Periods in Girl – Means, Duration, Age, Problems, Symptoms, Questions with Images
All about Periods in Girl related Means, Duration, Age, Problems, Symptoms, Questions with Images: – As part of growing up, we go through puberty. Puberty is the time in our life when our body changes from that of a child to that of an adult. These changes are caused by chemicals in the body known as hormones. As there are so many changes that happen during puberty, we may feel like our body is out of control. In time, our hormones will balance out and our body will catch up. Not only does our body change, but our emotions change too. How we think and feel about our self, our family and friends, and our whole world may seem different.
As we go through puberty, we will begin to make important decisions for our self, take on more responsibilities, and become more independent. If we are already going through some of these changes, we may be asking our self, “Am I normal?” or “Do other people my age feel the way I do?” Don’t worry. Lots of changes in a body happen during puberty. Although it can be a confusing time of life, it can be exciting. For girls, puberty can begin between 9 and 11 years old and for boys, it’s around 12 or 13. It is also the time when a girl becomes physically active to have babies. Puberty generally starts earlier for a girl than it does for a boy. Until the boys catch up, many girls become taller and act more mature than boys for a few years.
Changes in girls during Puberty;
In most girls, puberty starts with breast growth. When her breasts start to develop, then, a small, tender lump under one or both nipples are noticed that will get bigger over the next few years. During the first development of breasts, it is not unusual for one breast to be larger than the other. However, as the breasts develop, breasts will most likely even out before they reach their final size and shape. As her breasts develop, the girl may need a bra. Some girls feel excited during wearing a bra for the first time. As wearing the bra is the first step toward becoming a woman. But, some girls feel embarrassed, if they are among the first of their friends to need a bra. If the people around making a bigger deal of the first bra of girl. Some girls get proud of how much she has grown.
Soft hair will start to grow in the pubic area (the area between her legs). This hair will eventually become thick and very curly. Hair under your arms and on your legs can be noticed. Many women shave this hair. There is no medical reason to shave, as it is simply a personal choice. If the girl decides to shave, she should be sure to use a lot of soap and water and a clean razor made for women. It is a good idea to use own personal razor or electric shaver and not to share one with family or friends.
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- Body shape:
Hips get wider and the waist of girl will get smaller. Her body will also begin to build up fat in the stomach, buttocks, and legs. This is normal and gives the body the curvier shape of a woman.
- Body size:
Arms, legs, hands, and feet may grow faster than the rest of body. Until the rest of the body catches up, a girl may feel a little clumsier than usual.
The skin may get oilier and more sweat may be noticed. This is because our glands are growing too. It is important to wash every day to keep the skin clean and to use a deodorant or antiperspirant to keep odor and wetness under control. Despite the best efforts to keep her face clean, she still may get pimples. Due to the higher hormone level, acne occurs and it is normal.Whether the case is mild or severe, there are things we can do to keep it under control.
Menstrual cycle, or “period,” begins for girls. Most girls get their periods between the ages of 9 and 16 years.
Menstruation or Periods in Girl
The menstrual cycle is caused by the changes in a woman’s body that happens when an egg develops and the body prepares for a possible pregnancy. The menstrual cycle starts when a woman has a period. The 1st day of bleeding is called ‘day one’ when it bleeds more and the cycle ends the last day before the next period starts. A normal menstrual cycle can range from three to six weeks (21-42 days, average 28 days) from the first day of one period to the first day of the next period. Women may bleed for about three-seven days with the first few days usually being the heaviest flow. At first, periods can be very irregular but after the first year, they usually settle into a pattern. The pattern is different for each woman. The menstrual cycle length can also differ for each woman. Things such as weight loss, stress, exercise, and traveling can adversely affect the length of the cycle.
During the first part of the menstrual cycle, hormones are released in the brain of women. These hormones act on the ovary and cause about 10 to 20 eggs to start developing. As they develop, these eggs produce the female hormone estrogen, which causes the endometrium (lining of the uterus) to thicken so that it is ready for a possible pregnancy. Though many eggs start to develop, only one or two of them go on to become fully mature – the rest simply die. The egg bursts finally through the layer of fluid and cells that keep it safe and is dragged by the motion of the fallopian tubes.
Then it travels along the tube towards the uterus which is called as ovulation. If sperm is not around to fertilize the egg it will disintegrate over the next 12-24 hours. If the egg is fertilized by a sperm it reaches the uterus in about a week. If the fertilized egg successfully burrows into the lining of the uterus, the woman is said to be pregnant. After ovulation, the layer of cells and fluid in the ovary, which protected the egg before ovulation, becomes the corpus luteum. This produces a hormone called progesterone, which is designed to make the lining of the uterus even more suitable for pregnancy. If there is no pregnancy the thick lining of the uterus, which was designed to nourish a pregnancy, starts to break down.
Watch the video about Why do women have periods?
Throughout the menstrual cycle, the cervix i.e. the neck of the uterus seen at the top of the vagina produces mucus. The type of mucus changes throughout the menstrual cycle. As estrogen increases in the first part of the cycle, the mucus from the cervix becomes thinner, clearer, wetter and more slippery – very similar to raw egg white. This aids in sperm to travel into the uterus. When a woman is not in the fertile time of the menstrual cycle, the mucus is stickier or gummy and is usually white or yellowish in color. Sperm finds it hard to move through this kind of mucus.
The position of the cervix and the shape of its central opening also change through the cycle. Around ovulation, the cervix becomes softer and moves higher up in the vagina, and the opening at the center widens. Some women also get some pain in the lower abdomen or some light vaginal bleeding at the time of ovulation. These changes can be noted by people using fertility awareness-based methods of contraception, to help them work out when they are fertile.
How long does the period last? Periods in girl duration
A period generally lasts about five days. The first day of bleeding cycle of the period is known as Day 1. Sometimes girls may bleed for as little as two days, or sometimes for as many as eight. This range is totally normal. The development of uterus lining for a pregnancy starts with a period and then lining of the uterus is disposed of which takes around a month which is just like the phases of the moon. This process is called the menstrual cycle. Periods generally occurs in every 28 days, but this period can vary. Especially during the first two or three years, the period cycle may be very irregular. Girls might have two in a row and then go several months without having a period at all. Also, the blood flow differs (it might be heavy, or light) on different days of the period.
Women usually have periods until menopause. Menopause occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, usually around age 50. Menopause means that a woman can no longer ovulate (producing eggs) and cannot get pregnant any longer. Same as menstruation, menopause can differ from woman to woman and these changes may take several years to occur. The time when the body starts its move into menopause is called the menopausal transition. This can last from two to eight years. In some women, early menopause occurs because of illness, surgery or other treatment, or other reasons. If a woman doesn’t have a period of 90 days, she should consult her doctor to check for pregnancy, early menopause, or other medical problems that can cause periods to stop or become irregular.