This post is for 4 Shahid of Nepal or Sahid Diwas Nepal or Martyrs Memorial Day Nepal. It also gives you the date of Sahid Diwas Nepal 2022 Sahid Diwas Nepal 2078 or Martyrs Memorial Day Nepal 2022 or Martyrs Memorial Day Nepal 2078.
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Shahid Diwas is a way of honoring Martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the country Nepal. They sacrifice their lives in fighting for the country and its people against the Rana regime. Shaheed Diwas is celebrated specifically in memory of the 4 Shahid of Nepal. 4 Shahid of Nepal were executed in 1941.
The names of 4 Shahid of Nepal are Dharma Bhakta Mathema, Dashrath Chand, Gangalal Shrestha, and Shukraraj Shastri. These 4 shahids of Nepal were youths who protested against the tyrannical Rana regime. Shukra Raj Shastri and Dharma Bhakta Mathema were hanged. Ganga Lal Shrestha and Dashrath Chand were shot by the Ranas.
Shahid Diwas Nepal is an annual public holiday celebration by the Nepalese as a way of remembering and giving honor to Shaheed of Nepal. 4 Shahid of Nepal gave their precious and youthful lives to tear down the autocratic Rana family rule. The Rana rulers felt those 4 Shahid were a great threat to their tyrannical regime.
4 Shahid of Nepal / 4 Martyrs of Nepal / 4 Shaheed of Nepal / 4 Nepali Shahid
- Dharma Bhakta Mathema
- Gangalal Shrestha
- Dashrath Chand
- Shukraraj Shastri
Some information about 4 Shahid of Nepal
- Martyr’s day in Nepal is celebrated every year on Magh 16. Nepali Martyr’s week is Magh 10-16.
- Shahid Gate of Nepal is a monument to the martyrs in Kathmandu. It is customary for Prime Ministers and other top level officials to visit the monument after taking oaths of office.
- Martyr’s Memorial A-Division League is the top division of the All Nepal Football Association.
- Dashrath Stadium, Nepal’s national stadium is named after Martyr Dashrath Chand.
- Many streets and parks in all over the country are named in the names of 4 Shahid of Nepal.
The former royal regime has constructed a gate called Shahid (Martyrs’) Gate with the status of those 4 Shahid of Nepal at four different corners and then one level above built the statue of former King Tribhuvan.
Martyrs Day Celebration in Nepal is held in this day Magh 16 at various places where the brave Nepalis have reached immortality.
Martyrs Day of Nepal 2022 / Martyrs Day Celebration in Nepal 2022 / Martyrs Memorial Day Nepal 2022
Martyrs Day of Nepal 2078 / Martyrs Day Celebration in Nepal 2078 BS / Martyrs Memorial Day Nepal 2078 BS
Every year, Nepal Shaheed Diwas is celebrated on Math 19. This is the fixed day for the celebration of Martyrs Day of Nepal. Martyrs Day Celebration in Nepal 2022 is on the 30th of January. Thursday. Martyrs Memorial Day Nepal 2022 is on the 30th of January. Shaheed Diwas in Nepal 2022 is on the 30th of January.
Martyrs Day Celebration in Nepal is on the 16th of Magh, Thursday. Nepali Shahid Diwas 2073 BS is on the 16th of Magh, Thursday. Martyrs Memorial Day Nepal 2073 BS is on the 16th of Magh, Thursday.
Now. let’s know about detailed facts and information about 4 Martyrs of Nepal
1. Facts about Shukra Raj Shastri
Name: Shukra Raj Shastri
Death: January 23, 1941
1. Introduction to Shukra Raj Shastri :
A martyr is a person who suffers death and persecution due to certain belief or cause as demanded by an external party. Shukra Raj Shastri is honored as one of the martyrs in Nepal. He was a Nepalese revolutionary who was eliminated by the Rana regime. Shastri was also a social reformer and author who wrote a number of books in Nepali and Nepal Bhasa.
2. Early Life of Shukra Raj Shastri :
Shukra Raj Shastri was born in Varanasi, India. He was born to father Madhav Raj and mother Ratna Maya Joshi. They were originally from Lalitpur. His parents, however, had to live separately due to political reasons.
3. Education of Shukra Raj Shastri :
Shukra Raj studied in India and he acquired the title ‘Shastri’ after he earned a Shastri degree in Dehradun from the Punjab University. He got his early education from Gurukul Sanskrit from his father as well. He was successful in the field of writing later in his career.
4. Contribution of Shukra Raj Shastri :
Shastri joined the democratic struggle after he returned to Nepal. He served as Head Pandit of Dayananda Anglo-Vedic High School in Allahabad for four years. He worked with the Indian social reformer, Madan Mohan Malaviya for two years. He also worked for Hindu Mahasabha in Darjeeling. He did not stand back to speak against the Rana regime which he showcased during a demonstration by Citizens Rights Committee. He spoke strongly against the Rana regime and demanded the people’s rights. This was one of the main reasons for why he was executed by the Ranas.
5. Career of Shukra Raj Shastri :
Even though Shastri was a democratic figure for the people, he was also one of the leaders of the Nepal Bhasa renaissance. He wrote a grammar of the language entitled Nepal Bhasha Vyakaran which was published from Kolkata in 1928. He was also the first person to produce children’s literature. He was further involved in the political movements as well where he spoke firmly against the Rana regime. However, it is said that Shastri was executed because he wanted to develop his mother tongue rather than the involvement in politics.
6. Additional Information about Shukra Raj Shastri :
Shastri was a major enemy of the Ranas. He did not support them and he also wanted to promote his mother tongue, Nepal Bhasa. He was subsequently sentenced to death, and on 24th January 1941, he was hanged from a tree on the side of the road at Panchali, Teku. It is believed that the effort he made to promote his mother tongue was the reason behind his execution. Shastri and the other martyrs are honored on Martyrs Day which is on the 16th of Magh. A Street in Kathmandu is named after him, Shukra Path. His statues have also been erected at numerous places. During the Rana days, he went to Kolkata many times for the publication of his book and he also met Mahatma Gandhi. The Ranas consider this as a crime and arrested him. Eventually, the hatred of the Ranas led to his death.
2. Facts about Dashrath Chand
Name: Dashrath Chand
Death: January 25th, 1941
1. Introduction to Dashrath Chand :
A martyr is a person who suffers death and persecution due to certain belief or cause as demanded by an external party. Dashrath Chand is honored as one of the martyrs in Nepal. He was a Nepalese revolutionary who was eliminated by the Rana regime. He was a member of the political organization known as Nepal Praja Parishad. This political party started a movement in 1939 to remove the Rana rule and hence establish democracy in Nepal.
2. Early Life of Dashrath Chand :
Dashrath Chand was born at Baskot of Baitadi district of Nepal in 1903 AD as a son of Sher Bahadur Chand. He received his primary education in Kumaon. He passed the Intermediate examination from Benarus.
3. Education of Dashrath Chand :
Dashrath Chand received his primary education in Kumaon and he passed the Intermediate examination from Benaras. During his time in Benaras, there were movements for India’s independence. Furthermore, he also received education at different places of Uttarakhand like Almora and Nainital.
4. Contribution of Dashrath Chand :
The people in Nepal were suffering from poverty, epidemics, etc. whereas; the Ranas lived a luxurious life. Dasarath Chand thought over these problems and decided that the solution was the abolition of Rana rule. Dasarath Chand formed an association of Nepali students who were studying in Benaras. He met Tanka Prasad Acharya and Dharma Bhakta. Together, they established a political party known as ‘the Praja Parishad’ in 1937 A.D.
Tanka Prasad Acharya became its first president. The Praja Parishad became active in Kathmandu-holding meetings, distributing pamphlets, drawing wall-posters, etc. against the Ranas. Dasarath Chand was in charge of all these activities.
5. Career of Dashrath Chand :
Impressed by the freedom movement of India, Dashrath Chand was inspired to do the same in Nepal. He was determined to end the Rana rule. The Rana rule which is known as the darkest period in the history of Nepal was a very miserable one. The general public was subjected to inhumane torture and killed for very insensible reasons while they themselves obeyed no rule and lived a life of luxury.
Thus, Dashrath Chand began writing articles against the Ranas in the Janata published from Patna in India, under the pen name of Sewa Singh. He met Tanka Prasad Acharya and Dharma Bhakta who were actively involved in starting a political revolution in Nepal. The Political party, Nepal Praja Parishad was formed by them soon after they met.
6. Additional Information about Dashrath Chand :
Dasarath Chand wrote articles against the cruel rule of the Ranas by the name of Sewa Singh and published them in ‘Janata’ of Patna (India). The British Government in India banned the publication of ‘Janata’ at the request of the Ranas. Meanwhile, Ramji Joshi was arrested. He disclosed everything about the Parishad, including the names of its leaders.
Dasarath Chand was arrested and was tortured in the jail with Gangalal. Mohan Shumsher, a Rana official, advised him to beg pardon for his misdeeds. But, Dasarath Chand declined his offer. On Magh 14, 1997 B.S. he was shot dead along with Gangalal near the temple of Shobha Bhagawati, in Kathmandu.
4 Shahid of Nepal : Martyrs Memorial Day Nepal
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