Kathmandu, Nepal- Famous Places to Visit in Nepal

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Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, is one of best famous/popular place to visit/see in Nepal. There are many places for sightseeing Kathmandu, Nepal tour.

Nepal is a landlocked country situated in south centre of Asia. It lies in northern Indian subcontinent. It is located between The Peoples Republic of China in its north and the Republic of India to its South. It is an elongated country with India on both the narrow east, south and west ends and with Tibet on north.

Kathmandu, Nepal

Kathmandu, Nepal

Kathmandu is the capital city of the Himalayan kingdom of Nepal and is located near the centre of Nepal. It is the largest metropolitan city in Nepal and the nation’s historical centre.

The word Kathmandu is derived from Kasthmandap or “temple made of wood” in Sanskrit, a pagoda-style temple. It is situated above 4400 ft. (1336 meter ) above sea level.  It has 218 square miles (360 square kilometers) of land with three historic, artistic and cultural towns namely Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur together form known as ‘Kathmandu Valley’. Kathmandu valley is the hub of Nepal’s political, commercial and traditional culture and arts. Kathmandu valley is an exotic and fascinating showcase of a very rich culture, art and tradition. Kathmandu is the place for rest, relaxation and easy-day sightseeing of historic and artistic temples and monuments, and mountain views. Measuring 24 km east-west and 19 km north-south, the Kathamandu valley is encircled by a range of green temple terraced hills and dotted by compact clusters of red tiled-roofed houses. Kathmandu is situated in a bowl shaped valley in central Nepal. Kathmandu is also known as Kantipur. There are seven UNESCO world heritage sites in the Kathmandu valley.

A remarkable legend speaks that the city of Kathmandu was built by king Gun Kamdev in 723 A.D. It is said that Kathmandu was a lake in the past. After the Boddhist Saint Manjushri raised his sword of wisdom and sliced a passage through the mountain walls (Chovar), drains the water and creates the first settlements.

The valley embraces most of Nepal’s ethnic groups, but Newars are the indigenous inhabitants and the creators of the Kathmandu valley’s splendid civilization of its three cities – Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. The skillfully built temples and palaces, delicately engraved stone and metal images, carved wooden columns and pillars, and the history laden shrines and chaityas of these three historical cities stand testimony to the Newars’s artistic achievements.

The valley consists of three fabulous cities of great historic and cultural interest. Inside the Kathmandu Valley, These legendry cities go by the names of:

Kathmandu with its unique architectural heritage, palaces, temples and courtyards has inspired many writers, artists, and poets both foreign and Nepalese. It boasts a unique symbiosis of Hinduism, Buddhism as well as Tantrism in its culture which is still alive today as it was hundreds of years ago. The religious influence can be openly seen in the city.

You can fly directly to Kathmandu from London, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, Amsterdam, Doha, Dubai, Dhaka, Karachi, Munich, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Paro, Lhasa, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Bangalore, New Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Calcutta and Varanasi. Charter flights can also be arranged for large movements. All flights feature business class and amenities of international standards. Nepal Airlines, Thai Airways, Qatar Airways, Indian Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Biman Bangladesh, Gulf Air, Indian Airlines, Air Sahara , Jet Airways, Austrian Air, Martinair, Air China, Druk Air fly to Kathmandu, Nepal regularly.

Famous Places to visit in Kathmandu, Nepal

Kathmandu Durbar Square: It is the social, religious and urban focal point of the city. The square is the complex of palaces, courtyards and temples that are built between the 12th and the 18th centuries by the ancient Malla Kings of Nepal. Taleju Temple, Kal Bhairab (God of Destruction), Nautalle Durbar, Coronation Nasal Chowk, the Gaddi Baithak, the statue of King Pratap Malla, the Big Bell, Big Drum and the Jagnnath Temple are some of the interesting things to see in this Square. An intriguing piece here is the 17th century stone inscription that is set into the wall of the palace with writings in 15 languages. There are several museums inside the palace building. The complex has 50 temples and is distributed in two quadrangles of the Durbar Square. Read more…

Akash Bhairav Temple- This is a three-storey temple situated in the main Market Avenue called Indra Chowk. The image of Akash Bhairav is displayed outside for a week during Indra Jatra, the festival of Indra (the God of Indra). The festival of Indra falls on monsoon season of Nepal. Read more.

Kumari Ghar (Temple of Kumari): The temple or the residence of Living Goddess, Kumari, is situated in the vicinity of Hanuman Dhoka Palace. The building has beautifully carved wooden balconies and window screens. The Kumari- the living Goddess acknowledges the greetings from her balcony window. Photography is prohibited. Kumari Ghar is a palace in the center of the Kathmandu city, next to the Durbar square where a Royal Kumari selected from several Kumaris from several places resides. Read more…

Kasthamandap: King Laxmi Narsingha Malla built this temple in the sixteenth century. It is said to be one of the oldest wooden buildings in the world. It is located near the temple of Kumari. Indeed the city of Kathmandu derives its name from this temple. Kasthamandap is a three storied temple enshrining the deity of Goraknath – a form of the god Shiva. The name of Kathmandu is a derivative of the Kashtamandap. There are no restrictions on entry to the temple. However, photography is prohibited inside the temple. Read more…

Hanuman Dhoka: Hanuman Dhoka is a complex of structures with the Royal Palace of the Malla kings and also of the Shah dynasty. It is spread over five acres. The eastern wing with ten courtyards is the oldest part dated to the mid-16th century. It was expanded by King Pratap Malla in the 17th century with many temples. The royal family lived in this palace till 1886, where after they shifted to Narayanhiti Palace. Read more…

Bhadrakali Temple – It is at the eastern edge of the Tudikhel, near Shahid Gate. This temple is one of the main “Shankta or Shaktipeeth” temples of Kathmandu City. Read more…

Singha Durbar : A grand imposing palace built on the neo-classical style. It was the private residence of Rana Prime Minister. Now it’s the Secretariat of His Majesty’s Government of Nepal. Read more…

Narayanhity Museum - It was the Royal Palace of Sah Kings. The Shah kings moved to this palace from their old palace in the late 18th century. The palace takes its name from the Narayanhiti, a famous historic waterspout situated at the southern corner of the Palace. The Palace now museum compound is immense, surrounded by high walls and guarded by soldiers. It was built on the occasion of the marriage of King Birenda Bir Bikram Shah, the then heir apparent to the throne. The palace was the scene of a gruesome tragedy, termed “Nepal’s greatest tragedy”, on June 1, 2001 at the hall in the palace where the Crown Prince Dipendra in an inebriated state supposedly gunned down his immediate family consisting of his father King Birendra, his mother Queen Aishvarya, his brother and sister, and also five of his relatives, later killing himself. Read more…

Swoyambhunath Stupa: The most ancient and enigmatic of all the Valley’s holy shrines lies 2 km west of Kathmandu city, across the Vishnumati river. The golden spire of Swoyambhunath stupa crowns a wooded hillock and offers a commanding view of Kathmandu city. On clear days, one can even view a line of Himalayan peaks. The legend says that when the bodhisattva Manjushri drained the waters of the lake to reveal the Kathmandu valley, the lotus of the lake was transformed into the hillock and the blazing light became the Swayambhu stupa. Swayambhunath stupa is a World Heritage Site. It’s really wonderful to climb up the worn stone steps, 365 in all that leads straight up to the top. Read more…

Budhanilkantha: Situated below Shivapuri hill at the northern end of the valley, Buddhanilkantha temple is 9 km from Kathmandu city. The temple consists of a pond in which lies a great stone figure of the Hindu god Vishnu reclining on the coils of a cosmic serpent. The huge statue of sleeping Vishnu is carved from the single block of black stone of a type not found in the valley. It is believed that ages before the two hardworking farmers (husband and wife) discovered the statue when they were ploughing their field. Read more…

Boudhanath Stupa – It is the biggest stupa in the Valley. It looms 36 meters high and presents one of the most fascinating specimens of stupa design. There are more than 45 Buddhist monasteries in the area. It lies about 6 km to the east of downtown Kathmandu. Boudhanath became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. Read more…

Pashupatinath Temple- The temple is a World Heritage site, that lies 5 km east of the Kathmandu city. Pashupatinath is also Nepal’s most renowned Hindu creamtion site. The Pashupatinath Temple is the largest Hindu temple of Lord Shiva (Pashupati) in the world and regarded as the most sacred. Located on the banks of the Bagmati River in the eastern part of Kathmandu, Pashupatinath Temple is the oldest Hindu temple in Kathmandu and was established in the 5th century, and served as the seat of national deity, Lord Pashupatinath, until Nepal was secularized. Read more…

Gokarna: Situated about ten-kilometer northeast of Kathmandu, this lovely Royal Game Sanctuary is also well known as Gokarna Safari Park. Many wild animals like spotted dear can be viewed in the sanctuary from an elephant bank. On the northern side of Gokarna is a pagoda of Gokarneshwor Mahadev. Read more…

Sankhu: It is a typical Newari town with many fine old buildings and temples. Beyond the village, up a long flight of stone stairs, is Bajra Jogini, a historical temple with a beautiful view of the local area. Read more…
Sundarijal: It is a famous for its scenic beauty. There are magnificent waterfalls, cataracts and rock formations. It is an ideal place for picnic requiring a short walk after the motorable road.

Changu Narayan Temple: It lies on a ridge over looking the Valley, about 12 kilometer to the east of the city. It is dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu. The scared complex is a World Heritage Site. It has one of the finest and oldest specimens of pagoda architecture that is embellished with exquisite wood and stone carvings. Changu Narayan is an ancient Hindu temple located near the village of Changunarayan in the Kathmandu Valley on top of a hill at the eastern end of the valley. Changu Narayan Temple is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. A conch and a disc, symbols of Vishnu, are carved on the two pillars at the entrance. Non-Hindus are not allowed inside the temple. Read more…

Bhimsen Tower (Dharahara): Dharahara, also known as the Bhimsen Tower is a nine story (50.2 metres (165 ft)) tall tower in the center of Kathmandu. It was originally built in 1832 by the Prime Minister of the time, Bhimsen Thapa, under the command of Queen Lalit Tripura Sundari. It survived an earthquake just two years after construction in 1834, but on January 15, 1934, another earthquake destroyed the tower and it was then rebuilt by the prime minister of the time, Juddha Shumsher, who renovated Dharahara to its previous form. The tower has a spiral staircase inside containing 113 steps or none because there is an elevator. Read more…

Kirtipur- It is a small town, situated on a ridge 6-km southwest of Kathmandu. The ancient township is a natural fortress and has a proud and courageous history. The Chilamchu stupa and the temple of Bagh Bhairav are major sights here. The city offers quaint streets lined with artistic houses and temple squares. The people are known for their skill in building and weaving. Read more…

Chobhar: Situated nine-kilometer southwest of Kathmandu, this place is famous for its gorge. All the water of the valley drain through it. There is a small but picturesque temple of Adinath on the top of a hill. From this top one can have a panoramic view of snow capped mountain peaks. Read more…

Dakshinkali: The temple of Dakshinkali is situated about two kilometers south of Shekha Narayan. Dakshinkali is regarded as one of the most important Hindu Goddesses. Pilgrims visit this temple to offer their prayer and animal sacrifices to the goddess. Besides, this place has been developed as a popular picnic spot. Read more…

Kaiser Library: Collections of a single man, Kaiser Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana (1891 – 1964) adorn this palatial building near Thamel. The repertoire of books here (over 45,000) covers as unrelated topics as astrology and law, with history, hunting, religion and philosophy in between. The archives possess an exceptional collection of about 7,000 loose-leaf handwritten books and over 1,200 palm-leaf documents. The oldest manuscript here is dated 1464 AD. Read more…

Kakani: This place, 1982 meters above sea-level and located 29 kilometers northwest of Kathmandu city, is famous for its magnificent view of the Valley. It overlooks the northwestern Himalayan ranges set against the vastness of the blue sky. Read more…

Nagarjun Forest: This hill above Balaju and the road leading to Kakani and Trishuli shelters a pristine forest barricaded at accessible points by walls. The entrance is guarded and a nominal fee is charged for entry inside. This is another good area for bird watching, and the forest also harbors deer and pheasants. Read more…

Jaishi Dewal- Five minutes from Kasthmandap the Shiva Temple of Jaishi Dewal is famous for its erotic carvings. It is still one of the main tourist routes of the chariot festivals of Indra Jatra, Gai Jatra and other festivals. Read more…

 You are recommended to see also:

  1. Famous 25 places to visit in Nepal
  2. Jungle safari in Nepal
  3. Tours in Nepal
  4. Trekking in Nepal
  5. Rafting in Nepal
  6. Adventure in Nepal
  7. World heritage site in Nepal
  8. Pokhara Nepal
  9. Annapurna Base camp
  10. Festivals in Nepal

 Enjoy reading

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