Popular Culture of Nepal
Famous culture in Nepal : – Nepal is a country rich in terms of cultural diversity, with more than one hundred ethnic and caste groups. It is a multilingual country, where more than 92 languages are spoken. The speakers of these languages have their own oral traditions and cultures, which have been handed down from generation to generation. The diverse natural environment has given seed to a plethora of living cultures which are unique to Nepal. The dominant pre-literate Nepalese societies have expressed their reflections on their unique life experiences through various forms of folklore from time immemorial, notably through oral traditions.
The cultural practices of Nepal are essential of the Hindu and Buddhist derivation finding expression in the numerous rites and ritual, beliefs, social values, festivals, art and architecture of the land. These are all historical accretions of different ages, of different sources of origin, which make a fantastic spectacle to an out looker.
Culture has it another name practice, that the people are following from years handling from generation to generation. We can see a lot of diversity in that practices.
Popular Culture of Nepal
Religious ethnic foods contain cultural aspects such as food items or ritualistic processes followed by certain religious groups. Every community has a distinct dietary culture that symbolizes its heritage and sociocultural aspects of its ethnicity. Food prepared by various ethnic groups of people is unique and distinct due to the variation in preference of food, geographical location, environmental factors, and availability of plant or animal sources. food rules, customs belief and laws, religions, and social groupings are some of the characteristics contributing to the description and importance of a culture. Food item of them is unique along with their festival.
Like “dahi chiura” in ashar 15, “khir” in shrawn 15, dairy and meat product in Dashain, sweet item in Dipawali etc of brahmin culture. Furthermore, a number of calendrical feasts are named after the foods which are prescribed to be eaten at an instance, Ghyöcaku sanlu, Yomari punhi, Sakimila punhi, Ukhu care, Sanya duling, Lai-are, Duru cya cya yatra, Mala ja nakégu, Kai sanlu, Bya ja nakéguetc in Newari culture. Similarly, alcohol is considered as a symbol of spiritual purity in Newari culture, as well Gurung, Tamang, rai, limbu etc. Similarly Dhikar, Bagiya, Chichar, ghongi, Jhingiyamachhari, Khariyain Tharu community. Thakali set of food is famous and mostly preferred by the visitor and tourist. Similarly, there are much other food and flavor in practice with their culture.
Nepali dances can be categorized into two subgroups, i.e cultural dance and folk dance. Cultural dances are the dance that is practiced during cultural rituals. Newari people has a number of cultural dances that depicts the story of god and goddess, such type of dance are mainly practiced in the jatras and festival. For example Kumari Dance, Manjushree Dance, Bajrayogini Dance etc. Similarly, folk dances include the informal dance which is the spirit of the Nepali culture. Some of them are TamangSelo by Tamang people, Juhari or Dohori , Chutki This dance is generally practiced by Chhetris, Brahmins, Gurungs, nd Magars. The Chhetris and Brahmins perform Chutki in the rhythmic beats of Khaijadi. The Gurungs and Magars use madal in the dance which is performed with full of speed and movement of body.
DhanNach is the dance of Limbus. Young boys and girls hold each other from side to side swing their feet in the beat of Chyabrung. KaruaNach performed by the Magars and Tamangs in groups in which both women and women can be men men or men women can perform this dance. Balan Is performed by the Chhetris and Brahmins during religious ceremonies .Maruni Dance the most loved dances in Nepal. A male dancer perform as women wearing a long frock like dress where other members sing and make music. A dhatuware is like a jester which accompanies the team. Bethi dance involves panch Eb Aja. Similarly other folk dances are SorathiSakeladance, Tharu Dance, LakhedanceMatrikastamdance,Jungwadance,Mhendomayadance,Sanginidance,Jhyawaredance,Deuradance, KhukuriNach, Jhyaure Dance, Tappa DanceSorathi Dance, Yak and Yeti dance, Newari (Dhime)dance, Sherpa Dance, Bhojpuri dance, Dhimaldance, Ghatudance, Khalidance ,Jhijhiya DanceChandi Dance, Peacock Dance, and they also bring the equal importance and amusement on practicing and watching.
Nepal is multi-lingual country, she is diversified in language. Nepali is the most practiced language of Nepal, but people also practice their mother tongue in between their communities. Language is the identity of every culture, different culture has their different language. For eg. Tharu language for tharu people, Bhojpuri, maithali, Awadhi etc are language practiced by the madhesi brother, and so on. Nepal has adopted a new constitution, allowing future states to declare local mother tongues as official languages in their administrative areas. The constitution visualizes a commission to recommend which mother tongues can be used as official languages. Hence Nepal is the land of a country of the home of a different language.
There is a saying that every house of Nepal is temple and every day are the day of festival. There are many culture and caste in Nepal and along with they has number of cultural festival, hence there are almost uncountable festival in Nepal. Every Festival in Nepal are celebrated with equal joy and energy, that every day of the Nepalese are joyful. People of one culture also enjoy the festival of another culture in Nepal. Most famous festival in Nepal are Dashain, Tihar, Chhat, Uudhauli-Uuvauli, Loshar, Holi (the festival of color), Sivaratri, Jitiya, Ramjan, Id , Christmas etc. There is cultural harmony in Nepal and people celebrate each other festival hence there is brotherhood among Nepalese people.
Dress depicts the cultural background of people. Commonly people wear light and easy dress like t-shirt, pant, shirt, jacket. but people have their own typical dress that symbolizes their culture. People wear them in special occasion like festival, jatras , public gathering, and celebration. People has their great attachment with their cultural dress. For example, in brahmin and Chhetri, a man wear Daurasurwal, and women wear sari and choli. Newar men wear BhotoSurwalwith BhadgauleTopi or Dhaka Topi and women wear HakuPatasi with Patuki.Gurung men wear Ista-coat with kachhad and ghalek, and women wear sari blouse with their typical ornaments. Similarly, Tharu, Madhesi, Sherpa etc people has had own typical dress with their geographic and cultural background.
Holy place: –
Land of Nepal is considered as the favorite of god and goddess according to the Hindu myth. According to that, god and goddess used to visit the land of Nepal for amusement. And those places are considered to be the holy place and people visit them with great respect. According to Hindus holy book Ramayan, goddess Janaki (Sita) was born in the land of Nepal, and Janaki mandir is the symbol and remembrance of her, and it’s the holy place of Hindus and all Nepalese people.
Similarly, Light of Asia, Lord Buddha was born in Nepal. His birthplace was Lumbini. Many stupas, Bouddha, and temple are there, and it’s holy place for Buddhist people, and pilgrim tourist from the whole world visit there. Similarly, Pashupatinath temple has great belief and is sacred land that many people from India, Srilanka etc visit there with great belief. Muktinath is another holy place which is great holy and place of belief of people. It has been the destination of people as the purpose of visiting this Holy land, as well to visit the beautiful locality. There are thousands of temple, bouddha, gumba, masjid that god lives in each brick of the each house, and they bring their equal importance in people heart and belief.
Fusion in Culture:–
Another distinctive trait of Nepalese culture is its power of synthesis and assimilation. It has blended and harmonized even the most opposing philosophies reaching its territorial shores. Buddhist and Hindu have been fused in Nepal from many years. There are scores of religious rites and festivals which at the popular level of practice by illiterate masses are devoid of any sectarian character. Divinities like Ganesa, Bhairava, Kumari, Saraswati, Vajrayogini, Mahakaalaa, Ajima are some of the divinities worshiped as much by Buddhist as by the Hindus. There are many popular festivals in which the devout Hindu and Buddhist communities equally participates with the faith, co-operation and harmony. Such festival is the chariot-dragging festival of Matsyendranath, who is understood and venerated by his different followers differently.
It is very curious to see depicted the many iconographic features of the Hindu god, Siva, in the representation of this Buddhist divinity in Nepal. Similarly, HalesiMahadev is the famous temple in Nepal, which is the holy place of both Buddhist and Hindus. The priest from both groups is there, representing the cultural harmony of Nepal. Being in between India and China, Nepal has intermediary position had definite bearings on its cultural activity throughout history. The overall effect has been imbibing an amalgam of Tibetan and Indian cultural aspects in its lifestyle. An example of the extensive mix of the two culture is provided by the Newar, residents of the Kathmandu Valley. In their cultural expressions such as ethnic make-up, their languages, sculptures, temples, their rituals, paintings, dances, and festivals, there is also an element of Tibetian influence in all of them.
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