Find here some interesting facts and information about National Parks and Wildlife Reserves of Nepal. Find here description about National parks and wildlife reserves of Nepal. Here we posted article about National Parks and Wildlife Reserves of Nepal. Do you know how many national parks and wildlife reserves are there in Nepal? You can get all the information about how many national parks and wildlife reserves are there in Nepal. Nepal has declared 14% of its total area as National Parks and Wildlife Reserves. To declare such as a big portion of one nation is a world record.
National parks and wildlife reserves of Nepal
Wildlife and national parks is of great national importance and is closely associated with climate and natural vegetation, particularly forests. In fact, forest is considered everywhere to be the abode of wild animals and birds. There is national parks and wildlife conservation act Nepal. This national parks and wildlife conservation act Nepal regulates all the policies and rules and regulation. The name of national parks and wildlife conservation act Nepal is “National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act, 2029 (1973)” which is on going in Nepal. Under this act National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act, 2029 (1973), nepal department of national parks and wildlife conservation managed all the related areas, functions, things about Wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in Nepal.
According to Department of national parks and wildlife reserve Nepal, it is reported that there are more than 30 species of big wild animals and about 800 species of wild birds in various ecological belts of Nepal. Bears, musk-deer, leopards, wild yaks, squirrels, wolves, wild goats, wild dogs, etc., are the principal types of wild animals associated with the Himalayan region. Moreover Giant kites, vultures, Tibetan pigeons, Monal and Danphe are the main species of birds found in the region. Among them, Danphe is the national bird of Nepal. Snakes also are found, but these are said to be not so poisonous as those found in wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in Nepal, especially in the terai region. Rumour goes so far that even Yeti (snowman) does exist there. But nobody has so far claimed to have seen it actually. Animals found in the hilly region (midland) are such as tigers, bears, wolves, boars, Jackals, foxes, monkeys, hares, deer and so on. Among principal bipeds, mention may be made of doves, partridges, cranes, falcons, peacocks, etc.
According to Department of national parks and wildlife reserve Nepal, the terai forest contains still bigger mammals like rhinos, wild buffaloes, wild elephants, tigers, bears, deer, stags, monkeys and so on. Important bird species include cranes, doves, parrots, peacocks, spiny babler, horn bill (Dhanesh), partridges, falcons, owls, quails, vultures and so on. Main reptiles found in this region of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in Nepal, are poisonous snakes (cobra, krait, viper), scorpions, tortoises, crocodiles, alligators, Gangetic dolphins, etc.
The rapid growth and persistent migration of population have led to increasing deforestation in various parts of Nepal. This in turn has caused gradual disappearance or diminution of several important species of wildlife.
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How many national parks and wildlife reserves are there in Nepal
There are not sufficient wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in Nepal. In this context, with the sole objective of preserving endangered, vulnerable and rare wildlife on one side and conserving natural environment in its original form on the other, Government of Nepal (under According to Department of national parks and wildlife reserve Nepal) has now established 9 national parks, 3 wildlife reserves, 3 conservation areas and one hunting reserve in various ecological zones of the country.
All these altogether encompass a total area of 23,919 sq. km.; and most of them are located in the Himalayan zone and Terai belt as shown below :—
to be continued…