Popular Places to Visit in Nepal- 10 World Heritage Sites
Popular places to visit in Nepal are 10 World Heritage Sites. Nepal is a small mountain landlocked kingdom is the world. Even it has the area of 147,181 sq. km., Nepal holds 10 places as UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific Cultural Organization) as ‘World Heritage Sites’.
As you want to know about Nepal’s national heritages, their importance, and preservation, We are trying to explain them in this post. We hope you will find it useful and interesting. Let’s go in detail.
Heritage means all those valuable natural and cultural objects, features, resources, creations, arts, cultures, traditions and symbols of identity and pride that have Dee-inherited, protected, preserved, promoted, and handed down to the next generation by the previous generations.
Broadly they are of two types: Natural heritage and cultural heritage. Natural heritages are entirely natural and not human made. They include biodiversity, national parks, conservation areas, wildlife reserves, remarkable topographical features etc. On the other hand, cultural heritages are human creations that are concrete or abstract They include arts, architectures, sculptures, paintings, monuments, palaces, religious sites, books, designs, cultures, religions, traditions, customs, and so on.
There are 830 properties of the world in World Heritage list as cultural and natural heritage having outstanding universal value. And among them there are 644 cultural heritage sites, 162 natural heritage sites and 24 mixed properties. Out of these 10 sites are from Nepal. These all 10 heritages sites are known as popular places to visit in Nepal.
UNESCO has listed the most important natural and cultural heritages of the world on the basis of their significance. While making a list of world heritage, the heritages are selected and examined on the criteria of their historical, natural and cultural significance, their artistic value, their rare quality and their unique characteristic which identify the nation.
Nepal is sandwiched between two great countries of the world. In ancient time, this was no mans’ land and it was covered by hills, snow, lakes, rivers and sloppy lands with dense forest. These Himalayan and Mountain -ranges were formed by the effect of continental drift.
The northern river in between Nepal and Tibet was collapsed and its bottom was raised in paramount position for present Himalaya. The geological activities faced this high mountain to be translated into Himalayans or snowy belt from east to west. Some rivers of Nepal have long travel from Tibet to India. These are very popular and holy rivers. The people were called Gurkhas before 1952 recognized as great warriors and honest in the world.
Heritage means valuable things handed down to the next generations by the previous generations. National heritage consists of natural and cultural heritage. UNESCO has included two of our Natural Heritages and eight of our Cultural Heritages in the world heritage list. Heritages are our identity, pride, sources of income, inspiration, creativity, history and civilization. The sites enlisted in the World Heritage Site are the pride and property of the whole world.
Nepal is rich in both types of heritages. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), has selected some of these as the World Heritages. They are two of our Natural Heritages and eight of the Cultural Heritages: Sagarmatha National Park and Chitwan National Park, and Pashupatinath Area, Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changunarayan Temple, Bouddhanath Mahachaitya (Stupa), Swayambhunath Stupa and Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha.
Other than these, there are many other such heritages in our country. To name a few of them:
Bardiya National Park, Parsa Wild Life Reserve, Koshi Tappu Wild Life Reserve, Langtang National Park, Shiv puri National Park, Rara National Park, Shey-Fhoksundo National Park, Suklaphanta National Park, Halesi of Khotang, Swargadwari of Pyuthan, Gosainkund of Rasuwa, Pativara of Taplejung, Chhintag Bhagawati of Dhankuta, Muktinath of Mustang, Ram Janaki Temple of Janakpurand soon.
10 site or places of Nepal have got the recognition of the World Heritage Site in Nepal. The cultural heritage Kathmandu Durbar Squares, Patan Durbar Squares, Bhaktapur Durbar Squares, the Swayambhu Nath, Bauddhanath Nath, Pashupati Nath and Changu Narayan are consisting within the Kathmandu Valley.
Natural World Heritage Sites in Nepal:
Two national parks of Nepal included in the World Heritage Sites List as Natural Site.
- The Sagarmatha National park
- The Chitwan National Park
Cultural World Heritage Sites in Nepal:
The Nepalese culture is based mostly on the religious beliefs. The religious and cultural heritage has its own significance. There are unlimited numbers of cultural heritages in Nepal that are based on religion. Such heritages are important not only form the Nepalese point of view; it is important because it is a part of world community.
These heritages are included in the list of world cultural heritage and are being conserved too. These cultural world heritage sites of Nepal are also popular places to visit in Nepal. The name list of natural world heritage of Nepal are as follows:
- The Kathmandu Durbar Square
- The Bhaktapur Durbar Square
- The Changu Narayan Temple
- The Lalitpur Durbar Square
- The Pashupatinath Temple
- The Boudhanath Stupa
- The Lord Swayambhu Nath
- The Lumbini Site
Popular Places to visit in Nepal > No. 1: Kathmandu Durbar Square: World Heritage Site in Nepal
Kathmandu Durbar Square is one of the popular places to visit in Nepal. It is located in the central part of Kathmandu that dates back to the 12th and 18″ centuries. Kathmandu Durbar Square is a beautiful heritage site full of cultural and ancient crafts, drawing and handicrafts, etc. There is a Marushattal made of only one single tree. This is known as the Kasthamandap. Kathmandu has got its name after that Kahthmandap. The pleasant arts of Hanuman Dhoka, the temple of Taleju Bhawani, Panchmukhi Hanuman temple, the temple of Kumari (Living Goddess), the Shiva-Parvati Temple, Sri Ganeshsthan, Gaddi Baithak (Place for coronation) etc., have decorated the Kathmandu Durbar square. Read more about Kathmandu Durbar Square.
The Malla Kings ruled over Kathmandu from palace Since king pratap Malla’ established an icon of Hanuman (the monkey-god) in front of the palace, it was popularly known as Hanumandhoka. King Prithivi Narayan Shah made the palace and capital of unified Nepal after he conquered Kantipur (Kathmandu). One can see the masterpiece of Nepali art and architectures in the square. The interesting monuments and sites include Basantapur palace, Taleju temple, museum, Kumari House, Nagara (kettle-drum), and a big bell. Shiva Parvati temple, Kal Bhairav temple, Gaddhi Eaithak, statue of Pratap Malla and the nine-storied palace are other attractions here. The Kasthamandap (Marusattal), located in the western side of the palace, is believed to be made from the wood of a single tree. Now-a-days, the square is also known as Kathmandu Durbar Square or Basantapur Durbar Square. It has been developed as the tourist hub. The site was recognized by UNESCO and was registered in its list in 1972 AD.