Physical Environment of Eastern Development Region of Nepal

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Physical Environment of Eastern Development Region of Nepal

This post is dedicated to physical environment of Eastern Development Region of Nepal. Eastern Development Region (पूर्वाञ्चल, Purbanchal in Nepali) is a developed region of Nepal. Dhankutta is the headquarters of this region. The Eastern Development Region consists about 28,456 square kilometer area. There are 3 zones, 16 districts, 893 Village Development Committees (VDCs), one sub-metropolitan and 14 municipalities in the eastern development region of Nepal. The population density in the central development region is the lesser than central development region.

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Like other development regions, this eastern region also has the same three-fold geographical division- Himalayan in the north, Hilly in the middle and Terai in the southern part of Nepal vary between an altitude of 60 m and 8,848 m.. Terai, extended from east to west, is made up of alluvial soil, to the west of Koshi River, in between Mahabharat and Churia, there elongates a valley called Inner Terai. Churai rages, Mahabharat, hills of various height, basins, tars and valleys form hilly region. Some parts of this region are favourable for agriculture but some other parts are not. Himalayans region, in the north, consist of many mountains ranges. Mahalangur Kumbhakarna, Umvek, Lumbasumba and Janak are some of them. The highest mountain in the world, Mount Everest (8848 metre), and the third highest mountain, Kanchanjunga (8598 meters) lie in this region. These two men Tenzing Norgay Sherpa (Nepali) and Sir Edmund Hillary (British) are first persons who climbed on this highest peak at the first time in 1953 A.D. Kechana Kalan (60 m), Nepal’s lowest point are located in Jhapa district of this development region. There are many river basins and gentle slopes as well. Churai, Mahabharat, many basins, tars and valleys form the Terai region. Between the Churia and Mahabharat a low land of inner Terai exists. The Koshi rever flows through the region with its seven tributaries like Indrawati, Likhu, Tamor, Dudhkoshi, Arun, Tamakoshi and Bhotekhoshi (Sunkoshi). There are other rivers as well. Tundra vegetables, coniferous forest, deciduous monsoon forests and sub-tropical evergreen woods are vegetations found here. Sub-tropical, temperate, sub-temperate, and alpine and tundra types of climates are found here.

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Nepal’s largest river system (the Koshi) and its longest waterfall (the Hyatrung in Tehrathum) are located in this region.  One more important thing, Nepal’s biggest forest, the Charkoshe Jhadi is found in the Sunsari district of this region.

Gaighat, Itahari, and Katari are important parts of the inner Terai. It lies in the Terai to the south of Churia. The Terai region has fertile alluvial soil. The river Sunkoshi originates from the Langtang Himal and flows towards the east to joins in the Koshi along with its tributaries. This region includes the biggest river Koshi in the Nepal. Most part of this development region is irrigated by this river Koshi. It merges into holy river Ganges after entering to India.

There are other rivers as well. The other important rivers of eastern development region Kamala, Mainabati, There are the Sagarmatha national park and Makalu Barun National park in eastern Development Region. Biratnagar, Dharan, Dhankutta, Itahari, Lahan, Rajbiraj, Gaighat etc. are major cities in the eastern development region.

Finally, all we knew that Nepal is divided into 5 development region, 14 zones and 75 districts. There are 3 zones (Mechi, Koshi and Sagarmatha), 16 districts (Taplejung, Panchthar, Ilam, Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Terhathum, Sankhuwasabha, Vojpur, Okhaldhunga, Khotang, Solukhumbu, Udaypur, Saptari and Siraha), 893 Village Development Committees (VDCs), one sub-metropolitans (Biratnagar) and 14 municipalities (Ilam, Bhadrapur, Damak, Mechinagar, Dharan, Inaruwa, Itahari, Dhankutta, Khandbari, Rajbiraj, Lahan, Siraha and Triyuga) in the eastern development region of Nepal.

Physical Environment of Eastern Development Region of Nepal

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  9. Socio-Economic Environment of Eastern Development Region of Nepal

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