Socio-Economic Environment of Eastern Development Region of Nepal

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Socio-Economic Environment of Eastern Development Region of Nepal

This post is dedicated about Socio-Economic Environment of Eastern Development Region of Nepal. We all knew that Eastern Development Region (पूर्वाञ्चल, Purbanchal in Nepali) is a developed region of Nepal. Dhankutta is the headquarters of this region. The Eastern Development Region consists about 28,456 square kilometer area. There are 3 zones, 16 districts, 893 Village Development Committees (VDCs), one sub-metropolitan and 14 municipalities in the eastern development region of Nepal.

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The population density in the central development region is very high. Density of population in the Terai is very high but in the mountains region density of population is thin and valleys while hills have moderate.

Mountain region is inhabited by Sherpas, Lama, Rai, and Bhutias etc. Hill region is inhabited by Tamang, Magar, Gurung, Newar, Brahmin, Chettri, etc and Tharu, Marwaris, Muslims, Danuwar, Danuwar, different castes of Madheshi Yadav, Kushawah, Sah, Rajbansi etc. are living in the Terai region. Each caste and ethnic group has its own culture, language, and living style.

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  7. lakes in eastern development region of Nepal,
  8. outline map of eastern development region of Nepal

Most of the people are engaged in agriculture and animal rearing in this region. So we can say, that the main occupation and profession of this region’s people are farming. Paddy, maize, millet, sugarcane, wheat, barley, potato, tobacco, oil seed, vegetables, tea, cardamom and ginger are the major agro-products of this region.

Agriculture is the main occupation : the people of this region. Monsoon wind gives sufficient rain. There are irrigation facilities as well. The land is fertile. The -lain food crops that are grown here are paddy, maize, wheat and potato. Jute, tea, sugarcane, tobacco and cardamom are the main cash crops. Since people can make sacks, carpets, etc. from jute it has been one of the very important cash crops. Most of the tea produced here is exported to foreign countries. This is the only region in the country where tea and jute are cultivated. Fruits and vegetables are also grown in a large quantity. Mango. pineapple and jack fruit are grown in terai and citrus fruits in the hills. The fruits are sold in markets and the farmers earn money.

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The people living in the Biratnager, Itahari, Rajbiraj, Lahan and other commercial cities are engaged in trade and business. There are ordinary houses in the hills and village of Terai region with thatched roofs but in the cities there are modern cemented houses.

This region is advanced in industry too. The first big industry in the country, i.e. Biratnagar Jute Mills was established in 1936. Similarly, the first Sugar Industry and Textile Industry of the country were set up in Biratnagar in 1946. Biratnagar, Duhabi and Dharan are the main industrial towns of the country. A network of roadways has connected all parts of this region. Other important roads run north or/and south of this highway. The East-West Highway runs through the central part of the Terai region. Katari, Gaighat, Inaruwa. Dhankuta, Ilam, etc. are the main trade centres. The major trade centres for export and import are Kakarbhitta, Bhadrapur, Kechana and Sukhchaina.

One of the most famous commercial and business trade centers of Nepal, Biratnagar is located in eastern development region. There are many industries and factories in this region. Morang district is famous for factories. There are various types of factories in the Morang district located in this region. There are more than 500 large and medium companies operating related to following industries: agriculture, forestry, manufacturing, mining, quarrying, electrical, vegetable, oil, garments, IT etc. Other important industrial and commercial areas of eastern development region are Mirchaiya, Itahari, Rajbiraj, Dharan, Ilam, Damak, etc. Eastern Development Region has some important highways like, Mahendra (some part), Jogbani, Madan highway etc.

People of theis region speak Nepali, Maithali, Tharu, tamang, Magar, Limbu, Gurung, Sherpa, Ranjbansi etc.  there are major religion is Hinduism. And other major religions of this region are Buddhism, Islam, Kirat and Christianity. There are many sacred places for pilgrims for Hindu, and Buddhism Religion in this region. Baraha Chhetra, Budha Subba, Fulbari Mela, Sakhar Bagwati Temple etc are major religious place in this region.

There is a university, i.e. Purbanchal University in Biratnagar and medical colleges in Dharan and Biratnagar. Places like Ilam, Maipokhari, Antudanda, Pathibhara, Arun valley. Bijayapur, Dhankuta, Basantapur, Okhaldhunga, Halesi, Namche, Sagarmatha, etc., are developed into tourist resorts. Many people, mainly from Rai and Limbu tribes are employed in the British and Indian army. The Sherpas are famous for mountaineering, Similarly, Kanchanjungha was first scaled by British and Sherpa mountaineer-in 1955.

Socio-Economic Environment of Eastern Development Region of Nepal

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  6. economic activities of eastern development region of Nepal,
  7. lakes in eastern development region of Nepal,
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3 Comments

  • i like it. it helped me too much

  • It helps in my presentation. Thank you so much!!!

  • thank u sir for this valuable information

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