On the Mahabharat Lekh range, at elevations between 5,000 to 10,000 feet, vegetation consists chiefly of a mixture of, pines, oaks, rhododendrons, poplar, walnuts, and larch. Between 10,000 and 12,000 feet fir mixed with birch as well as rhododendron grow in profusion.
Nepalese currency is the rupee (abbrev. Rs.) which is divided into 100 paisa. Bank notes come in denominations of 1000, 500, 100, 50, 25, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 rupees.
Airports (Air transportaion) in Nepal
Kathmandu, Nepal (where only international airport is located in Nepal) is connected by direct flights to several places of the world like Amsterdam, London, Moscow, Vienna, Abu Dhabi, Lhasa, Bangkok, Singapore, Paris, Frankfurt, Doha, Dubai, Karachi, Kolkotta, Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Patna, Varanasi, Dhaka, Paro, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Osaka.
tourism in Nepal
Nepal has been made famous for its tourism, trekking, hiking, camping, mountain biking, national wildlife parks, jungle safaris, river rafting, sport fishing, and its many beautiful temples and places of worship. Nepal is primarily an agricultural country. Tourism, carpets and garments are the major industries.
Major cities in Nepal
The other main cities include Pokhara, Biratnagar, Lalitpur (Patan), Bhaktapur, Birendranagar, Bharatpur, Siddhartanagar (Bhairahawa), Birgunj, Janakpur, Nepalgunj, Damak, Itahari, Hetauda, Dharan and Mahendranagar.
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